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// ignore-tidy-filelength FIXME(#67418) Split up this file.
//! Conversion from AST representation of types to the `ty.rs` representation.
//! The main routine here is `ast_ty_to_ty()`; each use is parameterized by an
//! instance of `AstConv`.
// ignore-tidy-filelength
use crate::collect::PlaceholderHirTyCollector;
use crate::middle::resolve_lifetime as rl;
use crate::require_c_abi_if_c_variadic;
use rustc_ast::{ast::ParamKindOrd, util::lev_distance::find_best_match_for_name};
use rustc_data_structures::fx::{FxHashMap, FxHashSet};
use rustc_errors::ErrorReported;
use rustc_errors::{pluralize, struct_span_err, Applicability, DiagnosticId, FatalError};
use rustc_hir as hir;
use rustc_hir::def::{CtorOf, DefKind, Namespace, Res};
use rustc_hir::def_id::{DefId, LocalDefId};
use rustc_hir::intravisit::{walk_generics, Visitor as _};
use rustc_hir::lang_items::SizedTraitLangItem;
use rustc_hir::{Constness, GenericArg, GenericArgs};
use rustc_middle::ty::subst::{self, InternalSubsts, Subst, SubstsRef};
use rustc_middle::ty::{
self, Const, DefIdTree, ToPredicate, Ty, TyCtxt, TypeFoldable, WithConstness,
};
use rustc_middle::ty::{GenericParamDef, GenericParamDefKind};
use rustc_session::lint::builtin::{AMBIGUOUS_ASSOCIATED_ITEMS, LATE_BOUND_LIFETIME_ARGUMENTS};
use rustc_session::parse::feature_err;
use rustc_session::Session;
use rustc_span::symbol::{kw, sym, Ident, Symbol};
use rustc_span::{MultiSpan, Span, DUMMY_SP};
use rustc_target::spec::abi;
use rustc_trait_selection::traits;
use rustc_trait_selection::traits::astconv_object_safety_violations;
use rustc_trait_selection::traits::error_reporting::report_object_safety_error;
use rustc_trait_selection::traits::wf::object_region_bounds;
use smallvec::SmallVec;
use std::collections::BTreeSet;
use std::iter;
use std::slice;
#[derive(Debug)]
pub struct PathSeg(pub DefId, pub usize);
pub trait AstConv<'tcx> {
fn tcx<'a>(&'a self) -> TyCtxt<'tcx>;
fn item_def_id(&self) -> Option<DefId>;
fn default_constness_for_trait_bounds(&self) -> Constness;
/// Returns predicates in scope of the form `X: Foo`, where `X` is
/// a type parameter `X` with the given id `def_id`. This is a
/// subset of the full set of predicates.
///
/// This is used for one specific purpose: resolving "short-hand"
/// associated type references like `T::Item`. In principle, we
/// would do that by first getting the full set of predicates in
/// scope and then filtering down to find those that apply to `T`,
/// but this can lead to cycle errors. The problem is that we have
/// to do this resolution *in order to create the predicates in
/// the first place*. Hence, we have this "special pass".
fn get_type_parameter_bounds(&self, span: Span, def_id: DefId) -> ty::GenericPredicates<'tcx>;
/// Returns the lifetime to use when a lifetime is omitted (and not elided).
fn re_infer(&self, param: Option<&ty::GenericParamDef>, span: Span)
-> Option<ty::Region<'tcx>>;
/// Returns the type to use when a type is omitted.
fn ty_infer(&self, param: Option<&ty::GenericParamDef>, span: Span) -> Ty<'tcx>;
/// Returns `true` if `_` is allowed in type signatures in the current context.
fn allow_ty_infer(&self) -> bool;
/// Returns the const to use when a const is omitted.
fn ct_infer(
&self,
ty: Ty<'tcx>,
param: Option<&ty::GenericParamDef>,
span: Span,
) -> &'tcx Const<'tcx>;
/// Projecting an associated type from a (potentially)
/// higher-ranked trait reference is more complicated, because of
/// the possibility of late-bound regions appearing in the
/// associated type binding. This is not legal in function
/// signatures for that reason. In a function body, we can always
/// handle it because we can use inference variables to remove the
/// late-bound regions.
fn projected_ty_from_poly_trait_ref(
&self,
span: Span,
item_def_id: DefId,
item_segment: &hir::PathSegment<'_>,
poly_trait_ref: ty::PolyTraitRef<'tcx>,
) -> Ty<'tcx>;
/// Normalize an associated type coming from the user.
fn normalize_ty(&self, span: Span, ty: Ty<'tcx>) -> Ty<'tcx>;
/// Invoked when we encounter an error from some prior pass
/// (e.g., resolve) that is translated into a ty-error. This is
/// used to help suppress derived errors typeck might otherwise
/// report.
fn set_tainted_by_errors(&self);
fn record_ty(&self, hir_id: hir::HirId, ty: Ty<'tcx>, span: Span);
}
pub enum SizedByDefault {
Yes,
No,
}
struct ConvertedBinding<'a, 'tcx> {
item_name: Ident,
kind: ConvertedBindingKind<'a, 'tcx>,
span: Span,
}
enum ConvertedBindingKind<'a, 'tcx> {
Equality(Ty<'tcx>),
Constraint(&'a [hir::GenericBound<'a>]),
}
/// New-typed boolean indicating whether explicit late-bound lifetimes
/// are present in a set of generic arguments.
///
/// For example if we have some method `fn f<'a>(&'a self)` implemented
/// for some type `T`, although `f` is generic in the lifetime `'a`, `'a`
/// is late-bound so should not be provided explicitly. Thus, if `f` is
/// instantiated with some generic arguments providing `'a` explicitly,
/// we taint those arguments with `ExplicitLateBound::Yes` so that we
/// can provide an appropriate diagnostic later.
#[derive(Copy, Clone, PartialEq)]
pub enum ExplicitLateBound {
Yes,
No,
}
#[derive(Copy, Clone, PartialEq)]
enum GenericArgPosition {
Type,
Value, // e.g., functions
MethodCall,
}
/// A marker denoting that the generic arguments that were
/// provided did not match the respective generic parameters.
#[derive(Clone, Default)]
pub struct GenericArgCountMismatch {
/// Indicates whether a fatal error was reported (`Some`), or just a lint (`None`).
pub reported: Option<ErrorReported>,
/// A list of spans of arguments provided that were not valid.
pub invalid_args: Vec<Span>,
}
/// Decorates the result of a generic argument count mismatch
/// check with whether explicit late bounds were provided.
#[derive(Clone)]
pub struct GenericArgCountResult {
pub explicit_late_bound: ExplicitLateBound,
pub correct: Result<(), GenericArgCountMismatch>,
}
impl<'o, 'tcx> dyn AstConv<'tcx> + 'o {
pub fn ast_region_to_region(
&self,
lifetime: &hir::Lifetime,
def: Option<&ty::GenericParamDef>,
) -> ty::Region<'tcx> {
let tcx = self.tcx();
let lifetime_name = |def_id| tcx.hir().name(tcx.hir().as_local_hir_id(def_id));
let r = match tcx.named_region(lifetime.hir_id) {
Some(rl::Region::Static) => tcx.lifetimes.re_static,
Some(rl::Region::LateBound(debruijn, id, _)) => {
let name = lifetime_name(id.expect_local());
tcx.mk_region(ty::ReLateBound(debruijn, ty::BrNamed(id, name)))
}
Some(rl::Region::LateBoundAnon(debruijn, index)) => {
tcx.mk_region(ty::ReLateBound(debruijn, ty::BrAnon(index)))
}
Some(rl::Region::EarlyBound(index, id, _)) => {
let name = lifetime_name(id.expect_local());
tcx.mk_region(ty::ReEarlyBound(ty::EarlyBoundRegion { def_id: id, index, name }))
}
Some(rl::Region::Free(scope, id)) => {
let name = lifetime_name(id.expect_local());
tcx.mk_region(ty::ReFree(ty::FreeRegion {
scope,
bound_region: ty::BrNamed(id, name),
}))
// (*) -- not late-bound, won't change
}
None => {
self.re_infer(def, lifetime.span).unwrap_or_else(|| {
// This indicates an illegal lifetime
// elision. `resolve_lifetime` should have
// reported an error in this case -- but if
// not, let's error out.
tcx.sess.delay_span_bug(lifetime.span, "unelided lifetime in signature");
// Supply some dummy value. We don't have an
// `re_error`, annoyingly, so use `'static`.
tcx.lifetimes.re_static
})
}
};
debug!("ast_region_to_region(lifetime={:?}) yields {:?}", lifetime, r);
r
}
/// Given a path `path` that refers to an item `I` with the declared generics `decl_generics`,
/// returns an appropriate set of substitutions for this particular reference to `I`.
pub fn ast_path_substs_for_ty(
&self,
span: Span,
def_id: DefId,
item_segment: &hir::PathSegment<'_>,
) -> SubstsRef<'tcx> {
let (substs, assoc_bindings, _) = self.create_substs_for_ast_path(
span,
def_id,
&[],
item_segment.generic_args(),
item_segment.infer_args,
None,
);
if let Some(b) = assoc_bindings.first() {
Self::prohibit_assoc_ty_binding(self.tcx(), b.span);
}
substs
}
/// Report error if there is an explicit type parameter when using `impl Trait`.
fn check_impl_trait(
tcx: TyCtxt<'_>,
seg: &hir::PathSegment<'_>,
generics: &ty::Generics,
) -> bool {
let explicit = !seg.infer_args;
let impl_trait = generics.params.iter().any(|param| match param.kind {
ty::GenericParamDefKind::Type {
synthetic: Some(hir::SyntheticTyParamKind::ImplTrait),
..
} => true,
_ => false,
});
if explicit && impl_trait {
let spans = seg
.generic_args()
.args
.iter()
.filter_map(|arg| match arg {
GenericArg::Type(_) => Some(arg.span()),
_ => None,
})
.collect::<Vec<_>>();
let mut err = struct_span_err! {
tcx.sess,
spans.clone(),
E0632,
"cannot provide explicit generic arguments when `impl Trait` is \
used in argument position"
};
for span in spans {
err.span_label(span, "explicit generic argument not allowed");
}
err.emit();
}
impl_trait
}
/// Checks that the correct number of generic arguments have been provided.
