blob: 93e1153d575a54dcc4a30166f716b54cdcc9031e [file] [log] [blame]
 SWIG and Doxygen Translation

17 SWIG and Doxygen Translation

This chapter describes SWIG's support for translating Doxygen comments found in interface and header files into a target language's normal documentation language. Currently only Javadoc and Pydoc is supported.

17.1 Doxygen translation overview

The Doxygen Translation module of SWIG adds an extra layer of functionality to SWIG, allowing automated translation of Doxygen formatted comments from input files into a documentation language more suited for the target language. Currently this module only translates into Javadoc and Pydoc for the SWIG Java and Python modules. Other extensions could be added at a later date. The Doxygen Translation module originally started as a Google Summer of Code proposal from Summer 2008.

17.2 Preparations

To make use of the comment translation system, your documentation comments must be in properly formatted Doxygen. Doxygen comments can be present in your main SWIG interface file or any header file that it imports. You are advised to be validate that your comments compile properly with Doxygen before you try to translate them. Doxygen itself is a more comprehensive tool and can provide you better feedback for correcting any syntax errors that may be present. Please look at Doxygen's Documenting the code for the full comment format specifications. However, SWIG's Doxygen parser will still report many errors and warnings found in comments (like unterminated strings or missing ending tags).

Currently, the whole subset of Doxygen comment styles is supported (See Documenting the code). Here they are:

/**
* Javadoc style comment, multiline
*/
/*!
* QT-style comment, multiline
*/
/**
Any of the above, but without intermediate *'s
*/
/// Single-line comment
//! Another single-line comment

Also any of the above with '<' added after comment-starting symbol, like /**<, /*!<, ///<, or //!< will be treated as a post-comment and will be assigned to the code before the comment. Any number of '*' or '/' within a Doxygen comment is considered to be a separator and is not included in the final comment, so you may safely use comments like /*********/ or //////////.

Please note, as SWIG parses the input file by itself with strict grammar, there is only a limited support for various cases of comment placement in the file.

Comments can be placed before C/C++ expressions on separate lines:

/**
* Some comment
*/
void someOtherFunction();
/**
* Some comment
*/
void someFunction();

class Shape {
/*
* Calculate the area in cm^2
*/
int getArea();
}

After C/C++ expressions at the end of the line:

int someVariable = 9; ///< This is a var holding magic number 9
void doNothing(); ///< This does nothing, nop

and in some special cases, like function parameter comments:

void someFunction(
int a ///< Some parameter
);

or enum element comments:

enum E_NUMBERS
{
EN_ZERO, ///< The first enum item, gets zero as it's value
EN_ONE, ///< The second, EN_ONE=1
EN_THREE
};

Currently only comments directly before or after the code items are supported. Doxygen also supports comments containing structural commands, where the comments for a code item are not put directly before or after the code item. These structural commands are stripped out by SWIG and are not assigned to anything.

17.2.1 Enabling Doxygen translation

Doxygen comments translation is disabled by default and needs to be explicitly enabled using the command line -doxygen option for the languages that do support it (currently Java and Python).

17.2.2 Doxygen-specific %feature directives

Translation of Doxygen comments is influenced by the following %feature directives:

17.2.2.1 doxygen:notranslate

Turns off translation of Doxygen comments to the target language syntax: the original comment will be copied to the output unchanged. This is useful if you want to use Doxygen itself to generate documentation for the target language instead of the corresponding language tool (javadoc, sphinx, ...).

17.2.2.2 doxygen:alias:<command-name>

Specify an alias for a Doxygen command with the given name. This can be useful for custom Doxygen commands which can be defined using ALIASES option for Doxygen itself but which are unknown to SWIG. "command-name" is the name of the command in the Doxyfile, e.g. if it contains

ALIASES = "sideeffect=\par Side Effects:\n"

Then you could also specify the same expansion for SWIG with:

%feature("doxygen:alias:sideeffect") "\par Side Effects:\n"

Please note that command arguments are not currently supported with this feature.

Notice that it is perfectly possible and potentially useful to define the alias expansion differently depending on the target language, e.g. with

#ifdef SWIGJAVA
%feature("doxygen:alias:not_for_java") "This functionality is not available for Java"
#else
%feature("doxygen:alias:not_for_java") ""
#endif

you could use @not_for_java in the documentation comments of all functions which can't, for whatever reason, be currently exposed in Java wrappers of the C++ API.

