blob: 066832440c757467e139e93ebf933fb17944730c [file] [log] [blame]
// RUN: %clang_cc1 -triple i686-linux -Wno-string-plus-int -Wno-pointer-arith -Wno-zero-length-array -fsyntax-only -fcxx-exceptions -verify -std=c++11 -pedantic %s -Wno-comment -Wno-tautological-pointer-compare -Wno-bool-conversion
namespace StaticAssertFoldTest {
int x;
static_assert(++x, "test"); // expected-error {{not an integral constant expression}}
static_assert(false, "test"); // expected-error {{test}}
}
typedef decltype(sizeof(char)) size_t;
template<typename T> constexpr T id(const T &t) { return t; }
template<typename T> constexpr T min(const T &a, const T &b) {
return a < b ? a : b;
}
template<typename T> constexpr T max(const T &a, const T &b) {
return a < b ? b : a;
}
template<typename T, size_t N> constexpr T *begin(T (&xs)[N]) { return xs; }
template<typename T, size_t N> constexpr T *end(T (&xs)[N]) { return xs + N; }
struct MemberZero {
constexpr int zero() const { return 0; }
};
namespace DerivedToVBaseCast {
struct U { int n; };
struct V : U { int n; };
struct A : virtual V { int n; };
struct Aa { int n; };
struct B : virtual A, Aa {};
struct C : virtual A, Aa {};
struct D : B, C {};
D d;
constexpr B *p = &d;
constexpr C *q = &d;
static_assert((void*)p != (void*)q, "");
static_assert((A*)p == (A*)q, "");
static_assert((Aa*)p != (Aa*)q, "");
constexpr B &pp = d;
constexpr C &qq = d;
static_assert((void*)&pp != (void*)&qq, "");
static_assert(&(A&)pp == &(A&)qq, "");
static_assert(&(Aa&)pp != &(Aa&)qq, "");
constexpr V *v = p;
constexpr V *w = q;
constexpr V *x = (A*)p;
static_assert(v == w, "");
static_assert(v == x, "");
static_assert((U*)&d == p, "");
static_assert((U*)&d == q, "");
static_assert((U*)&d == v, "");
static_assert((U*)&d == w, "");
static_assert((U*)&d == x, "");
struct X {};
struct Y1 : virtual X {};
struct Y2 : X {};
struct Z : Y1, Y2 {};
Z z;
static_assert((X*)(Y1*)&z != (X*)(Y2*)&z, "");
}
namespace ConstCast {
constexpr int n1 = 0;
constexpr int n2 = const_cast<int&>(n1);
constexpr int *n3 = const_cast<int*>(&n1);
constexpr int n4 = *const_cast<int*>(&n1);
constexpr const int * const *n5 = const_cast<const int* const*>(&n3);
constexpr int **n6 = const_cast<int**>(&n3);
constexpr int n7 = **n5;
constexpr int n8 = **n6;
// const_cast from prvalue to xvalue.
struct A { int n; };
constexpr int n9 = (const_cast<A&&>(A{123})).n;
static_assert(n9 == 123, "");
}
namespace TemplateArgumentConversion {
template<int n> struct IntParam {};
using IntParam0 = IntParam<0>;
using IntParam0 = IntParam<id(0)>;
using IntParam0 = IntParam<MemberZero().zero>; // expected-error {{did you mean to call it with no arguments?}}
}
namespace CaseStatements {
int x;
void f(int n) {
switch (n) {
case MemberZero().zero: // expected-error {{did you mean to call it with no arguments?}} expected-note {{previous}}
case id(0): // expected-error {{duplicate case value '0'}}
return;
case __builtin_constant_p(true) ? (__SIZE_TYPE__)&x : 0:; // expected-error {{constant}}
}
}
}
extern int &Recurse1;
int &Recurse2 = Recurse1; // expected-note {{declared here}}
int &Recurse1 = Recurse2;
constexpr int &Recurse3 = Recurse2; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}} expected-note {{initializer of 'Recurse2' is not a constant expression}}
extern const int RecurseA;
const int RecurseB = RecurseA; // expected-note {{declared here}}
const int RecurseA = 10;
constexpr int RecurseC = RecurseB; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}} expected-note {{initializer of 'RecurseB' is not a constant expression}}
namespace MemberEnum {
struct WithMemberEnum {
enum E { A = 42 };
} wme;
static_assert(wme.A == 42, "");
}
namespace DefaultArguments {
const int z = int();
constexpr int Sum(int a = 0, const int &b = 0, const int *c = &z, char d = 0) {
return a + b + *c + d;
}
const int four = 4;
constexpr int eight = 8;
constexpr const int twentyseven = 27;
static_assert(Sum() == 0, "");
static_assert(Sum(1) == 1, "");
static_assert(Sum(1, four) == 5, "");
static_assert(Sum(1, eight, &twentyseven) == 36, "");
static_assert(Sum(1, 2, &four, eight) == 15, "");
}
namespace Ellipsis {
// Note, values passed through an ellipsis can't actually be used.
constexpr int F(int a, ...) { return a; }
static_assert(F(0) == 0, "");
static_assert(F(1, 0) == 1, "");
static_assert(F(2, "test") == 2, "");
static_assert(F(3, &F) == 3, "");
int k = 0; // expected-note {{here}}
static_assert(F(4, k) == 3, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of non-const variable 'k'}}
}
namespace Recursion {
constexpr int fib(int n) { return n > 1 ? fib(n-1) + fib(n-2) : n; }
static_assert(fib(11) == 89, "");
constexpr int gcd_inner(int a, int b) {
return b == 0 ? a : gcd_inner(b, a % b);
}
constexpr int gcd(int a, int b) {
return gcd_inner(max(a, b), min(a, b));
}
static_assert(gcd(1749237, 5628959) == 7, "");
}
namespace FunctionCast {
// When folding, we allow functions to be cast to different types. Such
// cast functions cannot be called, even if they're constexpr.
constexpr int f() { return 1; }
typedef double (*DoubleFn)();
typedef int (*IntFn)();
int a[(int)DoubleFn(f)()]; // expected-error {{variable length array}} expected-warning{{C99 feature}}
int b[(int)IntFn(f)()]; // ok
}
namespace StaticMemberFunction {
struct S {
static constexpr int k = 42;
static constexpr int f(int n) { return n * k + 2; }
} s;
constexpr int n = s.f(19);
static_assert(S::f(19) == 800, "");
static_assert(s.f(19) == 800, "");
static_assert(n == 800, "");
constexpr int (*sf1)(int) = &S::f;
constexpr int (*sf2)(int) = &s.f;
constexpr const int *sk = &s.k;
}
namespace ParameterScopes {
const int k = 42;
constexpr const int &ObscureTheTruth(const int &a) { return a; }
constexpr const int &MaybeReturnJunk(bool b, const int a) { // expected-note 2{{declared here}}
return ObscureTheTruth(b ? a : k);
}
static_assert(MaybeReturnJunk(false, 0) == 42, ""); // ok
constexpr int a = MaybeReturnJunk(true, 0); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of variable whose lifetime has ended}}
constexpr const int MaybeReturnNonstaticRef(bool b, const int a) {
return ObscureTheTruth(b ? a : k);
}
static_assert(MaybeReturnNonstaticRef(false, 0) == 42, ""); // ok
constexpr int b = MaybeReturnNonstaticRef(true, 0); // ok
constexpr int InternalReturnJunk(int n) {
return MaybeReturnJunk(true, n); // expected-note {{read of variable whose lifetime has ended}}
}
constexpr int n3 = InternalReturnJunk(0); // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}} expected-note {{in call to 'InternalReturnJunk(0)'}}
constexpr int LToR(int &n) { return n; }
constexpr int GrabCallersArgument(bool which, int a, int b) {
return LToR(which ? b : a);
}
static_assert(GrabCallersArgument(false, 1, 2) == 1, "");
static_assert(GrabCallersArgument(true, 4, 8) == 8, "");
}
namespace Pointers {
constexpr int f(int n, const int *a, const int *b, const int *c) {
return n == 0 ? 0 : *a + f(n-1, b, c, a);
}
const int x = 1, y = 10, z = 100;
static_assert(f(23, &x, &y, &z) == 788, "");
constexpr int g(int n, int a, int b, int c) {
return f(n, &a, &b, &c);
}
static_assert(g(23, x, y, z) == 788, "");
}
namespace FunctionPointers {
constexpr int Double(int n) { return 2 * n; }
constexpr int Triple(int n) { return 3 * n; }
constexpr int Twice(int (*F)(int), int n) { return F(F(n)); }
constexpr int Quadruple(int n) { return Twice(Double, n); }
constexpr auto Select(int n) -> int (*)(int) {
return n == 2 ? &Double : n == 3 ? &Triple : n == 4 ? &Quadruple : 0;
}
constexpr int Apply(int (*F)(int), int n) { return F(n); } // expected-note {{subexpression}}
static_assert(1 + Apply(Select(4), 5) + Apply(Select(3), 7) == 42, "");
constexpr int Invalid = Apply(Select(0), 0); // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}} expected-note {{in call to 'Apply(0, 0)'}}
}
namespace PointerComparison {
int x, y;
static_assert(&x == &y, "false"); // expected-error {{false}}
static_assert(&x != &y, "");
constexpr bool g1 = &x == &y;
constexpr bool g2 = &x != &y;
constexpr bool g3 = &x <= &y; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}}
constexpr bool g4 = &x >= &y; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}}
constexpr bool g5 = &x < &y; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}}
constexpr bool g6 = &x > &y; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}}
struct S { int x, y; } s;
static_assert(&s.x == &s.y, "false"); // expected-error {{false}}
static_assert(&s.x != &s.y, "");
static_assert(&s.x <= &s.y, "");
static_assert(&s.x >= &s.y, "false"); // expected-error {{false}}
static_assert(&s.x < &s.y, "");
static_assert(&s.x > &s.y, "false"); // expected-error {{false}}
static_assert(0 == &y, "false"); // expected-error {{false}}
static_assert(0 != &y, "");
constexpr bool n3 = (int*)0 <= &y; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}}
constexpr bool n4 = (int*)0 >= &y; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}}
constexpr bool n5 = (int*)0 < &y; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}}
constexpr bool n6 = (int*)0 > &y; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}}
static_assert(&x == 0, "false"); // expected-error {{false}}
