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* Copyright 2015-2021 Arm Limited
* SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 OR MIT
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
* At your option, you may choose to accept this material under either:
* 1. The Apache License, Version 2.0, found at <>, or
* 2. The MIT License, found at <>.
#include "GLSL.std.450.h"
#include "spirv_cross.hpp"
#include <unordered_map>
#include <unordered_set>
#include <utility>
enum PlsFormat
PlsNone = 0,
struct PlsRemap
uint32_t id;
PlsFormat format;
enum AccessChainFlagBits
typedef uint32_t AccessChainFlags;
class CompilerGLSL : public Compiler
struct Options
// The shading language version. Corresponds to #version $VALUE.
uint32_t version = 450;
// Emit the OpenGL ES shading language instead of desktop OpenGL.
bool es = false;
// Debug option to always emit temporary variables for all expressions.
bool force_temporary = false;
// If true, Vulkan GLSL features are used instead of GL-compatible features.
// Mostly useful for debugging SPIR-V files.
bool vulkan_semantics = false;
// If true, gl_PerVertex is explicitly redeclared in vertex, geometry and tessellation shaders.
// The members of gl_PerVertex is determined by which built-ins are declared by the shader.
// This option is ignored in ES versions, as redeclaration in ES is not required, and it depends on a different extension
// (EXT_shader_io_blocks) which makes things a bit more fuzzy.
bool separate_shader_objects = false;
// Flattens multidimensional arrays, e.g. float foo[a][b][c] into single-dimensional arrays,
// e.g. float foo[a * b * c].
// This function does not change the actual SPIRType of any object.
// Only the generated code, including declarations of interface variables are changed to be single array dimension.
bool flatten_multidimensional_arrays = false;
// For older desktop GLSL targets than version 420, the
// GL_ARB_shading_language_420pack extensions is used to be able to support
// layout(binding) on UBOs and samplers.
// If disabled on older targets, binding decorations will be stripped.
bool enable_420pack_extension = true;
// In non-Vulkan GLSL, emit push constant blocks as UBOs rather than plain uniforms.
bool emit_push_constant_as_uniform_buffer = false;
// Always emit uniform blocks as plain uniforms, regardless of the GLSL version, even when UBOs are supported.
// Does not apply to shader storage or push constant blocks.
bool emit_uniform_buffer_as_plain_uniforms = false;
// Emit OpLine directives if present in the module.
// May not correspond exactly to original source, but should be a good approximation.
bool emit_line_directives = false;
// In cases where readonly/writeonly decoration are not used at all,
// we try to deduce which qualifier(s) we should actually used, since actually emitting
// read-write decoration is very rare, and older glslang/HLSL compilers tend to just emit readwrite as a matter of fact.
// The default (true) is to enable automatic deduction for these cases, but if you trust the decorations set
// by the SPIR-V, it's recommended to set this to false.
bool enable_storage_image_qualifier_deduction = true;
// On some targets (WebGPU), uninitialized variables are banned.
// If this is enabled, all variables (temporaries, Private, Function)
// which would otherwise be uninitialized will now be initialized to 0 instead.
bool force_zero_initialized_variables = false;
// In GLSL, force use of I/O block flattening, similar to
// what happens on legacy GLSL targets for blocks and structs.
bool force_flattened_io_blocks = false;
// If non-zero, controls layout(num_views = N) in; in GL_OVR_multiview2.
uint32_t ovr_multiview_view_count = 0;
enum Precision
struct VertexOptions
// "Vertex-like shader" here is any shader stage that can write BuiltInPosition.
// GLSL: In vertex-like shaders, rewrite [0, w] depth (Vulkan/D3D style) to [-w, w] depth (GL style).
// MSL: In vertex-like shaders, rewrite [-w, w] depth (GL style) to [0, w] depth.
// HLSL: In vertex-like shaders, rewrite [-w, w] depth (GL style) to [0, w] depth.
bool fixup_clipspace = false;
// In vertex-like shaders, inverts gl_Position.y or equivalent.
bool flip_vert_y = false;
// GLSL only, for HLSL version of this option, see CompilerHLSL.
// If true, the backend will assume that InstanceIndex will need to apply
// a base instance offset. Set to false if you know you will never use base instance
// functionality as it might remove some internal uniforms.
bool support_nonzero_base_instance = true;
} vertex;
struct FragmentOptions
// Add precision mediump float in ES targets when emitting GLES source.
// Add precision highp int in ES targets when emitting GLES source.
Precision default_float_precision = Mediump;
Precision default_int_precision = Highp;
} fragment;
void remap_pixel_local_storage(std::vector<PlsRemap> inputs, std::vector<PlsRemap> outputs)
pls_inputs = std::move(inputs);
pls_outputs = std::move(outputs);
// Redirect a subpassInput reading from input_attachment_index to instead load its value from
// the color attachment at location = color_location. Requires ESSL.
