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CMake 3.0 Release Notes
.. only:: html
.. contents::
Changes made since CMake 2.8.12 include the following.
Documentation Changes
* The CMake documentation has been converted to reStructuredText and
now transforms via Sphinx (`<>`__) into man and
html pages. This allows the documentation to be properly indexed
and to contain cross-references.
Conversion from the old internal documentation format was done by
an automatic process so some documents may still contain artifacts.
They will be updated incrementally over time.
A basic reStructuredText processor has been implemented to support
``cmake --help-command`` and similar command-line options.
* New manuals were added:
- :manual:`cmake-buildsystem(7)`
- :manual:`cmake-commands(7)`, replacing ``cmakecommands(1)``
and ``cmakecompat(1)``
- :manual:`cmake-developer(7)`
- :manual:`cmake-generator-expressions(7)`
- :manual:`cmake-generators(7)`
- :manual:`cmake-language(7)`
- :manual:`cmake-modules(7)`, replacing ``cmakemodules(1)``
- :manual:`cmake-packages(7)`
- :manual:`cmake-policies(7)`, replacing ``cmakepolicies(1)``
- :manual:`cmake-properties(7)`, replacing ``cmakeprops(1)``
- :manual:`cmake-qt(7)`
- :manual:`cmake-toolchains(7)`
- :manual:`cmake-variables(7)`, replacing ``cmakevars(1)``
* Release notes for CMake 3.0.0 and above will now be included with
the html documentation.
New Features
* The CMake language has been extended with
:ref:`Bracket Argument` and :ref:`Bracket Comment`
syntax inspired by Lua long brackets::
set(x [===[bracket argument]===] #[[bracket comment]])
Content between equal-length open- and close-brackets is taken
literally with no variable replacements.
.. warning::
This syntax change could not be made in a fully compatible
way. No policy is possible because syntax parsing occurs before
any chance to set a policy. Existing code using an unquoted
argument that starts with an open bracket will be interpreted
differently without any diagnostic. Fortunately the syntax is
obscure enough that this problem is unlikely in practice.
* A new :generator:`CodeLite` extra generator is available
for use with the Makefile or Ninja generators.
* A new :generator:`Kate` extra generator is available
for use with the Makefile or Ninja generators.
* The :generator:`Ninja` generator learned to use ``ninja`` job pools
when specified by a new :prop_gbl:`JOB_POOLS` global property.
* The :command:`add_library` command learned a new ``INTERFACE``
library type. Interface libraries have no build rules but may
have properties defining
:manual:`usage requirements <cmake-buildsystem(7)>`
and may be installed, exported, and imported. This is useful to
create header-only libraries that have concrete link dependencies
on other libraries.
* The :command:`export()` command learned a new ``EXPORT`` mode that
retrieves the list of targets to export from an export set configured
by the :command:`install(TARGETS)` command ``EXPORT`` option. This
makes it easy to export from the build tree the same targets that
are exported from the install tree.
* The :command:`export` command learned to work with multiple dependent
export sets, thus allowing multiple packages to be built and exported
from a single tree. The feature requires CMake to wait until the
generation step to write the output file. This means one should not
:command:`include` the generated targets file later during project
configuration because it will not be available.
Use :ref:`Alias Targets` instead. See policy :policy:`CMP0024`.
* The :command:`install(FILES)` command learned to support
:manual:`generator expressions <cmake-generator-expressions(7)>`
in the list of files.
* The :command:`project` command learned to set some version variables
to values specified by the new ``VERSION`` option or to empty strings.
See policy :policy:`CMP0048`.
* The :command:`string` command learned a new ``CONCAT`` mode.
It is particularly useful in combination with the new
:ref:`Bracket Argument` syntax.
* The :command:`unset` command learned a ``PARENT_SCOPE`` option
matching that of the :command:`set` command.
* The :command:`include_external_msproject` command learned
to handle non-C++ projects like ``.vbproj`` or ``.csproj``.
* The :command:`ctest_update` command learned to update work trees
managed by the Perforce (p4) version control tool.
* The :command:`message` command learned a ``DEPRECATION`` mode. Such
messages are not issued by default, but may be issued as a warning if
:variable:`CMAKE_WARN_DEPRECATED` is enabled, or as an error if
:variable:`CMAKE_ERROR_DEPRECATED` is enabled.
* The :command:`target_link_libraries` command now allows repeated use of
the ``LINK_PUBLIC`` and ``LINK_PRIVATE`` keywords.
* Variable :variable:`CMAKE_FIND_NO_INSTALL_PREFIX` has been
introduced to tell CMake not to add the value of
:variable:`CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX` to the
:variable:`CMAKE_SYSTEM_PREFIX_PATH` variable by default.
