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Git 2.13 Release Notes
Backward compatibility notes.
* Use of an empty string as a pathspec element that is used for
'everything matches' is still warned and Git asks users to use a
more explicit '.' for that instead. The hope is that existing
users will not mind this change, and eventually the warning can be
turned into a hard error, upgrading the deprecation into removal of
this (mis)feature. That is not scheduled to happen in the upcoming
release (yet).
* The historical argument order "git merge <msg> HEAD <commit>..."
has been deprecated for quite some time, and will be removed in a
future release.
Updates since v2.12
UI, Workflows & Features
* "git describe" and "git name-rev" have been taught to take more
than one refname patterns to restrict the set of refs to base their
naming output on, and also learned to take negative patterns to
name refs not to be used for naming via their "--exclude" option.
* Deletion of a branch "foo/bar" could remove .git/refs/heads/foo
once there no longer is any other branch whose name begins with
"foo/", but we didn't do so so far. Now we do.
* When "git merge" detects a path that is renamed in one history
while the other history deleted (or modified) it, it now reports
both paths to help the user understand what is going on in the two
histories being merged.
* The <url> part in "http.<url>.<variable>" configuration variable
can now be spelled with '*' that serves as wildcard.
E.g. "http.https://*" can be used to specify the
proxy used for,, etc.,
i.e. any host in the domain.
* "git tag" did not leave useful message when adding a new entry to
reflog; this was left unnoticed for a long time because refs/tags/*
doesn't keep reflog by default.
* The "negative" pathspec feature was somewhat more cumbersome to use
than necessary in that its short-hand used "!" which needed to be
escaped from shells, and it required "exclude from what?" specified.
* The command line options for ssh invocation needs to be tweaked for
some implementations of SSH (e.g. PuTTY plink wants "-P <port>"
while OpenSSH wants "-p <port>" to specify port to connect to), and
the variant was guessed when GIT_SSH environment variable is used
to specify it. The logic to guess now applies to the command
specified by the newer GIT_SSH_COMMAND and also core.sshcommand
configuration variable, and comes with an escape hatch for users to
deal with misdetected cases.
* The "--git-path", "--git-common-dir", and "--shared-index-path"
options of "git rev-parse" did not produce usable output. They are
now updated to show the path to the correct file, relative to where
the caller is.
* "git diff -W" has been taught to handle the case where a new
function is added at the end of the file better.
* "git update-ref -d" and other operations to delete references did
not leave any entry in HEAD's reflog when the reference being
deleted was the current branch. This is not a problem in practice
because you do not want to delete the branch you are currently on,
but caused renaming of the current branch to something else not to
be logged in a useful way.
* "Cc:" on the trailer part does not have to conform to RFC strictly,
unlike in the e-mail header. "git send-email" has been updated to
ignore anything after '>' when picking addresses, to allow non-address
cruft like " # stable 4.4" after the address.
(merge 9d3343961b jh/send-email-one-cc later to maint).
* When "git submodule init" decides that the submodule in the working
tree is its upstream, it now gives a warning as it is not a very
common setup.
(merge d1b3b81aab sb/submodule-init-url-selection later to maint).
* "git stash save" takes a pathspec so that the local changes can be
stashed away only partially.
(merge 9e140909f6 tg/stash-push later to maint).
* Documentation for "git ls-files" did not refer to core.quotePath.
* The experimental "split index" feature has gained a few
configuration variables to make it easier to use.
* From a working tree of a repository, a new option of "rev-parse"
lets you ask if the repository is used as a submodule of another
project, and where the root level of the working tree of that
project (i.e. your superproject) is.
* The pathspec mechanism learned to further limit the paths that
match the pattern to those that have specified attributes attached
via the gitattributes mechanism.
* Our source code has used the SHA1_HEADER cpp macro after "#include"
in the C code to switch among the SHA-1 implementations. Instead,
list the exact header file names and switch among implementations
using "#ifdef BLK_SHA1/#include "block-sha1/sha1.h"/.../#endif";
this helps some IDE tools.
* The start-up sequence of "git" needs to figure out some configured
settings before it finds and set itself up in the location of the
repository and was quite messy due to its "chicken-and-egg" nature.
The code has been restructured.
Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.
* The code to list branches in "git branch" has been consolidated
with the more generic ref-filter API.
* Resource usage while enumerating refs from alternate object store
has been optimized to help receiving end of "push" that hosts a
repository with many "forks".