static_assert(&x != 0, "");
constexpr bool n9 = &x <= (int*)0; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}}
constexpr bool n10 = &x >= (int*)0; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}}
constexpr bool n11 = &x < (int*)0; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}}
constexpr bool n12 = &x > (int*)0; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}}
static_assert(&x == &x, "");
static_assert(&x != &x, "false"); // expected-error {{false}}
static_assert(&x <= &x, "");
static_assert(&x >= &x, "");
static_assert(&x < &x, "false"); // expected-error {{false}}
static_assert(&x > &x, "false"); // expected-error {{false}}
constexpr S* sptr = &s;
constexpr bool dyncast = sptr == dynamic_cast<S*>(sptr); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{dynamic_cast}}
struct U {};
struct Str {
int a : dynamic_cast<S*>(sptr) == dynamic_cast<S*>(sptr); // \
expected-warning {{not an integral constant expression}} \
expected-note {{dynamic_cast is not allowed in a constant expression}}
int b : reinterpret_cast<S*>(sptr) == reinterpret_cast<S*>(sptr); // \
expected-warning {{not an integral constant expression}} \
expected-note {{reinterpret_cast is not allowed in a constant expression}}
int c : (S*)(long)(sptr) == (S*)(long)(sptr); // \
expected-warning {{not an integral constant expression}} \
expected-note {{cast that performs the conversions of a reinterpret_cast is not allowed in a constant expression}}
int d : (S*)(42) == (S*)(42); // \
expected-warning {{not an integral constant expression}} \
expected-note {{cast that performs the conversions of a reinterpret_cast is not allowed in a constant expression}}
int e : (Str*)(sptr) == (Str*)(sptr); // \
expected-warning {{not an integral constant expression}} \
expected-note {{cast that performs the conversions of a reinterpret_cast is not allowed in a constant expression}}
int f : &(U&)(*sptr) == &(U&)(*sptr); // \
expected-warning {{not an integral constant expression}} \
expected-note {{cast that performs the conversions of a reinterpret_cast is not allowed in a constant expression}}
int g : (S*)(void*)(sptr) == sptr; // \
expected-warning {{not an integral constant expression}} \
expected-note {{cast from 'void *' is not allowed in a constant expression}}
};
extern char externalvar[];
constexpr bool constaddress = (void *)externalvar == (void *)0x4000UL; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}} expected-note {{reinterpret_cast}}
constexpr bool litaddress = "foo" == "foo"; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}} expected-warning {{unspecified}}
static_assert(0 != "foo", "");
}
namespace MaterializeTemporary {
constexpr int f(const int &r) { return r; }
constexpr int n = f(1);
constexpr bool same(const int &a, const int &b) { return &a == &b; }
constexpr bool sameTemporary(const int &n) { return same(n, n); }
static_assert(n, "");
static_assert(!same(4, 4), "");
static_assert(same(n, n), "");
static_assert(sameTemporary(9), "");
struct A { int &&r; };
struct B { A &&a1; A &&a2; };
constexpr B b1 { { 1 }, { 2 } }; // expected-note {{temporary created here}}
static_assert(&b1.a1 != &b1.a2, "");
static_assert(&b1.a1.r != &b1.a2.r, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{outside the expression that created the temporary}}
constexpr B &&b2 { { 3 }, { 4 } }; // expected-note {{temporary created here}}
static_assert(&b1 != &b2, "");
static_assert(&b1.a1 != &b2.a1, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{outside the expression that created the temporary}}
constexpr thread_local B b3 { { 1 }, { 2 } }; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{reference to temporary}} expected-note {{here}}
void foo() {
constexpr static B b1 { { 1 }, { 2 } }; // ok
constexpr thread_local B b2 { { 1 }, { 2 } }; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{reference to temporary}} expected-note {{here}}
constexpr B b3 { { 1 }, { 2 } }; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{reference to temporary}} expected-note {{here}}
}
constexpr B &&b4 = ((1, 2), 3, 4, B { {10}, {{20}} }); // expected-warning 4{{unused}}
static_assert(&b4 != &b2, "");
// Proposed DR: copy-elision doesn't trigger lifetime extension.
constexpr B b5 = B{ {0}, {0} }; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{reference to temporary}} expected-note {{here}}
namespace NestedNonStatic {
// Proposed DR: for a reference constant expression to refer to a static
// storage duration temporary, that temporary must itself be initialized
// by a constant expression (a core constant expression is not enough).
struct A { int &&r; };
struct B { A &&a; };
constexpr B a = { A{0} }; // ok
constexpr B b = { A(A{0}) }; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{reference to temporary}} expected-note {{here}}
}
namespace FakeInitList {
struct init_list_3_ints { const int (&x)[3]; };
struct init_list_2_init_list_3_ints { const init_list_3_ints (&x)[2]; };
constexpr init_list_2_init_list_3_ints ils = { { { { 1, 2, 3 } }, { { 4, 5, 6 } } } };
}
namespace ConstAddedByReference {
const int &r = (0);
constexpr int n = r;
struct A { constexpr operator int() const { return 0; }};
struct B { constexpr operator const int() const { return 0; }};
const int &ra = A();
const int &rb = B();
constexpr int na = ra;
constexpr int nb = rb;
}
}
constexpr int strcmp_ce(const char *p, const char *q) {
return (!*p || *p != *q) ? *p - *q : strcmp_ce(p+1, q+1);
}
namespace StringLiteral {
template<typename Char>
constexpr int MangleChars(const Char *p) {
return *p + 3 * (*p ? MangleChars(p+1) : 0);
}
static_assert(MangleChars("constexpr!") == 1768383, "");
static_assert(MangleChars(u8"constexpr!") == 1768383, "");
static_assert(MangleChars(L"constexpr!") == 1768383, "");
static_assert(MangleChars(u"constexpr!") == 1768383, "");
static_assert(MangleChars(U"constexpr!") == 1768383, "");
constexpr char c0 = "nought index"[0];
constexpr char c1 = "nice index"[10];
constexpr char c2 = "nasty index"[12]; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}} expected-warning {{is past the end}} expected-note {{read of dereferenced one-past-the-end pointer}}
constexpr char c3 = "negative index"[-1]; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}} expected-warning {{is before the beginning}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element -1 of array of 15 elements}}
constexpr char c4 = ((char*)(int*)"no reinterpret_casts allowed")[14]; // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}} expected-note {{cast that performs the conversions of a reinterpret_cast}}
constexpr const char *p = "test" + 2;
static_assert(*p == 's', "");
constexpr const char *max_iter(const char *a, const char *b) {
return *a < *b ? b : a;
}
constexpr const char *max_element(const char *a, const char *b) {
return (a+1 >= b) ? a : max_iter(a, max_element(a+1, b));
}
constexpr char str[] = "the quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog";
constexpr const char *max = max_element(begin(str), end(str));
static_assert(*max == 'z', "");
static_assert(max == str + 38, "");
static_assert(strcmp_ce("hello world", "hello world") == 0, "");
static_assert(strcmp_ce("hello world", "hello clang") > 0, "");
static_assert(strcmp_ce("constexpr", "test") < 0, "");
static_assert(strcmp_ce("", " ") < 0, "");
struct S {
int n : "foo"[4]; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of dereferenced one-past-the-end pointer is not allowed in a constant expression}}
};
struct T {
char c[6];
constexpr T() : c{"foo"} {}
};
constexpr T t;
static_assert(t.c[0] == 'f', "");
static_assert(t.c[1] == 'o', "");
static_assert(t.c[2] == 'o', "");
static_assert(t.c[3] == 0, "");
static_assert(t.c[4] == 0, "");
static_assert(t.c[5] == 0, "");
static_assert(t.c[6] == 0, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{one-past-the-end}}
struct U {
wchar_t chars[6];
int n;
} constexpr u = { { L"test" }, 0 };
static_assert(u.chars[2] == L's', "");
struct V {
char c[4];
constexpr V() : c("hi!") {}
};
static_assert(V().c[1] == "i"[0], "");
namespace Parens {
constexpr unsigned char a[] = ("foo"), b[] = {"foo"}, c[] = {("foo")},
d[4] = ("foo"), e[5] = {"foo"}, f[6] = {("foo")};
static_assert(a[0] == 'f', "");
static_assert(b[1] == 'o', "");
static_assert(c[2] == 'o', "");
static_assert(d[0] == 'f', "");
static_assert(e[1] == 'o', "");
static_assert(f[2] == 'o', "");
static_assert(f[5] == 0, "");
static_assert(f[6] == 0, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{one-past-the-end}}
}
}
namespace Array {
template<typename Iter>
constexpr auto Sum(Iter begin, Iter end) -> decltype(+*begin) {
return begin == end ? 0 : *begin + Sum(begin+1, end);
}
constexpr int xs[] = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 };
constexpr int ys[] = { 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 };
constexpr int sum_xs = Sum(begin(xs), end(xs));
static_assert(sum_xs == 15, "");
constexpr int ZipFoldR(int (*F)(int x, int y, int c), int n,
const int *xs, const int *ys, int c) {
return n ? F(
*xs, // expected-note {{read of dereferenced one-past-the-end pointer}}
*ys,
ZipFoldR(F, n-1, xs+1, ys+1, c)) // \