// If coherent, uses GL_EXT_shader_framebuffer_fetch, if not, uses noncoherent variant.
void remap_ext_framebuffer_fetch(uint32_t input_attachment_index, uint32_t color_location, bool coherent);
explicit CompilerGLSL(std::vector<uint32_t> spirv_)
: Compiler(std::move(spirv_))
CompilerGLSL(const uint32_t *ir_, size_t word_count)
: Compiler(ir_, word_count)
explicit CompilerGLSL(const ParsedIR &ir_)
: Compiler(ir_)
explicit CompilerGLSL(ParsedIR &&ir_)
: Compiler(std::move(ir_))
const Options &get_common_options() const
return options;
void set_common_options(const Options &opts)
options = opts;
std::string compile() override;
// Returns the current string held in the conversion buffer. Useful for
// capturing what has been converted so far when compile() throws an error.
std::string get_partial_source();
// Adds a line to be added right after #version in GLSL backend.
// This is useful for enabling custom extensions which are outside the scope of SPIRV-Cross.
// This can be combined with variable remapping.
// A new-line will be added.
// While add_header_line() is a more generic way of adding arbitrary text to the header
// of a GLSL file, require_extension() should be used when adding extensions since it will
// avoid creating collisions with SPIRV-Cross generated extensions.
// Code added via add_header_line() is typically backend-specific.
void add_header_line(const std::string &str);
// Adds an extension which is required to run this shader, e.g.
// require_extension("GL_KHR_my_extension");
void require_extension(const std::string &ext);
// Legacy GLSL compatibility method.
// Takes a uniform or push constant variable and flattens it into a (i|u)vec4 array[N]; array instead.
// For this to work, all types in the block must be the same basic type, e.g. mixing vec2 and vec4 is fine, but
// mixing int and float is not.
// The name of the uniform array will be the same as the interface block name.
void flatten_buffer_block(VariableID id);
// After compilation, query if a variable ID was used as a depth resource.
// This is meaningful for MSL since descriptor types depend on this knowledge.
// Cases which return true:
// - Images which are declared with depth = 1 image type.
// - Samplers which are statically used at least once with Dref opcodes.
// - Images which are statically used at least once with Dref opcodes.
bool variable_is_depth_or_compare(VariableID id) const;
// If a shader output is active in this stage, but inactive in a subsequent stage,
// this can be signalled here. This can be used to work around certain cross-stage matching problems
// which plagues MSL and HLSL in certain scenarios.
// An output which matches one of these will not be emitted in stage output interfaces, but rather treated as a private
// variable.
// This option is only meaningful for MSL and HLSL, since GLSL matches by location directly.
// Masking builtins only takes effect if the builtin in question is part of the stage output interface.
void mask_stage_output_by_location(uint32_t location, uint32_t component);
void mask_stage_output_by_builtin(spv::BuiltIn builtin);
struct ShaderSubgroupSupportHelper
// lower enum value = greater priority
enum Candidate
static const char *get_extension_name(Candidate c);
static SmallVector<std::string> get_extra_required_extension_names(Candidate c);
static const char *get_extra_required_extension_predicate(Candidate c);
enum Feature
SubgroupMask = 0,
SubgroupSize = 1,
SubgroupInvocationID = 2,
SubgroupID = 3,
NumSubgroups = 4,
SubgroupBroadcast_First = 5,
SubgroupBallotFindLSB_MSB = 6,
SubgroupAll_Any_AllEqualBool = 7,
SubgroupAllEqualT = 8,
SubgroupElect = 9,
SubgroupBarrier = 10,
SubgroupMemBarrier = 11,
SubgroupBallot = 12,
SubgroupInverseBallot_InclBitCount_ExclBitCout = 13,
SubgroupBallotBitExtract = 14,
SubgroupBallotBitCount = 15,
using FeatureMask = uint32_t;
static_assert(sizeof(FeatureMask) * 8u >= FeatureCount, "Mask type needs more bits.");
using CandidateVector = SmallVector<Candidate, CandidateCount>;
using FeatureVector = SmallVector<Feature>;
static FeatureVector get_feature_dependencies(Feature feature);
static FeatureMask get_feature_dependency_mask(Feature feature);
static bool can_feature_be_implemented_without_extensions(Feature feature);
static Candidate get_KHR_extension_for_feature(Feature feature);
struct Result
uint32_t weights[CandidateCount];
void request_feature(Feature feature);
bool is_feature_requested(Feature feature) const;
Result resolve() const;
static CandidateVector get_candidates_for_feature(Feature ft, const Result &r);
static CandidateVector get_candidates_for_feature(Feature ft);
static FeatureMask build_mask(const SmallVector<Feature> &features);
FeatureMask feature_mask = 0;
// TODO remove this function when all subgroup ops are supported (or make it always return true)
static bool is_supported_subgroup_op_in_opengl(spv::Op op);
void reset();
void emit_function(SPIRFunction &func, const Bitset &return_flags);
bool has_extension(const std::string &ext) const;
void require_extension_internal(const std::string &ext);
// Virtualize methods which need to be overridden by subclass targets like C++ and such.
