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// This is a part of rust-encoding.
// Copyright (c) 2013-2015, Kang Seonghoon.
// See README.md and LICENSE.txt for details.
//! # Encoding 0.2.33
//!
//! Character encoding support for Rust. (also known as `rust-encoding`)
//! It is based on [WHATWG Encoding Standard](http://encoding.spec.whatwg.org/),
//! and also provides an advanced interface for error detection and recovery.
//!
//! ## Usage
//!
//! Put this in your `Cargo.toml`:
//!
//! ```toml
//! [dependencies]
//! encoding = "0.2"
//! ```
//!
//! Then put this in your crate root:
//!
//! ```rust
//! extern crate encoding;
//! ```
//!
//! ## Overview
//!
//! To encode a string:
//!
//! ~~~~ {.rust}
//! use encoding::{Encoding, EncoderTrap};
//! use encoding::all::ISO_8859_1;
//!
//! assert_eq!(ISO_8859_1.encode("caf\u{e9}", EncoderTrap::Strict),
//! Ok(vec![99,97,102,233]));
//! ~~~~
//!
//! To encode a string with unrepresentable characters:
//!
//! ~~~~ {.rust}
//! use encoding::{Encoding, EncoderTrap};
//! use encoding::all::ISO_8859_2;
//!
//! assert!(ISO_8859_2.encode("Acme\u{a9}", EncoderTrap::Strict).is_err());
//! assert_eq!(ISO_8859_2.encode("Acme\u{a9}", EncoderTrap::Replace),
//! Ok(vec![65,99,109,101,63]));
//! assert_eq!(ISO_8859_2.encode("Acme\u{a9}", EncoderTrap::Ignore),
//! Ok(vec![65,99,109,101]));
//! assert_eq!(ISO_8859_2.encode("Acme\u{a9}", EncoderTrap::NcrEscape),
//! Ok(vec![65,99,109,101,38,35,49,54,57,59]));
//! ~~~~
//!
//! To decode a byte sequence:
//!
//! ~~~~ {.rust}
//! use encoding::{Encoding, DecoderTrap};
//! use encoding::all::ISO_8859_1;
//!
//! assert_eq!(ISO_8859_1.decode(&[99,97,102,233], DecoderTrap::Strict),
//! Ok("caf\u{e9}".to_string()));
//! ~~~~
//!
//! To decode a byte sequence with invalid sequences:
//!
//! ~~~~ {.rust}
//! use encoding::{Encoding, DecoderTrap};
//! use encoding::all::ISO_8859_6;
//!
//! assert!(ISO_8859_6.decode(&[65,99,109,101,169], DecoderTrap::Strict).is_err());
//! assert_eq!(ISO_8859_6.decode(&[65,99,109,101,169], DecoderTrap::Replace),
//! Ok("Acme\u{fffd}".to_string()));
//! assert_eq!(ISO_8859_6.decode(&[65,99,109,101,169], DecoderTrap::Ignore),
//! Ok("Acme".to_string()));
//! ~~~~
//!
//! To encode or decode the input into the already allocated buffer:
//!
//! ~~~~ {.rust}
//! use encoding::{Encoding, EncoderTrap, DecoderTrap};
//! use encoding::all::{ISO_8859_2, ISO_8859_6};
//!
//! let mut bytes = Vec::new();
//! let mut chars = String::new();
//!
//! assert!(ISO_8859_2.encode_to("Acme\u{a9}", EncoderTrap::Ignore, &mut bytes).is_ok());
//! assert!(ISO_8859_6.decode_to(&[65,99,109,101,169], DecoderTrap::Replace, &mut chars).is_ok());
//!
//! assert_eq!(bytes, [65,99,109,101]);
//! assert_eq!(chars, "Acme\u{fffd}");
//! ~~~~
//!
//! A practical example of custom encoder traps:
//!
//! ~~~~ {.rust}
//! use encoding::{Encoding, ByteWriter, EncoderTrap, DecoderTrap};
//! use encoding::types::RawEncoder;
//! use encoding::all::ASCII;
//!