This is useful when building a project that installs some
of its own dependencies to avoid finding files it is about
to replace.
* Variable :variable:`CMAKE_STAGING_PREFIX` was introduced for use
when cross-compiling to specify an installation prefix on the
host system that differs from a :variable:`CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX`
value meant for the target system.
* Variable :variable:`CMAKE_SYSROOT` was introduced to specify the
toolchain SDK installation prefix, typically for cross-compiling.
This is used to pass a ``--sysroot`` option to the compiler and
as a prefix searched by ``find_*`` commands.
* Variable :variable:`CMAKE_<LANG>_COMPILER_TARGET` was introduced
for use when cross-compiling to specify the target platform in the
:ref:`toolchain file <Cross Compiling Toolchain>` specified by the
:variable:`CMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE` variable.
This is used to pass an option such as ``--target=<triple>`` to some
cross-compiling compiler drivers.
* Variable :variable:`CMAKE_MAP_IMPORTED_CONFIG_<CONFIG>` has been
introduced to optionally initialize the
:prop_tgt:`MAP_IMPORTED_CONFIG_<CONFIG>` target property.
* The :prop_dir:`ADDITIONAL_MAKE_CLEAN_FILES` directory property
learned to support
:manual:`generator expressions <cmake-generator-expressions(7)>`.
* A new directory property :prop_dir:`CMAKE_CONFIGURE_DEPENDS`
was introduced to allow projects to specify additional
files on which the configuration process depends. CMake will
re-run at build time when one of these files is modified.
Previously this was only possible to achieve by specifying
such files as the input to a :command:`configure_file` command.
* A new :ref:`Qt AUTORCC` feature replaces the need to
invoke ``qt4_add_resources()`` by allowing ``.qrc`` files to
be listed as target sources.
* A new :ref:`Qt AUTOUIC` feature replaces the need to
invoke ``qt4_wrap_ui()``.
* Test properties learned to support
:manual:`generator expressions <cmake-generator-expressions(7)>`.
This is useful to specify per-configuration values for test
properties like :prop_test:`REQUIRED_FILES` and
* A new :prop_test:`SKIP_RETURN_CODE` test property was introduced
to tell :manual:`ctest(1)` to treat a particular test return code as
if the test were not run. This is useful for test drivers to report
that certain test requirements were not available.
* New types of :ref:`Compatible Interface Properties` were introduced,
namely the :prop_tgt:`COMPATIBLE_INTERFACE_NUMBER_MAX` and
:prop_tgt:`COMPATIBLE_INTERFACE_NUMBER_MIN` for calculating numeric
maximum and minimum values respectively.
* The :module:`CheckTypeSize` module ``check_type_size`` macro and
the :module:`CheckStructHasMember` module ``check_struct_has_member``
macro learned a new ``LANGUAGE`` option to optionally check C++ types.
* The :module:`ExternalData` module learned to work with no
URL templates if a local store is available.
* The :module:`ExternalProject` function ``ExternalProject_Add``
learned a new ``GIT_SUBMODULES`` option to specify a subset
of available submodules to checkout.
* A new :module:`FindBacktrace` module has been added to support
:command:`find_package(Backtrace)` calls.
* A new :module:`FindLua` module has been added to support
:command:`find_package(Lua)` calls.
* The :module:`FindBoost` module learned a new ``Boost_NAMESPACE``
option to change the ``boost`` prefix on library names.
* The :module:`FindBoost` module learned to control search
for libraries with the ``g`` tag (for MS debug runtime) with
a new ``Boost_USE_DEBUG_RUNTIME`` option. It is ``ON`` by
default to preserve existing behavior.
* The :module:`FindJava` and :module:`FindJNI` modules learned
to use a ``JAVA_HOME`` CMake variable or environment variable,
and then try ``/usr/libexec/java_home`` on OS X.
* The :module:`UseJava` module ``add_jar`` function learned a new
``MANIFEST`` option to pass the ``-m`` option to ``jar``.
* A new :module:`CMakeFindDependencyMacro` module was introduced with
a ``find_dependency`` macro to find transitive dependencies in
a :manual:`package configuration file <cmake-packages(7)>`. Such
dependencies are omitted by the listing of the :module:`FeatureSummary`
* The :module:`FindQt4` module learned to create :ref:`Imported Targets`
for Qt executables. This helps disambiguate when using multiple
:manual:`Qt versions <cmake-qt(7)>` in the same buildsystem.
* The :module:`FindRuby` module learned to search for Ruby 2.0 and 2.1.
Generator Expressions
* New ``$<PLATFORM_ID>`` and ``$<PLATFORM_ID:...>``
:manual:`generator expressions <cmake-generator-expressions(7)>`
have been added.
