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qemu usb storage emulation
QEMU has three devices for usb storage emulation.
Number one emulates the classic bulk-only transport protocol which is
used by 99% of the usb sticks on the market today and is called
"usb-storage". Usage (hooking up to xhci, other host controllers work
qemu ${other_vm_args} \
-drive if=none,id=stick,file=/path/to/file.img \
-device nec-usb-xhci,id=xhci \
-device usb-storage,bus=xhci.0,drive=stick
Number two is the newer usb attached scsi transport. This one doesn't
automagically create a scsi disk, so you have to explicitly attach one
manually. Multiple logical units are supported. Here is an example
with tree logical units:
qemu ${other_vm_args} \
-drive if=none,id=uas-disk1,file=/path/to/file1.img \
-drive if=none,id=uas-disk2,file=/path/to/file2.img \
-drive if=none,id=uas-cdrom,media=cdrom,file=/path/to/image.iso \
-device nec-usb-xhci,id=xhci \
-device usb-uas,id=uas,bus=xhci.0 \
-device scsi-hd,bus=uas.0,scsi-id=0,lun=0,drive=uas-disk1 \
-device scsi-hd,bus=uas.0,scsi-id=0,lun=1,drive=uas-disk2 \
-device scsi-cd,bus=uas.0,scsi-id=0,lun=5,drive=uas-cdrom
Number three emulates the classic bulk-only transport protocol too.
It's called "usb-bot". It shares most code with "usb-storage", and
the guest will not be able to see the difference. The qemu command
line interface is similar to usb-uas though, i.e. no automatic scsi
disk creation. It also features support for up to 16 LUNs. The LUN
numbers must be continuous, i.e. for three devices you must use 0+1+2.
The 0+1+5 numbering from the "usb-uas" example isn't going to work
with "usb-bot".
Starting with qemu version 2.7 usb-bot and usb-uas devices can be
hotplugged. In the hotplug case they are added with "attached =
false" so the guest will not see the device until the "attached"
property is explicitly set to true. That allows to attach one or more
scsi devices before making the device visible to the guest, i.e. the
workflow looks like this:
(1) device-add usb-bot,id=foo
(2) device-add scsi-{hd,cd},bus=foo.0,lun=0
(2b) optionally add more devices (luns 1 ... 15).
(3) scripts/qmp/qom-set foo.attached = true
Gerd Hoffmann <>