expected-note {{in call to 'ZipFoldR(&SubMul, 2, &xs[4], &ys[4], 1)'}} \
expected-note {{in call to 'ZipFoldR(&SubMul, 1, &xs[5], &ys[5], 1)'}}
: c;
}
constexpr int MulAdd(int x, int y, int c) { return x * y + c; }
constexpr int InnerProduct = ZipFoldR(MulAdd, 5, xs, ys, 0);
static_assert(InnerProduct == 35, "");
constexpr int SubMul(int x, int y, int c) { return (x - y) * c; }
constexpr int DiffProd = ZipFoldR(SubMul, 2, xs+3, ys+3, 1);
static_assert(DiffProd == 8, "");
static_assert(ZipFoldR(SubMul, 3, xs+3, ys+3, 1), ""); // \
expected-error {{constant expression}} \
expected-note {{in call to 'ZipFoldR(&SubMul, 3, &xs[3], &ys[3], 1)'}}
constexpr const int *p = xs + 3;
constexpr int xs4 = p[1]; // ok
constexpr int xs5 = p[2]; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of dereferenced one-past-the-end pointer}}
constexpr int xs6 = p[3]; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element 6}}
constexpr int xs0 = p[-3]; // ok
constexpr int xs_1 = p[-4]; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element -1}}
constexpr int zs[2][2][2][2] = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 };
static_assert(zs[0][0][0][0] == 1, "");
static_assert(zs[1][1][1][1] == 16, "");
static_assert(zs[0][0][0][2] == 3, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of dereferenced one-past-the-end pointer}}
static_assert((&zs[0][0][0][2])[-1] == 2, "");
static_assert(**(**(zs + 1) + 1) == 11, "");
static_assert(*(&(&(*(*&(&zs[2] - 1)[0] + 2 - 2))[2])[-1][-1] + 1) == 11, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element -1 of array of 2 elements in a constant expression}}
static_assert(*(&(&(*(*&(&zs[2] - 1)[0] + 2 - 2))[2])[-1][2] - 2) == 11, "");
constexpr int err_zs_1_2_0_0 = zs[1][2][0][0]; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot access array element of pointer past the end}}
constexpr int fail(const int &p) {
return (&p)[64]; // expected-note {{cannot refer to element 64 of array of 2 elements}}
}
static_assert(fail(*(&(&(*(*&(&zs[2] - 1)[0] + 2 - 2))[2])[-1][2] - 2)) == 11, ""); // \
expected-error {{static_assert expression is not an integral constant expression}} \
expected-note {{in call to 'fail(zs[1][0][1][0])'}}
constexpr int arr[40] = { 1, 2, 3, [8] = 4 }; // expected-warning {{C99 feature}}
constexpr int SumNonzero(const int *p) {
return *p + (*p ? SumNonzero(p+1) : 0);
}
constexpr int CountZero(const int *p, const int *q) {
return p == q ? 0 : (*p == 0) + CountZero(p+1, q);
}
static_assert(SumNonzero(arr) == 6, "");
static_assert(CountZero(arr, arr + 40) == 36, "");
struct ArrayElem {
constexpr ArrayElem() : n(0) {}
int n;
constexpr int f() const { return n; }
};
struct ArrayRVal {
constexpr ArrayRVal() {}
ArrayElem elems[10];
};
static_assert(ArrayRVal().elems[3].f() == 0, "");
namespace CopyCtor {
struct A {
constexpr A() {}
constexpr A(const A &) {}
};
struct B {
A a;
int arr[10];
};
constexpr B b{{}, {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}};
constexpr B c = b;
static_assert(c.arr[2] == 3, "");
static_assert(c.arr[7] == 0, "");
}
constexpr int selfref[2][2][2] = {
selfref[1][1][1] + 1, selfref[0][0][0] + 1,
selfref[1][0][1] + 1, selfref[0][1][0] + 1,
selfref[1][0][0] + 1, selfref[0][1][1] + 1 };
static_assert(selfref[0][0][0] == 1, "");
static_assert(selfref[0][0][1] == 2, "");
static_assert(selfref[0][1][0] == 1, "");
static_assert(selfref[0][1][1] == 2, "");
static_assert(selfref[1][0][0] == 1, "");
static_assert(selfref[1][0][1] == 3, "");
static_assert(selfref[1][1][0] == 0, "");
static_assert(selfref[1][1][1] == 0, "");
struct TrivialDefCtor { int n; };
typedef TrivialDefCtor TDCArray[2][2];
static_assert(TDCArray{}[1][1].n == 0, "");
struct NonAggregateTDC : TrivialDefCtor {};
typedef NonAggregateTDC NATDCArray[2][2];
static_assert(NATDCArray{}[1][1].n == 0, "");
}
namespace DependentValues {
struct I { int n; typedef I V[10]; };
I::V x, y;
int g();
template<bool B, typename T> struct S : T {
int k;
void f() {
I::V &cells = B ? x : y;
I &i = cells[k];
switch (i.n) {}
// FIXME: We should be able to diagnose this.
constexpr int n = g();
constexpr int m = this->g(); // ok, could be constexpr
}
};
}
namespace Class {
struct A { constexpr A(int a, int b) : k(a + b) {} int k; };
constexpr int fn(const A &a) { return a.k; }
static_assert(fn(A(4,5)) == 9, "");
struct B { int n; int m; } constexpr b = { 0, b.n };
struct C {
constexpr C(C *this_) : m(42), n(this_->m) {} // ok
int m, n;
};
struct D {
C c;
constexpr D() : c(&c) {}
};
static_assert(D().c.n == 42, "");
struct E {
constexpr E() : p(&p) {}
void *p;
};
constexpr const E &e1 = E();
// This is a constant expression if we elide the copy constructor call, and
// is not a constant expression if we don't! But we do, so it is.
constexpr E e2 = E();
static_assert(e2.p == &e2.p, "");
constexpr E e3;
static_assert(e3.p == &e3.p, "");
extern const class F f;
struct F {
constexpr F() : p(&f.p) {}
const void *p;
};
constexpr F f;
struct G {
struct T {
constexpr T(T *p) : u1(), u2(p) {}
union U1 {
constexpr U1() {}
int a, b = 42;
} u1;
union U2 {
constexpr U2(T *p) : c(p->u1.b) {}
int c, d;
} u2;
} t;
constexpr G() : t(&t) {}
} constexpr g;
static_assert(g.t.u1.a == 42, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of member 'a' of union with active member 'b'}}
static_assert(g.t.u1.b == 42, "");
static_assert(g.t.u2.c == 42, "");
static_assert(g.t.u2.d == 42, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of member 'd' of union with active member 'c'}}
struct S {
int a, b;
const S *p;
double d;
const char *q;
constexpr S(int n, const S *p) : a(5), b(n), p(p), d(n), q("hello") {}
};
S global(43, &global);
static_assert(S(15, &global).b == 15, "");
constexpr bool CheckS(const S &s) {
return s.a == 5 && s.b == 27 && s.p == &global && s.d == 27. && s.q[3] == 'l';
}
static_assert(CheckS(S(27, &global)), "");
struct Arr {
char arr[3];
constexpr Arr() : arr{'x', 'y', 'z'} {}
};
constexpr int hash(Arr &&a) {
return a.arr[0] + a.arr[1] * 0x100 + a.arr[2] * 0x10000;
}
constexpr int k = hash(Arr());
static_assert(k == 0x007a7978, "");
struct AggregateInit {
const char &c;
int n;
double d;
int arr[5];
void *p;
};
constexpr AggregateInit agg1 = { "hello"[0] };
static_assert(strcmp_ce(&agg1.c, "hello") == 0, "");
static_assert(agg1.n == 0, "");
static_assert(agg1.d == 0.0, "");
static_assert(agg1.arr[-1] == 0, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element -1}}
static_assert(agg1.arr[0] == 0, "");
static_assert(agg1.arr[4] == 0, "");
static_assert(agg1.arr[5] == 0, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of dereferenced one-past-the-end}}
static_assert(agg1.p == nullptr, "");
static constexpr const unsigned char uc[] = { "foo" };
static_assert(uc[0] == 'f', "");
static_assert(uc[3] == 0, "");
namespace SimpleDerivedClass {
struct B {
constexpr B(int n) : a(n) {}
int a;
};
struct D : B {
constexpr D(int n) : B(n) {}
};
constexpr D d(3);
static_assert(d.a == 3, "");
}
struct Bottom { constexpr Bottom() {} };
struct Base : Bottom {
constexpr Base(int a = 42, const char *b = "test") : a(a), b(b) {}
int a;
const char *b;
};
struct Base2 : Bottom {
constexpr Base2(const int &r) : r(r) {}
int q = 123;
const int &r;
};
struct Derived : Base, Base2 {
constexpr Derived() : Base(76), Base2(a) {}
int c = r + b[1];
};
constexpr bool operator==(const Base &a, const Base &b) {
return a.a == b.a && strcmp_ce(a.b, b.b) == 0;
}
constexpr Base base;
constexpr Base base2(76);
constexpr Derived derived;
static_assert(derived.a == 76, "");
static_assert(derived.b[2] == 's', "");
static_assert(derived.c == 76 + 'e', "");
static_assert(derived.q == 123, "");
static_assert(derived.r == 76, "");
static_assert(&derived.r == &derived.a, "");
static_assert(!(derived == base), "");
static_assert(derived == base2, "");
constexpr Bottom &bot1 = (Base&)derived;
constexpr Bottom &bot2 = (Base2&)derived;
static_assert(&bot1 != &bot2, "");
constexpr Bottom *pb1 = (Base*)&derived;
constexpr Bottom *pb2 = (Base2*)&derived;
static_assert(&pb1 != &pb2, "");
static_assert(pb1 == &bot1, "");
static_assert(pb2 == &bot2, "");
constexpr Base2 &fail = (Base2&)bot1; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot cast object of dynamic type 'const Class::Derived' to type 'Class::Base2'}}
constexpr Base &fail2 = (Base&)*pb2; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot cast object of dynamic type 'const Class::Derived' to type 'Class::Base'}}
constexpr Base2 &ok2 = (Base2&)bot2;
static_assert(&ok2 == &derived, "");
constexpr Base2 *pfail = (Base2*)pb1; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot cast object of dynamic type 'const Class::Derived' to type 'Class::Base2'}}
constexpr Base *pfail2 = (Base*)&bot2; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot cast object of dynamic type 'const Class::Derived' to type 'Class::Base'}}
constexpr Base2 *pok2 = (Base2*)pb2;
static_assert(pok2 == &derived, "");
static_assert(&ok2 == pok2, "");
static_assert((Base2*)(Derived*)(Base*)pb1 == pok2, "");
static_assert((Derived*)(Base*)pb1 == (Derived*)pok2, "");
// Core issue 903: we do not perform constant evaluation when checking for a
// null pointer in C++11. Just check for an integer literal with value 0.
