tree: a87b756842bc626a8d92a320caf0844dfc8b0ce3 [path history] [tgz]
  1. .vscode/
  2. src-ts/
  3. syntaxes/
  4. .editorconfig
  5. .gitignore
  6. .prettierrc.json
  7. Breakpoint.cpp
  8. Breakpoint.h
  9. BreakpointBase.cpp
  10. BreakpointBase.h
  11. CMakeLists.txt
  12. DAP.cpp
  13. DAP.h
  14. DAPForward.h
  15. ExceptionBreakpoint.cpp
  16. ExceptionBreakpoint.h
  17. FifoFiles.cpp
  18. FifoFiles.h
  19. FunctionBreakpoint.cpp
  20. FunctionBreakpoint.h
  21. IOStream.cpp
  22. IOStream.h
  23. JSONUtils.cpp
  24. JSONUtils.h
  25. LICENSE.TXT
  26. lldb-dap-Info.plist.in
  27. lldb-dap.cpp
  28. LLDBUtils.cpp
  29. LLDBUtils.h
  30. Options.td
  31. OutputRedirector.cpp
  32. OutputRedirector.h
  33. package-lock.json
  34. package.json
  35. ProgressEvent.cpp
  36. ProgressEvent.h
  37. README.md
  38. RunInTerminal.cpp
  39. RunInTerminal.h
  40. SourceBreakpoint.cpp
  41. SourceBreakpoint.h
  42. tsconfig.json
  43. Watchpoint.cpp
  44. Watchpoint.h
lldb/tools/lldb-dap/README.md

Table of Contents

Introduction

The lldb-dap tool (formerly lldb-vscode) creates a command line tool that implements the Debug Adapter Protocol. It can be installed as an extension for Visual Studio Code and other IDEs supporting DAP. The protocol is easy to run remotely and also can allow other tools and IDEs to get a full featured debugger with a well defined protocol.

Local Installation for Visual Studio Code

Installing the plug-in is very straightforward and involves just a few steps.

Pre-requisites

  • Install a modern version of node (e.g. v20.0.0).
  • On VS Code, execute the command Install 'code' command in PATH. You need to do it only once. This enables the command code in the PATH.

Packaging and installation

cd /path/to/lldb/tools/lldb-dap
npm run package # This also compiles the extension.
npm run vscode-install

On VS Code, set the setting lldb-dap.executable-path to the path of your local build of lldb-dap.

And then you are ready!

Updating the extension

Note: It's not necessary to update the extension if there has been changes to lldb-dap. The extension needs to be updated only if the TypesScript code has changed.

Updating the extension is pretty much the same process as installing it from scratch. However, VS Code expects the version number of the upgraded extension to be greater than the previous one, otherwise the installation step might have no effect.

# Bump version in package.json
cd /path/to/lldb/tools/lldb-dap
npm run package
npm run vscode-install

Another way upgrade without bumping the extension version is to first uninstall the extension, then reload VS Code, and then install it again. This is an unfortunate limitation of the editor.

cd /path/to/lldb/tools/lldb-dap
npm run vscode-uninstall
# Then reload VS Code: reopen the IDE or execute the `Developer: Reload Window`
# command.
npm run package
npm run vscode-install

Deploying for Visual Studio Code

The easiest way to deploy the extension for execution on other machines requires copying lldb-dap and its dependencies into a./bin subfolder and then create a standalone VSIX package.

cd /path/to/lldb/tools/lldb-dap
mkdir -p ./bin
cp /path/to/a/built/lldb-dap ./bin/
cp /path/to/a/built/liblldb.so ./bin/
npm run package

This will produce the file ./out/lldb-dap.vsix that can be distributed. In this type of installation, users don't need to manually set the path to lldb-dap. The extension will automatically look for it in the ./bin subfolder.

Note: It's not possible to use symlinks to lldb-dap, as the packaging tool forcefully performs a deep copy of all symlinks.

Note: It‘s possible to use this kind flow for local installations, but it’s not recommended because updating lldb-dap requires rebuilding the extension.

Formatting the Typescript code

This is also very simple, just run:

npm run format

Configurations

Launching to attaching require you to create a launch configuration. This file defines arguments that get passed to lldb-dap and the configuration settings control how the launch or attach happens.

Launch Configuration Settings

When you launch a program with Visual Studio Code you will need to create a launch.json file that defines how your program will be run. The JSON configuration file can contain the following lldb-dap specific launch key/value pairs:

parametertypereq
namestringYA configuration name that will be displayed in the IDE.
typestringYMust be “lldb-dap”.
requeststringYMust be “launch”.
programstringYPath to the executable to launch.
args[string]An array of command line argument strings to be passed to the program being launched.
cwdstringThe program working directory.
envdictionaryEnvironment variables to set when launching the program. The format of each environment variable string is “VAR=VALUE” for environment variables with values or just “VAR” for environment variables with no values.
stopOnEntrybooleanWhether to stop program immediately after launching.
initCommands[string]LLDB commands executed upon debugger startup prior to creating the LLDB target. Commands and command output will be sent to the debugger console when they are executed.
preRunCommands[string]LLDB commands executed just before launching after the LLDB target has been created. Commands and command output will be sent to the debugger console when they are executed.
stopCommands[string]LLDB commands executed just after each stop. Commands and command output will be sent to the debugger console when they are executed.
launchCommands[string]LLDB commands executed to launch the program. Commands and command output will be sent to the debugger console when they are executed.
exitCommands[string]LLDB commands executed when the program exits. Commands and command output will be sent to the debugger console when they are executed.
terminateCommands[string]LLDB commands executed when the debugging session ends. Commands and command output will be sent to the debugger console when they are executed.
sourceMap[string[2]]Specify an array of path re-mappings. Each element in the array must be a two element array containing a source and destination pathname.
debuggerRootstringSpecify a working directory to use when launching lldb-dap. If the debug information in your executable contains relative paths, this option can be used so that lldb-dap can find source files and object files that have relative paths.