17.2.2.3 doxygen:ignore:<command-name>

This feature makes it possible to just ignore an unknown Doxygen command, instead of replacing it with the predefined text that doxygen:alias does. For example, you could use

%feature("doxygen:ignore:transferfull") Fantastic();
/**
A fantastic function.

@transferfull Command ignored, but anything here is still included.
*/
int * Fantastic();

if you use a custom Doxygen transferfull command to indicate that the return value ownership is transferred to the caller, as this information doesn't make much sense for the other languages without explicit ownership management.

Doxygen syntax is rather rich and, in addition to simple commands such as @transferfull, it is also possible to define commands with arguments. As explained in Doxygen documentation, the arguments can have a range of a single word, everything until the end of line or everything until the end of the next paragraph. Currently, only the "end of line" case is supported using the range="line" argument of the feature directive:

// Ignore occurrences of
//
//    @compileroptions Some special C++ compiler options.
//
// in Doxygen comments as C++ options are not interesting for the target language
// developers.
%feature("doxygen:ignore:compileroptions", range="line") Amazing();

/**
An amazing function.

@compileroptions This function must be compiled with /EHa when using MSVC.
*/
void Amazing();

In addition, it is also possible to have custom pairs of begin/end tags, similarly to the standard Doxygen @code/@endcode, for example. Such tags can also be ignored using the special value of range starting with end to indicate that the range is an interval, for example:

%feature("doxygen:ignore:forcpponly", range="end"); // same as "end:endforcpponly"
/**
An incredible function.

@forcpponly
This is C++-specific.
@endforcpponly
*/
void Incredible();

would ignore everything between @forcpponly and @endforcpponly commands in Doxygen comments. By default, the name of the end command is the same as of the start one with "end" prefix, following Doxygen conventions, but this can be overridden by providing the end command name after the colon.

This example shows how custom tags can be used to bracket anything specific to C++ and prevent it from appearing in the target language documentation. Conversely, another pair of custom tags could be used to put target language specific information in the C++ comments. In this case, only the custom tags themselves should be ignored, but their contents should be parsed as usual and contents="parse" can be used for this:

%feature("doxygen:ignore:beginPythonOnly", range="end:endPythonOnly", contents="parse");
/**
A splendid function.

@beginPythonOnly
This is specific to @b Python.
@endPythonOnly
*/
void Splendid();

Putting everything together, if these directives are in effect:

%feature("doxygen:ignore:transferfull");
%feature("doxygen:ignore:compileroptions", range="line");
%feature("doxygen:ignore:forcpponly", range="end");
%feature("doxygen:ignore:beginPythonOnly", range="end:endPythonOnly", contents="parse");

then the following C++ Doxygen comment:

/**
A contrived example of ignoring too many commands in one comment.

@forcpponly
This is C++-specific.
@endforcpponly

@beginPythonOnly
This is specific to @b Python.
@endPythonOnly

@transferfull Command ignored, but anything here is still included.

@compileroptions This function must be compiled with /EHa when using MSVC.
*/
int * Contrived();

would be translated to this comment in Python:

def func():
r"""
A contrived example of ignoring too many commands in one comment.

This is specific to **Python**.

Command ignored, but anything here is still included.
"""
...

Turn off automatic link-objects translation. This is only applicable to Java at the moment.

17.2.2.5 doxygen:nostripparams

Turn off stripping of @param and @tparam Doxygen commands if the parameter is not found in the function signature. This is only applicable to Java at the moment.

17.2.3 Additional command line options

ALSO TO BE ADDED (Javadoc auto brief?)

17.3 Doxygen to Javadoc

If translation is enabled, Javadoc formatted comments should be automatically placed in the correct locations in the resulting module and proxy files.

17.3.1 Basic example

Here is an example segment from an included header file

/*! This is describing class Shape
\author Bob
*/

class Shape {
public:
Shape() {
nshapes++;
}
virtual ~Shape() {
nshapes--;
};
double  x, y; /*!< Important Variables */
void    move(double dx, double dy); /*!< Moves the Shape */
virtual double area(void) = 0; /*!< \return the area */
virtual double perimeter(void) = 0; /*!< \return the perimeter */
static  int nshapes;
};

Simply running SWIG should result in the following code being present in Shapes.java

/**
* This is describing class Shape
* @author Bob
*
*/

public class Shape {

...

