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LLVM |release| Release Notes
.. contents::
.. only:: PreRelease
.. warning::
These are in-progress notes for the upcoming LLVM |version| release.
Release notes for previous releases can be found on
`the Download Page <>`_.
This document contains the release notes for the LLVM Compiler Infrastructure,
release |release|. Here we describe the status of LLVM, including major improvements
from the previous release, improvements in various subprojects of LLVM, and
some of the current users of the code. All LLVM releases may be downloaded
from the `LLVM releases web site <>`_.
For more information about LLVM, including information about the latest
release, please check out the `main LLVM web site <>`_. If you
have questions or comments, the `Discourse forums
<>`_ is a good place to ask
Note that if you are reading this file from a Git checkout or the main
LLVM web page, this document applies to the *next* release, not the current
one. To see the release notes for a specific release, please see the `releases
page <>`_.
Non-comprehensive list of changes in this release
For small 1-3 sentence descriptions, just add an entry at the end of
this list. If your description won't fit comfortably in one bullet
point (e.g. maybe you would like to give an example of the
functionality, or simply have a lot to talk about), see the `NOTE` below
for adding a new subsection.
* The ``readnone`` calls which are crossing suspend points in coroutines will
not be merged. Since ``readnone`` calls may access thread id and thread id
is not a constant in coroutines. This decision may cause unnecessary
performance regressions and we plan to fix it in later versions.
* The LoongArch target is promoted to "official" (see below for more details).
* ...
Update on required toolchains to build LLVM
LLVM is now built with C++17 by default. This means C++17 can be used in
the code base.
The previous "soft" toolchain requirements have now been changed to "hard".
This means that the the following versions are now required to build LLVM
and there is no way to suppress this error.
* GCC >= 7.1
* Clang >= 5.0
* Apple Clang >= 10.0
* Visual Studio 2019 >= 16.7
With LLVM 16.x we will raise the version requirement of CMake used to build
LLVM. The new requirements are as follows:
* CMake >= 3.20.0
In LLVM 16.x this requirement will be "soft", there will only be a diagnostic.
With the release of LLVM 17.x this requirement will be hard and LLVM developers
can start using CMake 3.20.0 features, making it impossible to build with older
versions of CMake.
Changes to the LLVM IR
* The ``readnone``, ``readonly``, ``writeonly``, ``argmemonly``,
``inaccessiblememonly`` and ``inaccessiblemem_or_argmemonly`` function
attributes have been replaced by a single ``memory(...)`` attribute. The
old attributes may be mapped to the new one as follows:
* ``readnone`` -> ``memory(none)``
* ``readonly`` -> ``memory(read)``
* ``writeonly`` -> ``memory(write)``
* ``argmemonly`` -> ``memory(argmem: readwrite)``
* ``argmemonly readonly`` -> ``memory(argmem: read)``
* ``argmemonly writeonly`` -> ``memory(argmem: write)``
* ``inaccessiblememonly`` -> ``memory(inaccessiblemem: readwrite)``
* ``inaccessiblememonly readonly`` -> ``memory(inaccessiblemem: read)``
* ``inaccessiblememonly writeonly`` -> ``memory(inaccessiblemem: write)``
* ``inaccessiblemem_or_argmemonly`` ->
``memory(argmem: readwrite, inaccessiblemem: readwrite)``
* ``inaccessiblemem_or_argmemonly readonly`` ->
``memory(argmem: read, inaccessiblemem: read)``
* ``inaccessiblemem_or_argmemonly writeonly`` ->
``memory(argmem: write, inaccessiblemem: write)``
* The constant expression variants of the following instructions has been
* ``fneg``
* Target extension types have been added, which allow targets to have
types that need to be preserved through the optimizer, but otherwise are not
introspectable by target-independent optimizations.
* Added ``uinc_wrap`` and ``udec_wrap`` operations to ``atomicrmw``.
Changes to building LLVM
Changes to TableGen
Changes to Interprocedural Optimizations
* Function Specialization has been integrated into IPSCCP.
* Specialization of functions has been enabled by default at all
optimization levels except Os, Oz. This has exposed a mis-compilation
in SPEC/CINT2017rate/502.gcc_r when built via the LLVM Test Suite with
both LTO and PGO enabled, but without the option -fno-strict-aliasing.
Changes to the AArch64 Backend
* Added support for the Cortex-A715 CPU.
* Added support for the Cortex-X3 CPU.
* Added support for the Neoverse V2 CPU.