/// Used specifically for function calls.
pub fn check_generic_arg_count_for_call(
tcx: TyCtxt<'_>,
span: Span,
def: &ty::Generics,
seg: &hir::PathSegment<'_>,
is_method_call: bool,
) -> GenericArgCountResult {
let empty_args = hir::GenericArgs::none();
let suppress_mismatch = Self::check_impl_trait(tcx, seg, &def);
Self::check_generic_arg_count(
tcx,
span,
def,
if let Some(ref args) = seg.args { args } else { &empty_args },
if is_method_call { GenericArgPosition::MethodCall } else { GenericArgPosition::Value },
def.parent.is_none() && def.has_self, // `has_self`
seg.infer_args || suppress_mismatch, // `infer_args`
)
}
/// Checks that the correct number of generic arguments have been provided.
/// This is used both for datatypes and function calls.
fn check_generic_arg_count(
tcx: TyCtxt<'_>,
span: Span,
def: &ty::Generics,
args: &hir::GenericArgs<'_>,
position: GenericArgPosition,
has_self: bool,
infer_args: bool,
) -> GenericArgCountResult {
// At this stage we are guaranteed that the generic arguments are in the correct order, e.g.
// that lifetimes will proceed types. So it suffices to check the number of each generic
// arguments in order to validate them with respect to the generic parameters.
let param_counts = def.own_counts();
let arg_counts = args.own_counts();
let infer_lifetimes = position != GenericArgPosition::Type && arg_counts.lifetimes == 0;
let mut defaults: ty::GenericParamCount = Default::default();
for param in &def.params {
match param.kind {
GenericParamDefKind::Lifetime => {}
GenericParamDefKind::Type { has_default, .. } => {
defaults.types += has_default as usize
}
GenericParamDefKind::Const => {
// FIXME(const_generics:defaults)
}
};
}
if position != GenericArgPosition::Type && !args.bindings.is_empty() {
AstConv::prohibit_assoc_ty_binding(tcx, args.bindings[0].span);
}
let explicit_late_bound =
Self::prohibit_explicit_late_bound_lifetimes(tcx, def, args, position);
let check_kind_count = |kind,
required,
permitted,
provided,
offset,
unexpected_spans: &mut Vec<Span>,
silent| {
debug!(
"check_kind_count: kind: {} required: {} permitted: {} provided: {} offset: {}",
kind, required, permitted, provided, offset
);
// We enforce the following: `required` <= `provided` <= `permitted`.
// For kinds without defaults (e.g.., lifetimes), `required == permitted`.
// For other kinds (i.e., types), `permitted` may be greater than `required`.
if required <= provided && provided <= permitted {
return Ok(());
}
if silent {
return Err(true);
}
// Unfortunately lifetime and type parameter mismatches are typically styled
// differently in diagnostics, which means we have a few cases to consider here.
let (bound, quantifier) = if required != permitted {
if provided < required {
(required, "at least ")
} else {
// provided > permitted
(permitted, "at most ")
}
} else {
(required, "")
};
let (spans, label) = if required == permitted && provided > permitted {
// In the case when the user has provided too many arguments,
// we want to point to the unexpected arguments.
let spans: Vec<Span> = args.args[offset + permitted..offset + provided]
.iter()
.map(|arg| arg.span())
.collect();
unexpected_spans.extend(spans.clone());
(spans, format!("unexpected {} argument", kind))
} else {
(
vec![span],
format!(
"expected {}{} {} argument{}",
quantifier,
bound,
kind,
pluralize!(bound),
),
)
};
let mut err = tcx.sess.struct_span_err_with_code(
spans.clone(),
&format!(
"wrong number of {} arguments: expected {}{}, found {}",
kind, quantifier, bound, provided,
),
DiagnosticId::Error("E0107".into()),
);
for span in spans {
err.span_label(span, label.as_str());
}
err.emit();
Err(true)
};
let mut arg_count_correct = Ok(());
let mut unexpected_spans = vec![];
if !infer_lifetimes || arg_counts.lifetimes > param_counts.lifetimes {
arg_count_correct = check_kind_count(
"lifetime",
param_counts.lifetimes,
param_counts.lifetimes,
arg_counts.lifetimes,
0,
&mut unexpected_spans,
explicit_late_bound == ExplicitLateBound::Yes,
)
.and(arg_count_correct);
}
// FIXME(const_generics:defaults)
if !infer_args || arg_counts.consts > param_counts.consts {
arg_count_correct = check_kind_count(
"const",
param_counts.consts,
param_counts.consts,
arg_counts.consts,
arg_counts.lifetimes + arg_counts.types,
&mut unexpected_spans,
false,
)
.and(arg_count_correct);
}
// Note that type errors are currently be emitted *after* const errors.
if !infer_args || arg_counts.types > param_counts.types - defaults.types - has_self as usize
{
arg_count_correct = check_kind_count(
"type",
param_counts.types - defaults.types - has_self as usize,
param_counts.types - has_self as usize,
arg_counts.types,
arg_counts.lifetimes,
&mut unexpected_spans,
false,
)
.and(arg_count_correct);
}
GenericArgCountResult {
explicit_late_bound,
correct: arg_count_correct.map_err(|reported_err| GenericArgCountMismatch {
reported: if reported_err { Some(ErrorReported) } else { None },
invalid_args: unexpected_spans,
}),
}
}
/// Report an error that a generic argument did not match the generic parameter that was
/// expected.
fn generic_arg_mismatch_err(
sess: &Session,
arg: &GenericArg<'_>,
kind: &'static str,
help: Option<&str>,
) {
let mut err = struct_span_err!(
sess,
arg.span(),
E0747,
"{} provided when a {} was expected",
arg.descr(),
kind,
);
let kind_ord = match kind {
"lifetime" => ParamKindOrd::Lifetime,
"type" => ParamKindOrd::Type,
"constant" => ParamKindOrd::Const,
// It's more concise to match on the string representation, though it means
// the match is non-exhaustive.
_ => bug!("invalid generic parameter kind {}", kind),
};
let arg_ord = match arg {
GenericArg::Lifetime(_) => ParamKindOrd::Lifetime,
GenericArg::Type(_) => ParamKindOrd::Type,
GenericArg::Const(_) => ParamKindOrd::Const,
};
// This note will be true as long as generic parameters are strictly ordered by their kind.
let (first, last) =
if kind_ord < arg_ord { (kind, arg.descr()) } else { (arg.descr(), kind) };
err.note(&format!("{} arguments must be provided before {} arguments", first, last));
if let Some(help) = help {
err.help(help);
}
err.emit();
}
/// Creates the relevant generic argument substitutions
/// corresponding to a set of generic parameters. This is a
/// rather complex function. Let us try to explain the role
/// of each of its parameters:
///
/// To start, we are given the `def_id` of the thing we are
/// creating the substitutions for, and a partial set of
/// substitutions `parent_substs`. In general, the substitutions
/// for an item begin with substitutions for all the "parents" of
/// that item -- e.g., for a method it might include the
/// parameters from the impl.
///
/// Therefore, the method begins by walking down these parents,
/// starting with the outermost parent and proceed inwards until
/// it reaches `def_id`. For each parent `P`, it will check `parent_substs`
/// first to see if the parent's substitutions are listed in there. If so,
/// we can append those and move on. Otherwise, it invokes the
/// three callback functions:
///
/// - `args_for_def_id`: given the `DefId` `P`, supplies back the
/// generic arguments that were given to that parent from within
/// the path; so e.g., if you have `<T as Foo>::Bar`, the `DefId`
/// might refer to the trait `Foo`, and the arguments might be
/// `[T]`. The boolean value indicates whether to infer values
/// for arguments whose values were not explicitly provided.
/// - `provided_kind`: given the generic parameter and the value from `args_for_def_id`,
/// instantiate a `GenericArg`.
/// - `inferred_kind`: if no parameter was provided, and inference is enabled, then
/// creates a suitable inference variable.
pub fn create_substs_for_generic_args<'b>(
tcx: TyCtxt<'tcx>,
def_id: DefId,
parent_substs: &[subst::GenericArg<'tcx>],
has_self: bool,
self_ty: Option<Ty<'tcx>>,
arg_count: GenericArgCountResult,
args_for_def_id: impl Fn(DefId) -> (Option<&'b GenericArgs<'b>>, bool),
mut provided_kind: impl FnMut(&GenericParamDef, &GenericArg<'_>) -> subst::GenericArg<'tcx>,
mut inferred_kind: impl FnMut(
Option<&[subst::GenericArg<'tcx>]>,
&GenericParamDef,
bool,
) -> subst::GenericArg<'tcx>,
) -> SubstsRef<'tcx> {
// Collect the segments of the path; we need to substitute arguments
// for parameters throughout the entire path (wherever there are
// generic parameters).
let mut parent_defs = tcx.generics_of(def_id);
let count = parent_defs.count();
let mut stack = vec![(def_id, parent_defs)];
while let Some(def_id) = parent_defs.parent {
parent_defs = tcx.generics_of(def_id);
stack.push((def_id, parent_defs));
}
// We manually build up the substitution, rather than using convenience
// methods in `subst.rs`, so that we can iterate over the arguments and
// parameters in lock-step linearly, instead of trying to match each pair.
let mut substs: SmallVec<[subst::GenericArg<'tcx>; 8]> = SmallVec::with_capacity(count);
// Iterate over each segment of the path.
while let Some((def_id, defs)) = stack.pop() {
let mut params = defs.params.iter().peekable();
// If we have already computed substitutions for parents, we can use those directly.
while let Some(&param) = params.peek() {
if let Some(&kind) = parent_substs.get(param.index as usize) {
substs.push(kind);
params.next();
} else {
break;
}
}
// `Self` is handled first, unless it's been handled in `parent_substs`.
if has_self {
if let Some(&param) = params.peek() {
if param.index == 0 {
if let GenericParamDefKind::Type { .. } = param.kind {
substs.push(
self_ty
.map(|ty| ty.into())
.unwrap_or_else(|| inferred_kind(None, param, true)),
);
params.next();
}
}
}
}
// Check whether this segment takes generic arguments and the user has provided any.
let (generic_args, infer_args) = args_for_def_id(def_id);
let mut args =
generic_args.iter().flat_map(|generic_args| generic_args.args.iter()).peekable();
// If we encounter a type or const when we expect a lifetime, we infer the lifetimes.
// If we later encounter a lifetime, we know that the arguments were provided in the
// wrong order. `force_infer_lt` records the type or const that forced lifetimes to be
// inferred, so we can use it for diagnostics later.
let mut force_infer_lt = None;
loop {
// We're going to iterate through the generic arguments that the user
// provided, matching them with the generic parameters we expect.