constexpr Base *nullB = 42 - 6 * 7; // expected-error {{cannot initialize a variable of type 'Class::Base *const' with an rvalue of type 'int'}}
constexpr Base *nullB1 = 0;
static_assert((Bottom*)nullB == 0, "");
static_assert((Derived*)nullB == 0, "");
static_assert((void*)(Bottom*)nullB == (void*)(Derived*)nullB, "");
Base *nullB2 = '\0'; // expected-error {{cannot initialize a variable of type 'Class::Base *' with an rvalue of type 'char'}}
Base *nullB3 = (0);
Base *nullB4 = false; // expected-error {{cannot initialize a variable of type 'Class::Base *' with an rvalue of type 'bool'}}
Base *nullB5 = ((0ULL));
Base *nullB6 = 0.; // expected-error {{cannot initialize a variable of type 'Class::Base *' with an rvalue of type 'double'}}
enum Null { kNull };
Base *nullB7 = kNull; // expected-error {{cannot initialize a variable of type 'Class::Base *' with an rvalue of type 'Class::Null'}}
static_assert(nullB1 == (1 - 1), ""); // expected-error {{comparison between pointer and integer}}
namespace ConversionOperators {
struct T {
constexpr T(int n) : k(5*n - 3) {}
constexpr operator int() const { return k; }
int k;
};
struct S {
constexpr S(int n) : k(2*n + 1) {}
constexpr operator int() const { return k; }
constexpr operator T() const { return T(k); }
int k;
};
constexpr bool check(T a, T b) { return a == b.k; }
static_assert(S(5) == 11, "");
static_assert(check(S(5), 11), "");
namespace PR14171 {
struct X {
constexpr (operator int)() const { return 0; }
};
static_assert(X() == 0, "");
}
}
struct This {
constexpr int f() const { return 0; }
static constexpr int g() { return 0; }
void h() {
constexpr int x = f(); // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant}}
// expected-note@-1 {{implicit use of 'this' pointer is only allowed within the evaluation of a call to a 'constexpr' member function}}
constexpr int y = this->f(); // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant}}
// expected-note-re@-1 {{{{^}}use of 'this' pointer}}
constexpr int z = g();
static_assert(z == 0, "");
}
};
}
namespace Temporaries {
struct S {
constexpr S() {}
constexpr int f() const;
constexpr int g() const;
};
struct T : S {
constexpr T(int n) : S(), n(n) {}
int n;
};
constexpr int S::f() const {
return static_cast<const T*>(this)->n; // expected-note {{cannot cast}}
}
constexpr int S::g() const {
// FIXME: Better diagnostic for this.
return this->*(int(S::*))&T::n; // expected-note {{subexpression}}
}
// The T temporary is implicitly cast to an S subobject, but we can recover the
// T full-object via a base-to-derived cast, or a derived-to-base-casted member
// pointer.
static_assert(S().f(), ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{in call to '&Temporaries::S()->f()'}}
static_assert(S().g(), ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{in call to '&Temporaries::S()->g()'}}
static_assert(T(3).f() == 3, "");
static_assert(T(4).g() == 4, "");
constexpr int f(const S &s) {
return static_cast<const T&>(s).n;
}
constexpr int n = f(T(5));
static_assert(f(T(5)) == 5, "");
constexpr bool b(int n) { return &n; }
static_assert(b(0), "");
struct NonLiteral {
NonLiteral();
int f();
};
constexpr int k = NonLiteral().f(); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{non-literal type 'Temporaries::NonLiteral'}}
}
namespace Union {
union U {
int a;
int b;
};
constexpr U u[4] = { { .a = 0 }, { .b = 1 }, { .a = 2 }, { .b = 3 } }; // expected-warning 4{{C99 feature}}
static_assert(u[0].a == 0, "");
static_assert(u[0].b, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of member 'b' of union with active member 'a'}}
static_assert(u[1].b == 1, "");
static_assert((&u[1].b)[1] == 2, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of dereferenced one-past-the-end pointer}}
static_assert(*(&(u[1].b) + 1 + 1) == 3, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element 2 of non-array object}}
static_assert((&(u[1]) + 1 + 1)->b == 3, "");
constexpr U v = {};
static_assert(v.a == 0, "");
union Empty {};
constexpr Empty e = {};
// Make sure we handle trivial copy constructors for unions.
constexpr U x = {42};
constexpr U y = x;
static_assert(y.a == 42, "");
static_assert(y.b == 42, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{'b' of union with active member 'a'}}
}
namespace MemberPointer {
struct A {
constexpr A(int n) : n(n) {}
int n;
constexpr int f() const { return n + 3; }
};
constexpr A a(7);
static_assert(A(5).*&A::n == 5, "");
static_assert((&a)->*&A::n == 7, "");
static_assert((A(8).*&A::f)() == 11, "");
static_assert(((&a)->*&A::f)() == 10, "");
struct B : A {
constexpr B(int n, int m) : A(n), m(m) {}
int m;
constexpr int g() const { return n + m + 1; }
};
constexpr B b(9, 13);
static_assert(B(4, 11).*&A::n == 4, "");
static_assert(B(4, 11).*&B::m == 11, "");
static_assert(B(4, 11).*(int(A::*))&B::m == 11, "");
static_assert((&b)->*&A::n == 9, "");
static_assert((&b)->*&B::m == 13, "");
static_assert((&b)->*(int(A::*))&B::m == 13, "");
static_assert((B(4, 11).*&A::f)() == 7, "");
static_assert((B(4, 11).*&B::g)() == 16, "");
static_assert((B(4, 11).*(int(A::*)()const)&B::g)() == 16, "");
static_assert(((&b)->*&A::f)() == 12, "");
static_assert(((&b)->*&B::g)() == 23, "");
static_assert(((&b)->*(int(A::*)()const)&B::g)() == 23, "");
struct S {
constexpr S(int m, int n, int (S::*pf)() const, int S::*pn) :
m(m), n(n), pf(pf), pn(pn) {}
constexpr S() : m(), n(), pf(&S::f), pn(&S::n) {}
constexpr int f() const { return this->*pn; }
virtual int g() const;
int m, n;
int (S::*pf)() const;
int S::*pn;
};
constexpr int S::*pm = &S::m;
constexpr int S::*pn = &S::n;
constexpr int (S::*pf)() const = &S::f;
constexpr int (S::*pg)() const = &S::g;
constexpr S s(2, 5, &S::f, &S::m);
static_assert((s.*&S::f)() == 2, "");
static_assert((s.*s.pf)() == 2, "");
static_assert(pf == &S::f, "");
static_assert(pf == s.*&S::pf, "");
static_assert(pm == &S::m, "");
static_assert(pm != pn, "");
static_assert(s.pn != pn, "");
static_assert(s.pn == pm, "");
static_assert(pg != nullptr, "");
static_assert(pf != nullptr, "");
static_assert((int S::*)nullptr == nullptr, "");
static_assert(pg == pg, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{comparison of pointer to virtual member function 'g' has unspecified value}}
static_assert(pf != pg, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{comparison of pointer to virtual member function 'g' has unspecified value}}
template<int n> struct T : T<n-1> {};
template<> struct T<0> { int n; };
template<> struct T<30> : T<29> { int m; };
T<17> t17;
T<30> t30;
constexpr int (T<10>::*deepn) = &T<0>::n;
static_assert(&(t17.*deepn) == &t17.n, "");
static_assert(deepn == &T<2>::n, "");
constexpr int (T<15>::*deepm) = (int(T<10>::*))&T<30>::m;
constexpr int *pbad = &(t17.*deepm); // expected-error {{constant expression}}
static_assert(&(t30.*deepm) == &t30.m, "");
static_assert(deepm == &T<50>::m, "");
static_assert(deepm != deepn, "");
constexpr T<5> *p17_5 = &t17;
constexpr T<13> *p17_13 = (T<13>*)p17_5;
constexpr T<23> *p17_23 = (T<23>*)p17_13; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot cast object of dynamic type 'T<17>' to type 'T<23>'}}
static_assert(&(p17_5->*(int(T<3>::*))deepn) == &t17.n, "");
static_assert(&(p17_13->*deepn) == &t17.n, "");
constexpr int *pbad2 = &(p17_13->*(int(T<9>::*))deepm); // expected-error {{constant expression}}
constexpr T<5> *p30_5 = &t30;
constexpr T<23> *p30_23 = (T<23>*)p30_5;
constexpr T<13> *p30_13 = p30_23;
static_assert(&(p30_5->*(int(T<3>::*))deepn) == &t30.n, "");
static_assert(&(p30_13->*deepn) == &t30.n, "");
static_assert(&(p30_23->*deepn) == &t30.n, "");
static_assert(&(p30_5->*(int(T<2>::*))deepm) == &t30.m, "");
static_assert(&(((T<17>*)p30_13)->*deepm) == &t30.m, "");
static_assert(&(p30_23->*deepm) == &t30.m, "");
struct Base { int n; };
template<int N> struct Mid : Base {};
struct Derived : Mid<0>, Mid<1> {};
static_assert(&Mid<0>::n == &Mid<1>::n, "");
static_assert((int Derived::*)(int Mid<0>::*)&Mid<0>::n !=
(int Derived::*)(int Mid<1>::*)&Mid<1>::n, "");
static_assert(&Mid<0>::n == (int Mid<0>::*)&Base::n, "");
}
namespace ArrayBaseDerived {
struct Base {
constexpr Base() {}
int n = 0;
};
struct Derived : Base {
constexpr Derived() {}
constexpr const int *f() const { return &n; }
};
constexpr Derived a[10];
constexpr Derived *pd3 = const_cast<Derived*>(&a[3]);
constexpr Base *pb3 = const_cast<Derived*>(&a[3]);
static_assert(pb3 == pd3, "");
// pb3 does not point to an array element.