virtual void emit_function_prototype(SPIRFunction &func, const Bitset &return_flags);
SPIRBlock *current_emitting_block = nullptr;
SPIRBlock *current_emitting_switch = nullptr;
bool current_emitting_switch_fallthrough = false;
virtual void emit_instruction(const Instruction &instr);
void emit_block_instructions(SPIRBlock &block);
virtual void emit_glsl_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op, const uint32_t *args,
uint32_t count);
virtual void emit_spv_amd_shader_ballot_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op,
const uint32_t *args, uint32_t count);
virtual void emit_spv_amd_shader_explicit_vertex_parameter_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op,
const uint32_t *args, uint32_t count);
virtual void emit_spv_amd_shader_trinary_minmax_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op,
const uint32_t *args, uint32_t count);
virtual void emit_spv_amd_gcn_shader_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op, const uint32_t *args,
uint32_t count);
virtual void emit_header();
void emit_line_directive(uint32_t file_id, uint32_t line_literal);
void build_workgroup_size(SmallVector<std::string> &arguments, const SpecializationConstant &x,
const SpecializationConstant &y, const SpecializationConstant &z);
void request_subgroup_feature(ShaderSubgroupSupportHelper::Feature feature);
virtual void emit_sampled_image_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t image_id, uint32_t samp_id);
virtual void emit_texture_op(const Instruction &i, bool sparse);
virtual std::string to_texture_op(const Instruction &i, bool sparse, bool *forward,
SmallVector<uint32_t> &inherited_expressions);
virtual void emit_subgroup_op(const Instruction &i);
virtual std::string type_to_glsl(const SPIRType &type, uint32_t id = 0);
virtual std::string builtin_to_glsl(spv::BuiltIn builtin, spv::StorageClass storage);
virtual void emit_struct_member(const SPIRType &type, uint32_t member_type_id, uint32_t index,
const std::string &qualifier = "", uint32_t base_offset = 0);
virtual void emit_struct_padding_target(const SPIRType &type);
virtual std::string image_type_glsl(const SPIRType &type, uint32_t id = 0);
std::string constant_expression(const SPIRConstant &c);
std::string constant_op_expression(const SPIRConstantOp &cop);
virtual std::string constant_expression_vector(const SPIRConstant &c, uint32_t vector);
virtual void emit_fixup();
virtual std::string variable_decl(const SPIRType &type, const std::string &name, uint32_t id = 0);
virtual bool variable_decl_is_remapped_storage(const SPIRVariable &var, spv::StorageClass storage) const;
virtual std::string to_func_call_arg(const SPIRFunction::Parameter &arg, uint32_t id);
struct TextureFunctionBaseArguments
// GCC 4.8 workarounds, it doesn't understand '{}' constructor here, use explicit default constructor.
TextureFunctionBaseArguments() = default;
VariableID img = 0;
const SPIRType *imgtype = nullptr;
bool is_fetch = false, is_gather = false, is_proj = false;
struct TextureFunctionNameArguments
// GCC 4.8 workarounds, it doesn't understand '{}' constructor here, use explicit default constructor.
TextureFunctionNameArguments() = default;
TextureFunctionBaseArguments base;
bool has_array_offsets = false, has_offset = false, has_grad = false;
bool has_dref = false, is_sparse_feedback = false, has_min_lod = false;
uint32_t lod = 0;
virtual std::string to_function_name(const TextureFunctionNameArguments &args);
struct TextureFunctionArguments
// GCC 4.8 workarounds, it doesn't understand '{}' constructor here, use explicit default constructor.
TextureFunctionArguments() = default;
TextureFunctionBaseArguments base;
uint32_t coord = 0, coord_components = 0, dref = 0;
uint32_t grad_x = 0, grad_y = 0, lod = 0, coffset = 0, offset = 0;
uint32_t bias = 0, component = 0, sample = 0, sparse_texel = 0, min_lod = 0;
bool nonuniform_expression = false;
virtual std::string to_function_args(const TextureFunctionArguments &args, bool *p_forward);
void emit_sparse_feedback_temporaries(uint32_t result_type_id, uint32_t id, uint32_t &feedback_id,
uint32_t &texel_id);
uint32_t get_sparse_feedback_texel_id(uint32_t id) const;
virtual void emit_buffer_block(const SPIRVariable &type);
virtual void emit_push_constant_block(const SPIRVariable &var);
virtual void emit_uniform(const SPIRVariable &var);
virtual std::string unpack_expression_type(std::string expr_str, const SPIRType &type, uint32_t physical_type_id,
bool packed_type, bool row_major);
virtual bool builtin_translates_to_nonarray(spv::BuiltIn builtin) const;
void emit_copy_logical_type(uint32_t lhs_id, uint32_t lhs_type_id, uint32_t rhs_id, uint32_t rhs_type_id,
SmallVector<uint32_t> chain);
StringStream<> buffer;
template <typename T>
inline void statement_inner(T &&t)
buffer << std::forward<T>(t);
template <typename T, typename... Ts>
inline void statement_inner(T &&t, Ts &&... ts)
buffer << std::forward<T>(t);
template <typename... Ts>
inline void statement(Ts &&... ts)
if (is_forcing_recompilation())
// Do not bother emitting code while force_recompile is active.