//! // hexadecimal numeric character reference replacement
//! fn hex_ncr_escape(_encoder: &mut RawEncoder, input: &str, output: &mut ByteWriter) -> bool {
//! let escapes: Vec<String> =
//! input.chars().map(|ch| format!("&#x{:x};", ch as isize)).collect();
//! let escapes = escapes.concat();
//! output.write_bytes(escapes.as_bytes());
//! true
//! }
//! static HEX_NCR_ESCAPE: EncoderTrap = EncoderTrap::Call(hex_ncr_escape);
//!
//! let orig = "Hello, 世界!".to_string();
//! let encoded = ASCII.encode(&orig, HEX_NCR_ESCAPE).unwrap();
//! assert_eq!(ASCII.decode(&encoded, DecoderTrap::Strict),
//! Ok("Hello, &#x4e16;&#x754c;!".to_string()));
//! ~~~~
//!
//! Getting the encoding from the string label, as specified in WHATWG Encoding standard:
//!
//! ~~~~ {.rust}
//! use encoding::{Encoding, DecoderTrap};
//! use encoding::label::encoding_from_whatwg_label;
//! use encoding::all::WINDOWS_949;
//!
//! let euckr = encoding_from_whatwg_label("euc-kr").unwrap();
//! assert_eq!(euckr.name(), "windows-949");
//! assert_eq!(euckr.whatwg_name(), Some("euc-kr")); // for the sake of compatibility
//! let broken = &[0xbf, 0xec, 0xbf, 0xcd, 0xff, 0xbe, 0xd3];
//! assert_eq!(euckr.decode(broken, DecoderTrap::Replace),
//! Ok("\u{c6b0}\u{c640}\u{fffd}\u{c559}".to_string()));
//!
//! // corresponding Encoding native API:
//! assert_eq!(WINDOWS_949.decode(broken, DecoderTrap::Replace),
//! Ok("\u{c6b0}\u{c640}\u{fffd}\u{c559}".to_string()));
//! ~~~~
//!
//! ## Types and Stuffs
//!
//! There are three main entry points to Encoding.
//!
//! **`Encoding`** is a single character encoding.
//! It contains `encode` and `decode` methods for converting `String` to `Vec<u8>` and vice versa.
//! For the error handling, they receive **traps** (`EncoderTrap` and `DecoderTrap` respectively)
//! which replace any error with some string (e.g. `U+FFFD`) or sequence (e.g. `?`).
//! You can also use `EncoderTrap::Strict` and `DecoderTrap::Strict` traps to stop on an error.
//!
//! There are two ways to get `Encoding`:
//!
//! * `encoding::all` has static items for every supported encoding.
//! You should use them when the encoding would not change or only handful of them are required.
//! Combined with link-time optimization, any unused encoding would be discarded from the binary.
//!
//! * `encoding::label` has functions to dynamically get an encoding from given string ("label").
//! They will return a static reference to the encoding,
//! which type is also known as `EncodingRef`.
//! It is useful when a list of required encodings is not available in advance,
//! but it will result in the larger binary and missed optimization opportunities.
//!
//! **`RawEncoder`** is an experimental incremental encoder.
//! At each step of `raw_feed`, it receives a slice of string
//! and emits any encoded bytes to a generic `ByteWriter` (normally `Vec<u8>`).
//! It will stop at the first error if any, and would return a `CodecError` struct in that case.
//! The caller is responsible for calling `raw_finish` at the end of encoding process.
//!
//! **`RawDecoder`** is an experimental incremental decoder.
//! At each step of `raw_feed`, it receives a slice of byte sequence
//! and emits any decoded characters to a generic `StringWriter` (normally `String`).
//! Otherwise it is identical to `RawEncoder`s.
//!
//! One should prefer `Encoding::{encode,decode}` as a primary interface.
//! `RawEncoder` and `RawDecoder` is experimental and can change substantially.
//! See the additional documents on `encoding::types` module for more information on them.
//!
//! ## Supported Encodings
//!
//! Encoding covers all encodings specified by WHATWG Encoding Standard and some more:
//!