* The gitattributes machinery is being taught to work better in a
multi-threaded environment.
* "git rebase -i" starts using the recently updated "sequencer" code.
* Code and design clean-up for the refs API.
* The preload-index code has been taught not to bother with the index
entries that are paths that are not checked out by "sparse checkout".
* Some warning() messages from "git clean" were updated to show the
errno from failed system calls.
* The "parse_config_key()" API function has been cleaned up.
(merge ad8c7cdadd jk/parse-config-key-cleanup later to maint).
* A test that creates a confusing branch whose name is HEAD has been
corrected not to do so.
(merge f0252ca23c jk/t6300-cleanup later to maint).
* The code that parses header fields in the commit object has been
updated for (micro)performance and code hygiene.
(merge b072504ce1 rs/commit-parsing-optim later to maint).
* An helper function to make it easier to append the result from
real_path() to a strbuf has been added.
(merge 33ad9ddd0b rs/strbuf-add-real-path later to maint).
* Reduce authentication round-trip over HTTP when the server supports
just a single authentication method. This also improves the
behaviour when Git is misconfigured to enable http.emptyAuth
against a server that does not authenticate without a username
(i.e. not using Kerberos etc., which makes http.emptyAuth
* Windows port wants to use OpenSSL's implementation of SHA-1
routines, so let them.
* The t/perf performance test suite was not prepared to test not so
old versions of Git, but now it covers versions of Git that are not
so ancient.
(merge 28e1fb5466 jt/perf-updates later to maint).
* Add 32-bit Linux variant to the set of platforms to be tested with
Travis CI.
* "git branch --list" takes the "--abbrev" and "--no-abbrev" options
to control the output of the object name in its "-v"(erbose)
output, but a recent update started ignoring them; fix it before
the breakage reaches to any released version.
* Picking two versions of Git and running tests to make sure the
older one and the newer one interoperate happily has now become
(merge bd4d9d993c jk/interop-test later to maint).
* "uchar [40]" to "struct object_id" conversion continues.
* "git tag --contains" used to (ab)use the object bits to keep track
of the state of object reachability without clearing them after
use; this has been cleaned up and made to use the newer commit-slab
Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.
Fixes since v2.12
Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.9 in the maintenance
track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
notes for details).
* "git repack --depth=<n>" for a long time busted the specified depth
when reusing delta from existing packs. This has been corrected.
(merge 42b766d765 jk/delta-chain-limit later to maint).
* The code to parse the command line "git grep <patterns>... <rev>
[[--] <pathspec>...]" has been cleaned up, and a handful of bugs
have been fixed (e.g. we used to check "--" if it is a rev).
(merge 131f3c96d2 jk/grep-no-index-fix later to maint).
* "git ls-remote" and "git archive --remote" are designed to work
without being in a directory under Git's control. However, recent
updates revealed that we randomly look into a directory called
.git/ without actually doing necessary set-up when working in a
repository. Stop doing so.
(merge 4b0c3c7735 jn/remote-helpers-with-git-dir later to maint).
* "git show-branch" expected there were only very short branch names
in the repository and used a fixed-length buffer to hold them
without checking for overflow.
(merge d3cc5f4c44 jk/show-branch-lift-name-len-limit later to maint).
* A caller of tempfile API that uses stdio interface to write to
files may ignore errors while writing, which is detected when
tempfile is closed (with a call to ferror()). By that time, the
original errno that may have told us what went wrong is likely to
be long gone and was overwritten by an irrelevant value.
close_tempfile() now resets errno to EIO to make errno at least
(merge 7e8c9355b7 jk/tempfile-ferror-fclose-confusion later to maint).
* "git remote rm X", when a branch has remote X configured as the
value of its branch.*.remote, tried to remove branch.*.remote and
branch.*.merge and failed if either is unset.
(merge 20690b2139 rl/remote-allow-missing-branch-name-merge later to maint).
* A "gc.log" file left by a backgrounded "gc --auto" disables further
automatic gc; it has been taught to run at least once a day (by
default) by ignoring a stale "gc.log" file that is too old.
(merge a831c06a2b dt/gc-ignore-old-gc-logs later to maint).
* The code to parse "git -c VAR=VAL cmd" and set configuration
variable for the duration of cmd had two small bugs, which have
been fixed.