// We will compile again.
if (redirect_statement)
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < indent; i++)
buffer << " ";
buffer << '\n';
template <typename... Ts>
inline void statement_no_indent(Ts &&... ts)
auto old_indent = indent;
indent = 0;
indent = old_indent;
// Used for implementing continue blocks where
// we want to obtain a list of statements we can merge
// on a single line separated by comma.
SmallVector<std::string> *redirect_statement = nullptr;
const SPIRBlock *current_continue_block = nullptr;
void begin_scope();
void end_scope();
void end_scope(const std::string &trailer);
void end_scope_decl();
void end_scope_decl(const std::string &decl);
Options options;
virtual std::string type_to_array_glsl(
const SPIRType &type); // Allow Metal to use the array<T> template to make arrays a value type
std::string to_array_size(const SPIRType &type, uint32_t index);
uint32_t to_array_size_literal(const SPIRType &type, uint32_t index) const;
uint32_t to_array_size_literal(const SPIRType &type) const;
virtual std::string variable_decl(const SPIRVariable &variable); // Threadgroup arrays can't have a wrapper type
std::string variable_decl_function_local(SPIRVariable &variable);
void add_local_variable_name(uint32_t id);
void add_resource_name(uint32_t id);
void add_member_name(SPIRType &type, uint32_t name);
void add_function_overload(const SPIRFunction &func);
virtual bool is_non_native_row_major_matrix(uint32_t id);
virtual bool member_is_non_native_row_major_matrix(const SPIRType &type, uint32_t index);
bool member_is_remapped_physical_type(const SPIRType &type, uint32_t index) const;
bool member_is_packed_physical_type(const SPIRType &type, uint32_t index) const;
virtual std::string convert_row_major_matrix(std::string exp_str, const SPIRType &exp_type,
uint32_t physical_type_id, bool is_packed);
std::unordered_set<std::string> local_variable_names;
std::unordered_set<std::string> resource_names;
std::unordered_set<std::string> block_input_names;
std::unordered_set<std::string> block_output_names;
std::unordered_set<std::string> block_ubo_names;
std::unordered_set<std::string> block_ssbo_names;
std::unordered_set<std::string> block_names; // A union of all block_*_names.
std::unordered_map<std::string, std::unordered_set<uint64_t>> function_overloads;
std::unordered_map<uint32_t, std::string> preserved_aliases;
void preserve_alias_on_reset(uint32_t id);
void reset_name_caches();
bool processing_entry_point = false;
// Can be overriden by subclass backends for trivial things which
// shouldn't need polymorphism.
struct BackendVariations
std::string discard_literal = "discard";
std::string demote_literal = "demote";
std::string null_pointer_literal = "";
bool float_literal_suffix = false;
bool double_literal_suffix = true;
bool uint32_t_literal_suffix = true;
bool long_long_literal_suffix = false;
const char *basic_int_type = "int";
const char *basic_uint_type = "uint";
const char *basic_int8_type = "int8_t";
const char *basic_uint8_type = "uint8_t";
const char *basic_int16_type = "int16_t";
const char *basic_uint16_type = "uint16_t";
const char *int16_t_literal_suffix = "s";
const char *uint16_t_literal_suffix = "us";
const char *nonuniform_qualifier = "nonuniformEXT";
const char *boolean_mix_function = "mix";
bool swizzle_is_function = false;
bool shared_is_implied = false;
bool unsized_array_supported = true;
bool explicit_struct_type = false;
bool use_initializer_list = false;
bool use_typed_initializer_list = false;
bool can_declare_struct_inline = true;
bool can_declare_arrays_inline = true;
bool native_row_major_matrix = true;
bool use_constructor_splatting = true;
bool allow_precision_qualifiers = false;
bool can_swizzle_scalar = false;
bool force_gl_in_out_block = false;
bool can_return_array = true;
bool allow_truncated_access_chain = false;
bool supports_extensions = false;
bool supports_empty_struct = false;
bool array_is_value_type = true;
bool buffer_offset_array_is_value_type = true;
bool comparison_image_samples_scalar = false;
bool native_pointers = false;
bool support_small_type_sampling_result = false;
bool support_case_fallthrough = true;
bool use_array_constructor = false;
bool needs_row_major_load_workaround = false;
bool support_pointer_to_pointer = false;
bool support_precise_qualifier = false;
} backend;
void emit_struct(SPIRType &type);
void emit_resources();
void emit_extension_workarounds(spv::ExecutionModel model);
void emit_buffer_block_native(const SPIRVariable &var);
void emit_buffer_reference_block(SPIRType &type, bool forward_declaration);
void emit_buffer_block_legacy(const SPIRVariable &var);
void emit_buffer_block_flattened(const SPIRVariable &type);
void fixup_implicit_builtin_block_names();
void emit_declared_builtin_block(spv::StorageClass storage, spv::ExecutionModel model);