/**
* Important Variables
*/
public void setX(double value) {
ShapesJNI.Shape_x_set(swigCPtr, this, value);
}

/**
* Important Variables
*/
public double getX() {
return ShapesJNI.Shape_x_get(swigCPtr, this);
}

/**
* Moves the Shape
*/
public void move(double dx, double dy) {
ShapesJNI.Shape_move(swigCPtr, this, dx, dy);
}

/**
* @return the area
*/
public double area() {
return ShapesJNI.Shape_area(swigCPtr, this);
}

/**
* @return the perimeter
*/
public double perimeter() {
return ShapesJNI.Shape_perimeter(swigCPtr, this);
}
}

The code Java-wise should be identical to what would have been generated without the doxygen functionality enabled. When the Doxygen Translator module encounters a comment that contains nothing useful or a doxygen comment that it cannot parse, it will not affect the functionality of the SWIG generated code.

The Javadoc translator will handle most of the tags conversions (see the table below). It will also automatically translate link-objects params, in \see and \link...\endlink commands. For example, 'someFunction(std::string)' will be converted to 'someFunction(String)'. If you don't want such behaviour, you could turn this off by using the 'doxygen:nolinktranslate' feature. Also all '\param' and '\tparam' commands are stripped out, if the specified parameter is not present in the function. Use 'doxygen:nostripparams' to avoid.

Javadoc translator features summary (see %feature directives):

Here is the list of all Doxygen tags and the description of how they are translated to Javadoc