Attaching Settings

When attaching to a process using LLDB you can attach in a few ways

  1. Attach to an existing process using the process ID
  2. Attach to an existing process by name
  3. Attach by name by waiting for the next instance of a process to launch

The JSON configuration file can contain the following lldb-dap specific launch key/value pairs:

parametertypereq
namestringYA configuration name that will be displayed in the IDE.
typestringYMust be “lldb-dap”.
requeststringYMust be “attach”.
programstringPath to the executable to attach to. This value is optional but can help to resolve breakpoints prior the attaching to the program.
pidnumberThe process id of the process you wish to attach to. If pid is omitted, the debugger will attempt to attach to the program by finding a process whose file name matches the file name from porgram. Setting this value to ${command:pickMyProcess} will allow interactive process selection in the IDE.
stopOnEntrybooleanWhether to stop program immediately after launching.
waitForbooleanWait for the process to launch.
initCommands[string]LLDB commands executed upon debugger startup prior to creating the LLDB target. Commands and command output will be sent to the debugger console when they are executed.
preRunCommands[string]LLDB commands executed just before launching after the LLDB target has been created. Commands and command output will be sent to the debugger console when they are executed.
stopCommands[string]LLDB commands executed just after each stop. Commands and command output will be sent to the debugger console when they are executed.
exitCommands[string]LLDB commands executed when the program exits. Commands and command output will be sent to the debugger console when they are executed.
terminateCommands[string]LLDB commands executed when the debugging session ends. Commands and command output will be sent to the debugger console when they are executed.
attachCommands[string]LLDB commands that will be executed after preRunCommands which take place of the code that normally does the attach. The commands can create a new target and attach or launch it however desired. This allows custom launch and attach configurations. Core files can use target create --core /path/to/core to attach to core files.

Example configurations

Launching

This will launch /tmp/a.out with arguments one, two, and three and adds FOO=1 and bar to the environment:

{
  "type": "lldb-dap",
  "request": "launch",
  "name": "Debug",
  "program": "/tmp/a.out",
  "args": [ "one", "two", "three" ],
  "env": [ "FOO=1", "BAR" ],
}

Attach using PID

This will attach to a process a.out whose process ID is 123:

{
  "type": "lldb-dap",
  "request": "attach",
  "name": "Attach to PID",
  "program": "/tmp/a.out",
  "pid": 123
}

Attach by Name

This will attach to an existing process whose base name matches a.out. All we have to do is leave the pid value out of the above configuration:

{
  "name": "Attach to Name",
  "type": "lldb-dap",
  "request": "attach",
  "program": "/tmp/a.out",
}

If you want to ignore any existing a.out processes and wait for the next instance to be launched you can add the “waitFor” key value pair:

{
  "name": "Attach to Name (wait)",
  "type": "lldb-dap",
  "request": "attach",
  "program": "/tmp/a.out",
  "waitFor": true
}

This will work as long as the architecture, vendor and OS supports waiting for processes. Currently MacOS is the only platform that supports this.

Loading a Core File

This loads the coredump file /cores/123.core associated with the program /tmp/a.out:

{
  "name": "Load coredump",
  "type": "lldb-dap",
  "request": "attach",
  "coreFile": "/cores/123.core",
  "program": "/tmp/a.out"
}

Connect to a Debug Server on the Current Machine

This connects to a debug server (e.g. lldb-server, gdbserver) on the current machine, that is debugging the program /tmp/a.out and listening locally on port 2345.

{
  "name": "Local Debug Server",
  "type": "lldb-dap",
  "request": "attach",
  "program": "/tmp/a.out",
  "attachCommands": ["gdb-remote 2345"],
}

Connect to a Debug Server on Another Machine

This connects to a debug server running on another machine with hostname hostnmame. Which is debugging the program /tmp/a.out and listening on port 5678 of that other machine.

{
  "name": "Remote Debug Server",
  "type": "lldb-dap",
  "request": "attach",
  "program": "/tmp/a.out",
  "attachCommands": ["gdb-remote hostname:5678"],
}

Custom debugger commands

The lldb-dap tool includes additional custom commands to support the Debug Adapter Protocol features.

startDebugging

Using the command lldb-dap startDebugging it is possible to trigger a reverse request to the client requesting a child debug session with the specified configuration. For example, this can be used to attached to forked or spawned processes. For more information see Reverse Requests StartDebugging.

The custom command has the following format:

lldb-dap startDebugging <launch|attach> <configuration>

This will launch a server and then request a child debug session for a client.

{
  "program": "server",
  "postRunCommand": [
    "lldb-dap startDebugging launch '{\"program\":\"client\"}'"
  ]
}

repl-mode

Inspect or adjust the behavior of lldb-dap repl evaluation requests. The supported modes are variable, command and auto.

  • variable - Variable mode expressions are evaluated in the context of the current frame. Use a ``` prefix on the command to run an lldb command.
  • command - Command mode expressions are evaluated as lldb commands, as a result, values printed by lldb are always stringified representations of the expression output.
  • auto - Auto mode will attempt to infer if the expression represents an lldb command or a variable expression. A heuristic is used to infer if the input represents a variable or a command. Use a ``` prefix to ensure an expression is evaluated as a command.

The initial repl-mode can be configured with the cli flag --repl-mode=<mode> and may also be adjusted at runtime using the lldb command lldb-dap repl-mode <mode>.