//! * 7-bit strict ASCII (`ascii`)
//! * UTF-8 (`utf-8`)
//! * UTF-16 in little endian (`utf-16` or `utf-16le`) and big endian (`utf-16be`)
//! * All single byte encoding in WHATWG Encoding Standard:
//! * IBM code page 866
//! * ISO 8859-{2,3,4,5,6,7,8,10,13,14,15,16}
//! * KOI8-R, KOI8-U
//! * MacRoman (`macintosh`), Macintosh Cyrillic encoding (`x-mac-cyrillic`)
//! * Windows code pages 874, 1250, 1251, 1252 (instead of ISO 8859-1), 1253,
//! 1254 (instead of ISO 8859-9), 1255, 1256, 1257, 1258
//! * All multi byte encodings in WHATWG Encoding Standard:
//! * Windows code page 949 (`euc-kr`, since the strict EUC-KR is hardly used)
//! * EUC-JP and Windows code page 932 (`shift_jis`,
//! since it's the most widespread extension to Shift_JIS)
//! * ISO-2022-JP with asymmetric JIS X 0212 support
//! (Note: this is not yet up to date to the current standard)
//! * GBK
//! * GB 18030
//! * Big5-2003 with HKSCS-2008 extensions
//! * Encodings that were originally specified by WHATWG Encoding Standard:
//! * HZ
//! * ISO 8859-1 (distinct from Windows code page 1252)
//!
//! Parenthesized names refer to the encoding's primary name assigned by WHATWG Encoding Standard.
//!
//! Many legacy character encodings lack the proper specification,
//! and even those that have a specification are highly dependent of the actual implementation.
//! Consequently one should be careful when picking a desired character encoding.
//! The only standards reliable in this regard are WHATWG Encoding Standard and
//! [vendor-provided mappings from the Unicode consortium](http://www.unicode.org/Public/MAPPINGS/).
//! Whenever in doubt, look at the source code and specifications for detailed explanations.
#![cfg_attr(test, feature(test))] // lib stability features as per RFC #507
extern crate encoding_index_singlebyte as index_singlebyte;
extern crate encoding_index_korean as index_korean;
extern crate encoding_index_japanese as index_japanese;
extern crate encoding_index_simpchinese as index_simpchinese;
extern crate encoding_index_tradchinese as index_tradchinese;
#[cfg(test)] extern crate test;
pub use self::types::{CodecError, ByteWriter, StringWriter,
RawEncoder, RawDecoder, EncodingRef, Encoding,
EncoderTrapFunc, DecoderTrapFunc, DecoderTrap,
EncoderTrap, decode}; // reexport
#[macro_use] mod util;
#[cfg(test)] #[macro_use] mod testutils;
pub mod types;
/// Codec implementations.
pub mod codec {
pub mod error;
pub mod ascii;
pub mod singlebyte;
pub mod utf_8;
pub mod utf_16;
pub mod korean;
pub mod japanese;
pub mod simpchinese;
pub mod tradchinese;
pub mod whatwg;
}
pub mod all;
pub mod label;
#[cfg(test)]
mod tests {
use super::*;
#[test]
fn test_decode() {
fn test_one(input: &[u8], expected_result: &str, expected_encoding: &str) {
let (result, used_encoding) = decode(
input, DecoderTrap::Strict, all::ISO_8859_1 as EncodingRef);
let result = result.unwrap();
assert_eq!(used_encoding.name(), expected_encoding);
assert_eq!(&result[..], expected_result);
}
test_one(&[0xEF, 0xBB, 0xBF, 0xC3, 0xA9], "é", "utf-8");
test_one(&[0xC3, 0xA9], "é", "iso-8859-1");
test_one(&[0xFE, 0xFF, 0x00, 0xE9], "é", "utf-16be");
test_one(&[0x00, 0xE9], "\x00é", "iso-8859-1");
test_one(&[0xFF, 0xFE, 0xE9, 0x00], "é", "utf-16le");
test_one(&[0xE9, 0x00], "é\x00", "iso-8859-1");
}
}