// Mismatches can occur as a result of elided lifetimes, or for malformed
// input. We try to handle both sensibly.
match (args.peek(), params.peek()) {
(Some(&arg), Some(&param)) => {
match (arg, &param.kind, arg_count.explicit_late_bound) {
(GenericArg::Lifetime(_), GenericParamDefKind::Lifetime, _)
| (GenericArg::Type(_), GenericParamDefKind::Type { .. }, _)
| (GenericArg::Const(_), GenericParamDefKind::Const, _) => {
substs.push(provided_kind(param, arg));
args.next();
params.next();
}
(
GenericArg::Type(_) | GenericArg::Const(_),
GenericParamDefKind::Lifetime,
_,
) => {
// We expected a lifetime argument, but got a type or const
// argument. That means we're inferring the lifetimes.
substs.push(inferred_kind(None, param, infer_args));
force_infer_lt = Some(arg);
params.next();
}
(GenericArg::Lifetime(_), _, ExplicitLateBound::Yes) => {
// We've come across a lifetime when we expected something else in
// the presence of explicit late bounds. This is most likely
// due to the presence of the explicit bound so we're just going to
// ignore it.
args.next();
}
(_, kind, _) => {
// We expected one kind of parameter, but the user provided
// another. This is an error. However, if we already know that
// the arguments don't match up with the parameters, we won't issue
// an additional error, as the user already knows what's wrong.
if arg_count.correct.is_ok()
&& arg_count.explicit_late_bound == ExplicitLateBound::No
{
// We're going to iterate over the parameters to sort them out, and
// show that order to the user as a possible order for the parameters
let mut param_types_present = defs
.params
.clone()
.into_iter()
.map(|param| {
(
match param.kind {
GenericParamDefKind::Lifetime => {
ParamKindOrd::Lifetime
}
GenericParamDefKind::Type { .. } => {
ParamKindOrd::Type
}
GenericParamDefKind::Const => {
ParamKindOrd::Const
}
},
param,
)
})
.collect::<Vec<(ParamKindOrd, GenericParamDef)>>();
param_types_present.sort_by_key(|(ord, _)| *ord);
let (mut param_types_present, ordered_params): (
Vec<ParamKindOrd>,
Vec<GenericParamDef>,
) = param_types_present.into_iter().unzip();
param_types_present.dedup();
Self::generic_arg_mismatch_err(
tcx.sess,
arg,
kind.descr(),
Some(&format!(
"reorder the arguments: {}: `<{}>`",
param_types_present
.into_iter()
.map(|ord| format!("{}s", ord.to_string()))
.collect::<Vec<String>>()
.join(", then "),
ordered_params
.into_iter()
.filter_map(|param| {
if param.name == kw::SelfUpper {
None
} else {
Some(param.name.to_string())
}
})
.collect::<Vec<String>>()
.join(", ")
)),
);
}
// We've reported the error, but we want to make sure that this
// problem doesn't bubble down and create additional, irrelevant
// errors. In this case, we're simply going to ignore the argument
// and any following arguments. The rest of the parameters will be
// inferred.
while args.next().is_some() {}
}
}
}
(Some(&arg), None) => {
// We should never be able to reach this point with well-formed input.
// There are three situations in which we can encounter this issue.
//
// 1. The number of arguments is incorrect. In this case, an error
// will already have been emitted, and we can ignore it.
// 2. There are late-bound lifetime parameters present, yet the
// lifetime arguments have also been explicitly specified by the
// user.
// 3. We've inferred some lifetimes, which have been provided later (i.e.
// after a type or const). We want to throw an error in this case.
if arg_count.correct.is_ok()
&& arg_count.explicit_late_bound == ExplicitLateBound::No
{
let kind = arg.descr();
assert_eq!(kind, "lifetime");
let provided =
force_infer_lt.expect("lifetimes ought to have been inferred");
Self::generic_arg_mismatch_err(tcx.sess, provided, kind, None);
}
break;
}
(None, Some(&param)) => {
// If there are fewer arguments than parameters, it means
// we're inferring the remaining arguments.
substs.push(inferred_kind(Some(&substs), param, infer_args));
params.next();
}
(None, None) => break,
}
}
}
tcx.intern_substs(&substs)
}
/// Given the type/lifetime/const arguments provided to some path (along with
/// an implicit `Self`, if this is a trait reference), returns the complete
/// set of substitutions. This may involve applying defaulted type parameters.
/// Also returns back constraints on associated types.
///
/// Example:
///
/// ```
/// T: std::ops::Index<usize, Output = u32>
/// ^1 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^2 ^^^^3 ^^^^^^^^^^^4
/// ```
///
/// 1. The `self_ty` here would refer to the type `T`.
/// 2. The path in question is the path to the trait `std::ops::Index`,
/// which will have been resolved to a `def_id`
/// 3. The `generic_args` contains info on the `<...>` contents. The `usize` type
/// parameters are returned in the `SubstsRef`, the associated type bindings like
/// `Output = u32` are returned in the `Vec<ConvertedBinding...>` result.
///
/// Note that the type listing given here is *exactly* what the user provided.
///
/// For (generic) associated types
///
/// ```
/// <Vec<u8> as Iterable<u8>>::Iter::<'a>
/// ```
///
/// We have the parent substs are the substs for the parent trait:
/// `[Vec<u8>, u8]` and `generic_args` are the arguments for the associated
/// type itself: `['a]`. The returned `SubstsRef` concatenates these two
/// lists: `[Vec<u8>, u8, 'a]`.
fn create_substs_for_ast_path<'a>(
&self,
span: Span,
def_id: DefId,
parent_substs: &[subst::GenericArg<'tcx>],
generic_args: &'a hir::GenericArgs<'_>,
infer_args: bool,
self_ty: Option<Ty<'tcx>>,
) -> (SubstsRef<'tcx>, Vec<ConvertedBinding<'a, 'tcx>>, GenericArgCountResult) {
// If the type is parameterized by this region, then replace this
// region with the current anon region binding (in other words,
// whatever & would get replaced with).
debug!(
"create_substs_for_ast_path(def_id={:?}, self_ty={:?}, \
generic_args={:?})",
def_id, self_ty, generic_args
);
let tcx = self.tcx();
let generic_params = tcx.generics_of(def_id);
if generic_params.has_self {
if generic_params.parent.is_some() {
// The parent is a trait so it should have at least one subst
// for the `Self` type.
assert!(!parent_substs.is_empty())
} else {
// This item (presumably a trait) needs a self-type.
assert!(self_ty.is_some());
}
} else {
assert!(self_ty.is_none() && parent_substs.is_empty());
}
let arg_count = Self::check_generic_arg_count(
tcx,
span,
&generic_params,
&generic_args,
GenericArgPosition::Type,
self_ty.is_some(),
infer_args,
);
let is_object = self_ty.map_or(false, |ty| ty == self.tcx().types.trait_object_dummy_self);
let default_needs_object_self = |param: &ty::GenericParamDef| {
if let GenericParamDefKind::Type { has_default, .. } = param.kind {
if is_object && has_default {
let default_ty = tcx.at(span).type_of(param.def_id);
let self_param = tcx.types.self_param;
if default_ty.walk().any(|arg| arg == self_param.into()) {
// There is no suitable inference default for a type parameter
// that references self, in an object type.
return true;
}
}
}
false
};
let mut missing_type_params = vec![];
let mut inferred_params = vec![];
let substs = Self::create_substs_for_generic_args(
tcx,
def_id,
parent_substs,
self_ty.is_some(),
self_ty,
arg_count.clone(),
// Provide the generic args, and whether types should be inferred.
|did| {
if did == def_id {
(Some(generic_args), infer_args)
} else {
// The last component of this tuple is unimportant.
(None, false)
}
},
// Provide substitutions for parameters for which (valid) arguments have been provided.
|param, arg| match (&param.kind, arg) {
(GenericParamDefKind::Lifetime, GenericArg::Lifetime(lt)) => {
self.ast_region_to_region(&lt, Some(param)).into()
}
(GenericParamDefKind::Type { .. }, GenericArg::Type(ty)) => {
if let (hir::TyKind::Infer, false) = (&ty.kind, self.allow_ty_infer()) {
inferred_params.push(ty.span);
tcx.ty_error().into()
} else {
self.ast_ty_to_ty(&ty).into()
}
}
(GenericParamDefKind::Const, GenericArg::Const(ct)) => {
let ct_def_id = tcx.hir().local_def_id(ct.value.hir_id);
ty::Const::from_anon_const(tcx, ct_def_id).into()
}
_ => unreachable!(),
},
// Provide substitutions for parameters for which arguments are inferred.
|substs, param, infer_args| {
match param.kind {
GenericParamDefKind::Lifetime => tcx.lifetimes.re_static.into(),
GenericParamDefKind::Type { has_default, .. } => {
if !infer_args && has_default {
// No type parameter provided, but a default exists.
// If we are converting an object type, then the
// `Self` parameter is unknown. However, some of the
// other type parameters may reference `Self` in their
// defaults. This will lead to an ICE if we are not
// careful!
if default_needs_object_self(param) {
missing_type_params.push(param.name.to_string());
tcx.ty_error().into()
} else {
// This is a default type parameter.
self.normalize_ty(
span,
tcx.at(span).type_of(param.def_id).subst_spanned(
tcx,
substs.unwrap(),
Some(span),
),
)
.into()
}
} else if infer_args {
// No type parameters were provided, we can infer all.
let param =
if !default_needs_object_self(param) { Some(param) } else { None };
self.ty_infer(param, span).into()
} else {
// We've already errored above about the mismatch.
tcx.ty_error().into()
}
}
GenericParamDefKind::Const => {
let ty = tcx.at(span).type_of(param.def_id);
// FIXME(const_generics:defaults)
if infer_args {
// No const parameters were provided, we can infer all.
self.ct_infer(ty, Some(param), span).into()
} else {
// We've already errored above about the mismatch.
tcx.const_error(ty).into()
}
}
}
},
);
self.complain_about_missing_type_params(
missing_type_params,
def_id,
span,
generic_args.args.is_empty(),
);
// Convert associated-type bindings or constraints into a separate vector.