* The ``$<CONFIG>``
:manual:`generator expression <cmake-generator-expressions(7)>` now has
a variant which takes no argument. This is equivalent to the
``$<CONFIGURATION>`` expression.
* New ``$<UPPER_CASE:...>`` and ``$<LOWER_CASE:...>``
:manual:`generator expressions <cmake-generator-expressions(7)>`
generator expressions have been added.
* A new ``$<MAKE_C_IDENTIFIER:...>``
:manual:`generator expression <cmake-generator-expressions(7)>` has
been added.
* The :manual:`cmake(1)` ``-E`` option learned a new ``sleep`` command.
* The :manual:`ccmake(1)` dialog learned to honor the
:prop_cache:`STRINGS` cache entry property to cycle through
the enumerated list of possible values.
* The :manual:`cmake-gui(1)` dialog learned to remember window
settings between sessions.
* The :manual:`cmake-gui(1)` dialog learned to remember the type
of a cache entry for completion in the ``Add Entry`` dialog.
New Diagnostics
* Directories named in the :prop_tgt:`INTERFACE_INCLUDE_DIRECTORIES`
target property of imported targets linked conditionally by a
:manual:`generator expression <cmake-generator-expressions(7)>`
were not checked for existence. Now they are checked.
See policy :policy:`CMP0027`.
* Build target names must now match a validity pattern and may no longer
conflict with CMake-defined targets. See policy :policy:`CMP0037`.
* Build targets that specify themselves as a link dependency were
silently accepted but are now diagnosed. See :policy:`CMP0038`.
* The :command:`target_link_libraries` command used to silently ignore
calls specifying as their first argument build targets created by
:command:`add_custom_target` but now diagnoses this mistake.
See policy :policy:`CMP0039`.
* The :command:`add_custom_command` command used to silently ignore
calls specifying the ``TARGET`` option with a non-existent target
but now diagnoses this mistake. See policy :policy:`CMP0040`.
* Relative paths in the :prop_tgt:`INTERFACE_INCLUDE_DIRECTORIES`
target property used to be silently accepted if they contained a
:manual:`generator expression <cmake-generator-expressions(7)>`
but are now rejected. See policy :policy:`CMP0041`.
* The :command:`get_target_property` command learned to reject calls
specifying a non-existent target. See policy :policy:`CMP0045`.
* The :command:`add_dependencies` command learned to reject calls
specifying a dependency on a non-existent target.
See policy :policy:`CMP0046`.
* Link dependency analysis learned to assume names containing ``::``
refer to :ref:`Alias Targets` or :ref:`Imported Targets`. It will
now produce an error if such a linked target is missing. Previously
in this case CMake generated a link line that failed at build time.
See policy :policy:`CMP0028`.
* When the :command:`project` or :command:`enable_language` commands
initialize support for a language, it is now an error if the full
path to the compiler cannot be found and stored in the corresponding
:variable:`CMAKE_<LANG>_COMPILER` variable. This produces nicer error
messages up front and stops processing when no working compiler
is known to be available.
* Target sources specified with the :command:`add_library` or
:command:`add_executable` command learned to reject items which
require an undocumented extra layer of variable expansion.
See policy :policy:`CMP0049`.
* Use of :command:`add_custom_command` undocumented ``SOURCE``
signatures now results in an error. See policy :policy:`CMP0050`.
Deprecated and Removed Features
* Compatibility options supporting code written for CMake versions
prior to 2.4 have been removed.
* Several long-outdated commands that should no longer be called
have been disallowed in new code by policies:
- Policy :policy:`CMP0029` disallows :command:`subdir_depends`
- Policy :policy:`CMP0030` disallows :command:`use_mangled_mesa`
- Policy :policy:`CMP0031` disallows :command:`load_command`
- Policy :policy:`CMP0032` disallows :command:`output_required_files`
- Policy :policy:`CMP0033` disallows :command:`export_library_dependencies`
- Policy :policy:`CMP0034` disallows :command:`utility_source`
- Policy :policy:`CMP0035` disallows :command:`variable_requires`
- Policy :policy:`CMP0036` disallows :command:`build_name`
* The :manual:`cmake(1)` ``-i`` wizard mode has been removed.
Instead use an interactive dialog such as :manual:`ccmake(1)`
or use the ``-D`` option to set cache values from the command line.
* The builtin documentation formatters that supported command-line
options such as ``--help-man`` and ``--help-html`` have been removed
in favor of the above-mentioned new documentation system. These and
other command-line options that used to generate man- and html-
formatted pages no longer work. The :manual:`cmake(1)`
``--help-custom-modules`` option now produces a warning at runtime
and generates a minimal document that reports the limitation.
