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Port of GNU make to OS/2.
Features of GNU make that do not work under OS/2:
- remote job execution
- dynamic load balancing
Special features of the OS/2 version:
Due to the fact that some people might want to use sh syntax in
Makefiles while others might want to use OS/2's native shell cmd.exe,
GNU make supports both shell types. The following list defines the order
that is used to determine the shell:
1. The shell specified by the environment variable MAKESHELL.
2. The shell specified by the SHELL variable within a Makefile. Like
Unix, SHELL is NOT taken from the environment.
3. The shell specified by the COMSPEC environment variable.
4. The shell specified by the OS2_SHELL environment variable.
5. If none of the above is defined /bin/sh is used as default. This
happens e.g. in the make testsuite.
Note: - Points 3 and 4 can be turned off at compile time by adding
- DOS support is not tested for EMX and therefore might not work.
- The UNIXROOT environment variable is supported to find /bin/sh
if it is not on the current drive.
I. ***** SPECIAL OPTIONS *****
- At compile time you can turn off that cmd is used as default shell
(but only /bin/sh). Simply set CPPFLAGS="-DNO_CMD_DEFAULT" and make
will not use cmd unless you cause it to do so by setting MAKESHELL to
cmd or by specifying SHELL=cmd in your Makefile.
- At compile time you can set CPPFLAGS="-DNO_CHDIR2" to turn off that
GNU make prints drive letters. This is necessary if you want to run
the testsuite.
A standard Unix like build environment:
- sh compatible shell (ksh, bash, ash, but tested only with pdksh 5.2.14
release 2)
If you use pdksh it is recommended to update to 5.2.14 release 2. Older
versions may not work! You can get this version at
- GNU file utilities (make sure that install.exe from the file utilities
is in front of your PATH before X:\OS2\INSTALL\INSTALL.EXE. I recommend
also to change the filename to ginstall.exe instead of install.exe
to avoid confusion with X:\OS2\INSTALL\INSTALL.EXE)
- GNU shell utilities
- GNU text utilities
- gawk
- grep
- sed
- GNU make 3.79.1 (special OS/2 patched version) or higher
- perl 5.005 or higher
- GNU texinfo (you can use 3.1 (, but I recommend 4.0)
If you want to recreate the configuration files (developers only!)
you need also: GNU m4 1.4, autoconf 2.59, automake 1.9.6 (or compatible)
a) ** Developers only - Everyone else should skip this section **
To recreate the configuration files use:
export EMXSHELL=ksh
aclocal -I config
b) Installation into x:/usr
Note: Although it is possible to compile make using "./configure",
"make", "make install" this is not recommended. In particular,
you must ALWAYS use LDFLAGS="-Zstack 0x6000" because the default
stack size is far to small and make will not work properly!
Recommended environment variables and installation options:
export ac_executable_extensions=".exe"
export CFLAGS="-O2 -Zomf -Zmt"
export LDFLAGS="-Zcrtdll -Zlinker /exepack:2 -Zlinker /pm:vio -Zstack 0x6000"
export RANLIB="echo"
./configure --prefix=x:/usr --infodir=x:/usr/share/info --mandir=x:/usr/share/man --without-included-gettext
make AR=emxomfar
make install
Note: If you use gcc 2.9.x I recommend to set also LIBS="-lgcc"
Note: You can add -DNO_CMD_DEFAULT and -DNO_CHDIR2 to CPPFLAGS.
See section I. for details.
IV. ***** NLS support *****
GNU make has NLS (National Language Support), with the following
a) It will only work with GNU gettext, and
b) GNU gettext support is not included in the GNU make package.
Therefore, if you wish to enable the internationalization features of
GNU make you must install GNU gettext on your system before configuring
GNU make.
You can choose the languages to be installed. To install support for
English, German and French only enter:
export LINGUAS="en de fr"
If you don't specify LINGUAS all languages are installed.
If you don't want NLS support (English only) use the option
--disable-nls for the configure script. Note if GNU gettext is not
installed then NLS will not be enabled regardless of this flag.
V. ***** Running the make test suite *****
To run the included make test suite you have to set
before you compile make. This is due to some restrictions of the
testsuite itself. -DNO_CMD_DEFAULT causes make to use /bin/sh as default
shell in every case. Normally you could simply set MAKESHELL="/bin/sh"
to do this but the testsuite ignores the environment. -DNO_CHDIR2 causes
make not to use drive letters for directory names (i.e. _chdir2() and
_getcwd2() are NOT used). The testsuite interpretes the whole output of
make, especially statements like make[1]: Entering directory
'C:/somewhere/make-3.79.1/tests' where the testsuite does not expect the
drive letter. This would be interpreted as an error even if there is
To run the testsuite do the following:
export CFLAGS="-Zomf -O2 -Zmt"
export LDFLAGS="-Zcrtdll -s -Zlinker /exepack:2 -Zlinker /pm:vio -Zstack 0x6000"
export RANLIB="echo"
./configure --prefix=x:/usr --disable-nls
make AR=emxomfar
make check
All tests should work fine with the exception of one of the "INCLUDE_DIRS"
tests which will fail if your /usr/include directory is on a drive different
from the make source tree.
Copyright (C) 2003-2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This file is part of GNU Make.
GNU Make is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later
GNU Make is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR
A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
this program. If not, see <>.