// Example: Given this:
//
// T: Iterator<Item = u32>
//
// The `T` is passed in as a self-type; the `Item = u32` is
// not a "type parameter" of the `Iterator` trait, but rather
// a restriction on `<T as Iterator>::Item`, so it is passed
// back separately.
let assoc_bindings = generic_args
.bindings
.iter()
.map(|binding| {
let kind = match binding.kind {
hir::TypeBindingKind::Equality { ref ty } => {
ConvertedBindingKind::Equality(self.ast_ty_to_ty(ty))
}
hir::TypeBindingKind::Constraint { ref bounds } => {
ConvertedBindingKind::Constraint(bounds)
}
};
ConvertedBinding { item_name: binding.ident, kind, span: binding.span }
})
.collect();
debug!(
"create_substs_for_ast_path(generic_params={:?}, self_ty={:?}) -> {:?}",
generic_params, self_ty, substs
);
(substs, assoc_bindings, arg_count)
}
crate fn create_substs_for_associated_item(
&self,
tcx: TyCtxt<'tcx>,
span: Span,
item_def_id: DefId,
item_segment: &hir::PathSegment<'_>,
parent_substs: SubstsRef<'tcx>,
) -> SubstsRef<'tcx> {
if tcx.generics_of(item_def_id).params.is_empty() {
self.prohibit_generics(slice::from_ref(item_segment));
parent_substs
} else {
self.create_substs_for_ast_path(
span,
item_def_id,
parent_substs,
item_segment.generic_args(),
item_segment.infer_args,
None,
)
.0
}
}
/// On missing type parameters, emit an E0393 error and provide a structured suggestion using
/// the type parameter's name as a placeholder.
fn complain_about_missing_type_params(
&self,
missing_type_params: Vec<String>,
def_id: DefId,
span: Span,
empty_generic_args: bool,
) {
if missing_type_params.is_empty() {
return;
}
let display =
missing_type_params.iter().map(|n| format!("`{}`", n)).collect::<Vec<_>>().join(", ");
let mut err = struct_span_err!(
self.tcx().sess,
span,
E0393,
"the type parameter{} {} must be explicitly specified",
pluralize!(missing_type_params.len()),
display,
);
err.span_label(
self.tcx().def_span(def_id),
&format!(
"type parameter{} {} must be specified for this",
pluralize!(missing_type_params.len()),
display,
),
);
let mut suggested = false;
if let (Ok(snippet), true) = (
self.tcx().sess.source_map().span_to_snippet(span),
// Don't suggest setting the type params if there are some already: the order is
// tricky to get right and the user will already know what the syntax is.
empty_generic_args,
) {
if snippet.ends_with('>') {
// The user wrote `Trait<'a, T>` or similar. To provide an accurate suggestion
// we would have to preserve the right order. For now, as clearly the user is
// aware of the syntax, we do nothing.
} else {
// The user wrote `Iterator`, so we don't have a type we can suggest, but at
// least we can clue them to the correct syntax `Iterator<Type>`.
err.span_suggestion(
span,
&format!(
"set the type parameter{plural} to the desired type{plural}",
plural = pluralize!(missing_type_params.len()),
),
format!("{}<{}>", snippet, missing_type_params.join(", ")),
Applicability::HasPlaceholders,
);
suggested = true;
}
}
if !suggested {
err.span_label(
span,
format!(
"missing reference{} to {}",
pluralize!(missing_type_params.len()),
display,
),
);
}
err.note(
"because of the default `Self` reference, type parameters must be \
specified on object types",
);
err.emit();
}
/// Instantiates the path for the given trait reference, assuming that it's
/// bound to a valid trait type. Returns the `DefId` of the defining trait.
/// The type _cannot_ be a type other than a trait type.
///
/// If the `projections` argument is `None`, then assoc type bindings like `Foo<T = X>`
/// are disallowed. Otherwise, they are pushed onto the vector given.
pub fn instantiate_mono_trait_ref(
&self,
trait_ref: &hir::TraitRef<'_>,
self_ty: Ty<'tcx>,
) -> ty::TraitRef<'tcx> {
self.prohibit_generics(trait_ref.path.segments.split_last().unwrap().1);
self.ast_path_to_mono_trait_ref(
trait_ref.path.span,
trait_ref.trait_def_id().unwrap_or_else(|| FatalError.raise()),
self_ty,
trait_ref.path.segments.last().unwrap(),
)
}
/// The given trait-ref must actually be a trait.
pub(super) fn instantiate_poly_trait_ref_inner(
&self,
trait_ref: &hir::TraitRef<'_>,
span: Span,
constness: Constness,
self_ty: Ty<'tcx>,
bounds: &mut Bounds<'tcx>,
speculative: bool,
) -> GenericArgCountResult {
let trait_def_id = trait_ref.trait_def_id().unwrap_or_else(|| FatalError.raise());
debug!("instantiate_poly_trait_ref({:?}, def_id={:?})", trait_ref, trait_def_id);
self.prohibit_generics(trait_ref.path.segments.split_last().unwrap().1);
let (substs, assoc_bindings, arg_count) = self.create_substs_for_ast_trait_ref(
trait_ref.path.span,
trait_def_id,
self_ty,
trait_ref.path.segments.last().unwrap(),
);
let poly_trait_ref = ty::Binder::bind(ty::TraitRef::new(trait_def_id, substs));
bounds.trait_bounds.push((poly_trait_ref, span, constness));
let mut dup_bindings = FxHashMap::default();
for binding in &assoc_bindings {
// Specify type to assert that error was already reported in `Err` case.
let _: Result<_, ErrorReported> = self.add_predicates_for_ast_type_binding(
trait_ref.hir_ref_id,
poly_trait_ref,
binding,
bounds,
speculative,
&mut dup_bindings,
binding.span,
);
// Okay to ignore `Err` because of `ErrorReported` (see above).
}
debug!(
"instantiate_poly_trait_ref({:?}, bounds={:?}) -> {:?}",
trait_ref, bounds, poly_trait_ref
);
arg_count
}
/// Given a trait bound like `Debug`, applies that trait bound the given self-type to construct
/// a full trait reference. The resulting trait reference is returned. This may also generate
/// auxiliary bounds, which are added to `bounds`.
///
/// Example:
///
/// ```
/// poly_trait_ref = Iterator<Item = u32>
/// self_ty = Foo
/// ```
///
/// this would return `Foo: Iterator` and add `<Foo as Iterator>::Item = u32` into `bounds`.
///
/// **A note on binders:** against our usual convention, there is an implied bounder around
/// the `self_ty` and `poly_trait_ref` parameters here. So they may reference bound regions.
/// If for example you had `for<'a> Foo<'a>: Bar<'a>`, then the `self_ty` would be `Foo<'a>`
/// where `'a` is a bound region at depth 0. Similarly, the `poly_trait_ref` would be
/// `Bar<'a>`. The returned poly-trait-ref will have this binder instantiated explicitly,
/// however.
pub fn instantiate_poly_trait_ref(
&self,
poly_trait_ref: &hir::PolyTraitRef<'_>,
constness: Constness,
self_ty: Ty<'tcx>,
bounds: &mut Bounds<'tcx>,
) -> GenericArgCountResult {
self.instantiate_poly_trait_ref_inner(
&poly_trait_ref.trait_ref,
poly_trait_ref.span,
constness,
self_ty,
bounds,
false,
)
}
fn ast_path_to_mono_trait_ref(
&self,
span: Span,
trait_def_id: DefId,
self_ty: Ty<'tcx>,
trait_segment: &hir::PathSegment<'_>,
) -> ty::TraitRef<'tcx> {
let (substs, assoc_bindings, _) =
self.create_substs_for_ast_trait_ref(span, trait_def_id, self_ty, trait_segment);
if let Some(b) = assoc_bindings.first() {
AstConv::prohibit_assoc_ty_binding(self.tcx(), b.span);
}
ty::TraitRef::new(trait_def_id, substs)
}
/// When the code is using the `Fn` traits directly, instead of the `Fn(A) -> B` syntax, emit
/// an error and attempt to build a reasonable structured suggestion.
fn complain_about_internal_fn_trait(
&self,
span: Span,
trait_def_id: DefId,
trait_segment: &'a hir::PathSegment<'a>,
) {
let trait_def = self.tcx().trait_def(trait_def_id);
if !self.tcx().features().unboxed_closures
&& trait_segment.generic_args().parenthesized != trait_def.paren_sugar
{
let sess = &self.tcx().sess.parse_sess;
// For now, require that parenthetical notation be used only with `Fn()` etc.
let (msg, sugg) = if trait_def.paren_sugar {
(
"the precise format of `Fn`-family traits' type parameters is subject to \
change",
Some(format!(
"{}{} -> {}",
trait_segment.ident,
trait_segment
.args
.as_ref()
.and_then(|args| args.args.get(0))
.and_then(|arg| match arg {
hir::GenericArg::Type(ty) => match ty.kind {
hir::TyKind::Tup(t) => t
.iter()
.map(|e| sess.source_map().span_to_snippet(e.span))
.collect::<Result<Vec<_>, _>>()
.map(|a| a.join(", ")),
_ => sess.source_map().span_to_snippet(ty.span),
}
.map(|s| format!("({})", s))
.ok(),
_ => None,
})
.unwrap_or_else(|| "()".to_string()),
trait_segment
.generic_args()
.bindings
.iter()
.find_map(|b| match (b.ident.as_str() == "Output", &b.kind) {
(true, hir::TypeBindingKind::Equality { ty }) => {
sess.source_map().span_to_snippet(ty.span).ok()
}
_ => None,
})
.unwrap_or_else(|| "()".to_string()),
)),
)
} else {
("parenthetical notation is only stable when used with `Fn`-family traits", None)
};
let mut err = feature_err(sess, sym::unboxed_closures, span, msg);
if let Some(sugg) = sugg {
let msg = "use parenthetical notation instead";
err.span_suggestion(span, msg, sugg, Applicability::MaybeIncorrect);
}
err.emit();
}
}
fn create_substs_for_ast_trait_ref<'a>(
&self,
span: Span,
trait_def_id: DefId,
self_ty: Ty<'tcx>,
trait_segment: &'a hir::PathSegment<'a>,
) -> (SubstsRef<'tcx>, Vec<ConvertedBinding<'a, 'tcx>>, GenericArgCountResult) {
debug!("create_substs_for_ast_trait_ref(trait_segment={:?})", trait_segment);
self.complain_about_internal_fn_trait(span, trait_def_id, trait_segment);
self.create_substs_for_ast_path(
span,
trait_def_id,
&[],
trait_segment.generic_args(),
trait_segment.infer_args,
Some(self_ty),
)
}
fn trait_defines_associated_type_named(&self, trait_def_id: DefId, assoc_name: Ident) -> bool {
self.tcx()
.associated_items(trait_def_id)
.find_by_name_and_kind(self.tcx(), assoc_name, ty::AssocKind::Type, trait_def_id)
.is_some()
}
// Returns `true` if a bounds list includes `?Sized`.