constexpr Base *pb4 = pb3 + 1; // ok, one-past-the-end pointer.
constexpr int pb4n = pb4->n; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot access field of pointer past the end}}
constexpr Base *err_pb5 = pb3 + 2; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element 2}} expected-note {{here}}
constexpr int err_pb5n = err_pb5->n; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{initializer of 'err_pb5' is not a constant expression}}
constexpr Base *err_pb2 = pb3 - 1; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element -1}} expected-note {{here}}
constexpr int err_pb2n = err_pb2->n; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{initializer of 'err_pb2'}}
constexpr Base *pb3a = pb4 - 1;
// pb4 does not point to a Derived.
constexpr Derived *err_pd4 = (Derived*)pb4; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot access derived class of pointer past the end}}
constexpr Derived *pd3a = (Derived*)pb3a;
constexpr int pd3n = pd3a->n;
// pd3a still points to the Derived array.
constexpr Derived *pd6 = pd3a + 3;
static_assert(pd6 == &a[6], "");
constexpr Derived *pd9 = pd6 + 3;
constexpr Derived *pd10 = pd6 + 4;
constexpr int pd9n = pd9->n; // ok
constexpr int err_pd10n = pd10->n; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot access base class of pointer past the end}}
constexpr int pd0n = pd10[-10].n;
constexpr int err_pdminus1n = pd10[-11].n; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element -1 of}}
constexpr Base *pb9 = pd9;
constexpr const int *(Base::*pfb)() const =
static_cast<const int *(Base::*)() const>(&Derived::f);
static_assert((pb9->*pfb)() == &a[9].n, "");
}
namespace Complex {
class complex {
int re, im;
public:
constexpr complex(int re = 0, int im = 0) : re(re), im(im) {}
constexpr complex(const complex &o) : re(o.re), im(o.im) {}
constexpr complex operator-() const { return complex(-re, -im); }
friend constexpr complex operator+(const complex &l, const complex &r) {
return complex(l.re + r.re, l.im + r.im);
}
friend constexpr complex operator-(const complex &l, const complex &r) {
return l + -r;
}
friend constexpr complex operator*(const complex &l, const complex &r) {
return complex(l.re * r.re - l.im * r.im, l.re * r.im + l.im * r.re);
}
friend constexpr bool operator==(const complex &l, const complex &r) {
return l.re == r.re && l.im == r.im;
}
constexpr bool operator!=(const complex &r) const {
return re != r.re || im != r.im;
}
constexpr int real() const { return re; }
constexpr int imag() const { return im; }
};
constexpr complex i = complex(0, 1);
constexpr complex k = (3 + 4*i) * (6 - 4*i);
static_assert(complex(1,0).real() == 1, "");
static_assert(complex(1,0).imag() == 0, "");
static_assert(((complex)1).imag() == 0, "");
static_assert(k.real() == 34, "");
static_assert(k.imag() == 12, "");
static_assert(k - 34 == 12*i, "");
static_assert((complex)1 == complex(1), "");
static_assert((complex)1 != complex(0, 1), "");
static_assert(complex(1) == complex(1), "");
static_assert(complex(1) != complex(0, 1), "");
constexpr complex makeComplex(int re, int im) { return complex(re, im); }
static_assert(makeComplex(1,0) == complex(1), "");
static_assert(makeComplex(1,0) != complex(0, 1), "");
class complex_wrap : public complex {
public:
constexpr complex_wrap(int re, int im = 0) : complex(re, im) {}
constexpr complex_wrap(const complex_wrap &o) : complex(o) {}
};
static_assert((complex_wrap)1 == complex(1), "");
static_assert((complex)1 != complex_wrap(0, 1), "");
static_assert(complex(1) == complex_wrap(1), "");
static_assert(complex_wrap(1) != complex(0, 1), "");
constexpr complex_wrap makeComplexWrap(int re, int im) {
return complex_wrap(re, im);
}
static_assert(makeComplexWrap(1,0) == complex(1), "");
static_assert(makeComplexWrap(1,0) != complex(0, 1), "");
}
namespace PR11595 {
struct A { constexpr bool operator==(int x) const { return true; } };
struct B { B(); A& x; };
static_assert(B().x == 3, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{non-literal type 'PR11595::B' cannot be used in a constant expression}}
constexpr bool f(int k) { // expected-error {{constexpr function never produces a constant expression}}
return B().x == k; // expected-note {{non-literal type 'PR11595::B' cannot be used in a constant expression}}
}
}
namespace ExprWithCleanups {
struct A { A(); ~A(); int get(); };
constexpr int get(bool FromA) { return FromA ? A().get() : 1; }
constexpr int n = get(false);
}
namespace Volatile {
volatile constexpr int n1 = 0; // expected-note {{here}}
volatile const int n2 = 0; // expected-note {{here}}
int n3 = 37; // expected-note {{declared here}}
constexpr int m1 = n1; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of volatile-qualified type 'const volatile int'}}
constexpr int m2 = n2; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of volatile-qualified type 'const volatile int'}}
constexpr int m1b = const_cast<const int&>(n1); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of volatile object 'n1'}}
constexpr int m2b = const_cast<const int&>(n2); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of volatile object 'n2'}}
struct T { int n; };
const T t = { 42 };
constexpr int f(volatile int &&r) {
return r; // expected-note {{read of volatile-qualified type 'volatile int'}}
}
constexpr int g(volatile int &&r) {
return const_cast<int&>(r); // expected-note {{read of volatile temporary is not allowed in a constant expression}}
}
struct S {
int j : f(0); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{in call to 'f(0)'}}
int k : g(0); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{temporary created here}} expected-note {{in call to 'g(0)'}}
int l : n3; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of non-const variable}}
int m : t.n; // expected-warning{{width of bit-field 'm' (42 bits)}} expected-warning{{expression is not an integral constant expression}} expected-note{{read of non-constexpr variable 't' is not allowed}}
};
}
namespace ExternConstexpr {
extern constexpr int n = 0;
extern constexpr int m; // expected-error {{constexpr variable declaration must be a definition}}
void f() {
extern constexpr int i; // expected-error {{constexpr variable declaration must be a definition}}
constexpr int j = 0;
constexpr int k; // expected-error {{default initialization of an object of const type}}
}
extern const int q;
constexpr int g() { return q; }
constexpr int q = g();
static_assert(q == 0, "zero-initialization should precede static initialization");
extern int r; // expected-note {{here}}
constexpr int h() { return r; } // expected-error {{never produces a constant}} expected-note {{read of non-const}}
struct S { int n; };
extern const S s;
constexpr int x() { return s.n; }
constexpr S s = {x()};
static_assert(s.n == 0, "zero-initialization should precede static initialization");
}
namespace ComplexConstexpr {
constexpr _Complex float test1 = {};
constexpr _Complex float test2 = {1};
constexpr _Complex double test3 = {1,2};
constexpr _Complex int test4 = {4};
constexpr _Complex int test5 = 4;
constexpr _Complex int test6 = {5,6};
typedef _Complex float fcomplex;
constexpr fcomplex test7 = fcomplex();
constexpr const double &t2r = __real test3;
constexpr const double &t2i = __imag test3;
static_assert(&t2r + 1 == &t2i, "");
static_assert(t2r == 1.0, "");
static_assert(t2i == 2.0, "");
constexpr const double *t2p = &t2r;
static_assert(t2p[-1] == 0.0, ""); // expected-error {{constant expr}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element -1 of array of 2 elements}}
static_assert(t2p[0] == 1.0, "");
static_assert(t2p[1] == 2.0, "");
static_assert(t2p[2] == 0.0, ""); // expected-error {{constant expr}} expected-note {{one-past-the-end pointer}}
static_assert(t2p[3] == 0.0, ""); // expected-error {{constant expr}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element 3 of array of 2 elements}}
constexpr _Complex float *p = 0;
constexpr float pr = __real *p; // expected-error {{constant expr}} expected-note {{cannot access real component of null}}
constexpr float pi = __imag *p; // expected-error {{constant expr}} expected-note {{cannot access imaginary component of null}}
constexpr const _Complex double *q = &test3 + 1;
constexpr double qr = __real *q; // expected-error {{constant expr}} expected-note {{cannot access real component of pointer past the end}}
constexpr double qi = __imag *q; // expected-error {{constant expr}} expected-note {{cannot access imaginary component of pointer past the end}}
static_assert(__real test6 == 5, "");
static_assert(__imag test6 == 6, "");
static_assert(&__imag test6 == &__real test6 + 1, "");
}
// _Atomic(T) is exactly like T for the purposes of constant expression
// evaluation..