Doxygen tags
\a wrapped with <i> html tag
\arg wrapped with <li> html tag
\author translated to @author
\authors translated to @author
\b wrapped with <b> html tag
\c wrapped with <code> html tag
\cite wrapped with <i> html tag
\code translated to {@code ...}
\code{<ext>} translated to {@code ...}; code language extension is ignored
\cond translated to 'Conditional comment: <condition>'
\deprecated translated to @deprecated
\e wrapped with <i> html tag
\else replaced with '}Else:{'
\elseif replaced with '}Else if: <condition>{'
\em wrapped with <i> html tag
\endcode see note for \code
\endcond replaced with 'End of conditional comment.'
\endif replaced with '}'
\endverbatim see note for \verbatim
\exception translated to @exception
\f$, \f[, \f], \f{, \f} LateX formulas are left unchanged \if replaced with 'If: <condition> {' \ifnot replaced with 'If not: <condition> {' \image translated to <img/> html tag only if target=HTML \li wrapped with <li> html tag \link translated to {@link ...} \n replaced with newline char \note replaced with 'Note:' \overload prints 'This is an overloaded ...' according to Doxygen docs \p wrapped with <code> html tag \par replaced with <p alt='title'>...</p> \param translated to @param \param[<dir>] translated to @param; parameter direction ('in'; 'out'; or 'in,out') is ignored \remark replaced with 'Remarks:' \remarks replaced with 'Remarks:' \result translated to @return \return translated to @return \returns translated to @return \sa translated to @see \see translated to @see \since translated to @since \throw translated to @throws \throws translated to @throws \todo replaced with 'TODO:' \tparam translated to @param \verbatim translated to {@literal ...} \version translated to @version \warning translated to 'Warning:' \$ prints $char \@ prints @ char \\ prints \ char \& prints & char \~ prints ~ char \< prints < char \> prints > char \# prints # char \% prints % char \" prints " char \. prints . char \:: prints :: 17.3.3 Unsupported tags Doxygen has a wealth of tags such as @latexonly that have no equivalent in Javadoc (all supported tags are listed in Javadoc documentation). As a result several tags have no translation or particular use, such as some linking and section tags. These are suppressed with their content just printed out (if the tag has any sense, typically text content). Here is the list of these tags: Unsupported Doxygen tags • \addindex • \addtogroup • \anchor • \attention • \brief • \bug • \callergraph • \callgraph • \category • \class • \copybrief • \copydetails • \copydoc • \date • \def • \defgroup • \details • \dir • \dontinclude • \dot • \dotfile • \enddot • \endhtmlonly • \endinternal • \endlatexonly • \endmanonly • \endmsc • \endrtfonly • \endxmlonly • \enum • \example • \extends • \file • \fn • \headerfile • \hideinitializer • \htmlinclude • \htmlonly • \implements • \include • \includelineno • \ingroup • \interface • \internal • \invariant • \latexonly • \line • \mainpage • \manonly • \memberof • \msc • \mscfile • \name • \namespace • \nosubgrouping • \package • \page • \paragraph • \post • \pre • \private • \privatesection • \property • \protected • \protectedsection • \protocol • \public • \publicsection • \ref • \related • \relatedalso • \relates • \relatesalso • \retval • \rtfonly • \section • \short • \showinitializer • \skip • \skipline • \snippet • \struct • \subpage • \subsection • \subsubsection • \tableofcontents • \test • \typedef • \union • \until • \var • \verbinclude • \weakgroup • \xmlonly • \xrefitem If one of the following Doxygen tags appears as the first tag in a comment, the whole comment block is ignored: Ignored Doxygen tags • \addtogroup • \callergraph • \callgraph • \category • \class • \def • \defgroup • \dir • \enum • \example • \file • \fn • \headerfile • \hideinitializer • \interface • \internal • \mainpage • \name • \namespace • \nosubgrouping • \overload • \package • \page • \property • \protocol • \relates • \relatesalso • \showinitializer • \struct • \typedef • \union • \var • \weakgroup 17.3.4 Further details TO BE ADDED. 17.4 Doxygen to Pydoc If translation is enabled, Pydoc formatted comments should be automatically placed in the correct locations in the resulting module and proxy files. The problem is that Pydoc has no tag mechanism like Doxygen or Javadoc, so most of Doxygen commands are translated by merely copying the appropriate command text. 17.4.1 Basic example Here is an example segment from an included header file /*! This is describing class Shape \author Bob */ class Shape { public: Shape() { nshapes++; } virtual ~Shape() { nshapes--; }; double x, y; /*!< Important Variables */ void move(double dx, double dy); /*!< Moves the Shape */ virtual double area(void) = 0; /*!< \return the area */ virtual double perimeter(void) = 0; /*!< \return the perimeter */ static int nshapes; }; Simply running SWIG should result in the following code being present in Shapes.py ... class Shape(_object): """ This is describing class Shape Authors: Bob """ ... def move(self, *args): """ Moves the Shape """ return _Shapes.Shape_move(self, *args) def area(self): """ Return: the area """ return _Shapes.Shape_area(self) def perimeter(self): """ Return: the perimeter """ return _Shapes.Shape_perimeter(self) If any parameters of a function or a method are documented in the Doxygen comment, their description is copied into the generated output using Sphinx documentation conventions. For example /** Set a breakpoint at the given location. @param filename The full path to the file. @param line_number The line number in the file. */ bool SetBreakpoint(const char* filename, int line_number); would be translated to def SetBreakpoint(filename, line_number): r""" Set a breakpoint at the given location. :type filename: string :param filename: The full path to the file. :type line_number: int :param line_number: The line number in the file. """ The types used for the parameter documentation come from the "doctype" typemap which is defined for all the primitive types and a few others (e.g. std::string and shared_ptr<T>) but for non-primitive types is taken to be just the C++ name of the type with namespace scope delimiters (::) replaced with a dot. To change this, you can define your own typemaps for the custom types, e.g: %typemap(doctype) MyDate "datetime.date"; Currently Doxygen comments assigned to global variables and static member variables are not present in generated code, so they have no comment translated for them. Whitespace and tables Whitespace is preserved when translating comments, so it makes sense to have Doxygen comments formatted in a readable way. This includes tables, where tags <th>, <td> and </tr>are translated to '|'. The line after line with <th> tags contains dashes. If we take care about whitespace, comments in Python are much more readable. Example: /** * <table border = '1'> * <caption>Animals</caption> * <tr><th> Column 1 </th><th> Column 2 </th></tr> * <tr><td> cow </td><td> dog </td></tr> * <tr><td> cat </td><td> mouse </td></tr> * <tr><td> horse </td><td> parrot </td></tr> * </table> */ translates to Python as: Animals | Column 1 | Column 2 | ----------------------- | cow | dog | | cat | mouse | | horse | parrot | Overloaded functions Since all the overloaded functions in c++ are wrapped into one Python function, Pydoc translator will combine every comment of every overloaded function and put it into the comment for the one wrapper function. If you intend to use resulting generated Python file with the Doxygen docs generator, rather than Pydoc, you may want to turn off translation completely (doxygen:notranslate feature). Then SWIG will just copy the comments to the proxy file and reformat them if needed, but all the comment content will be left as is. As Doxygen doesn't support special commands in Python comments (see Doxygen docs), you may want to use some tool like doxypy (doxypy) to do the work. 17.4.2 Pydoc translator Here is the list of all Doxygen tags and the description of how they are translated to Pydoc Doxygen tags \a wrapped with '*' \arg prepended with '* ' \author prints 'Author:' \authors prints 'Authors:' \b wrapped with '**' \c wrapped with '' \cite wrapped with single quotes \code replaced with '.. code-block:: c++' \code{<ext>} replaced with '.. code-block:: <lang>', where the following doxygen code languages are recognized: .c -> C, .py -> python, .java > java \cond translated to 'Conditional comment: <condition>' \copyright prints 'Copyright:' \deprecated prints 'Deprecated:' \e wrapped with '*' \else replaced with '}Else:{' \elseif replaced with '}Else if: <condition>{' \em wrapped with '*' \endcond replaced with 'End of conditional comment.' \endif replaced with '}' \example replaced with 'Example:' \exception replaced with ':raises:' \f$ rendered using ':math:'
\f[ rendered using '.. math::'
\f{ rendered using '.. math::'
\if replaced with 'If: <condition> {'
\ifnot replaced with 'If not: <condition> {'
\li prepended with '* '
\n replaced with newline char
\note replaced with 'Note:'
\overload prints 'This is an overloaded ...' according to Doxygen docs
\p wrapped with ''
\par replaced with 'Title: ...'
\param add ':type:' and ':param:' directives
\param[<dir>] same as \param, but direction ('in'; 'out'; 'in,out') is included in ':type:' directive
\remark replaced with 'Remarks:'
\remarks replaced with 'Remarks:'
\result add ':rtype:' and ':return:' directives
\return add ':rtype:' and ':return:' directives
\returns add ':rtype:' and ':return:' directives
\since replaced with 'Since:'
\throw replaced with ':raises:'
\throws replaced wih ':raises:'
\todo replaced with 'TODO:'
\tparam add ':type:' and ':param:' directives
\verbatim content copied verbatim
\version replaced with 'Version:'
\warning translated to 'Warning:'
\$prints$ char
\@ prints @ char
\\ prints \ char
\& prints & char
\~ prints ~ char
\< prints < char
\> prints > char
\# prints # char
\% prints % char
\" prints " char
\. prints . character
\:: prints ::