pub fn is_unsized(&self, ast_bounds: &[hir::GenericBound<'_>], span: Span) -> bool {
let tcx = self.tcx();
// Try to find an unbound in bounds.
let mut unbound = None;
for ab in ast_bounds {
if let &hir::GenericBound::Trait(ref ptr, hir::TraitBoundModifier::Maybe) = ab {
if unbound.is_none() {
unbound = Some(&ptr.trait_ref);
} else {
struct_span_err!(
tcx.sess,
span,
E0203,
"type parameter has more than one relaxed default \
bound, only one is supported"
)
.emit();
}
}
}
let kind_id = tcx.lang_items().require(SizedTraitLangItem);
match unbound {
Some(tpb) => {
// FIXME(#8559) currently requires the unbound to be built-in.
if let Ok(kind_id) = kind_id {
if tpb.path.res != Res::Def(DefKind::Trait, kind_id) {
tcx.sess.span_warn(
span,
"default bound relaxed for a type parameter, but \
this does nothing because the given bound is not \
a default; only `?Sized` is supported",
);
}
}
}
_ if kind_id.is_ok() => {
return false;
}
// No lang item for `Sized`, so we can't add it as a bound.
None => {}
}
true
}
/// This helper takes a *converted* parameter type (`param_ty`)
/// and an *unconverted* list of bounds:
///
/// ```text
/// fn foo<T: Debug>
/// ^ ^^^^^ `ast_bounds` parameter, in HIR form
/// |
/// `param_ty`, in ty form
/// ```
///
/// It adds these `ast_bounds` into the `bounds` structure.
///
/// **A note on binders:** there is an implied binder around
/// `param_ty` and `ast_bounds`. See `instantiate_poly_trait_ref`
/// for more details.
fn add_bounds(
&self,
param_ty: Ty<'tcx>,
ast_bounds: &[hir::GenericBound<'_>],
bounds: &mut Bounds<'tcx>,
) {
let mut trait_bounds = Vec::new();
let mut region_bounds = Vec::new();
let constness = self.default_constness_for_trait_bounds();
for ast_bound in ast_bounds {
match *ast_bound {
hir::GenericBound::Trait(ref b, hir::TraitBoundModifier::None) => {
trait_bounds.push((b, constness))
}
hir::GenericBound::Trait(ref b, hir::TraitBoundModifier::MaybeConst) => {
trait_bounds.push((b, Constness::NotConst))
}
hir::GenericBound::Trait(_, hir::TraitBoundModifier::Maybe) => {}
hir::GenericBound::Outlives(ref l) => region_bounds.push(l),
}
}
for (bound, constness) in trait_bounds {
let _ = self.instantiate_poly_trait_ref(bound, constness, param_ty, bounds);
}
bounds.region_bounds.extend(
region_bounds.into_iter().map(|r| (self.ast_region_to_region(r, None), r.span)),
);
}
/// Translates a list of bounds from the HIR into the `Bounds` data structure.
/// The self-type for the bounds is given by `param_ty`.
///
/// Example:
///
/// ```
/// fn foo<T: Bar + Baz>() { }
/// ^ ^^^^^^^^^ ast_bounds
/// param_ty
/// ```
///
/// The `sized_by_default` parameter indicates if, in this context, the `param_ty` should be
/// considered `Sized` unless there is an explicit `?Sized` bound. This would be true in the
/// example above, but is not true in supertrait listings like `trait Foo: Bar + Baz`.
///
/// `span` should be the declaration size of the parameter.
pub fn compute_bounds(
&self,
param_ty: Ty<'tcx>,
ast_bounds: &[hir::GenericBound<'_>],
sized_by_default: SizedByDefault,
span: Span,
) -> Bounds<'tcx> {
let mut bounds = Bounds::default();
self.add_bounds(param_ty, ast_bounds, &mut bounds);
bounds.trait_bounds.sort_by_key(|(t, _, _)| t.def_id());
bounds.implicitly_sized = if let SizedByDefault::Yes = sized_by_default {
if !self.is_unsized(ast_bounds, span) { Some(span) } else { None }
} else {
None
};
bounds
}
/// Given an HIR binding like `Item = Foo` or `Item: Foo`, pushes the corresponding predicates
/// onto `bounds`.
///
/// **A note on binders:** given something like `T: for<'a> Iterator<Item = &'a u32>`, the
/// `trait_ref` here will be `for<'a> T: Iterator`. The `binding` data however is from *inside*
/// the binder (e.g., `&'a u32`) and hence may reference bound regions.
fn add_predicates_for_ast_type_binding(
&self,
hir_ref_id: hir::HirId,
trait_ref: ty::PolyTraitRef<'tcx>,
binding: &ConvertedBinding<'_, 'tcx>,
bounds: &mut Bounds<'tcx>,
speculative: bool,
dup_bindings: &mut FxHashMap<DefId, Span>,
path_span: Span,
) -> Result<(), ErrorReported> {
let tcx = self.tcx();
if !speculative {
// Given something like `U: SomeTrait<T = X>`, we want to produce a
// predicate like `<U as SomeTrait>::T = X`. This is somewhat
// subtle in the event that `T` is defined in a supertrait of
// `SomeTrait`, because in that case we need to upcast.
//
// That is, consider this case:
//
// ```
// trait SubTrait: SuperTrait<i32> { }
// trait SuperTrait<A> { type T; }
//
// ... B: SubTrait<T = foo> ...
// ```
//
// We want to produce `<B as SuperTrait<i32>>::T == foo`.
// Find any late-bound regions declared in `ty` that are not
// declared in the trait-ref. These are not well-formed.
//
// Example:
//
// for<'a> <T as Iterator>::Item = &'a str // <-- 'a is bad
// for<'a> <T as FnMut<(&'a u32,)>>::Output = &'a str // <-- 'a is ok
if let ConvertedBindingKind::Equality(ty) = binding.kind {
let late_bound_in_trait_ref =
tcx.collect_constrained_late_bound_regions(&trait_ref);
let late_bound_in_ty =
tcx.collect_referenced_late_bound_regions(&ty::Binder::bind(ty));
debug!("late_bound_in_trait_ref = {:?}", late_bound_in_trait_ref);
debug!("late_bound_in_ty = {:?}", late_bound_in_ty);
for br in late_bound_in_ty.difference(&late_bound_in_trait_ref) {
let br_name = match *br {
ty::BrNamed(_, name) => name,
_ => {
span_bug!(
binding.span,
"anonymous bound region {:?} in binding but not trait ref",
br
);
}
};
// FIXME: point at the type params that don't have appropriate lifetimes:
// struct S1<F: for<'a> Fn(&i32, &i32) -> &'a i32>(F);
// ---- ---- ^^^^^^^
struct_span_err!(
tcx.sess,
binding.span,
E0582,
"binding for associated type `{}` references lifetime `{}`, \
which does not appear in the trait input types",
binding.item_name,
br_name
)
.emit();
}
}
}
let candidate =
if self.trait_defines_associated_type_named(trait_ref.def_id(), binding.item_name) {
// Simple case: X is defined in the current trait.
trait_ref
} else {
// Otherwise, we have to walk through the supertraits to find
// those that do.
self.one_bound_for_assoc_type(
|| traits::supertraits(tcx, trait_ref),
|| trait_ref.print_only_trait_path().to_string(),
binding.item_name,
path_span,
|| match binding.kind {
ConvertedBindingKind::Equality(ty) => Some(ty.to_string()),
_ => None,
},
)?
};
let (assoc_ident, def_scope) =
tcx.adjust_ident_and_get_scope(binding.item_name, candidate.def_id(), hir_ref_id);
// We have already adjusted the item name above, so compare with `ident.normalize_to_macros_2_0()` instead
// of calling `filter_by_name_and_kind`.
let assoc_ty = tcx
.associated_items(candidate.def_id())
.filter_by_name_unhygienic(assoc_ident.name)
.find(|i| {
i.kind == ty::AssocKind::Type && i.ident.normalize_to_macros_2_0() == assoc_ident
})
.expect("missing associated type");
if !assoc_ty.vis.is_accessible_from(def_scope, tcx) {
tcx.sess
.struct_span_err(
binding.span,
&format!("associated type `{}` is private", binding.item_name),
)
.span_label(binding.span, "private associated type")
.emit();
}
tcx.check_stability(assoc_ty.def_id, Some(hir_ref_id), binding.span);
if !speculative {
dup_bindings
.entry(assoc_ty.def_id)
.and_modify(|prev_span| {
struct_span_err!(
self.tcx().sess,
binding.span,
E0719,
"the value of the associated type `{}` (from trait `{}`) \
is already specified",
binding.item_name,
tcx.def_path_str(assoc_ty.container.id())
)
.span_label(binding.span, "re-bound here")
.span_label(*prev_span, format!("`{}` bound here first", binding.item_name))
.emit();
})
.or_insert(binding.span);
}
match binding.kind {
ConvertedBindingKind::Equality(ref ty) => {
// "Desugar" a constraint like `T: Iterator<Item = u32>` this to
// the "projection predicate" for:
//
// `<T as Iterator>::Item = u32`
bounds.projection_bounds.push((
candidate.map_bound(|trait_ref| ty::ProjectionPredicate {
projection_ty: ty::ProjectionTy::from_ref_and_name(
tcx,
trait_ref,
binding.item_name,
),
ty,
}),
binding.span,
));
}
ConvertedBindingKind::Constraint(ast_bounds) => {
// "Desugar" a constraint like `T: Iterator<Item: Debug>` to
//
// `<T as Iterator>::Item: Debug`
//
// Calling `skip_binder` is okay, because `add_bounds` expects the `param_ty`
// parameter to have a skipped binder.
let param_ty = tcx.mk_projection(assoc_ty.def_id, candidate.skip_binder().substs);
self.add_bounds(param_ty, ast_bounds, bounds);
}
}
Ok(())
}
fn ast_path_to_ty(
&self,
span: Span,
did: DefId,
item_segment: &hir::PathSegment<'_>,
) -> Ty<'tcx> {
let substs = self.ast_path_substs_for_ty(span, did, item_segment);
self.normalize_ty(span, self.tcx().at(span).type_of(did).subst(self.tcx(), substs))
}
fn conv_object_ty_poly_trait_ref(
&self,
span: Span,
trait_bounds: &[hir::PolyTraitRef<'_>],
lifetime: &hir::Lifetime,
) -> Ty<'tcx> {
let tcx = self.tcx();
let mut bounds = Bounds::default();
let mut potential_assoc_types = Vec::new();
let dummy_self = self.tcx().types.trait_object_dummy_self;
for trait_bound in trait_bounds.iter().rev() {
if let GenericArgCountResult {
correct:
Err(GenericArgCountMismatch { invalid_args: cur_potential_assoc_types, .. }),
..