* Added support for assembly for RME MEC (Memory Encryption Contexts).
* Added codegen support for the Armv8.3 Complex Number extension.
* Implemented `Function Multi Versioning
in accordance with Arm C Language Extensions specification. Currently in Beta
Changes to the AMDGPU Backend
Changes to the ARM Backend
* Support for targeting Armv2, Armv2A, Armv3 and Armv3M has been removed.
LLVM did not, and was not ever likely to generate correct code for those
architecture versions so their presence was misleading.
* Added codegen support for the complex arithmetic instructions in MVE.
* Added Armv4 and Armv4T compatible thunks. LLD will no longer generate BX
instructions for Armv4 or BLX instructions for either Armv4 or Armv4T. Armv4T
is now fully supported.
* Added compiler-rt builtins support for Armv4T, Armv5TE and Armv6.
Changes to the AVR Backend
* ...
Changes to the DirectX Backend
Changes to the Hexagon Backend
* The Hexagon backend now support V71 and V73 ISA.
Changes to the LoongArch Backend
* The LoongArch target is no longer "experimental"! It's now built by default,
rather than needing to be enabled with ``LLVM_EXPERIMENTAL_TARGETS_TO_BUILD``.
* The backend has full codegen support for the base (both integer and
floating-point) instruction set and it conforms to psABI v2. Testing has been
performed with Linux, including native compilation of a large corpus of Linux
* Support GHC calling convention.
* Initial JITLink support is added.
(`D141036 <>`_)
Changes to the MIPS Backend
* ...
Changes to the PowerPC Backend
* ...
Changes to the RISC-V Backend
* Support for the unratified Zbe, Zbf, Zbm, Zbp, Zbr, and Zbt extensions have
been removed.
* i32 is now a native type in the datalayout string. This enables
LoopStrengthReduce for loops with i32 induction variables, among other
Changes to the SystemZ Backend
* The datalayout string now only depends on the target triple as expected.
* The GNU attribute for a visible vector ABI is now emitted.
* Align 128 bit integers to 8 bytes only, per the ABI.
Changes to the WebAssembly Backend
* ...
Changes to the Windows Target
* For MinGW, generate embedded ``-exclude-symbols:`` directives for symbols
with hidden visibility, omitting them from automatic export of all symbols.
This roughly makes hidden visibility work like it does for other object
file formats.
* When using multi-threaded LLVM tools (such as LLD) on a Windows host with a
large number of processors or CPU sockets, previously the LLVM ThreadPool
would span out threads to use all processors.
Starting with Windows Server 2022 and Windows 11, the behavior has changed,
the OS now spans out threads automatically to all processors. This also fixes
an affinity mask issue.
(`D138747 <>`_)
* When building LLVM and related tools for Windows with Clang in MinGW mode,
hidden symbol visiblity is now used to reduce the number of exports in
builds with dylibs (``LLVM_BUILD_LLVM_DYLIB`` or ``LLVM_LINK_LLVM_DYLIB``),
making such builds more manageable without running into the limit of
number of exported symbols.
* AArch64 SEH unwind info generation bugs have been fixed; there were minor
cases of mismatches between the generated unwind info and actual
prologues/epilogues earlier in some cases.
* AArch64 SEH unwind info is now generated correctly for the AArch64
security features BTI (Branch Target Identification) and PAC (Pointer
Authentication Code). In particular, using PAC with older versions of LLVM
would generate code that would fail to unwind at runtime, if the host
actually would use the pointer authentication feature.
* Fixed stack alignment on Windows on AArch64, for stack frames with a
large enough allocation that requires stack probing.
Changes to the X86 Backend
* Add support for the ``RDMSRLIST and WRMSRLIST`` instructions.
* Add support for the ``WRMSRNS`` instruction.
* Support ISA of ``AMX-FP16`` which contains ``tdpfp16ps`` instruction.
* Support ISA of ``CMPCCXADD``.
* Support ISA of ``AVX-IFMA``.
* Support ISA of ``AVX-VNNI-INT8``.
* Support ISA of ``AVX-NE-CONVERT``.
* ``-mcpu=raptorlake``, ``-mcpu=meteorlake`` and ``-mcpu=emeraldrapids`` are now supported.
* ``-mcpu=sierraforest``, ``-mcpu=graniterapids`` and ``-mcpu=grandridge`` are now supported.
