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// Copyright 2016 The Fuchsia Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
// found in the LICENSE file.
#ifndef DDK_DRIVER_H_
#define DDK_DRIVER_H_
#include <zircon/types.h>
#include <zircon/listnode.h>
#include <zircon/compiler.h>
#include <stdint.h>
typedef struct zx_device zx_device_t;
typedef struct zx_driver zx_driver_t;
typedef struct zx_protocol_device zx_protocol_device_t;
typedef struct zx_device_prop zx_device_prop_t;
typedef struct zx_driver_rec zx_driver_rec_t;
typedef struct zx_bind_inst zx_bind_inst_t;
typedef struct zx_driver_binding zx_driver_binding_t;
// echo -n "zx_driver_ops_v0.5" | sha256sum | cut -c1-16
#define DRIVER_OPS_VERSION 0x2b3490fa40d9f452
typedef struct zx_driver_ops {
uint64_t version; // DRIVER_OPS_VERSION
// Opportunity to do on-load work.
// Called ony once, before any other ops are called.
// The driver may optionally return a context pointer to be passed
// to the other driver ops.
zx_status_t (*init)(void** out_ctx);
// Requests that the driver bind to the provided device,
// initialize it, and publish any children.
zx_status_t (*bind)(void* ctx, zx_device_t* device);
// Only provided by bus manager drivers, create() is invoked to
// instantiate a bus device instance in a new device host process
zx_status_t (*create)(void* ctx, zx_device_t* parent,
const char* name, const char* args,
zx_handle_t rpc_channel);
// Last call before driver is unloaded.
void (*release)(void* ctx);
} zx_driver_ops_t;
// echo -n "device_add_args_v0.5" | sha256sum | cut -c1-16
#define DEVICE_ADD_ARGS_VERSION 0x96a64134d56e88e3
enum {
// Do not attempt to bind drivers to this device automatically
// This is a device instance (not visible in devfs or eligible for binding)
// Children of this device will be loaded in their own devhost process,
// behind a proxy of this device
// This device will not be visible in devfs or available for binding
// until device_make_visible() is called on it.
// Device Manager API
typedef struct device_add_args {
uint64_t version;
// Driver name is copied to internal structure
// max length is ZX_DEVICE_NAME_MAX
const char* name;
// Context pointer for use by the driver
// and passed to driver in all zx_protocol_device_t callbacks
void* ctx;
// Pointer to device's device protocol operations
const zx_protocol_device_t* ops;
// Optional list of device properties. This list cannot contain more than
// one property with an id in the range [BIND_TOPO_START, BIND_TOPO_END].
zx_device_prop_t* props;
// Number of device properties
uint32_t prop_count;
// Optional custom protocol for this device
uint32_t proto_id;
// Optional custom protocol operations for this device
void* proto_ops;
// Arguments used with DEVICE_ADD_MUST_ISOLATE
// these will be passed to the create() driver op of
// the proxy device in the new devhost
const char* proxy_args;
// Zero or more of DEVICE_ADD_*
uint32_t flags;
// Optional channel passed to the |dev| that serves as an open connection for the client.
// If DEVICE_ADD_MUST_ISOLATE is set, the client will be connected to the proxy instead.
// If DEVICE_ADD_INVISIBLE is set, the client will not be connected until
// device_make_visible is called.
zx_handle_t client_remote;
} device_add_args_t;
struct zx_driver_rec {
const zx_driver_ops_t* ops;
zx_driver_t* driver;
uint32_t log_flags;
// This global symbol is initialized by the driver loader in devhost
extern zx_driver_rec_t __zircon_driver_rec__;
zx_status_t device_add_from_driver(zx_driver_t* drv, zx_device_t* parent,
device_add_args_t* args, zx_device_t** out);
// Creates a device and adds it to the devmgr.
// device_add_args_t contains all "in" arguments.
// All device_add_args_t values are copied, so device_add_args_t can be stack allocated.
// The string value is copied.
// All other pointer fields are copied as pointers.
// The newly added device will be active before this call returns, so be sure to have
// the "out" pointer point to your device-local structure so callbacks can access
// it immediately.
