tree: 7b8806902b48d6045e253eea3b7a24cffcd39c1e [path history] [tgz]
  1. examples/
  2. manager/
  3. testing/
  4. visitors/
  6. METADATA.textproto

Fuchsia Devicetree Overview

Devicetree is a data structure for describing hardware. See for more information.

In Fuchsia, devicetree can be used by the board driver to create driver framework nodes and set configurations needed to initialize the board. This directory contains two parts that can be used by the board driver to construct a devicetree parser.

  1. Devicetree manager library - This library is responsible for parsing the devicetree blob and creating a runtime node structure which can be accessed by the visitors.
  2. Devicetree visitors - Visitors are objects that can be provided to the devicetree manager by the board driver during the |Walk| call. Each visitor's interface which will get invoked on all nodes of the devicetree when walking the tree. They are responsible to convert the devicetree data into driver specific metadata and bind rules.

Board driver integration

The board driver should initialize the devicetree manager library with the incoming namespace in order to provide connection to |fuchsia_boot::Items| protocol. The manager reads the devicetree using the |fuchsia_boot::Items| protocol. The board driver can invoke the |Walk| method of the manager to parse the devicetree blob and collect node properties. During the walk call, several visitors can be provided to parse and transform node properties into Fuchsia driver metadata and bind rules. Once the walk is completed, the board driver invokes |PublishDevices| to publish all the driver framework devices/nodes. Check out the examples folder for reference implementation.

Devicetree Bindings and Visitors

Devicetree bindings describes the requirements on the content of a devicetree node pertaining to a specific device or a class of device. They are documented using devicetree schema files, which are YAML files that follow a certain meta schema. See for more information.

TODO Add devicetree schema validation support.

Devicetree Visitors, as mentioned before can be used with the devicetree manager to parse and extract information from all/specific devicetree nodes. The devicetree specification lists a set of standard properties, some of which are parsed by the default visitors in the visitors/default folder. A new visitor will have to be developed for any new bindings that need to be parsed. Currently these visitors need to manually coded (bug), but might be auto generated from the schema files in the future. See visitors/ for more details on how to write a visitor.

The default visitors are compiled into a static library that can be built with the board driver. All other visitors are built as a shared library using the devicetree_visitor GN target. Creating a shared library of the visitor helps to keep the list of visitors dynamic i.e. visitors can be added and removed from the board driver without having to recompile it. This helps to update and contribute visitors independent of the board driver. The board driver can include the necessary visitor collection in it's package under /pkg/lib/visitors/. At runtime the board driver can load all these visitors using the load-visitors helper library.

Passing the DTB

Typically the devicetree blob (DTB) is passed down by the bootloader to the kernel as a |ZBI_TYPE_DEVICETREE| item and made available to the board driver via |fuchsia_boot::Items| protocol. In boards where the bootloader is not yet capable of passing the DTB (typically during board bringup), the DTB can be passed in through board configuration's devicetree field, and later it will be appended to ZBI by assembly.


A board driver integration test can be added to test that the parsing and creation of nodes by the devicetree libraries and visitors. The board-test-helper library can be used to create a test realm with driver framework, platform bus and the board driver components running in it. The DTB is passed as a test data resource and is provided to the board driver through the fake |fuchsia_boot::Items| protocol implemented in the board-test-helper library. The test creates a platform bus device with specified VID, PID to which the board driver will bind to. The board driver would then invoke devicetree manager parses the devicetree and creates other child nodes. A typical test would be to enumerate the nodes created.