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//===------ CXXInheritance.h - C++ Inheritance ------------------*- C++ -*-===//
// The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
// This file provides routines that help analyzing C++ inheritance hierarchies.
#include "clang/AST/DeclBase.h"
#include "clang/AST/DeclCXX.h"
#include "clang/AST/Type.h"
#include "clang/AST/TypeOrdering.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/MapVector.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallSet.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallVector.h"
#include <cassert>
#include <list>
namespace clang {
class CXXBaseSpecifier;
class CXXMethodDecl;
class CXXRecordDecl;
class NamedDecl;
/// \brief Represents an element in a path from a derived class to a
/// base class.
/// Each step in the path references the link from a
/// derived class to one of its direct base classes, along with a
/// base "number" that identifies which base subobject of the
/// original derived class we are referencing.
struct CXXBasePathElement {
/// \brief The base specifier that states the link from a derived
/// class to a base class, which will be followed by this base
/// path element.
const CXXBaseSpecifier *Base;
/// \brief The record decl of the class that the base is a base of.
const CXXRecordDecl *Class;
/// \brief Identifies which base class subobject (of type
/// \c Base->getType()) this base path element refers to.
/// This value is only valid if \c !Base->isVirtual(), because there
/// is no base numbering for the zero or one virtual bases of a
/// given type.
int SubobjectNumber;
/// \brief Represents a path from a specific derived class
/// (which is not represented as part of the path) to a particular
/// (direct or indirect) base class subobject.
/// Individual elements in the path are described by the \c CXXBasePathElement
/// structure, which captures both the link from a derived class to one of its
/// direct bases and identification describing which base class
/// subobject is being used.
class CXXBasePath : public SmallVector<CXXBasePathElement, 4> {
CXXBasePath() : Access(AS_public) {}
/// \brief The access along this inheritance path. This is only
/// calculated when recording paths. AS_none is a special value
/// used to indicate a path which permits no legal access.
AccessSpecifier Access;
/// \brief The set of declarations found inside this base class
/// subobject.
DeclContext::lookup_result Decls;
void clear() {
Access = AS_public;
/// BasePaths - Represents the set of paths from a derived class to
/// one of its (direct or indirect) bases. For example, given the
/// following class hierarchy:
/// @code
/// class A { };
/// class B : public A { };
/// class C : public A { };
/// class D : public B, public C{ };
/// @endcode
/// There are two potential BasePaths to represent paths from D to a
/// base subobject of type A. One path is (D,0) -> (B,0) -> (A,0)
/// and another is (D,0)->(C,0)->(A,1). These two paths actually
/// refer to two different base class subobjects of the same type,
/// so the BasePaths object refers to an ambiguous path. On the
/// other hand, consider the following class hierarchy:
/// @code
/// class A { };
/// class B : public virtual A { };
/// class C : public virtual A { };
/// class D : public B, public C{ };
/// @endcode
/// Here, there are two potential BasePaths again, (D, 0) -> (B, 0)
/// -> (A,v) and (D, 0) -> (C, 0) -> (A, v), but since both of them
/// refer to the same base class subobject of type A (the virtual
/// one), there is no ambiguity.
class CXXBasePaths {
/// \brief The type from which this search originated.
CXXRecordDecl *Origin;
/// Paths - The actual set of paths that can be taken from the
/// derived class to the same base class.
std::list<CXXBasePath> Paths;
/// ClassSubobjects - Records the class subobjects for each class
/// type that we've seen. The first element in the pair says
/// whether we found a path to a virtual base for that class type,
/// while the element contains the number of non-virtual base
/// class subobjects for that class type. The key of the map is
/// the cv-unqualified canonical type of the base class subobject.
llvm::SmallDenseMap<QualType, std::pair<bool, unsigned>, 8> ClassSubobjects;
/// FindAmbiguities - Whether Sema::IsDerivedFrom should try find
/// ambiguous paths while it is looking for a path from a derived
/// type to a base type.
bool FindAmbiguities;
/// RecordPaths - Whether Sema::IsDerivedFrom should record paths
/// while it is determining whether there are paths from a derived
/// type to a base type.
bool RecordPaths;
/// DetectVirtual - Whether Sema::IsDerivedFrom should abort the search
/// if it finds a path that goes across a virtual base. The virtual class
/// is also recorded.
bool DetectVirtual;
/// ScratchPath - A BasePath that is used by Sema::lookupInBases
/// to help build the set of paths.