// If this call is successful, but the device needs to be torn down, device_remove() should be
// called. If |args->ctx| is backed by memory, it is the programmer's responsibility to not free
// that memory until the device's |release| hook is called.
static inline zx_status_t device_add(zx_device_t* parent, device_add_args_t* args, zx_device_t** out) {
return device_add_from_driver(__zircon_driver_rec__.driver, parent, args, out);
zx_status_t device_remove(zx_device_t* device);
zx_status_t device_rebind(zx_device_t* device);
void device_make_visible(zx_device_t* device);
// Retrieves a profile handle into |out_profile| from the scheduler for the
// given |priority| and |name|. Ownership of |out_profile| is given to the
// caller. See fuchsia.scheduler.ProfileProvider for more detail.
// The profile handle can be used with zx_object_set_profile() to control thread
// priority.
// The current arguments are transitional, and will likely change in the future.
zx_status_t device_get_profile(zx_device_t* device, uint32_t priority, const char* name,
zx_handle_t* out_profile);
// A description of a part of a device component. It provides a bind program
// that will match a device on the path from the root of the device tree to the
// target device.
typedef struct device_component_part {
uint32_t instruction_count;
const zx_bind_inst_t* match_program;
} device_component_part_t;
// A description of a device that makes up part of a composite device. The
// particular device is identified by a sequence of part descriptions. Each
// part description must match either the target device or one of its ancestors.
// The first element in |parts| must describe the root of the device tree. The
// last element in |parts| must describe the target device itself. The
// remaining elements of |parts| must match devices on the path from the root to
// the target device, in order. Some of those devices may be skipped, but every
// element of |parts| must have a match. Every device on the path that has a
// property from the range [BIND_TOPO_START, BIND_TOPO_END] must be matched to
// an element of |parts|. This sequences of matches between |parts| and devices
// must be unique.
typedef struct device_component {
uint32_t parts_count;
const device_component_part_t* parts;
} device_component_t;
// Create a composite device with the properties |props| out of the devices
// described by |components|. The composite device will reside in the same
// devhost as the device that matches |components[coresident_device_index]|,
// unless |coresident_device_index| is UINT32_MAX, in which case it reside in
// a new devhost. Once all of the component devices are found, the composite
// device will be published with protocol_id ZX_PROTOCOL_COMPOSITE and the
// given properties. A driver may then bind to the created device, and
// access its parents via the protocol operations returned by
// get_protocol(ZX_PROTOCOL_COMPOSITE).
// |name| must be no longer than ZX_DEVICE_NAME_MAX, and is used primarily as a
// diagnostic.
// |dev| must be the zx_device_t corresponding to the "sys" device (i.e., the
// Platform Bus Driver's device).
zx_status_t device_add_composite(
zx_device_t* dev, const char* name, const zx_device_prop_t* props, size_t props_count,
const device_component_t* components, size_t components_count,
uint32_t coresident_device_index);
#define ROUNDUP(a, b) (((a) + ((b)-1)) & ~((b)-1))
#define ROUNDDOWN(a, b) ((a) & ~((b)-1))
#define ALIGN(a, b) ROUNDUP(a, b)
// temporary accessor for root resource handle
zx_handle_t get_root_resource(void);
// Drivers may need to load firmware for a device, typically during the call to
// bind the device. The devmgr will look for the firmware at the given path
// relative to system-defined locations for device firmware. The file will be
// loaded into a vmo pointed to by fw. The actual size of the firmware will be
// returned in size.
zx_status_t load_firmware(zx_device_t* device, const char* path,
zx_handle_t* fw, size_t* size);
// panic is for handling non-recoverable, non-reportable fatal
// errors in a way that will get logged. Right now this just
// does a bogus write to unmapped memory.
static inline void panic(void) {
for (;;) {
*((int*) 0xdead) = 1;
// Protocol Identifiers
#define DDK_PROTOCOL_DEF(tag, val, name, flags) ZX_PROTOCOL_##tag = val,
enum {
#include <ddk/protodefs.h>
#endif // DDK_DRIVER_H_