Changes to the OCaml bindings
Changes to the C API
* The following functions for creating constant expressions have been removed,
because the underlying constant expressions are no longer supported. Instead,
an instruction should be created using the ``LLVMBuildXYZ`` APIs, which will
constant fold the operands if possible and create an instruction otherwise:
* ``LLVMConstFNeg``
* The following deprecated functions have been removed, because they are
incompatible with opaque pointers. Use the new functions accepting a separate
function/element type instead.
* ``LLVMBuildLoad`` -> ``LLVMBuildLoad2``
* ``LLVMBuildCall`` -> ``LLVMBuildCall2``
* ``LLVMBuildInvoke`` -> ``LLVMBuildInvoke2``
* ``LLVMBuildGEP`` -> ``LLVMBuildGEP2``
* ``LLVMBuildInBoundsGEP`` -> ``LLVMBuildInBoundsGEP2``
* ``LLVMBuildStructGEP`` -> ``LLVMBuildStructGEP2``
* ``LLVMBuildPtrDiff`` -> ``LLVMBuildPtrDiff2``
* ``LLVMConstGEP`` -> ``LLVMConstGEP2``
* ``LLVMConstInBoundsGEP`` -> ``LLVMConstInBoundsGEP2``
* ``LLVMAddAlias`` -> ``LLVMAddAlias2``
Changes to the FastISel infrastructure
* ...
Changes to the DAG infrastructure
Changes to the Metadata Info
* Add Module Flags Metadata ``stack-protector-guard-symbol`` which specify a
symbol for addressing the stack-protector guard.
Changes to the Debug Info
Previously when emitting DWARF v4 and tuning for GDB, llc would use DWARF v2's
``DW_AT_bit_offset`` and ``DW_AT_data_member_location``. llc now uses DWARF v4's
``DW_AT_data_bit_offset`` regardless of tuning.
Support for ``DW_AT_data_bit_offset`` was added in GDB 8.0. For earlier versions,
you can use llc's ``-dwarf-version=3`` option to emit compatible DWARF.
When emitting CodeView debug information, LLVM will now emit S_CONSTANT records
for variables optimized into a constant via the SROA and SCCP passes.
(`D138995 <>`_)
Changes to the LLVM tools
* ``llvm-readobj --elf-output-style=JSON`` no longer prefixes each JSON object
with the file name. Previously, each object file's output looked like
``"main.o":{"FileSummary":{"File":"main.o"},...}`` but is now
``{"FileSummary":{"File":"main.o"},...}``. This allows each JSON object to be
parsed in the same way, since each object no longer has a unique key. Tools
that consume ``llvm-readobj``'s JSON output should update their parsers
* ``llvm-objdump`` now uses ``--print-imm-hex`` by default, which brings its
default behavior closer in line with ``objdump``.
* ``llvm-objcopy`` no longer writes corrupt addresses to empty sections if
the input file had a nonzero address to an empty section.
Changes to LLDB
* Initial support for debugging Linux LoongArch 64-bit binaries.
* Improvements in COFF symbol handling; previously a DLL (without any other
debug info) would only use the DLL's exported symbols, while it now also
uses the full list of internal symbols, if available.
* Avoiding duplicate DLLs in the runtime list of loaded modules on Windows.
Changes to Sanitizers
* Many Sanitizers (asan, fuzzer, lsan, safestack, scudo, tsan, ubsan) have
support for Linux LoongArch 64-bit variant. Some of them may be rudimentary.
Other Changes
* lit no longer supports using substrings of the default target triple as
feature names in ``UNSUPPORTED:`` and ``XFAIL:`` directives. These have been
replaced by the ``target=<triple>`` feature, and tests can use regex
matching to achieve the same effect. For example, ``UNSUPPORTED: arm``
would now be ``UNSUPPORTED: target=arm{{.*}}`` and ``XFAIL: windows``
would now be ``XFAIL: target={{.*}}-windows{{.*}}``.
* When cross compiling LLVM (or building with ``LLVM_OPTIMIZED_TABLEGEN``),
it is now possible to point the build to prebuilt versions of all the
host tools with one CMake variable, ``LLVM_NATIVE_TOOL_DIR``, instead of
having to point out each individual tool with variables such as
External Open Source Projects Using LLVM 15
* A project...
Additional Information
A wide variety of additional information is available on the `LLVM web page
<>`_, in particular in the `documentation
<>`_ section. The web page also contains versions of the
API documentation which is up-to-date with the Git version of the source
code. You can access versions of these documents specific to this release by
going into the ``llvm/docs/`` directory in the LLVM tree.
If you have any questions or comments about LLVM, please feel free to contact
us via the `Discourse forums <>`_.