bool should_force_emit_builtin_block(spv::StorageClass storage);
void emit_push_constant_block_vulkan(const SPIRVariable &var);
void emit_push_constant_block_glsl(const SPIRVariable &var);
void emit_interface_block(const SPIRVariable &type);
void emit_flattened_io_block(const SPIRVariable &var, const char *qual);
void emit_flattened_io_block_struct(const std::string &basename, const SPIRType &type, const char *qual,
const SmallVector<uint32_t> &indices);
void emit_flattened_io_block_member(const std::string &basename, const SPIRType &type, const char *qual,
const SmallVector<uint32_t> &indices);
void emit_block_chain(SPIRBlock &block);
void emit_hoisted_temporaries(SmallVector<std::pair<TypeID, ID>> &temporaries);
std::string constant_value_macro_name(uint32_t id);
void emit_constant(const SPIRConstant &constant);
void emit_specialization_constant_op(const SPIRConstantOp &constant);
std::string emit_continue_block(uint32_t continue_block, bool follow_true_block, bool follow_false_block);
bool attempt_emit_loop_header(SPIRBlock &block, SPIRBlock::Method method);
void branch(BlockID from, BlockID to);
void branch_to_continue(BlockID from, BlockID to);
void branch(BlockID from, uint32_t cond, BlockID true_block, BlockID false_block);
void flush_phi(BlockID from, BlockID to);
void flush_variable_declaration(uint32_t id);
void flush_undeclared_variables(SPIRBlock &block);
void emit_variable_temporary_copies(const SPIRVariable &var);
bool should_dereference(uint32_t id);
bool should_forward(uint32_t id) const;
bool should_suppress_usage_tracking(uint32_t id) const;
void emit_mix_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t id, uint32_t left, uint32_t right, uint32_t lerp);
void emit_nminmax_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1, GLSLstd450 op);
bool to_trivial_mix_op(const SPIRType &type, std::string &op, uint32_t left, uint32_t right, uint32_t lerp);
void emit_quaternary_func_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1, uint32_t op2,
uint32_t op3, const char *op);
void emit_trinary_func_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1, uint32_t op2,
const char *op);
void emit_binary_func_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1, const char *op);
void emit_atomic_func_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1, const char *op);
void emit_atomic_func_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1, uint32_t op2, const char *op);
void emit_unary_func_op_cast(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, const char *op,
SPIRType::BaseType input_type, SPIRType::BaseType expected_result_type);
void emit_binary_func_op_cast(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1, const char *op,
SPIRType::BaseType input_type, bool skip_cast_if_equal_type);
void emit_binary_func_op_cast_clustered(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1,
const char *op, SPIRType::BaseType input_type);
void emit_trinary_func_op_cast(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1, uint32_t op2,
const char *op, SPIRType::BaseType input_type);
void emit_trinary_func_op_bitextract(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1,
uint32_t op2, const char *op, SPIRType::BaseType expected_result_type,
SPIRType::BaseType input_type0, SPIRType::BaseType input_type1,
SPIRType::BaseType input_type2);
void emit_bitfield_insert_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1, uint32_t op2,
uint32_t op3, const char *op, SPIRType::BaseType offset_count_type);
void emit_unary_func_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, const char *op);
void emit_unrolled_unary_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t operand, const char *op);
void emit_binary_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1, const char *op);
void emit_unrolled_binary_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1, const char *op,
bool negate, SPIRType::BaseType expected_type);
void emit_binary_op_cast(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1, const char *op,
SPIRType::BaseType input_type, bool skip_cast_if_equal_type);
SPIRType binary_op_bitcast_helper(std::string &cast_op0, std::string &cast_op1, SPIRType::BaseType &input_type,
uint32_t op0, uint32_t op1, bool skip_cast_if_equal_type);
virtual bool emit_complex_bitcast(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t id, uint32_t op0);
std::string to_ternary_expression(const SPIRType &result_type, uint32_t select, uint32_t true_value,
uint32_t false_value);
void emit_unary_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, uint32_t op0, const char *op);
bool expression_is_forwarded(uint32_t id) const;
bool expression_suppresses_usage_tracking(uint32_t id) const;
bool expression_read_implies_multiple_reads(uint32_t id) const;