} = self.instantiate_poly_trait_ref(
trait_bound,
Constness::NotConst,
dummy_self,
&mut bounds,
) {
potential_assoc_types.extend(cur_potential_assoc_types.into_iter());
}
}
// Expand trait aliases recursively and check that only one regular (non-auto) trait
// is used and no 'maybe' bounds are used.
let expanded_traits =
traits::expand_trait_aliases(tcx, bounds.trait_bounds.iter().map(|&(a, b, _)| (a, b)));
let (mut auto_traits, regular_traits): (Vec<_>, Vec<_>) =
expanded_traits.partition(|i| tcx.trait_is_auto(i.trait_ref().def_id()));
if regular_traits.len() > 1 {
let first_trait = &regular_traits[0];
let additional_trait = &regular_traits[1];
let mut err = struct_span_err!(
tcx.sess,
additional_trait.bottom().1,
E0225,
"only auto traits can be used as additional traits in a trait object"
);
additional_trait.label_with_exp_info(
&mut err,
"additional non-auto trait",
"additional use",
);
first_trait.label_with_exp_info(&mut err, "first non-auto trait", "first use");
err.emit();
}
if regular_traits.is_empty() && auto_traits.is_empty() {
struct_span_err!(
tcx.sess,
span,
E0224,
"at least one trait is required for an object type"
)
.emit();
return tcx.ty_error();
}
// Check that there are no gross object safety violations;
// most importantly, that the supertraits don't contain `Self`,
// to avoid ICEs.
for item in &regular_traits {
let object_safety_violations =
astconv_object_safety_violations(tcx, item.trait_ref().def_id());
if !object_safety_violations.is_empty() {
report_object_safety_error(
tcx,
span,
item.trait_ref().def_id(),
&object_safety_violations[..],
)
.emit();
return tcx.ty_error();
}
}
// Use a `BTreeSet` to keep output in a more consistent order.
let mut associated_types: FxHashMap<Span, BTreeSet<DefId>> = FxHashMap::default();
let regular_traits_refs_spans = bounds
.trait_bounds
.into_iter()
.filter(|(trait_ref, _, _)| !tcx.trait_is_auto(trait_ref.def_id()));
for (base_trait_ref, span, constness) in regular_traits_refs_spans {
assert_eq!(constness, Constness::NotConst);
for obligation in traits::elaborate_trait_ref(tcx, base_trait_ref) {
debug!(
"conv_object_ty_poly_trait_ref: observing object predicate `{:?}`",
obligation.predicate
);
match obligation.predicate.kind() {
ty::PredicateKind::Trait(pred, _) => {
associated_types.entry(span).or_default().extend(
tcx.associated_items(pred.def_id())
.in_definition_order()
.filter(|item| item.kind == ty::AssocKind::Type)
.map(|item| item.def_id),
);
}
&ty::PredicateKind::Projection(pred) => {
// A `Self` within the original bound will be substituted with a
// `trait_object_dummy_self`, so check for that.
let references_self =
pred.skip_binder().ty.walk().any(|arg| arg == dummy_self.into());
// If the projection output contains `Self`, force the user to
// elaborate it explicitly to avoid a lot of complexity.
//
// The "classicaly useful" case is the following:
// ```
// trait MyTrait: FnMut() -> <Self as MyTrait>::MyOutput {
// type MyOutput;
// }
// ```
//
// Here, the user could theoretically write `dyn MyTrait<Output = X>`,
// but actually supporting that would "expand" to an infinitely-long type
// `fix $ τ → dyn MyTrait<MyOutput = X, Output = <τ as MyTrait>::MyOutput`.
//
// Instead, we force the user to write
// `dyn MyTrait<MyOutput = X, Output = X>`, which is uglier but works. See
// the discussion in #56288 for alternatives.
if !references_self {
// Include projections defined on supertraits.
bounds.projection_bounds.push((pred, span));
}
}
_ => (),
}
}
}
for (projection_bound, _) in &bounds.projection_bounds {
for def_ids in associated_types.values_mut() {
def_ids.remove(&projection_bound.projection_def_id());
}
}
self.complain_about_missing_associated_types(
associated_types,
potential_assoc_types,
trait_bounds,
);
// De-duplicate auto traits so that, e.g., `dyn Trait + Send + Send` is the same as
// `dyn Trait + Send`.
auto_traits.sort_by_key(|i| i.trait_ref().def_id());
auto_traits.dedup_by_key(|i| i.trait_ref().def_id());
debug!("regular_traits: {:?}", regular_traits);
debug!("auto_traits: {:?}", auto_traits);
// Transform a `PolyTraitRef` into a `PolyExistentialTraitRef` by
// removing the dummy `Self` type (`trait_object_dummy_self`).
let trait_ref_to_existential = |trait_ref: ty::TraitRef<'tcx>| {
if trait_ref.self_ty() != dummy_self {
// FIXME: There appears to be a missing filter on top of `expand_trait_aliases`,
// which picks up non-supertraits where clauses - but also, the object safety
// completely ignores trait aliases, which could be object safety hazards. We
// `delay_span_bug` here to avoid an ICE in stable even when the feature is
// disabled. (#66420)
tcx.sess.delay_span_bug(
DUMMY_SP,
&format!(
"trait_ref_to_existential called on {:?} with non-dummy Self",
trait_ref,
),
);
}
ty::ExistentialTraitRef::erase_self_ty(tcx, trait_ref)
};
// Erase the `dummy_self` (`trait_object_dummy_self`) used above.
let existential_trait_refs =
regular_traits.iter().map(|i| i.trait_ref().map_bound(trait_ref_to_existential));
let existential_projections = bounds.projection_bounds.iter().map(|(bound, _)| {
bound.map_bound(|b| {
let trait_ref = trait_ref_to_existential(b.projection_ty.trait_ref(tcx));
ty::ExistentialProjection {
ty: b.ty,
item_def_id: b.projection_ty.item_def_id,
substs: trait_ref.substs,
}
})
});
// Calling `skip_binder` is okay because the predicates are re-bound.
let regular_trait_predicates = existential_trait_refs
.map(|trait_ref| ty::ExistentialPredicate::Trait(trait_ref.skip_binder()));
let auto_trait_predicates = auto_traits
.into_iter()
.map(|trait_ref| ty::ExistentialPredicate::AutoTrait(trait_ref.trait_ref().def_id()));
let mut v = regular_trait_predicates
.chain(auto_trait_predicates)
.chain(
existential_projections
.map(|x| ty::ExistentialPredicate::Projection(x.skip_binder())),
)
.collect::<SmallVec<[_; 8]>>();
v.sort_by(|a, b| a.stable_cmp(tcx, b));
v.dedup();
let existential_predicates = ty::Binder::bind(tcx.mk_existential_predicates(v.into_iter()));
// Use explicitly-specified region bound.
let region_bound = if !lifetime.is_elided() {
self.ast_region_to_region(lifetime, None)
} else {
self.compute_object_lifetime_bound(span, existential_predicates).unwrap_or_else(|| {
if tcx.named_region(lifetime.hir_id).is_some() {
self.ast_region_to_region(lifetime, None)
} else {
self.re_infer(None, span).unwrap_or_else(|| {
// FIXME: these can be redundant with E0106, but not always.
struct_span_err!(
tcx.sess,
span,
E0228,
"the lifetime bound for this object type cannot be deduced \
from context; please supply an explicit bound"
)
.emit();
tcx.lifetimes.re_static
})
}
})
};
debug!("region_bound: {:?}", region_bound);
let ty = tcx.mk_dynamic(existential_predicates, region_bound);
debug!("trait_object_type: {:?}", ty);
ty
}
/// When there are any missing associated types, emit an E0191 error and attempt to supply a
/// reasonable suggestion on how to write it. For the case of multiple associated types in the
/// same trait bound have the same name (as they come from different super-traits), we instead
/// emit a generic note suggesting using a `where` clause to constraint instead.
fn complain_about_missing_associated_types(
&self,
associated_types: FxHashMap<Span, BTreeSet<DefId>>,
potential_assoc_types: Vec<Span>,
trait_bounds: &[hir::PolyTraitRef<'_>],
) {
if associated_types.values().all(|v| v.is_empty()) {
return;
}
let tcx = self.tcx();
// FIXME: Marked `mut` so that we can replace the spans further below with a more
// appropriate one, but this should be handled earlier in the span assignment.
let mut associated_types: FxHashMap<Span, Vec<_>> = associated_types
.into_iter()
.map(|(span, def_ids)| {
(span, def_ids.into_iter().map(|did| tcx.associated_item(did)).collect())
})
.collect();
let mut names = vec![];
// Account for things like `dyn Foo + 'a`, like in tests `issue-22434.rs` and
// `issue-22560.rs`.
let mut trait_bound_spans: Vec<Span> = vec![];
for (span, items) in &associated_types {
if !items.is_empty() {
trait_bound_spans.push(*span);
}
for assoc_item in items {
let trait_def_id = assoc_item.container.id();
names.push(format!(
"`{}` (from trait `{}`)",
assoc_item.ident,
tcx.def_path_str(trait_def_id),
));
}
}
if let ([], [bound]) = (&potential_assoc_types[..], &trait_bounds) {
match &bound.trait_ref.path.segments[..] {
// FIXME: `trait_ref.path.span` can point to a full path with multiple
// segments, even though `trait_ref.path.segments` is of length `1`. Work
// around that bug here, even though it should be fixed elsewhere.