namespace Atomic {
constexpr _Atomic int n = 3;
struct S { _Atomic(double) d; };
constexpr S s = { 0.5 };
constexpr double d1 = s.d;
constexpr double d2 = n;
constexpr _Atomic double d3 = n;
constexpr _Atomic(int) n2 = d3;
static_assert(d1 == 0.5, "");
static_assert(d3 == 3.0, "");
namespace PR16056 {
struct TestVar {
_Atomic(int) value;
constexpr TestVar(int value) : value(value) {}
};
constexpr TestVar testVar{-1};
static_assert(testVar.value == -1, "");
}
}
namespace InstantiateCaseStmt {
template<int x> constexpr int f() { return x; }
template<int x> int g(int c) { switch(c) { case f<x>(): return 1; } return 0; }
int gg(int c) { return g<4>(c); }
}
namespace ConvertedConstantExpr {
extern int &m;
extern int &n;
constexpr int k = 4;
int &m = const_cast<int&>(k);
// If we have nothing more interesting to say, ensure we don't produce a
// useless note and instead just point to the non-constant subexpression.
enum class E {
em = m,
en = n, // expected-error {{not a constant expression}}
eo = (m +
n // expected-error {{not a constant expression}}
),
eq = reinterpret_cast<int>((int*)0) // expected-error {{not a constant expression}} expected-note {{reinterpret_cast}}
};
}
namespace IndirectField {
struct S {
struct { // expected-warning {{GNU extension}}
union { // expected-warning {{declared in an anonymous struct}}
struct { // expected-warning {{GNU extension}} expected-warning {{declared in an anonymous union}}
int a;
int b;
};
int c;
};
int d;
};
union {
int e;
int f;
};
constexpr S(int a, int b, int d, int e) : a(a), b(b), d(d), e(e) {}
constexpr S(int c, int d, int f) : c(c), d(d), f(f) {}
};
constexpr S s1(1, 2, 3, 4);
constexpr S s2(5, 6, 7);
// FIXME: The diagnostics here do a very poor job of explaining which unnamed
// member is active and which is requested.
static_assert(s1.a == 1, "");
static_assert(s1.b == 2, "");
static_assert(s1.c == 0, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{union with active member}}
static_assert(s1.d == 3, "");
static_assert(s1.e == 4, "");
static_assert(s1.f == 0, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{union with active member}}
static_assert(s2.a == 0, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{union with active member}}
static_assert(s2.b == 0, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{union with active member}}
static_assert(s2.c == 5, "");
static_assert(s2.d == 6, "");
static_assert(s2.e == 0, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{union with active member}}
static_assert(s2.f == 7, "");
}
// DR1405: don't allow reading mutable members in constant expressions.
namespace MutableMembers {
struct MM {
mutable int n; // expected-note 3{{declared here}}
} constexpr mm = { 4 };
constexpr int mmn = mm.n; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of mutable member 'n' is not allowed in a constant expression}}
int x = (mm.n = 1, 3);
constexpr int mmn2 = mm.n; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of mutable member 'n' is not allowed in a constant expression}}
// Here's one reason why allowing this would be a disaster...
template<int n> struct Id { int k = n; };
int f() {
constexpr MM m = { 0 };
++m.n;
return Id<m.n>().k; // expected-error {{not a constant expression}} expected-note {{read of mutable member 'n' is not allowed in a constant expression}}
}
struct A { int n; };
struct B { mutable A a; }; // expected-note {{here}}
struct C { B b; };
constexpr C c[3] = {};
constexpr int k = c[1].b.a.n; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{mutable}}
struct D { int x; mutable int y; }; // expected-note {{here}}
constexpr D d1 = { 1, 2 };
int l = ++d1.y;
constexpr D d2 = d1; // expected-error {{constant}} expected-note {{mutable}} expected-note {{in call}}
struct E {
union {
int a;
mutable int b; // expected-note {{here}}
};
};
constexpr E e1 = {{1}};
constexpr E e2 = e1; // expected-error {{constant}} expected-note {{mutable}} expected-note {{in call}}
struct F {
union U { };
mutable U u;
struct X { };
mutable X x;
struct Y : X { X x; U u; };
mutable Y y;
int n;
};
// This is OK; we don't actually read any mutable state here.
constexpr F f1 = {};
constexpr F f2 = f1;
struct G {
struct X {};
union U { X a; };
mutable U u; // expected-note {{here}}
};
constexpr G g1 = {};
constexpr G g2 = g1; // expected-error {{constant}} expected-note {{mutable}} expected-note {{in call}}
constexpr G::U gu1 = {};
constexpr G::U gu2 = gu1;
union H {
mutable G::X gx; // expected-note {{here}}
};
constexpr H h1 = {};
constexpr H h2 = h1; // expected-error {{constant}} expected-note {{mutable}} expected-note {{in call}}
}
namespace Fold {
// This macro forces its argument to be constant-folded, even if it's not
// otherwise a constant expression.
#define fold(x) (__builtin_constant_p(x) ? (x) : (x))
constexpr int n = (int)(char*)123; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{reinterpret_cast}}
constexpr int m = fold((int)(char*)123); // ok
static_assert(m == 123, "");
#undef fold
}
namespace DR1454 {
constexpr const int &f(const int &n) { return n; }
constexpr int k1 = f(0); // ok
struct Wrap {
const int &value;
};
constexpr const Wrap &g(const Wrap &w) { return w; }
constexpr int k2 = g({0}).value; // ok
// The temporary here has static storage duration, so we can bind a constexpr
// reference to it.
constexpr const int &i = 1;
constexpr const int j = i;
static_assert(j == 1, "");
// The temporary here is not const, so it can't be read outside the expression
// in which it was created (per the C++14 rules, which we use to avoid a C++11
// defect).
constexpr int &&k = 1; // expected-note {{temporary created here}}
constexpr const int l = k; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of temporary}}
void f() {
// The temporary here has automatic storage duration, so we can't bind a
// constexpr reference to it.
constexpr const int &i = 1; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note 2{{temporary}}
}
}
namespace RecursiveOpaqueExpr {
template<typename Iter>
constexpr auto LastNonzero(Iter p, Iter q) -> decltype(+*p) {
return p != q ? (LastNonzero(p+1, q) ?: *p) : 0; // expected-warning {{GNU}}
}
constexpr int arr1[] = { 1, 0, 0, 3, 0, 2, 0, 4, 0, 0 };
static_assert(LastNonzero(begin(arr1), end(arr1)) == 4, "");
constexpr int arr2[] = { 1, 0, 0, 3, 0, 2, 0, 4, 0, 5 };
static_assert(LastNonzero(begin(arr2), end(arr2)) == 5, "");
constexpr int arr3[] = {
1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0,
1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0,
1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0,
1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0,
1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0,
1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0,
1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0,
2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };
static_assert(LastNonzero(begin(arr3), end(arr3)) == 2, "");
}
namespace VLASizeof {
void f(int k) {
int arr[k]; // expected-warning {{C99}}
constexpr int n = 1 +
sizeof(arr) // expected-error {{constant expression}}
* 3;
}
}
namespace CompoundLiteral {
// Matching GCC, file-scope array compound literals initialized by constants
// are lifetime-extended.
constexpr int *p = (int*)(int[1]){3}; // expected-warning {{C99}}
static_assert(*p == 3, "");
static_assert((int[2]){1, 2}[1] == 2, ""); // expected-warning {{C99}}
// Other kinds are not.
struct X { int a[2]; };
constexpr int *n = (X){1, 2}.a; // expected-warning {{C99}} expected-warning {{temporary array}}
// expected-error@-1 {{constant expression}}
// expected-note@-2 {{pointer to subobject of temporary}}
// expected-note@-3 {{temporary created here}}
void f() {
static constexpr int *p = (int*)(int[1]){3}; // expected-warning {{C99}}
// expected-error@-1 {{constant expression}}
// expected-note@-2 {{pointer to subobject of temporary}}
// expected-note@-3 {{temporary created here}}
static_assert((int[2]){1, 2}[1] == 2, ""); // expected-warning {{C99}}
}
}
namespace Vector {
typedef int __attribute__((vector_size(16))) VI4;
constexpr VI4 f(int n) {
return VI4 { n * 3, n + 4, n - 5, n / 6 };
}
constexpr auto v1 = f(10);
typedef double __attribute__((vector_size(32))) VD4;
constexpr VD4 g(int n) {
return (VD4) { n / 2.0, n + 1.5, n - 5.4, n * 0.9 }; // expected-warning {{C99}}
}
constexpr auto v2 = g(4);
}
// PR12626, redux
namespace InvalidClasses {
void test0() {
struct X; // expected-note {{forward declaration}}
struct Y { bool b; X x; }; // expected-error {{field has incomplete type}}
Y y;
auto& b = y.b;
}
}
namespace NamespaceAlias {
constexpr int f() {
namespace NS = NamespaceAlias; // expected-warning {{use of this statement in a constexpr function is a C++14 extension}}
return &NS::f != nullptr;
}
}
// Constructors can be implicitly constexpr, even for a non-literal type.