SPIRExpression &emit_op(uint32_t result_type, uint32_t result_id, const std::string &rhs, bool forward_rhs,
bool suppress_usage_tracking = false);
void access_chain_internal_append_index(std::string &expr, uint32_t base, const SPIRType *type,
AccessChainFlags flags, bool &access_chain_is_arrayed, uint32_t index);
std::string access_chain_internal(uint32_t base, const uint32_t *indices, uint32_t count, AccessChainFlags flags,
AccessChainMeta *meta);
spv::StorageClass get_expression_effective_storage_class(uint32_t ptr);
virtual bool access_chain_needs_stage_io_builtin_translation(uint32_t base);
virtual void prepare_access_chain_for_scalar_access(std::string &expr, const SPIRType &type,
spv::StorageClass storage, bool &is_packed);
std::string access_chain(uint32_t base, const uint32_t *indices, uint32_t count, const SPIRType &target_type,
AccessChainMeta *meta = nullptr, bool ptr_chain = false);
std::string flattened_access_chain(uint32_t base, const uint32_t *indices, uint32_t count,
const SPIRType &target_type, uint32_t offset, uint32_t matrix_stride,
uint32_t array_stride, bool need_transpose);
std::string flattened_access_chain_struct(uint32_t base, const uint32_t *indices, uint32_t count,
const SPIRType &target_type, uint32_t offset);
std::string flattened_access_chain_matrix(uint32_t base, const uint32_t *indices, uint32_t count,
const SPIRType &target_type, uint32_t offset, uint32_t matrix_stride,
bool need_transpose);
std::string flattened_access_chain_vector(uint32_t base, const uint32_t *indices, uint32_t count,
const SPIRType &target_type, uint32_t offset, uint32_t matrix_stride,
bool need_transpose);
std::pair<std::string, uint32_t> flattened_access_chain_offset(const SPIRType &basetype, const uint32_t *indices,
uint32_t count, uint32_t offset,
uint32_t word_stride, bool *need_transpose = nullptr,
uint32_t *matrix_stride = nullptr,
uint32_t *array_stride = nullptr,
bool ptr_chain = false);
const char *index_to_swizzle(uint32_t index);
std::string remap_swizzle(const SPIRType &result_type, uint32_t input_components, const std::string &expr);
std::string declare_temporary(uint32_t type, uint32_t id);
void emit_uninitialized_temporary(uint32_t type, uint32_t id);
SPIRExpression &emit_uninitialized_temporary_expression(uint32_t type, uint32_t id);
void append_global_func_args(const SPIRFunction &func, uint32_t index, SmallVector<std::string> &arglist);
std::string to_non_uniform_aware_expression(uint32_t id);
std::string to_expression(uint32_t id, bool register_expression_read = true);
std::string to_composite_constructor_expression(uint32_t id, bool uses_buffer_offset);
std::string to_rerolled_array_expression(const std::string &expr, const SPIRType &type);
std::string to_enclosed_expression(uint32_t id, bool register_expression_read = true);
std::string to_unpacked_expression(uint32_t id, bool register_expression_read = true);
std::string to_unpacked_row_major_matrix_expression(uint32_t id);
std::string to_enclosed_unpacked_expression(uint32_t id, bool register_expression_read = true);
std::string to_dereferenced_expression(uint32_t id, bool register_expression_read = true);
std::string to_pointer_expression(uint32_t id, bool register_expression_read = true);
std::string to_enclosed_pointer_expression(uint32_t id, bool register_expression_read = true);
std::string to_extract_component_expression(uint32_t id, uint32_t index);
std::string to_extract_constant_composite_expression(uint32_t result_type, const SPIRConstant &c,
const uint32_t *chain, uint32_t length);
std::string enclose_expression(const std::string &expr);
std::string dereference_expression(const SPIRType &expression_type, const std::string &expr);
std::string address_of_expression(const std::string &expr);
void strip_enclosed_expression(std::string &expr);
std::string to_member_name(const SPIRType &type, uint32_t index);
virtual std::string to_member_reference(uint32_t base, const SPIRType &type, uint32_t index, bool ptr_chain);
std::string to_multi_member_reference(const SPIRType &type, const SmallVector<uint32_t> &indices);
std::string type_to_glsl_constructor(const SPIRType &type);
std::string argument_decl(const SPIRFunction::Parameter &arg);
virtual std::string to_qualifiers_glsl(uint32_t id);
void fixup_io_block_patch_qualifiers(const SPIRVariable &var);
void emit_output_variable_initializer(const SPIRVariable &var);
std::string to_precision_qualifiers_glsl(uint32_t id);
virtual const char *to_storage_qualifiers_glsl(const SPIRVariable &var);
std::string flags_to_qualifiers_glsl(const SPIRType &type, const Bitset &flags);
const char *format_to_glsl(spv::ImageFormat format);
virtual std::string layout_for_member(const SPIRType &type, uint32_t index);
virtual std::string to_interpolation_qualifiers(const Bitset &flags);