CXXBasePath ScratchPath;
/// DetectedVirtual - The base class that is virtual.
const RecordType *DetectedVirtual;
/// \brief Array of the declarations that have been found. This
/// array is constructed only if needed, e.g., to iterate over the
/// results within LookupResult.
std::unique_ptr<NamedDecl *[]> DeclsFound;
unsigned NumDeclsFound;
friend class CXXRecordDecl;
void ComputeDeclsFound();
bool lookupInBases(ASTContext &Context, const CXXRecordDecl *Record,
CXXRecordDecl::BaseMatchesCallback BaseMatches);
typedef std::list<CXXBasePath>::iterator paths_iterator;
typedef std::list<CXXBasePath>::const_iterator const_paths_iterator;
typedef NamedDecl **decl_iterator;
/// BasePaths - Construct a new BasePaths structure to record the
/// paths for a derived-to-base search.
explicit CXXBasePaths(bool FindAmbiguities = true, bool RecordPaths = true,
bool DetectVirtual = true)
: Origin(), FindAmbiguities(FindAmbiguities), RecordPaths(RecordPaths),
DetectVirtual(DetectVirtual), DetectedVirtual(nullptr),
NumDeclsFound(0) {}
paths_iterator begin() { return Paths.begin(); }
paths_iterator end() { return Paths.end(); }
const_paths_iterator begin() const { return Paths.begin(); }
const_paths_iterator end() const { return Paths.end(); }
CXXBasePath& front() { return Paths.front(); }
const CXXBasePath& front() const { return Paths.front(); }
typedef llvm::iterator_range<decl_iterator> decl_range;
decl_range found_decls();
/// \brief Determine whether the path from the most-derived type to the
/// given base type is ambiguous (i.e., it refers to multiple subobjects of
/// the same base type).
bool isAmbiguous(CanQualType BaseType);
/// \brief Whether we are finding multiple paths to detect ambiguities.
bool isFindingAmbiguities() const { return FindAmbiguities; }
/// \brief Whether we are recording paths.
bool isRecordingPaths() const { return RecordPaths; }
/// \brief Specify whether we should be recording paths or not.
void setRecordingPaths(bool RP) { RecordPaths = RP; }
/// \brief Whether we are detecting virtual bases.
bool isDetectingVirtual() const { return DetectVirtual; }
/// \brief The virtual base discovered on the path (if we are merely
/// detecting virtuals).
const RecordType* getDetectedVirtual() const {
return DetectedVirtual;
/// \brief Retrieve the type from which this base-paths search
/// began
CXXRecordDecl *getOrigin() const { return Origin; }
void setOrigin(CXXRecordDecl *Rec) { Origin = Rec; }
/// \brief Clear the base-paths results.
void clear();
/// \brief Swap this data structure's contents with another CXXBasePaths
/// object.
void swap(CXXBasePaths &Other);
/// \brief Uniquely identifies a virtual method within a class
/// hierarchy by the method itself and a class subobject number.
struct UniqueVirtualMethod {
: Method(nullptr), Subobject(0), InVirtualSubobject(nullptr) { }
UniqueVirtualMethod(CXXMethodDecl *Method, unsigned Subobject,
const CXXRecordDecl *InVirtualSubobject)
: Method(Method), Subobject(Subobject),
InVirtualSubobject(InVirtualSubobject) { }
/// \brief The overriding virtual method.
CXXMethodDecl *Method;
/// \brief The subobject in which the overriding virtual method
/// resides.
unsigned Subobject;
/// \brief The virtual base class subobject of which this overridden
/// virtual method is a part. Note that this records the closest
/// derived virtual base class subobject.
const CXXRecordDecl *InVirtualSubobject;
friend bool operator==(const UniqueVirtualMethod &X,
const UniqueVirtualMethod &Y) {
return X.Method == Y.Method && X.Subobject == Y.Subobject &&
X.InVirtualSubobject == Y.InVirtualSubobject;
friend bool operator!=(const UniqueVirtualMethod &X,
const UniqueVirtualMethod &Y) {
return !(X == Y);
/// \brief The set of methods that override a given virtual method in
/// each subobject where it occurs.
