vmar_allocate - allocate a new subregion


#include <zircon/syscalls.h>

zx_status_t zx_vmar_allocate(zx_handle_t parent_vmar_handle,
                             size_t offset, size_t size, uint32_t map_flags,
                             zx_handle_t* child_vmar, uintptr_t* child_addr)


Creates a new VMAR within the one specified by parent_vmar_handle.

map_flags is a bit vector of the following flags:

  • ZX_VM_FLAG_COMPACT A hint to the kernel that allocations and mappings within the newly created subregion should be kept close together. See the NOTES section below for discussion.
  • ZX_VM_FLAG_SPECIFIC Use the offset to place the mapping, invalid if vmar does not have the ZX_VM_FLAG_CAN_MAP_SPECIFIC permission. offset is an offset relative to the base address of the parent region. It is an error to specify an address range that overlaps with another VMAR or mapping.
  • ZX_VM_FLAG_CAN_MAP_SPECIFIC The new VMAR can have subregions/mappings created with ZX_VM_FLAG_SPECIFIC. It is NOT an error if the parent does not have ZX_VM_FLAG_CAN_MAP_SPECIFIC permissions.
  • ZX_VM_FLAG_CAN_MAP_READ The new VMAR can contain readable mappings. It is an error if the parent does not have ZX_VM_FLAG_CAN_MAP_READ permissions.
  • ZX_VM_FLAG_CAN_MAP_WRITE The new VMAR can contain writable mappings. It is an error if the parent does not have ZX_VM_FLAG_CAN_MAP_WRITE permissions.
  • ZX_VM_FLAG_CAN_MAP_EXECUTE The new VMAR can contain executable mappings. It is an error if the parent does not have ZX_VM_FLAG_CAN_MAP_EXECUTE permissions.

offset must be 0 if map_flags does not have ZX_VM_FLAG_SPECIFIC set.


vmar_allocate() returns ZX_OK, the absolute base address of the subregion (via child_addr), and a handle to the new subregion (via child_vmar) on success. In the event of failure, a negative error value is returned.


ZX_ERR_BAD_HANDLE parent_vmar_handle is not a valid handle.

ZX_ERR_WRONG_TYPE parent_vmar_handle is not a VMAR handle.

ZX_ERR_BAD_STATE parent_vmar_handle refers to a destroyed VMAR.

ZX_ERR_INVALID_ARGS child_vmar or child_addr are not valid, offset is non-zero when ZX_VM_FLAG_SPECIFIC is not given, offset and size describe an unsatisfiable allocation due to exceeding the region bounds, offset or size is not page-aligned, or size is 0.

ZX_ERR_NO_MEMORY (Temporary) Failure due to lack of memory.

ZX_ERR_ACCESS_DENIED Insufficient privileges to make the requested allocation.


The COMPACT flag

The kernel interprets this flag as a request to reduce sprawl in allocations. While this does not necessitate reducing the absolute entropy of the allocated addresses, there will potentially be a very high correlation between allocations. This is a trade-off that the developer can make to increase locality of allocations and reduce the number of page tables necessary, if they are willing to have certain addresses be more correlated.


vmar_destroy, vmar_map, vmar_protect, vmar_unmap.