tree: ca61000b3d8298e9a72ca00a19c7ea74f45ac48a [path history] [tgz]
  1. session/
  4. vendor.conf

Important: This repository is in an early development phase

asciicinema example


GoDoc Build Status Go Report Card

BuildKit is a toolkit for converting source code to build artifacts in an efficient, expressive and repeatable manner.

Key features:

  • Automatic garbage collection
  • Extendable frontend formats
  • Concurrent dependency resolution
  • Efficient instruction caching
  • Build cache import/export
  • Nested build job invocations
  • Distributable workers
  • Multiple output formats
  • Pluggable architecture

Read the proposal from

Quick start

BuildKit daemon can be built in two different versions: one that uses containerd for execution and distribution, and a standalone version that doesn't have other dependencies apart from runc. We are open for adding more backends. buildd is a CLI utility for serving the gRPC API.

# buildd daemon (choose one)
go build -o buildd-containerd -tags containerd ./cmd/buildd
go build -o buildd-standalone -tags standalone ./cmd/buildd

# buildctl utility
go build -o buildctl ./cmd/buildctl

You can also use make binaries that prepares all binaries into the bin/ directory.

examples/buildkit* directory contains scripts that define how to build different configurations of BuildKit and its dependencies using the client package. Running one of these script generates a protobuf definition of a build graph. Note that the script itself does not execute any steps of the build.

You can use buildctl debug dump-llb to see what data is in this definition. Add --dot to generate dot layout.

go run examples/buildkit0/buildkit.go | buildctl debug dump-llb | jq .

To start building use buildctl build command. The example script accepts --target flag to choose between containerd and standalone configurations. In standalone mode BuildKit binaries are built together with runc. In containerd mode, the containerd binary is built as well from the upstream repo.

go run examples/buildkit0/buildkit.go | buildctl build

buildctl build will show interactive progress bar by default while the build job is running. It will also show you the path to the trace file that contains all information about the timing of the individual steps and logs.

Different versions of the example scripts show different ways of describing the build definition for this project to show the capabilities of the library. New versions have been added when new features have become available.

  • ./examples/buildkit0 - uses only exec operations, defines a full stage per component.
  • ./examples/buildkit1 - cloning git repositories has been separated for extra concurrency.
  • ./examples/buildkit2 - uses git sources directly instead of running git clone, allowing better performance and much safer caching.
  • ./examples/buildkit3 - allows using local source files for separate components eg. ./buildkit3 --runc=local | buildctl build --local runc-src=some/local/path
  • ./examples/dockerfile2llb - can be used to convert a Dockerfile to LLB for debugging purposes
  • ./examples/gobuild - shows how to use nested invocation to generate LLB for Go package internal dependencies


Starting the buildd daemon:
buildd-standalone --debug --root /var/lib/buildkit
Building a Dockerfile:
buildctl build --frontend=dockerfile.v0 --local context=. --local dockerfile=.

context and dockerfile should point to local directories for build context and Dockerfile location.

Exporting resulting image to containerd

Containerd version of buildd needs to be used

buildctl build ... --exporter=image --exporter-opt
ctr --namespace=buildkit images ls
Exporting build result back to client
buildctl build ... --exporter=local --exporter-opt output=path/to/output-dir

View build cache

buildctl du -v

Supported runc version

During development buildkit is tested with the version of runc that is being used by the containerd repository. Please refer to for more information.


Running tests:

make test

Updating vendored dependencies:

# update vendor.conf
make vendor

Validating your updates before submission:

make validate-all