/// The first part of the pair is the subobject in which the
/// overridden virtual function occurs, while the second part of the
/// pair is the virtual method that overrides it (including the
/// subobject in which that virtual function occurs).
class OverridingMethods {
typedef SmallVector<UniqueVirtualMethod, 4> ValuesT;
typedef llvm::MapVector<unsigned, ValuesT> MapType;
MapType Overrides;
// Iterate over the set of subobjects that have overriding methods.
typedef MapType::iterator iterator;
typedef MapType::const_iterator const_iterator;
iterator begin() { return Overrides.begin(); }
const_iterator begin() const { return Overrides.begin(); }
iterator end() { return Overrides.end(); }
const_iterator end() const { return Overrides.end(); }
unsigned size() const { return Overrides.size(); }
// Iterate over the set of overriding virtual methods in a given
// subobject.
typedef SmallVectorImpl<UniqueVirtualMethod>::iterator
typedef SmallVectorImpl<UniqueVirtualMethod>::const_iterator
// Add a new overriding method for a particular subobject.
void add(unsigned OverriddenSubobject, UniqueVirtualMethod Overriding);
// Add all of the overriding methods from "other" into overrides for
// this method. Used when merging the overrides from multiple base
// class subobjects.
void add(const OverridingMethods &Other);
// Replace all overriding virtual methods in all subobjects with the
// given virtual method.
void replaceAll(UniqueVirtualMethod Overriding);
/// \brief A mapping from each virtual member function to its set of
/// final overriders.
/// Within a class hierarchy for a given derived class, each virtual
/// member function in that hierarchy has one or more "final
/// overriders" (C++ [class.virtual]p2). A final overrider for a
/// virtual function "f" is the virtual function that will actually be
/// invoked when dispatching a call to "f" through the
/// vtable. Well-formed classes have a single final overrider for each
/// virtual function; in abstract classes, the final overrider for at
/// least one virtual function is a pure virtual function. Due to
/// multiple, virtual inheritance, it is possible for a class to have
/// more than one final overrider. Athough this is an error (per C++
/// [class.virtual]p2), it is not considered an error here: the final
/// overrider map can represent multiple final overriders for a
/// method, and it is up to the client to determine whether they are
/// problem. For example, the following class \c D has two final
/// overriders for the virtual function \c A::f(), one in \c C and one
/// in \c D:
/// \code
/// struct A { virtual void f(); };
/// struct B : virtual A { virtual void f(); };
/// struct C : virtual A { virtual void f(); };
/// struct D : B, C { };
/// \endcode
/// This data structure contains a mapping from every virtual
/// function *that does not override an existing virtual function* and
/// in every subobject where that virtual function occurs to the set
/// of virtual functions that override it. Thus, the same virtual
/// function \c A::f can actually occur in multiple subobjects of type
/// \c A due to multiple inheritance, and may be overridden by
/// different virtual functions in each, as in the following example:
/// \code
/// struct A { virtual void f(); };
/// struct B : A { virtual void f(); };
/// struct C : A { virtual void f(); };
/// struct D : B, C { };
/// \endcode
/// Unlike in the previous example, where the virtual functions \c
/// B::f and \c C::f both overrode \c A::f in the same subobject of
/// type \c A, in this example the two virtual functions both override
/// \c A::f but in *different* subobjects of type A. This is
/// represented by numbering the subobjects in which the overridden
/// and the overriding virtual member functions are located. Subobject
/// 0 represents the virtual base class subobject of that type, while
/// subobject numbers greater than 0 refer to non-virtual base class
/// subobjects of that type.
class CXXFinalOverriderMap
: public llvm::MapVector<const CXXMethodDecl *, OverridingMethods> { };
/// \brief A set of all the primary bases for a class.
class CXXIndirectPrimaryBaseSet
: public llvm::SmallSet<const CXXRecordDecl*, 32> { };
} // end namespace clang