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@c -*-texinfo-*-
@c This file is part of the GDB manual.
@c Copyright (C) 2003-2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
@c See the file gdbint.texinfo for copying conditions.
@c Also, the @deftypefun lines from this file are processed into a
@c header file during the GDB build process. Permission is granted
@c to redistribute and/or modify those lines under the terms of the
@c GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
@c Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your option)
@c any later version.
@node GDB Observers
@appendix @value{GDBN} Currently available observers
@section Implementation rationale
@cindex observers implementation rationale
An @dfn{observer} is an entity which is interested in being notified
when GDB reaches certain states, or certain events occur in GDB.
The entity being observed is called the @dfn{subject}. To receive
notifications, the observer attaches a callback to the subject.
One subject can have several observers.
@file{observer.c} implements an internal generic low-level event
notification mechanism. This generic event notification mechanism is
then re-used to implement the exported high-level notification
management routines for all possible notifications.
The current implementation of the generic observer provides support
for contextual data. This contextual data is given to the subject
when attaching the callback. In return, the subject will provide
this contextual data back to the observer as a parameter of the
Note that the current support for the contextual data is only partial,
as it lacks a mechanism that would deallocate this data when the
callback is detached. This is not a problem so far, as this contextual
data is only used internally to hold a function pointer. Later on, if
a certain observer needs to provide support for user-level contextual
data, then the generic notification mechanism will need to be
enhanced to allow the observer to provide a routine to deallocate the
data when attaching the callback.
The observer implementation is also currently not reentrant.
In particular, it is therefore not possible to call the attach
or detach routines during a notification.
@section Debugging
Observer notifications can be traced using the command @samp{set debug
observer 1} (@pxref{Debugging Output, , Optional messages about
internal happenings, gdb, Debugging with @var{GDBN}}).
@section @code{normal_stop} Notifications
@cindex @code{normal_stop} observer
@cindex notification about inferior execution stop
@value{GDBN} notifies all @code{normal_stop} observers when the
inferior execution has just stopped, the associated messages and
annotations have been printed, and the control is about to be returned
to the user.
Note that the @code{normal_stop} notification is not emitted when
the execution stops due to a breakpoint, and this breakpoint has
a condition that is not met. If the breakpoint has any associated
commands list, the commands are executed after the notification
is emitted.
The following interfaces are available to manage observers:
@deftypefun extern struct observer *observer_attach_@var{event} (observer_@var{event}_ftype *@var{f})
Using the function @var{f}, create an observer that is notified when
ever @var{event} occurs, return the observer.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun extern void observer_detach_@var{event} (struct observer *@var{observer});
Remove @var{observer} from the list of observers to be notified when
@var{event} occurs.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun extern void observer_notify_@var{event} (void);
Send a notification to all @var{event} observers.
@end deftypefun
The following observable events are defined:
@deftypefun void normal_stop (struct bpstats *@var{bs}, int @var{print_frame})
The inferior has stopped for real. The @var{bs} argument describes
the breakpoints were are stopped at, if any. Second argument
@var{print_frame} non-zero means display the location where the
inferior has stopped.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void signal_received (enum gdb_signal @var{siggnal})
The inferior was stopped by a signal.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void end_stepping_range (void)
We are done with a step/next/si/ni command.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void signal_exited (enum gdb_signal @var{siggnal})
The inferior was terminated by a signal.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void exited (int @var{exitstatus})
The inferior program is finished.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void no_history (void)
Reverse execution: target ran out of history info.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void sync_execution_done (void)
A synchronous command finished.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void command_error (void)
An error was caught while executing a command.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void target_changed (struct target_ops *@var{target})
The target's register contents have changed.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void executable_changed (void)
The executable being debugged by GDB has changed: The user decided
to debug a different program, or the program he was debugging has
been modified since being loaded by the debugger (by being recompiled,
for instance).
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void inferior_created (struct target_ops *@var{objfile}, int @var{from_tty})
@value{GDBN} has just connected to an inferior. For @samp{run},
@value{GDBN} calls this observer while the inferior is still stopped
at the entry-point instruction. For @samp{attach} and @samp{core},
@value{GDBN} calls this observer immediately after connecting to the
inferior, and before any information on the inferior has been printed.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void record_changed (struct inferior *@var{inferior}, int @var{started}, const char *@var{method}, const char *@var{format})
The status of process record for inferior @var{inferior} in
@value{GDBN} has changed. The process record is started if
@var{started} is true, and the process record is stopped if
@var{started} is false.
When @var{started} is true, @var{method} indicates the short name of the method
used for recording. If the method supports multiple formats, @var{format}
indicates which one is being used, otherwise it is NULL. When @var{started} is
false, they are both NULL.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void solib_loaded (struct so_list *@var{solib})
The shared library specified by @var{solib} has been loaded. Note that
when @value{GDBN} calls this observer, the library's symbols probably
haven't been loaded yet.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void solib_unloaded (struct so_list *@var{solib})
The shared library specified by @var{solib} has been unloaded.