// This would otherwise cause an invalid suggestion. For an example, look at
// `src/test/ui/issues/issue-28344.rs` where instead of the following:
//
// error[E0191]: the value of the associated type `Output`
// (from trait `std::ops::BitXor`) must be specified
// --> $DIR/issue-28344.rs:4:17
// |
// LL | let x: u8 = BitXor::bitor(0 as u8, 0 as u8);
// | ^^^^^^ help: specify the associated type:
// | `BitXor<Output = Type>`
//
// we would output:
//
// error[E0191]: the value of the associated type `Output`
// (from trait `std::ops::BitXor`) must be specified
// --> $DIR/issue-28344.rs:4:17
// |
// LL | let x: u8 = BitXor::bitor(0 as u8, 0 as u8);
// | ^^^^^^^^^^^^^ help: specify the associated type:
// | `BitXor::bitor<Output = Type>`
[segment] if segment.args.is_none() => {
trait_bound_spans = vec![segment.ident.span];
associated_types = associated_types
.into_iter()
.map(|(_, items)| (segment.ident.span, items))
.collect();
}
_ => {}
}
}
names.sort();
trait_bound_spans.sort();
let mut err = struct_span_err!(
tcx.sess,
trait_bound_spans,
E0191,
"the value of the associated type{} {} must be specified",
pluralize!(names.len()),
names.join(", "),
);
let mut suggestions = vec![];
let mut types_count = 0;
let mut where_constraints = vec![];
for (span, assoc_items) in &associated_types {
let mut names: FxHashMap<_, usize> = FxHashMap::default();
for item in assoc_items {
types_count += 1;
*names.entry(item.ident.name).or_insert(0) += 1;
}
let mut dupes = false;
for item in assoc_items {
let prefix = if names[&item.ident.name] > 1 {
let trait_def_id = item.container.id();
dupes = true;
format!("{}::", tcx.def_path_str(trait_def_id))
} else {
String::new()
};
if let Some(sp) = tcx.hir().span_if_local(item.def_id) {
err.span_label(sp, format!("`{}{}` defined here", prefix, item.ident));
}
}
if potential_assoc_types.len() == assoc_items.len() {
// Only suggest when the amount of missing associated types equals the number of
// extra type arguments present, as that gives us a relatively high confidence
// that the user forgot to give the associtated type's name. The canonical
// example would be trying to use `Iterator<isize>` instead of
// `Iterator<Item = isize>`.
for (potential, item) in potential_assoc_types.iter().zip(assoc_items.iter()) {
if let Ok(snippet) = tcx.sess.source_map().span_to_snippet(*potential) {
suggestions.push((*potential, format!("{} = {}", item.ident, snippet)));
}
}
} else if let (Ok(snippet), false) =
(tcx.sess.source_map().span_to_snippet(*span), dupes)
{
let types: Vec<_> =
assoc_items.iter().map(|item| format!("{} = Type", item.ident)).collect();
let code = if snippet.ends_with('>') {
// The user wrote `Trait<'a>` or similar and we don't have a type we can
// suggest, but at least we can clue them to the correct syntax
// `Trait<'a, Item = Type>` while accounting for the `<'a>` in the
// suggestion.
format!("{}, {}>", &snippet[..snippet.len() - 1], types.join(", "))
} else {
// The user wrote `Iterator`, so we don't have a type we can suggest, but at
// least we can clue them to the correct syntax `Iterator<Item = Type>`.
format!("{}<{}>", snippet, types.join(", "))
};
suggestions.push((*span, code));
} else if dupes {
where_constraints.push(*span);
}
}
let where_msg = "consider introducing a new type parameter, adding `where` constraints \
using the fully-qualified path to the associated types";
if !where_constraints.is_empty() && suggestions.is_empty() {
// If there are duplicates associated type names and a single trait bound do not
// use structured suggestion, it means that there are multiple super-traits with
// the same associated type name.
err.help(where_msg);
}
if suggestions.len() != 1 {
// We don't need this label if there's an inline suggestion, show otherwise.
for (span, assoc_items) in &associated_types {
let mut names: FxHashMap<_, usize> = FxHashMap::default();
for item in assoc_items {
types_count += 1;
*names.entry(item.ident.name).or_insert(0) += 1;
}
let mut label = vec![];
for item in assoc_items {
let postfix = if names[&item.ident.name] > 1 {
let trait_def_id = item.container.id();
format!(" (from trait `{}`)", tcx.def_path_str(trait_def_id))
} else {
String::new()
};
label.push(format!("`{}`{}", item.ident, postfix));
}
if !label.is_empty() {
err.span_label(
*span,
format!(
"associated type{} {} must be specified",
pluralize!(label.len()),
label.join(", "),
),
);
}
}
}
if !suggestions.is_empty() {
err.multipart_suggestion(
&format!("specify the associated type{}", pluralize!(types_count)),
suggestions,
Applicability::HasPlaceholders,
);
if !where_constraints.is_empty() {
err.span_help(where_constraints, where_msg);
}
}
err.emit();
}
fn report_ambiguous_associated_type(
&self,
span: Span,
type_str: &str,
trait_str: &str,
name: Symbol,
) {
let mut err = struct_span_err!(self.tcx().sess, span, E0223, "ambiguous associated type");
if let (Some(_), Ok(snippet)) = (
self.tcx().sess.confused_type_with_std_module.borrow().get(&span),
self.tcx().sess.source_map().span_to_snippet(span),
) {
err.span_suggestion(
span,
"you are looking for the module in `std`, not the primitive type",
format!("std::{}", snippet),
Applicability::MachineApplicable,
);
} else {
err.span_suggestion(
span,
"use fully-qualified syntax",
format!("<{} as {}>::{}", type_str, trait_str, name),
Applicability::HasPlaceholders,
);
}
err.emit();
}
// Search for a bound on a type parameter which includes the associated item
// given by `assoc_name`. `ty_param_def_id` is the `DefId` of the type parameter
// This function will fail if there are no suitable bounds or there is
// any ambiguity.
fn find_bound_for_assoc_item(
&self,
ty_param_def_id: LocalDefId,
assoc_name: Ident,
span: Span,
) -> Result<ty::PolyTraitRef<'tcx>, ErrorReported> {
let tcx = self.tcx();
debug!(
"find_bound_for_assoc_item(ty_param_def_id={:?}, assoc_name={:?}, span={:?})",
ty_param_def_id, assoc_name, span,
);
let predicates =
&self.get_type_parameter_bounds(span, ty_param_def_id.to_def_id()).predicates;
debug!("find_bound_for_assoc_item: predicates={:#?}", predicates);
let param_hir_id = tcx.hir().as_local_hir_id(ty_param_def_id);
let param_name = tcx.hir().ty_param_name(param_hir_id);
self.one_bound_for_assoc_type(
|| {
traits::transitive_bounds(
tcx,
predicates.iter().filter_map(|(p, _)| p.to_opt_poly_trait_ref()),
)
},
|| param_name.to_string(),
assoc_name,
span,
|| None,
)
}
// Checks that `bounds` contains exactly one element and reports appropriate
// errors otherwise.
fn one_bound_for_assoc_type<I>(
&self,
all_candidates: impl Fn() -> I,
ty_param_name: impl Fn() -> String,
assoc_name: Ident,
span: Span,
is_equality: impl Fn() -> Option<String>,
) -> Result<ty::PolyTraitRef<'tcx>, ErrorReported>
where
I: Iterator<Item = ty::PolyTraitRef<'tcx>>,
{
let mut matching_candidates = all_candidates()
.filter(|r| self.trait_defines_associated_type_named(r.def_id(), assoc_name));
let bound = match matching_candidates.next() {
Some(bound) => bound,
None => {
self.complain_about_assoc_type_not_found(
all_candidates,
&ty_param_name(),
assoc_name,
span,
);
return Err(ErrorReported);
}
};
debug!("one_bound_for_assoc_type: bound = {:?}", bound);
if let Some(bound2) = matching_candidates.next() {
debug!("one_bound_for_assoc_type: bound2 = {:?}", bound2);
let is_equality = is_equality();
let bounds = iter::once(bound).chain(iter::once(bound2)).chain(matching_candidates);
let mut err = if is_equality.is_some() {
// More specific Error Index entry.
struct_span_err!(
self.tcx().sess,
span,
E0222,
"ambiguous associated type `{}` in bounds of `{}`",
assoc_name,
ty_param_name()
)
} else {
struct_span_err!(
self.tcx().sess,
span,
E0221,
"ambiguous associated type `{}` in bounds of `{}`",
assoc_name,
ty_param_name()
)
};
err.span_label(span, format!("ambiguous associated type `{}`", assoc_name));
let mut where_bounds = vec![];
for bound in bounds {
let bound_id = bound.def_id();
let bound_span = self
.tcx()
.associated_items(bound_id)
.find_by_name_and_kind(self.tcx(), assoc_name, ty::AssocKind::Type, bound_id)
.and_then(|item| self.tcx().hir().span_if_local(item.def_id));
if let Some(bound_span) = bound_span {
err.span_label(
bound_span,
format!(
"ambiguous `{}` from `{}`",
assoc_name,
bound.print_only_trait_path(),
),
);
if let Some(constraint) = &is_equality {
where_bounds.push(format!(
" T: {trait}::{assoc} = {constraint}",
trait=bound.print_only_trait_path(),
assoc=assoc_name,
constraint=constraint,
));
} else {
err.span_suggestion(
span,
"use fully qualified syntax to disambiguate",
format!(
"<{} as {}>::{}",
ty_param_name(),
bound.print_only_trait_path(),
assoc_name,
),
Applicability::MaybeIncorrect,
);
}
} else {
err.note(&format!(
"associated type `{}` could derive from `{}`",
ty_param_name(),
bound.print_only_trait_path(),
));
}
}
if !where_bounds.is_empty() {
err.help(&format!(
"consider introducing a new type parameter `T` and adding `where` constraints:\
\n where\n T: {},\n{}",
ty_param_name(),
where_bounds.join(",\n"),
));
}
err.emit();
if !where_bounds.is_empty() {
return Err(ErrorReported);
}
}
Ok(bound)
}
fn complain_about_assoc_type_not_found<I>(
&self,
all_candidates: impl Fn() -> I,
ty_param_name: &str,
assoc_name: Ident,
span: Span,
) where
I: Iterator<Item = ty::PolyTraitRef<'tcx>>,
{
// The fallback span is needed because `assoc_name` might be an `Fn()`'s `Output` without a
// valid span, so we point at the whole path segment instead.
let span = if assoc_name.span != DUMMY_SP { assoc_name.span } else { span };
let mut err = struct_span_err!(
self.tcx().sess,
span,
E0220,
"associated type `{}` not found for `{}`",
assoc_name,
ty_param_name
);
let all_candidate_names: Vec<_> = all_candidates()
.map(|r| self.tcx().associated_items(r.def_id()).in_definition_order())
.flatten()
.filter_map(
|item| if item.kind == ty::AssocKind::Type { Some(item.ident.name) } else { None },
)
.collect();
if let (Some(suggested_name), true) = (
find_best_match_for_name(all_candidate_names.iter(), &assoc_name.as_str(), None),
assoc_name.span != DUMMY_SP,
) {
err.span_suggestion(
assoc_name.span,
"there is an associated type with a similar name",
suggested_name.to_string(),
Applicability::MaybeIncorrect,
);
} else {
err.span_label(span, format!("associated type `{}` not found", assoc_name));
}
err.emit();
}
// Create a type from a path to an associated type.