17.4.3 Unsupported tags

Doxygen has a wealth of tags such as @latexonly that have no equivalent in Pydoc. As a result several tags that have no translation (or particular use, such as some linking and section tags) are suppressed with their content just printed out (if it has any sense, typically text content). Here is the list of these tags:

Unsupported Python Doxygen tags
• \anchor
• \attention
• \brief
• \bug
• \callergraph
• \callgraph
• \category
• \class
• \copybrief
• \copydetails
• \copydoc
• \date
• \def
• \defgroup
• \details
• \dir
• \dontinclude
• \dot
• \dotfile
• \enddot
• \endhtmlonly
• \endinternal
• \endlatexonly
• \endmanonly
• \endmsc
• \endrtfonly
• \endxmlonly
• \enum
• \extends
• \file
• \fn
• \hideinitializer
• \htmlinclude
• \htmlonly
• \image
• \implements
• \include
• \includelineno
• \ingroup
• \interface
• \internal
• \invariant
• \latexonly
• \line
• \mainpage
• \manonly
• \memberof
• \msc
• \mscfile
• \name
• \namespace
• \nosubgrouping
• \package
• \page
• \paragraph
• \post
• \pre
• \private
• \privatesection
• \property
• \protected
• \protectedsection
• \protocol
• \public
• \publicsection
• \ref
• \related
• \relatedalso
• \relates
• \relatesalso
• \retval
• \rtfonly
• \section
• \short
• \showinitializer
• \skip
• \skipline
• \snippet
• \struct
• \subpage
• \subsection
• \subsubsection
• \tableofcontents
• \test
• \typedef
• \union
• \until
• \var
• \verbinclude
• \weakgroup
• \xmlonly
• \xrefitem

17.4.4 Further details

17.5 Troubleshooting

When running SWIG with command line option -doxygen, it may happen that SWIG will fail to parse the code, which is valid C++ code and is parsed without problems without the option. The problem is, that Doxygen comments are not tokens (the C/C++ compiler actually never sees them) and that they can appear anywhere in the code. That's why it is practically impossible to handle all corner cases with the parser. However, these problems can usually be avoided by minor changes in the code or comment. Known problems and solutions are shown in this section.