std::string layout_for_variable(const SPIRVariable &variable);
std::string to_combined_image_sampler(VariableID image_id, VariableID samp_id);
virtual bool skip_argument(uint32_t id) const;
virtual void emit_array_copy(const std::string &lhs, uint32_t lhs_id, uint32_t rhs_id,
spv::StorageClass lhs_storage, spv::StorageClass rhs_storage);
virtual void emit_block_hints(const SPIRBlock &block);
virtual std::string to_initializer_expression(const SPIRVariable &var);
virtual std::string to_zero_initialized_expression(uint32_t type_id);
bool type_can_zero_initialize(const SPIRType &type) const;
bool buffer_is_packing_standard(const SPIRType &type, BufferPackingStandard packing,
uint32_t *failed_index = nullptr, uint32_t start_offset = 0,
uint32_t end_offset = ~(0u));
std::string buffer_to_packing_standard(const SPIRType &type, bool support_std430_without_scalar_layout);
uint32_t type_to_packed_base_size(const SPIRType &type, BufferPackingStandard packing);
uint32_t type_to_packed_alignment(const SPIRType &type, const Bitset &flags, BufferPackingStandard packing);
uint32_t type_to_packed_array_stride(const SPIRType &type, const Bitset &flags, BufferPackingStandard packing);
uint32_t type_to_packed_size(const SPIRType &type, const Bitset &flags, BufferPackingStandard packing);
uint32_t type_to_location_count(const SPIRType &type) const;
std::string bitcast_glsl(const SPIRType &result_type, uint32_t arg);
virtual std::string bitcast_glsl_op(const SPIRType &result_type, const SPIRType &argument_type);
std::string bitcast_expression(SPIRType::BaseType target_type, uint32_t arg);
std::string bitcast_expression(const SPIRType &target_type, SPIRType::BaseType expr_type, const std::string &expr);
std::string build_composite_combiner(uint32_t result_type, const uint32_t *elems, uint32_t length);
bool remove_duplicate_swizzle(std::string &op);
bool remove_unity_swizzle(uint32_t base, std::string &op);
// Can modify flags to remote readonly/writeonly if image type
// and force recompile.
bool check_atomic_image(uint32_t id);
virtual void replace_illegal_names();
void replace_illegal_names(const std::unordered_set<std::string> &keywords);
virtual void emit_entry_point_declarations();
void replace_fragment_output(SPIRVariable &var);
void replace_fragment_outputs();
std::string legacy_tex_op(const std::string &op, const SPIRType &imgtype, uint32_t id);
uint32_t indent = 0;
std::unordered_set<uint32_t> emitted_functions;
// Ensure that we declare phi-variable copies even if the original declaration isn't deferred
std::unordered_set<uint32_t> flushed_phi_variables;
std::unordered_set<uint32_t> flattened_buffer_blocks;
std::unordered_map<uint32_t, bool> flattened_structs;
ShaderSubgroupSupportHelper shader_subgroup_supporter;
std::string load_flattened_struct(const std::string &basename, const SPIRType &type);
std::string to_flattened_struct_member(const std::string &basename, const SPIRType &type, uint32_t index);
void store_flattened_struct(uint32_t lhs_id, uint32_t value);
void store_flattened_struct(const std::string &basename, uint32_t rhs, const SPIRType &type,
const SmallVector<uint32_t> &indices);
std::string to_flattened_access_chain_expression(uint32_t id);
// Usage tracking. If a temporary is used more than once, use the temporary instead to
// avoid AST explosion when SPIRV is generated with pure SSA and doesn't write stuff to variables.
std::unordered_map<uint32_t, uint32_t> expression_usage_counts;
void track_expression_read(uint32_t id);
SmallVector<std::string> forced_extensions;
SmallVector<std::string> header_lines;
// Used when expressions emit extra opcodes with their own unique IDs,
// and we need to reuse the IDs across recompilation loops.
// Currently used by NMin/Max/Clamp implementations.
std::unordered_map<uint32_t, uint32_t> extra_sub_expressions;
SmallVector<TypeID> workaround_ubo_load_overload_types;
void request_workaround_wrapper_overload(TypeID id);
void rewrite_load_for_wrapped_row_major(std::string &expr, TypeID loaded_type, ID ptr);
uint32_t statement_count = 0;
inline bool is_legacy() const
return ( && options.version < 300) || (! && options.version < 130);
inline bool is_legacy_es() const
return && options.version < 300;
inline bool is_legacy_desktop() const
return ! && options.version < 130;
bool requires_transpose_2x2 = false;
bool requires_transpose_3x3 = false;
bool requires_transpose_4x4 = false;
bool ray_tracing_is_khr = false;
void ray_tracing_khr_fixup_locations();
bool args_will_forward(uint32_t id, const uint32_t *args, uint32_t num_args, bool pure);
void register_call_out_argument(uint32_t id);
void register_impure_function_call();
void register_control_dependent_expression(uint32_t expr);
// GL_EXT_shader_pixel_local_storage support.