namespace ImplicitConstexpr {
struct Q { Q() = default; Q(const Q&) = default; Q(Q&&) = default; ~Q(); }; // expected-note 3{{here}}
struct R { constexpr R() noexcept; constexpr R(const R&) noexcept; constexpr R(R&&) noexcept; ~R() noexcept; };
struct S { R r; }; // expected-note 3{{here}}
struct T { T(const T&) noexcept; T(T &&) noexcept; ~T() noexcept; };
struct U { T t; }; // expected-note 3{{here}}
static_assert(!__is_literal_type(Q), "");
static_assert(!__is_literal_type(R), "");
static_assert(!__is_literal_type(S), "");
static_assert(!__is_literal_type(T), "");
static_assert(!__is_literal_type(U), "");
struct Test {
friend Q::Q() noexcept; // expected-error {{follows constexpr}}
friend Q::Q(Q&&) noexcept; // expected-error {{follows constexpr}}
friend Q::Q(const Q&) noexcept; // expected-error {{follows constexpr}}
friend S::S() noexcept; // expected-error {{follows constexpr}}
friend S::S(S&&) noexcept; // expected-error {{follows constexpr}}
friend S::S(const S&) noexcept; // expected-error {{follows constexpr}}
friend constexpr U::U() noexcept; // expected-error {{follows non-constexpr}}
friend constexpr U::U(U&&) noexcept; // expected-error {{follows non-constexpr}}
friend constexpr U::U(const U&) noexcept; // expected-error {{follows non-constexpr}}
};
}
// Indirectly test that an implicit lvalue to xvalue conversion performed for
// an NRVO move operation isn't implemented as CK_LValueToRValue.
namespace PR12826 {
struct Foo {};
constexpr Foo id(Foo x) { return x; }
constexpr Foo res(id(Foo()));
}
namespace PR13273 {
struct U {
int t;
U() = default;
};
struct S : U {
S() = default;
};
// S's default constructor isn't constexpr, because U's default constructor
// doesn't initialize 't', but it's trivial, so value-initialization doesn't
// actually call it.
static_assert(S{}.t == 0, "");
}
namespace PR12670 {
struct S {
constexpr S(int a0) : m(a0) {}
constexpr S() : m(6) {}
int m;
};
constexpr S x[3] = { {4}, 5 };
static_assert(x[0].m == 4, "");
static_assert(x[1].m == 5, "");
static_assert(x[2].m == 6, "");
}
// Indirectly test that an implicit lvalue-to-rvalue conversion is performed
// when a conditional operator has one argument of type void and where the other
// is a glvalue of class type.
namespace ConditionalLValToRVal {
struct A {
constexpr A(int a) : v(a) {}
int v;
};
constexpr A f(const A &a) {
return a.v == 0 ? throw a : a;
}
constexpr A a(4);
static_assert(f(a).v == 4, "");
}
namespace TLS {
__thread int n;
int m;
constexpr bool b = &n == &n;
constexpr int *p = &n; // expected-error{{constexpr variable 'p' must be initialized by a constant expression}}
constexpr int *f() { return &n; }
constexpr int *q = f(); // expected-error{{constexpr variable 'q' must be initialized by a constant expression}}
constexpr bool c = f() == f();
constexpr int *g() { return &m; }
constexpr int *r = g();
}
namespace Void {
constexpr void f() { return; } // expected-error{{constexpr function's return type 'void' is not a literal type}}
void assert_failed(const char *msg, const char *file, int line); // expected-note {{declared here}}
#define ASSERT(expr) ((expr) ? static_cast<void>(0) : assert_failed(#expr, __FILE__, __LINE__))
template<typename T, size_t S>
constexpr T get(T (&a)[S], size_t k) {
return ASSERT(k > 0 && k < S), a[k]; // expected-note{{non-constexpr function 'assert_failed'}}
}
#undef ASSERT
template int get(int (&a)[4], size_t);
constexpr int arr[] = { 4, 1, 2, 3, 4 };
static_assert(get(arr, 1) == 1, "");
static_assert(get(arr, 4) == 4, "");
static_assert(get(arr, 0) == 4, ""); // expected-error{{not an integral constant expression}} \
// expected-note{{in call to 'get(arr, 0)'}}
}
namespace std { struct type_info; }
namespace TypeId {
struct A { virtual ~A(); };
A f();
A &g();
constexpr auto &x = typeid(f());
constexpr auto &y = typeid(g()); // expected-error{{constant expression}} \
// expected-note{{typeid applied to expression of polymorphic type 'TypeId::A' is not allowed in a constant expression}} \
// expected-warning {{expression with side effects will be evaluated despite being used as an operand to 'typeid'}}
}
namespace PR14203 {
struct duration {
constexpr duration() {}
constexpr operator int() const { return 0; }
};
template<typename T> void f() {
// If we want to evaluate this at the point of the template definition, we
// need to trigger the implicit definition of the move constructor at that
// point.
// FIXME: C++ does not permit us to implicitly define it at the appropriate
// times, since it is only allowed to be implicitly defined when it is
// odr-used.
constexpr duration d = duration();
}
// FIXME: It's unclear whether this is valid. On the one hand, we're not
// allowed to generate a move constructor. On the other hand, if we did,
// this would be a constant expression. For now, we generate a move
// constructor here.
int n = sizeof(short{duration(duration())});
}
namespace ArrayEltInit {
struct A {
constexpr A() : p(&p) {}
void *p;
};
constexpr A a[10];
static_assert(a[0].p == &a[0].p, "");
static_assert(a[9].p == &a[9].p, "");
static_assert(a[0].p != &a[9].p, "");
static_assert(a[9].p != &a[0].p, "");
constexpr A b[10] = {};
static_assert(b[0].p == &b[0].p, "");
static_assert(b[9].p == &b[9].p, "");
static_assert(b[0].p != &b[9].p, "");
static_assert(b[9].p != &b[0].p, "");
}
namespace PR15884 {
struct S {};
constexpr S f() { return {}; }
constexpr S *p = &f();
// expected-error@-1 {{taking the address of a temporary}}
// expected-error@-2 {{constexpr variable 'p' must be initialized by a constant expression}}
// expected-note@-3 {{pointer to temporary is not a constant expression}}
// expected-note@-4 {{temporary created here}}
}
namespace AfterError {
// FIXME: Suppress the 'no return statements' diagnostic if the body is invalid.
constexpr int error() { // expected-error {{no return statement}}
return foobar; // expected-error {{undeclared identifier}}
}
constexpr int k = error();
}
namespace std {
typedef decltype(sizeof(int)) size_t;
template <class _E>
class initializer_list
{
const _E* __begin_;
size_t __size_;
constexpr initializer_list(const _E* __b, size_t __s)
: __begin_(__b),
__size_(__s)
{}
public:
typedef _E value_type;
typedef const _E& reference;
typedef const _E& const_reference;
typedef size_t size_type;
typedef const _E* iterator;
typedef const _E* const_iterator;
constexpr initializer_list() : __begin_(nullptr), __size_(0) {}
constexpr size_t size() const {return __size_;}
constexpr const _E* begin() const {return __begin_;}
constexpr const _E* end() const {return __begin_ + __size_;}
};
}
namespace InitializerList {
constexpr int sum(const int *b, const int *e) {
return b != e ? *b + sum(b+1, e) : 0;
}
constexpr int sum(std::initializer_list<int> ints) {
return sum(ints.begin(), ints.end());
}
static_assert(sum({1, 2, 3, 4, 5}) == 15, "");
static_assert(*std::initializer_list<int>{1, 2, 3}.begin() == 1, "");
static_assert(std::initializer_list<int>{1, 2, 3}.begin()[2] == 3, "");
}
namespace StmtExpr {
struct A { int k; };
void f() {
static_assert(({ const int x = 5; x * 3; }) == 15, ""); // expected-warning {{extension}}
constexpr auto a = ({ A(); }); // expected-warning {{extension}}
}
constexpr int g(int k) {
return ({ // expected-warning {{extension}}
const int x = k;
x * x;
});
}
static_assert(g(123) == 15129, "");
constexpr int h() { // expected-error {{never produces a constant}}
return ({ // expected-warning {{extension}}
return 0; // expected-note {{not supported}}
1;
});
}
}
namespace VirtualFromBase {
struct S1 {
virtual int f() const;
};
struct S2 {
virtual int f();
};
template <typename T> struct X : T {
constexpr X() {}
double d = 0.0;
constexpr int f() { return sizeof(T); } // expected-warning {{will not be implicitly 'const' in C++14}}
};
// Virtual f(), not OK.
constexpr X<X<S1>> xxs1;
constexpr X<S1> *p = const_cast<X<X<S1>>*>(&xxs1);
static_assert(p->f() == sizeof(X<S1>), ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{virtual function call}}
// Non-virtual f(), OK.
