tree: 02ec426217dae4fbff198af7eb2532a73bff53bc [path history] [tgz]
  1. internal/
  2. socket/
  3. urlfetch/
  4. .travis.yml
  5. appengine.go
  6. appengine_vm.go
  8. errors.go
  9. go.mod
  10. go.sum
  11. identity.go
  13. namespace.go
  15. timeout.go

Go App Engine packages

Build Status

This repository supports the Go runtime on App Engine standard. It provides APIs for interacting with App Engine services. Its canonical import path is

See for more information.

File issue reports and feature requests on the GitHub's issue tracker.

Upgrading an App Engine app to the flexible environment

This package does not work on App Engine flexible.

There are many differences between the App Engine standard environment and the flexible environment.

See the documentation on upgrading to the flexible environment.

Directory structure

The top level directory of this repository is the appengine package. It contains the basic APIs (e.g. appengine.NewContext) that apply across APIs. Specific API packages are in subdirectories (e.g. datastore).

There is an internal subdirectory that contains service protocol buffers, plus packages required for connectivity to make API calls. App Engine apps should not directly import any package under internal.

Updating from legacy (import "appengine") packages

If you're currently using the bare appengine packages (that is, not these ones, imported via, then you can use the aefix tool to help automate an upgrade to these packages.

Run go get to install it.

1. Update import paths

The import paths for App Engine packages are now fully qualified, based at You will need to update your code to use import paths starting with that; for instance, code importing appengine/datastore will now need to import

2. Update code using deprecated, removed or modified APIs

Most App Engine services are available with exactly the same API. A few APIs were cleaned up, and there are some differences:

  • appengine.Context has been replaced with the Context type from
  • Logging methods that were on appengine.Context are now functions in
  • appengine.Timeout has been removed. Use context.WithTimeout instead.
  • appengine.Datacenter now takes a context.Context argument.
  • datastore.PropertyLoadSaver has been simplified to use slices in place of channels.
  • delay.Call now returns an error.
  • search.FieldLoadSaver now handles document metadata.
  • urlfetch.Transport no longer has a Deadline field; set a deadline on the context.Context instead.
  • aetest no longer declares its own Context type, and uses the standard one instead.
  • taskqueue.QueueStats no longer takes a maxTasks argument. That argument has been deprecated and unused for a long time.
  • appengine.BackendHostname and appengine.BackendInstance were for the deprecated backends feature. Use appengine.ModuleHostnameand appengine.ModuleName instead.
  • Most of appengine/file and parts of appengine/blobstore are deprecated. Use Google Cloud Storage if the feature you require is not present in the new blobstore package.
  • appengine/socket is not required on App Engine flexible environment / Managed VMs. Use the standard net package instead.

Key Encode/Decode compatibiltiy to help with datastore library migrations

Key compatibility updates have been added to help customers transition from to The EnableKeyConversion enables automatic conversion from a key encoded with to key type.

Enabling key conversion

Enable key conversion by calling EnableKeyConversion(ctx) in the /_ah/start handler for basic and manual scaling or any handler in automatic scaling.

1. Basic or manual scaling

This start handler will enable key conversion for all handlers in the service.

http.HandleFunc("/_ah/start", func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {

2. Automatic scaling

/_ah/start is not supported for automatic scaling and /_ah/warmup is not guaranteed to run, so you must call datastore.EnableKeyConversion(appengine.NewContext(r)) before you use code that needs key conversion.

You may want to add this to each of your handlers, or introduce middleware where it's called. EnableKeyConversion is safe for concurrent use. Any call to it after the first is ignored.