Recommended approach is to first run SWIG without command line option -doxygen. When it successfully processes the code, include the option and fix problems with Doxygen comments.

17.5.1 Problem with conditional compilation

Inserting a conditional compilation preprocessor directive between a Doxygen comment and a commented item may break parsing:

class A {
/**
* Some func.
*/
#ifndef SWIG
void myfunc()
{
}
#endif
};

The solution is to move the directive above the comment:

class A {
#ifndef SWIG
/**
* Some func.
*/
void myfunc()
{
}
#endif
};

17.6 Developer information

This section contains information for developers enhancing the Doxygen translator.

17.6.1 Doxygen translator design

If this functionality is turned on, SWIG places all comments found into the SWIG parse tree. Nodes contain an additional attribute called doxygen when a comment is present. Individual nodes containing Doxygen with Structural Indicators, such as @file, as their first command, are also present in the parse tree. These individual "blobs" of Doxygen such as :

/*! This is describing function Foo
\param x some random variable
\author Bob
\return Foo
*/

are passed on individually to the Doxygen Translator module. This module builds its own private parse tree and hands it to a separate class for translation into the target documentation language. For example, JavaDocConverter is the Javadoc module class.

17.6.2 Debugging the Doxygen parser and translator

There are two handy command line options, that enable lots of detailed debug information printing.

-debug-doxygen-parser     - Display Doxygen parser module debugging information
-debug-doxygen-translator - Display Doxygen translator module debugging information

17.6.3 Tests

Doxygen tests have been added to the regular SWIG test-suite. There are a number of tests beginning doxygen_ in the Examples/test-suite sub-directory.

Like any other SWIG test case, the tests are included in Examples/test-suite/common.mk and can be tested with commands like make check-test-suite or make check-python-test-suite. To run them individually, type make -s <testname>.cpptest in the language-specific sub-directory in Examples/test-suite directory. For example:

Examples/test-suite/java $make -s doxygen_parsing.cpptest If the test fails, both expected and translated comments are printed to std out, but also written to files expected.txt and got.txt. Since it is often difficult to find a single character difference in several lines of text, we can use some diff tool, for example: Examples/test-suite/java$ kdiff3 expected.txt got.txt

Runtime tests in Java are implemented using Javadoc doclets. To make that work, you should have tools.jar from the JDK in your classpath. Or you should have JAVA_HOME environment variable defined and pointing to the JDK location.

The Java's comment parsing code (the testing part) is located in commentParser.java. It checks the generated code. It is possible to run this file as a stand-alone program, with java commentParser <some java package>, and it will print the list of comments found in the specified directory (in the format it has used in the runtime tests). So, when you want to create a new Doxygen test case, just copy an existing one and replace the actual comment content (section of entries in form 'wantedComments.put(...)' with the output of the above command.

Runtime tests in Python are just plain string comparisons of the __doc__ properties.

17.7 Extending to other languages

In general, an extension to another language requires a fairly deep understanding of the target language module, such as Modules/python.cxx for Python. Searching for "doxygen" in the java.cxx module can give you a good idea of the process for placing documentation comments into the correct areas. The basic gist is that anywhere a comment may reside on a node, there needs to be a catch for it in front of where that function, class, or other object is written out to a target language file. The other half of extension is building a target documentation language comment generator that handles one blob at a time. However, this is relatively simple and nowhere near as complex as the wrapper generating modules in SWIG. See Source/Doxygen/javadoc.cxx for a good example. The target language module passes the Doxygen Translator the blob to translate, and receives back the translated text.

What is given to the Doxygen Translator

/*! This is describing function Foo
\param x some random variable
\author Bob
\return Foo
*/

What is received back by java.cxx

/** This is describing function Foo
*
* @param x some random variable
* @author Bob
* @return Foo
*/

Development of the comment translator itself is simplified by the fact that the Doxygen Translator module can easily include a main function and thus be developed, compiled, and tested independently of SWIG.