// For a path `A::B::C::D`, `qself_ty` and `qself_def` are the type and def for `A::B::C`
// and item_segment is the path segment for `D`. We return a type and a def for
// the whole path.
// Will fail except for `T::A` and `Self::A`; i.e., if `qself_ty`/`qself_def` are not a type
// parameter or `Self`.
pub fn associated_path_to_ty(
&self,
hir_ref_id: hir::HirId,
span: Span,
qself_ty: Ty<'tcx>,
qself_res: Res,
assoc_segment: &hir::PathSegment<'_>,
permit_variants: bool,
) -> Result<(Ty<'tcx>, DefKind, DefId), ErrorReported> {
let tcx = self.tcx();
let assoc_ident = assoc_segment.ident;
debug!("associated_path_to_ty: {:?}::{}", qself_ty, assoc_ident);
// Check if we have an enum variant.
let mut variant_resolution = None;
if let ty::Adt(adt_def, _) = qself_ty.kind {
if adt_def.is_enum() {
let variant_def = adt_def
.variants
.iter()
.find(|vd| tcx.hygienic_eq(assoc_ident, vd.ident, adt_def.did));
if let Some(variant_def) = variant_def {
if permit_variants {
tcx.check_stability(variant_def.def_id, Some(hir_ref_id), span);
self.prohibit_generics(slice::from_ref(assoc_segment));
return Ok((qself_ty, DefKind::Variant, variant_def.def_id));
} else {
variant_resolution = Some(variant_def.def_id);
}
}
}
}
// Find the type of the associated item, and the trait where the associated
// item is declared.
let bound = match (&qself_ty.kind, qself_res) {
(_, Res::SelfTy(Some(_), Some(impl_def_id))) => {
// `Self` in an impl of a trait -- we have a concrete self type and a
// trait reference.
let trait_ref = match tcx.impl_trait_ref(impl_def_id) {
Some(trait_ref) => trait_ref,
None => {
// A cycle error occurred, most likely.
return Err(ErrorReported);
}
};
self.one_bound_for_assoc_type(
|| traits::supertraits(tcx, ty::Binder::bind(trait_ref)),
|| "Self".to_string(),
assoc_ident,
span,
|| None,
)?
}
(
&ty::Param(_),
Res::SelfTy(Some(param_did), None) | Res::Def(DefKind::TyParam, param_did),
) => self.find_bound_for_assoc_item(param_did.expect_local(), assoc_ident, span)?,
_ => {
if variant_resolution.is_some() {
// Variant in type position
let msg = format!("expected type, found variant `{}`", assoc_ident);
tcx.sess.span_err(span, &msg);
} else if qself_ty.is_enum() {
let mut err = struct_span_err!(
tcx.sess,
assoc_ident.span,
E0599,
"no variant named `{}` found for enum `{}`",
assoc_ident,
qself_ty,
);
let adt_def = qself_ty.ty_adt_def().expect("enum is not an ADT");
if let Some(suggested_name) = find_best_match_for_name(
adt_def.variants.iter().map(|variant| &variant.ident.name),
&assoc_ident.as_str(),
None,
) {
err.span_suggestion(
assoc_ident.span,
"there is a variant with a similar name",
suggested_name.to_string(),
Applicability::MaybeIncorrect,
);
} else {
err.span_label(
assoc_ident.span,
format!("variant not found in `{}`", qself_ty),
);
}
if let Some(sp) = tcx.hir().span_if_local(adt_def.did) {
let sp = tcx.sess.source_map().guess_head_span(sp);
err.span_label(sp, format!("variant `{}` not found here", assoc_ident));
}
err.emit();
} else if !qself_ty.references_error() {
// Don't print `TyErr` to the user.
self.report_ambiguous_associated_type(
span,
&qself_ty.to_string(),
"Trait",
assoc_ident.name,
);
}
return Err(ErrorReported);
}
};
let trait_did = bound.def_id();
let (assoc_ident, def_scope) =
tcx.adjust_ident_and_get_scope(assoc_ident, trait_did, hir_ref_id);
// We have already adjusted the item name above, so compare with `ident.normalize_to_macros_2_0()` instead
// of calling `filter_by_name_and_kind`.
let item = tcx
.associated_items(trait_did)
.in_definition_order()
.find(|i| {
i.kind.namespace() == Namespace::TypeNS
&& i.ident.normalize_to_macros_2_0() == assoc_ident
})
.expect("missing associated type");
let ty = self.projected_ty_from_poly_trait_ref(span, item.def_id, assoc_segment, bound);
let ty = self.normalize_ty(span, ty);
let kind = DefKind::AssocTy;
if !item.vis.is_accessible_from(def_scope, tcx) {
let kind = kind.descr(item.def_id);
let msg = format!("{} `{}` is private", kind, assoc_ident);
tcx.sess
.struct_span_err(span, &msg)
.span_label(span, &format!("private {}", kind))
.emit();
}
tcx.check_stability(item.def_id, Some(hir_ref_id), span);
if let Some(variant_def_id) = variant_resolution {
tcx.struct_span_lint_hir(AMBIGUOUS_ASSOCIATED_ITEMS, hir_ref_id, span, |lint| {
let mut err = lint.build("ambiguous associated item");
let mut could_refer_to = |kind: DefKind, def_id, also| {
let note_msg = format!(
"`{}` could{} refer to the {} defined here",
assoc_ident,
also,
kind.descr(def_id)
);
err.span_note(tcx.def_span(def_id), &note_msg);
};
could_refer_to(DefKind::Variant, variant_def_id, "");
could_refer_to(kind, item.def_id, " also");
err.span_suggestion(
span,
"use fully-qualified syntax",
format!("<{} as {}>::{}", qself_ty, tcx.item_name(trait_did), assoc_ident),
Applicability::MachineApplicable,
);
err.emit();
});
}
Ok((ty, kind, item.def_id))
}
fn qpath_to_ty(
&self,
span: Span,
opt_self_ty: Option<Ty<'tcx>>,
item_def_id: DefId,
trait_segment: &hir::PathSegment<'_>,
item_segment: &hir::PathSegment<'_>,
) -> Ty<'tcx> {
let tcx = self.tcx();
let trait_def_id = tcx.parent(item_def_id).unwrap();
debug!("qpath_to_ty: trait_def_id={:?}", trait_def_id);
let self_ty = if let Some(ty) = opt_self_ty {
ty
} else {
let path_str = tcx.def_path_str(trait_def_id);
let def_id = self.item_def_id();
debug!("qpath_to_ty: self.item_def_id()={:?}", def_id);
let parent_def_id = def_id
.and_then(|def_id| {
def_id.as_local().map(|def_id| tcx.hir().as_local_hir_id(def_id))
})
.map(|hir_id| tcx.hir().get_parent_did(hir_id).to_def_id());
debug!("qpath_to_ty: parent_def_id={:?}", parent_def_id);
// If the trait in segment is the same as the trait defining the item,
// use the `<Self as ..>` syntax in the error.
let is_part_of_self_trait_constraints = def_id == Some(trait_def_id);
let is_part_of_fn_in_self_trait = parent_def_id == Some(trait_def_id);
let type_name = if is_part_of_self_trait_constraints || is_part_of_fn_in_self_trait {
"Self"
} else {
"Type"
};
self.report_ambiguous_associated_type(
span,
type_name,
&path_str,
item_segment.ident.name,
);
return tcx.ty_error();
};
debug!("qpath_to_ty: self_type={:?}", self_ty);
let trait_ref = self.ast_path_to_mono_trait_ref(span, trait_def_id, self_ty, trait_segment);
let item_substs = self.create_substs_for_associated_item(
tcx,
span,
item_def_id,
item_segment,
trait_ref.substs,
);
debug!("qpath_to_ty: trait_ref={:?}", trait_ref);
self.normalize_ty(span, tcx.mk_projection(item_def_id, item_substs))
}
pub fn prohibit_generics<'a, T: IntoIterator<Item = &'a hir::PathSegment<'a>>>(
&self,
segments: T,
) -> bool {
let mut has_err = false;
for segment in segments {
let (mut err_for_lt, mut err_for_ty, mut err_for_ct) = (false, false, false);
for arg in segment.generic_args().args {
let (span, kind) = match arg {
hir::GenericArg::Lifetime(lt) => {
if err_for_lt {
continue;
}
err_for_lt = true;
has_err = true;
(lt.span, "lifetime")
}
hir::GenericArg::Type(ty) => {
if err_for_ty {
continue;
}
err_for_ty = true;
has_err = true;
(ty.span, "type")
}
hir::GenericArg::Const(ct) => {
if err_for_ct {
continue;
}
err_for_ct = true;
has_err = true;
(ct.span, "const")
}
};
let mut err = struct_span_err!(
self.tcx().sess,
span,
E0109,
"{} arguments are not allowed for this type",
kind,
);
err.span_label(span, format!("{} argument not allowed", kind));
err.emit();
if err_for_lt && err_for_ty && err_for_ct {
break;
}
}
// Only emit the first error to avoid overloading the user with error messages.
if let [binding, ..] = segment.generic_args().bindings {
has_err = true;
Self::prohibit_assoc_ty_binding(self.tcx(), binding.span);
}
}
has_err
}
pub fn prohibit_assoc_ty_binding(tcx: TyCtxt<'_>, span: Span) {
let mut err = struct_span_err!(
tcx.sess,
span,
E0229,
"associated type bindings are not allowed here"
);
err.span_label(span, "associated type not allowed here").emit();
}