(merge 1274a155af jc/config-case-cmdline-take-2 later to maint).
* that consists of only cruft chars should consistently
error out, but didn't.
(merge 94425552f3 jk/ident-empty later to maint).
* "git upload-pack", which is a counter-part of "git fetch", did not
report a request for a ref that was not advertised as invalid.
This is generally not a problem (because "git fetch" will stop
before making such a request), but is the right thing to do.
(merge bdb31eada7 jt/upload-pack-error-report later to maint).
* A leak in a codepath to read from a packed object in (rare) cases
has been plugged.
(merge 886ddf4777 rs/sha1-file-plug-fallback-base-leak later to maint).
* When a redirected http transport gets an error during the
redirected request, we ignored the error we got from the server,
and ended up giving a not-so-useful error message.
* The patch subcommand of "git add -i" was meant to have paths
selection prompt just like other subcommand, unlike "git add -p"
directly jumps to hunk selection. Recently, this was broken and
"add -i" lost the paths selection dialog, but it now has been
* Git v2.12 was shipped with an embarrassing breakage where various
operations that verify paths given from the user stopped dying when
seeing an issue, and instead later triggering segfault.
* There is no need for Python only to give a few messages to the
standard error stream, but we somehow did.
(merge b8686c661d ss/remote-bzr-hg-placeholder-wo-python later to maint).
* The code to parse "git log -L..." command line was buggy when there
are many ranges specified with -L; overrun of the allocated buffer
has been fixed.
* The command-line parsing of "git log -L" copied internal data
structures using incorrect size on ILP32 systems.
* "git diff --quiet" relies on the size field in diff_filespec to be
correctly populated, but diff_populate_filespec() helper function
made an incorrect short-cut when asked only to populate the size
field for paths that need to go through convert_to_git() (e.g. CRLF
(merge 12426e114b jc/diff-populate-filespec-size-only-fix later to maint).
* A few tests were run conditionally under (rare) conditions where
they cannot be run (like running cvs tests under 'root' account).
(merge c6507484a2 ab/cond-skip-tests later to maint).
* "git branch @" created refs/heads/@ as a branch, and in general the
code that handled @{-1} and @{upstream} was a bit too loose in
(merge fd4692ff70 jk/interpret-branch-name later to maint).
* "git fetch" that requests a commit by object name, when the other
side does not allow such an request, failed without much
(merge d56583ded6 mm/fetch-show-error-message-on-unadvertised-object later to maint).
* "git filter-branch --prune-empty" drops a single-parent commit that
becomes a no-op, but did not drop a root commit whose tree is empty.
(merge 32da7467eb dp/filter-branch-prune-empty later to maint).
* Recent versions of Git treats http alternates (used in dumb http
transport) just like HTTP redirects and requires the client to
enable following it, due to security concerns. But we forgot to
give a warning when we decide not to honor the alternates.
(merge 5cae73d5d2 ew/http-alternates-as-redirects-warning later to maint).
* "git push" had a handful of codepaths that could lead to a deadlock
when unexpected error happened, which has been fixed.
(merge d1a13d3fcb jk/push-deadlock-regression-fix later to maint).
* "Dumb http" transport used to misparse a nonsense http-alternates
response, which has been fixed.
(merge d61434ae81 jk/http-walker-buffer-underflow-fix later to maint).
* "git add -p <pathspec>" unnecessarily expanded the pathspec to a
list of individual files that matches the pathspec by running "git
ls-files <pathspec>", before feeding it to "git diff-index" to see
which paths have changes, because historically the pathspec
language supported by "diff-index" was weaker. These days they are
equivalent and there is no reason to internally expand it. This
helps both performance and avoids command line argument limit on
some platforms.
(merge 7288e12cce jk/add-i-use-pathspecs later to maint).
* "git status --porcelain" is supposed to give a stable output, but a
few strings were left as translatable by mistake.
(merge b9e2bc560a mg/status-porcelain-no-i18n later to maint).
* Other minor doc, test and build updates and code cleanups.
(merge b803ae4427 ps/docs-diffcore later to maint).
(merge bcd886d897 ew/markdown-url-in-readme later to maint).
(merge b2d593a779 rj/remove-unused-mktemp later to maint).
(merge 3255e512a8 jk/ewah-use-right-type-in-sizeof later to maint).
(merge dfa3ad3238 rs/blame-code-cleanup later to maint).