std::vector<PlsRemap> pls_inputs;
std::vector<PlsRemap> pls_outputs;
std::string pls_decl(const PlsRemap &variable);
const char *to_pls_qualifiers_glsl(const SPIRVariable &variable);
void emit_pls();
void remap_pls_variables();
// GL_EXT_shader_framebuffer_fetch support.
std::vector<std::pair<uint32_t, uint32_t>> subpass_to_framebuffer_fetch_attachment;
std::vector<std::pair<uint32_t, bool>> inout_color_attachments;
bool location_is_framebuffer_fetch(uint32_t location) const;
bool location_is_non_coherent_framebuffer_fetch(uint32_t location) const;
bool subpass_input_is_framebuffer_fetch(uint32_t id) const;
void emit_inout_fragment_outputs_copy_to_subpass_inputs();
const SPIRVariable *find_subpass_input_by_attachment_index(uint32_t index) const;
const SPIRVariable *find_color_output_by_location(uint32_t location) const;
// A variant which takes two sets of name. The secondary is only used to verify there are no collisions,
// but the set is not updated when we have found a new name.
// Used primarily when adding block interface names.
void add_variable(std::unordered_set<std::string> &variables_primary,
const std::unordered_set<std::string> &variables_secondary, std::string &name);
void check_function_call_constraints(const uint32_t *args, uint32_t length);
void handle_invalid_expression(uint32_t id);
void find_static_extensions();
std::string emit_for_loop_initializers(const SPIRBlock &block);
void emit_while_loop_initializers(const SPIRBlock &block);
bool for_loop_initializers_are_same_type(const SPIRBlock &block);
bool optimize_read_modify_write(const SPIRType &type, const std::string &lhs, const std::string &rhs);
void fixup_image_load_store_access();
bool type_is_empty(const SPIRType &type);
virtual void declare_undefined_values();
bool can_use_io_location(spv::StorageClass storage, bool block);
const Instruction *get_next_instruction_in_block(const Instruction &instr);
static uint32_t mask_relevant_memory_semantics(uint32_t semantics);
std::string convert_half_to_string(const SPIRConstant &value, uint32_t col, uint32_t row);
std::string convert_float_to_string(const SPIRConstant &value, uint32_t col, uint32_t row);
std::string convert_double_to_string(const SPIRConstant &value, uint32_t col, uint32_t row);
std::string convert_separate_image_to_expression(uint32_t id);
// Builtins in GLSL are always specific signedness, but the SPIR-V can declare them
// as either unsigned or signed.
// Sometimes we will need to automatically perform casts on load and store to make this work.
virtual void cast_to_builtin_store(uint32_t target_id, std::string &expr, const SPIRType &expr_type);
virtual void cast_from_builtin_load(uint32_t source_id, std::string &expr, const SPIRType &expr_type);
void unroll_array_from_complex_load(uint32_t target_id, uint32_t source_id, std::string &expr);
bool unroll_array_to_complex_store(uint32_t target_id, uint32_t source_id);
void convert_non_uniform_expression(std::string &expr, uint32_t ptr_id);
void handle_store_to_invariant_variable(uint32_t store_id, uint32_t value_id);
void disallow_forwarding_in_expression_chain(const SPIRExpression &expr);
bool expression_is_constant_null(uint32_t id) const;
bool expression_is_non_value_type_array(uint32_t ptr);
virtual void emit_store_statement(uint32_t lhs_expression, uint32_t rhs_expression);
uint32_t get_integer_width_for_instruction(const Instruction &instr) const;
uint32_t get_integer_width_for_glsl_instruction(GLSLstd450 op, const uint32_t *arguments, uint32_t length) const;
bool variable_is_lut(const SPIRVariable &var) const;
char current_locale_radix_character = '.';
void fixup_type_alias();
void reorder_type_alias();
static const char *vector_swizzle(int vecsize, int index);
bool is_stage_output_location_masked(uint32_t location, uint32_t component) const;
bool is_stage_output_builtin_masked(spv::BuiltIn builtin) const;
bool is_stage_output_variable_masked(const SPIRVariable &var) const;
bool is_stage_output_block_member_masked(const SPIRVariable &var, uint32_t index, bool strip_array) const;
uint32_t get_accumulated_member_location(const SPIRVariable &var, uint32_t mbr_idx, bool strip_array) const;
uint32_t get_declared_member_location(const SPIRVariable &var, uint32_t mbr_idx, bool strip_array) const;
std::unordered_set<LocationComponentPair, InternalHasher> masked_output_locations;
std::unordered_set<uint32_t> masked_output_builtins;
void init();