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Traditionally, there is a global switch to enable/disable vIOMMU. All
devices in the system can only support go through vIOMMU or not, which
is not flexible. We introduce this bypass iommu property to support
coexist of devices go through vIOMMU and devices not. This is useful to
passthrough devices with no-iommu mode and devices go through vIOMMU in
the same virtual machine.
PCI host bridges have a bypass_iommu property. This property is used to
determine whether the devices attached on the PCI host bridge will bypass
virtual iommu. The bypass_iommu property is valid only when there is a
virtual iommu in the system, it is implemented to allow some devices to
bypass vIOMMU. When bypass_iommu property is not set for a host bridge,
the attached devices will go through vIOMMU by default.
The bypass iommu feature support PXB host bridge and default main host
bridge, we add a bypass_iommu property for PXB and default_bus_bypass_iommu
for machine. Note that default_bus_bypass_iommu is available only when
the 'q35' machine type on x86 architecture and the 'virt' machine type
on AArch64. Other machine types do not support bypass iommu for default
root bus.
1. The following is the bypass iommu options:
(1) PCI expander bridge
qemu -device pxb-pcie,bus_nr=0x10,addr=0x1,bypass_iommu=true
(2) Arm default host bridge
qemu -machine virt,iommu=smmuv3,default_bus_bypass_iommu=true
(3) X86 default root bus bypass iommu:
qemu -machine q35,default_bus_bypass_iommu=true
2. Here is the detailed qemu command line for 'virt' machine with PXB on
qemu-system-aarch64 \
-machine virt,kernel_irqchip=on,iommu=smmuv3,default_bus_bypass_iommu=true \
-device pxb-pcie,bus_nr=0x10,id=pci.10,bus=pcie.0,addr=0x3.0x1 \
-device pxb-pcie,bus_nr=0x20,id=pci.20,bus=pcie.0,addr=0x3.0x2,bypass_iommu=true \
And we got:
- a default host bridge which bypass SMMUv3
- a pxb host bridge which go through SMMUv3
- a pxb host bridge which bypass SMMUv3
3. Here is the detailed qemu command line for 'q35' machine with PXB on
x86 architecture:
qemu-system-x86_64 \
-machine q35,accel=kvm,default_bus_bypass_iommu=true \
-device pxb-pcie,bus_nr=0x10,id=pci.10,bus=pcie.0,addr=0x3 \
-device pxb-pcie,bus_nr=0x20,id=pci.20,bus=pcie.0,addr=0x4,bypass_iommu=true \
-device intel-iommu \
And we got:
- a default host bridge which bypass iommu
- a pxb host bridge which go through iommu
- a pxb host bridge which bypass iommu
There might be potential security risk when devices bypass iommu, because
devices might send malicious dma request to virtual machine if there is no
iommu isolation. So it would be necessary to only bypass iommu for trusted
The bypass iommu feature includes:
- Address space
Add bypass iommu property check of PCI Host and do not get iommu address
space for devices bypass iommu.
- Arm SMMUv3 support
We traverse all PCI root bus and get bus number ranges, then build explicit
RID mapping for devices which do not bypass iommu.
- X86 IOMMU support
To support Intel iommu, we traverse all PCI host bridge and get information
of devices which do not bypass iommu, then fill the DMAR drhd struct with
explicit device scope info. To support AMD iommu, add check of bypass iommu
when traverse the PCI hsot bridge.
- Machine and PXB options
We add bypass iommu options in machine option for default root bus, and add
option for PXB also. Note that the default value of bypass iommu is false,
so that the devices will by default go through iommu if there exist one.