* The :prop_dir:`COMPILE_DEFINITIONS_<CONFIG>` directory properties and the
:prop_tgt:`COMPILE_DEFINITIONS_<CONFIG>` target properties have been
deprecated. Instead set the corresponding :prop_dir:`COMPILE_DEFINITIONS`
directory property or :prop_tgt:`COMPILE_DEFINITIONS` target property and
use :manual:`generator expressions <cmake-generator-expressions(7)>` like
``$<CONFIG:...>`` to specify per-configuration definitions.
See policy :policy:`CMP0043`.
* The :prop_tgt:`LOCATION` target property should no longer be read from
non-IMPORTED targets. It does not make sense in multi-configuration
generators since the build configuration is not known while configuring
the project. It has been superseded by the ``$<TARGET_FILE>`` generator
expression. See policy :policy:`CMP0026`.
* The :prop_tgt:`COMPILE_FLAGS` target property is now documented
as deprecated, though no warning is issued. Use the
:prop_tgt:`COMPILE_OPTIONS` target property or the
:command:`target_compile_options` command instead.
* The :module:`GenerateExportHeader` module ``add_compiler_export_flags``
function is now deprecated. It has been superseded by the
:prop_tgt:`<LANG>_VISIBILITY_PRESET` and
:prop_tgt:`VISIBILITY_INLINES_HIDDEN` target properties.
Other Changes
* The version scheme was changed to use only two components for
the feature level instead of three. The third component will
now be used for bug-fix releases or the date of development versions.
See the :variable:`CMAKE_VERSION` variable documentation for details.
* The default install locations of CMake itself on Windows and
OS X no longer contain the CMake version number. This allows
for easy replacement without re-generating local build trees
* Generators for Visual Studio 10 (2010) and later were renamed to
include the product year like generators for older VS versions:
- ``Visual Studio 10`` -> :generator:`Visual Studio 10 2010`
- ``Visual Studio 11`` -> :generator:`Visual Studio 11 2012`
- ``Visual Studio 12`` -> :generator:`Visual Studio 12 2013`
This clarifies which generator goes with each Visual Studio
version. The old names are recognized for compatibility.
* The :variable:`CMAKE_<LANG>_COMPILER_ID` value for Apple-provided
Clang is now ``AppleClang``. It must be distinct from upstream
Clang because the version numbers differ.
See policy :policy:`CMP0025`.
* The :variable:`CMAKE_<LANG>_COMPILER_ID` value for ``qcc`` on QNX
is now ``QCC``. It must be distinct from ``GNU`` because the
command-line options differ. See policy :policy:`CMP0047`.
* On 64-bit OS X the :variable:`CMAKE_HOST_SYSTEM_PROCESSOR` value
is now correctly detected as ``x86_64`` instead of ``i386``.
* On OS X, CMake learned to enable behavior specified by the
:prop_tgt:`MACOSX_RPATH` target property by default. This activates
use of ``@rpath`` for runtime shared library searches.
See policy :policy:`CMP0042`.
* The :command:`build_command` command now returns a :manual:`cmake(1)`
``--build`` command line instead of a direct invocation of the native
build tool. When using ``Visual Studio`` generators, CMake and CTest
no longer require :variable:`CMAKE_MAKE_PROGRAM` to be located up front.
Selection of the proper msbuild or devenv tool is now performed as
late as possible when the solution (``.sln``) file is available so
it can depend on project content.
* The :manual:`cmake(1)` ``--build`` command now shares its own stdout
and stderr pipes with the native build tool by default.
The ``--use-stderr`` option that once activated this is now ignored.
* The ``$<C_COMPILER_ID:...>`` and ``$<CXX_COMPILER_ID:...>``
:manual:`generator expressions <cmake-generator-expressions(7)>`
used to perform case-insensitive comparison but have now been
corrected to perform case-sensitive comparison.
See policy :policy:`CMP0044`.
* The builtin ``edit_cache`` target will no longer select
:manual:`ccmake(1)` by default when no interactive terminal will
be available (e.g. with :generator:`Ninja` or an IDE generator).
Instead :manual:`cmake-gui(1)` will be preferred if available.
* The :module:`ExternalProject` download step learned to
re-attempt download in certain cases to be more robust to
temporary network failure.
* The :module:`FeatureSummary` no longer lists transitive
dependencies since they were not directly requested by the
current project.
* The ``cmake-mode.el`` major Emacs editing mode has been cleaned
up and enhanced in several ways.
* Include directories specified in the
:prop_tgt:`INTERFACE_INCLUDE_DIRECTORIES` of :ref:`Imported Targets`
are treated as ``SYSTEM`` includes by default when handled as
:ref:`usage requirements <Include Directories and Usage Requirements>`.