constexpr X<X<S2>> xxs2;
constexpr X<S2> *q = const_cast<X<X<S2>>*>(&xxs2);
static_assert(q->f() == sizeof(S2), "");
}
namespace ConstexprConstructorRecovery {
class X {
public:
enum E : short {
headers = 0x1,
middlefile = 0x2,
choices = 0x4
};
constexpr X() noexcept {};
protected:
E val{0}; // expected-error {{cannot initialize a member subobject of type 'ConstexprConstructorRecovery::X::E' with an rvalue of type 'int'}}
};
constexpr X x{};
}
namespace Lifetime {
void f() {
constexpr int &n = n; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{use of reference outside its lifetime}} expected-warning {{not yet bound to a value}}
constexpr int m = m; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{read of object outside its lifetime}}
}
constexpr int &get(int &&n) { return n; }
struct S {
int &&r; // expected-note 2{{declared here}}
int &s;
int t;
constexpr S() : r(0), s(get(0)), t(r) {} // expected-warning {{temporary}}
constexpr S(int) : r(0), s(get(0)), t(s) {} // expected-warning {{temporary}} expected-note {{read of object outside its lifetime}}
};
constexpr int k1 = S().t; // ok, int is lifetime-extended to end of constructor
constexpr int k2 = S(0).t; // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{in call}}
}
namespace Bitfields {
struct A {
bool b : 1;
unsigned u : 5;
int n : 5;
bool b2 : 3;
unsigned u2 : 74; // expected-warning {{exceeds the width of its type}}
int n2 : 81; // expected-warning {{exceeds the width of its type}}
};
constexpr A a = { false, 33, 31, false, 0xffffffff, 0x7fffffff }; // expected-warning 2{{truncation}}
static_assert(a.b == 0 && a.u == 1 && a.n == -1 && a.b2 == 0 &&
a.u2 + 1 == 0 && a.n2 == 0x7fffffff,
"bad truncation of bitfield values");
struct B {
int n : 3;
constexpr B(int k) : n(k) {}
};
static_assert(B(3).n == 3, "");
static_assert(B(4).n == -4, "");
static_assert(B(7).n == -1, "");
static_assert(B(8).n == 0, "");
static_assert(B(-1).n == -1, "");
static_assert(B(-8889).n == -1, "");
namespace PR16755 {
struct X {
int x : 1;
constexpr static int f(int x) {
return X{x}.x;
}
};
static_assert(X::f(3) == -1, "3 should truncate to -1");
}
}
namespace ZeroSizeTypes {
constexpr int (*p1)[0] = 0, (*p2)[0] = 0;
constexpr int k = p2 - p1;
// expected-error@-1 {{constexpr variable 'k' must be initialized by a constant expression}}
// expected-note@-2 {{subtraction of pointers to type 'int [0]' of zero size}}
int arr[5][0];
constexpr int f() { // expected-error {{never produces a constant expression}}
return &arr[3] - &arr[0]; // expected-note {{subtraction of pointers to type 'int [0]' of zero size}}
}
}
namespace BadDefaultInit {
template<int N> struct X { static const int n = N; };
struct A {
int k = // expected-note {{default member initializer declared here}}
X<A().k>::n; // expected-error {{default member initializer for 'k' needed within definition of enclosing class}}
};
// FIXME: The "constexpr constructor must initialize all members" diagnostic
// here is bogus (we discard the k(k) initializer because the parameter 'k'
// has been marked invalid).
struct B { // expected-note 2{{candidate}}
constexpr B( // expected-error {{must initialize all members}} expected-note {{candidate}}
int k = X<B().k>::n) : // expected-error {{no matching constructor}}
k(k) {}
int k; // expected-note {{not initialized}}
};
}
namespace NeverConstantTwoWays {
// If we see something non-constant but foldable followed by something
// non-constant and not foldable, we want the first diagnostic, not the
// second.
constexpr int f(int n) { // expected-error {{never produces a constant expression}}
return (int *)(long)&n == &n ? // expected-note {{reinterpret_cast}}
1 / 0 : // expected-warning {{division by zero}}
0;
}
constexpr int n = // expected-error {{must be initialized by a constant expression}}
(int *)(long)&n == &n ? // expected-note {{reinterpret_cast}}
1 / 0 : // expected-warning {{division by zero}}
0;
}
namespace PR17800 {
struct A {
constexpr int operator()() const { return 0; }
};
template <typename ...T> constexpr int sink(T ...) {
return 0;
}
template <int ...N> constexpr int run() {
return sink(A()() + N ...);
}
constexpr int k = run<1, 2, 3>();
}
namespace BuiltinStrlen {
constexpr const char *a = "foo\0quux";
constexpr char b[] = "foo\0quux";
constexpr int f() { return 'u'; }
constexpr char c[] = { 'f', 'o', 'o', 0, 'q', f(), 'u', 'x', 0 };
static_assert(__builtin_strlen("foo") == 3, "");
static_assert(__builtin_strlen("foo\0quux") == 3, "");
static_assert(__builtin_strlen("foo\0quux" + 4) == 4, "");
constexpr bool check(const char *p) {
return __builtin_strlen(p) == 3 &&
__builtin_strlen(p + 1) == 2 &&
__builtin_strlen(p + 2) == 1 &&
__builtin_strlen(p + 3) == 0 &&
__builtin_strlen(p + 4) == 4 &&
__builtin_strlen(p + 5) == 3 &&
__builtin_strlen(p + 6) == 2 &&
__builtin_strlen(p + 7) == 1 &&
__builtin_strlen(p + 8) == 0;
}
static_assert(check(a), "");
static_assert(check(b), "");
static_assert(check(c), "");
constexpr int over1 = __builtin_strlen(a + 9); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{one-past-the-end}}
constexpr int over2 = __builtin_strlen(b + 9); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{one-past-the-end}}
constexpr int over3 = __builtin_strlen(c + 9); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{one-past-the-end}}
constexpr int under1 = __builtin_strlen(a - 1); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element -1}}
constexpr int under2 = __builtin_strlen(b - 1); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element -1}}
constexpr int under3 = __builtin_strlen(c - 1); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{cannot refer to element -1}}
// FIXME: The diagnostic here could be better.
constexpr char d[] = { 'f', 'o', 'o' }; // no nul terminator.
constexpr int bad = __builtin_strlen(d); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{one-past-the-end}}
}
namespace PR19010 {
struct Empty {};
struct Empty2 : Empty {};
struct Test : Empty2 {
constexpr Test() {}
Empty2 array[2];
};
void test() { constexpr Test t; }
}
void PR21327(int a, int b) {
static_assert(&a + 1 != &b, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}}
}
namespace EmptyClass {
struct E1 {} e1;
union E2 {} e2; // expected-note {{here}}
struct E3 : E1 {} e3;
// The defaulted copy constructor for an empty class does not read any
// members. The defaulted copy constructor for an empty union reads the
// object representation.
constexpr E1 e1b(e1);
constexpr E2 e2b(e2); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note{{read of non-const}} expected-note {{in call}}
constexpr E3 e3b(e3);
}
namespace PR21786 {
extern void (*start[])();
extern void (*end[])();
static_assert(&start != &end, ""); // expected-error {{constant expression}}
static_assert(&start != nullptr, "");
struct Foo;
struct Bar {
static const Foo x;
static const Foo y;
};
static_assert(&Bar::x != nullptr, "");
static_assert(&Bar::x != &Bar::y, "");
}
namespace PR21859 {
constexpr int Fun() { return; } // expected-error {{non-void constexpr function 'Fun' should return a value}}
constexpr int Var = Fun();
}
struct InvalidRedef {
int f; // expected-note{{previous definition is here}}
constexpr int f(void); // expected-error{{redefinition of 'f'}} expected-warning{{will not be implicitly 'const'}}
};
namespace PR17938 {
template <typename T> constexpr T const &f(T const &x) { return x; }
struct X {};
struct Y : X {};
struct Z : Y { constexpr Z() {} };
static constexpr auto z = f(Z());
}
namespace PR24597 {
struct A {
int x, *p;
constexpr A() : x(0), p(&x) {}
constexpr A(const A &a) : x(a.x), p(&x) {}
};
constexpr A f() { return A(); }
constexpr A g() { return f(); }
constexpr int a = *f().p;
constexpr int b = *g().p;
}
namespace IncompleteClass {
struct XX {
static constexpr int f(XX*) { return 1; } // expected-note {{here}}
friend constexpr int g(XX*) { return 2; } // expected-note {{here}}
static constexpr int i = f(static_cast<XX*>(nullptr)); // expected-error {{constexpr variable 'i' must be initialized by a constant expression}} expected-note {{undefined function 'f' cannot be used in a constant expression}}
static constexpr int j = g(static_cast<XX*>(nullptr)); // expected-error {{constexpr variable 'j' must be initialized by a constant expression}} expected-note {{undefined function 'g' cannot be used in a constant expression}}
};
}
namespace InheritedCtor {
struct A { constexpr A(int) {} };
struct B : A { int n; using A::A; }; // expected-note {{here}}
constexpr B b(0); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{derived class}}
struct C : A { using A::A; struct { union { int n, m = 0; }; union { int a = 0; }; int k = 0; }; struct {}; union {}; }; // expected-warning 4{{extension}}
constexpr C c(0);
struct D : A {
using A::A; // expected-note {{here}}
struct { // expected-warning {{extension}}
union { // expected-warning {{extension}}
int n;
};
};
};
constexpr D d(0); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{derived class}}
struct E : virtual A { using A::A; }; // expected-note {{here}}
// We wrap a function around this to avoid implicit zero-initialization
// happening first; the zero-initialization step would produce the same
// error and defeat the point of this test.
void f() {
constexpr E e(0); // expected-error {{constant expression}} expected-note {{derived class}}
}
// FIXME: This produces a note with no source location.
//constexpr E e(0);
struct W { constexpr W(int n) : w(n) {} int w; };
struct X : W { using W::W; int x = 2; };
struct Y : X { using X::X; int y = 3; };
struct Z : Y { using Y::Y; int z = 4; };
constexpr Z z(1);
static_assert(z.w == 1 && z.x == 2 && z.y == 3 && z.z == 4, "");
}
namespace PR28366 {
namespace ns1 {
void f(char c) { //expected-note2{{declared here}}
struct X {
static constexpr char f() { //expected-error{{never produces a constant expression}}
return c; //expected-error{{reference to local}} expected-note{{non-const variable}}
}
};
int I = X::f();
}
void g() {
const int c = 'c';
static const int d = 'd';<