Implement a more reliable detection scheme for os_unfair_lock.

The core issue here is the weak linking of the symbol, and in certain
environments--for instance, using the latest Xcode (8.1) with the latest
SDK (10.12)--os_unfair_lock may resolve even though you're compiling on
a host that doesn't support it (10.11).

We can use the availability macros to circumvent this problem, and
detect that we're not compiling for a target that is going to support
them and error out at compile time.  The other alternative is to do a
runtime check, but that presents issues for cross-compiling.
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