Note that when @value{GDBN} calls this observer, the library's
symbols have not been unloaded yet, and thus are still available.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void new_objfile (struct objfile *@var{objfile})
The symbol file specified by @var{objfile} has been loaded.
Called with @var{objfile} equal to @code{NULL} to indicate
previously loaded symbol table data has now been invalidated.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void free_objfile (struct objfile *@var{objfile})
The object file specified by @var{objfile} is about to be freed.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void new_thread (struct thread_info *@var{t})
The thread specified by @var{t} has been created.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void thread_exit (struct thread_info *@var{t}, int @var{silent})
The thread specified by @var{t} has exited. The @var{silent} argument
indicates that @value{GDBN} is removing the thread from its tables
without wanting to notify the user about it.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void thread_stop_requested (ptid_t @var{ptid})
An explicit stop request was issued to @var{ptid}. If @var{ptid}
equals @var{minus_one_ptid}, the request applied to all threads. If
@code{ptid_is_pid(ptid)} returns true, the request applied to all
threads of the process pointed at by @var{ptid}. Otherwise, the
request applied to the single thread pointed at by @var{ptid}.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void target_resumed (ptid_t @var{ptid})
The target was resumed. The @var{ptid} parameter specifies which
thread was resume, and may be RESUME_ALL if all threads are resumed.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void about_to_proceed (void)
The target is about to be proceeded.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void breakpoint_created (struct breakpoint *@var{b})
A new breakpoint @var{b} has been created.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void breakpoint_deleted (struct breakpoint *@var{b})
A breakpoint has been destroyed. The argument @var{b} is the
pointer to the destroyed breakpoint.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void breakpoint_modified (struct breakpoint *@var{b})
A breakpoint has been modified in some way. The argument @var{b}
is the modified breakpoint.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void traceframe_changed (int @var{tfnum}, int @var{tpnum})
The trace frame is changed to @var{tfnum} (e.g., by using the
@code{tfind} command). If @var{tfnum} is negative, it means
@value{GDBN} resumes live debugging. The number of the tracepoint
associated with this traceframe is @var{tpnum}.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void architecture_changed (struct gdbarch *@var{newarch})
The current architecture has changed. The argument @var{newarch} is
a pointer to the new architecture.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void thread_ptid_changed (ptid_t @var{old_ptid}, ptid_t @var{new_ptid})
The thread's ptid has changed. The @var{old_ptid} parameter specifies
the old value, and @var{new_ptid} specifies the new value.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void inferior_added (struct inferior *@var{inf})
The inferior @var{inf} has been added to the list of inferiors. At
this point, it might not be associated with any process.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void inferior_appeared (struct inferior *@var{inf})
The inferior identified by @var{inf} has been attached to a process.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void inferior_exit (struct inferior *@var{inf})
Either the inferior associated with @var{inf} has been detached from the
process, or the process has exited.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void inferior_removed (struct inferior *@var{inf})
The inferior @var{inf} has been removed from the list of inferiors.
This method is called immediately before freeing @var{inf}.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void memory_changed (struct inferior *@var{inferior}, CORE_ADDR @var{addr}, ssize_t @var{len}, const bfd_byte *@var{data})
Bytes from @var{data} to @var{data} + @var{len} have been written
to the @var{inferior} at @var{addr}.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void before_prompt (const char *@var{current_prompt})
Called before a top-level prompt is displayed. @var{current_prompt} is
the current top-level prompt.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void gdb_datadir_changed (void)
Variable gdb_datadir has been set. The value may not necessarily change.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void command_param_changed (const char *@var{param}, const char *@var{value})
The parameter of some @code{set} commands in console are changed. This
method is called after a command @code{set @var{param} @var{value}}.
@var{param} is the parameter of @code{set} command, and @var{value}
is the value of changed parameter.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void tsv_created (const struct trace_state_variable *@var{tsv})
The new trace state variable @var{tsv} is created.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void tsv_deleted (const struct trace_state_variable *@var{tsv})
The trace state variable @var{tsv} is deleted. If @var{tsv} is
@code{NULL}, all trace state variables are deleted.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void tsv_modified (const struct trace_state_variable *@var{tsv})
The trace state value @var{tsv} is modified.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void inferior_call_pre (ptid_t @var{thread}, CORE_ADDR @var{address})
An inferior function at @var{address} is about to be called in thread
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void inferior_call_post (ptid_t @var{thread}, CORE_ADDR @var{address})
The inferior function at @var{address} has just been called. This observer
is called even if the inferior exits during the call. @var{thread} is the
thread in which the function was called, which may be different from the
current thread.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void register_changed (struct frame_info *@var{frame}, int @var{regnum})
A register in the inferior has been modified by the @value{GDBN} user.
@end deftypefun
@deftypefun void test_notification (int @var{somearg})
This observer is used for internal testing. Do not use.
See testsuite/gdb.gdb/observer.exp.
@end deftypefun