% DOCKER(8) Docker User Manuals % Shishir Mahajan % SEPTEMBER 2015
dockerd - Enable daemon mode
dockerd [--add-runtime[=]] [--api-cors-header=[=API-CORS-HEADER]] [--authorization-plugin[=]] [-b|--bridge[=BRIDGE]] [--bip[=BIP]] [--cgroup-parent[=]] [--cluster-store[=]] [--cluster-advertise[=]] [--cluster-store-opt[=map]] [--config-file[=/etc/docker/daemon.json]] [--containerd[=SOCKET-PATH]] [-D|--debug] [--default-gateway[=DEFAULT-GATEWAY]] [--default-gateway-v6[=DEFAULT-GATEWAY-V6]] [--default-ulimit[=]] [--disable-legacy-registry] [--dns[=]] [--dns-opt[=]] [--dns-search[=]] [--exec-opt[=]] [--exec-root[=/var/run/docker]] [--fixed-cidr[=FIXED-CIDR]] [--fixed-cidr-v6[=FIXED-CIDR-V6]] [-G|--group[=docker]] [-g|--graph[=/var/lib/docker]] [-H|--host[=]] [--help] [--icc[=true]] [--insecure-registry[=]] [--ip[=0.0.0.0]] [--ip-forward[=true]] [--ip-masq[=true]] [--iptables[=true]] [--ipv6] [--isolation[=default]] [-l|--log-level[=info]] [--label[=]] [--live-restore[=false]] [--log-driver[=json-file]] [--log-opt[=map]] [--mtu[=0]] [--max-concurrent-downloads[=3]] [--max-concurrent-uploads[=5]] [-p|--pidfile[=/var/run/docker.pid]] [--raw-logs] [--registry-mirror[=]] [-s|--storage-driver[=STORAGE-DRIVER]] [--selinux-enabled] [--storage-opt[=]] [--swarm-default-advertise-addr[=IP|INTERFACE]] [--tls] [--tlscacert[=~/.docker/ca.pem]] [--tlscert[=~/.docker/cert.pem]] [--tlskey[=~/.docker/key.pem]] [--tlsverify] [--userland-proxy[=true]] [--userns-remap[=default]]
dockerd is used for starting the Docker daemon(i.e., to command the daemon to manage images, containers etc.) So dockerd is a server, as a daemon.
To run the Docker daemon you can specify dockerd. You can check the daemon options using dockerd --help. Daemon options should be specified after the dockerd keyword in the following format.
--add-runtime= Set additional OCI compatible runtime.
--authorization-plugin="" Set authorization plugins to load
-b, --bridge="" Attach containers to a pre-existing network bridge; use ‘none’ to disable container networking
--bip="" Use the provided CIDR notation address for the dynamically created bridge (docker0); Mutually exclusive of -b
--cgroup-parent="" Set parent cgroup for all containers. Default is “/docker” for fs cgroup driver and “system.slice” for systemd cgroup driver.
--cluster-store="" URL of the distributed storage backend
--cluster-advertise="" Specifies the ‘host:port’ or
interface:port combination that this particular daemon instance should use when advertising itself to the cluster. The daemon is reached through this value.
--cluster-store-opt="" Specifies options for the Key/Value store.
--config-file=“/etc/docker/daemon.json” Specifies the JSON file path to load the configuration from.
--containerd="" Path to containerd socket.
-D, --debug=true|false Enable debug mode. Default is false.
--default-gateway="" IPv4 address of the container default gateway; this address must be part of the bridge subnet (which is defined by -b or --bip)
--default-gateway-v6="" IPv6 address of the container default gateway
--default-ulimit= Default ulimits for containers.
--disable-legacy-registry=true|false Disable contacting legacy registries
--dns="" Force Docker to use specific DNS servers
--dns-opt="" DNS options to use.
--dns-search= DNS search domains to use.
--exec-opt= Set runtime execution options. See RUNTIME EXECUTION OPTIONS.
--exec-root="" Path to use as the root of the Docker execution state files. Default is
--fixed-cidr="" IPv4 subnet for fixed IPs (e.g., 10.20.0.0/16); this subnet must be nested in the bridge subnet (which is defined by -b or --bip)
--fixed-cidr-v6="" IPv6 subnet for global IPv6 addresses (e.g., 2a00:1450::/64)
-G, --group="" Group to assign the unix socket specified by -H when running in daemon mode. use '' (the empty string) to disable setting of a group. Default is
-g, --graph="" Path to use as the root of the Docker runtime. Default is
-H, --host=[unix:///var/run/docker.sock]: tcp://[host:port] to bind or unix://[/path/to/socket] to use. The socket(s) to bind to in daemon mode specified using one or more tcp://host:port, unix:///path/to/socket, fd://* or fd://socketfd.
--help Print usage statement
--icc=true|false Allow unrestricted inter-container and Docker daemon host communication. If disabled, containers can still be linked together using the --link option (see docker-run(1)). Default is true.
--insecure-registry= Enable insecure registry communication, i.e., enable un-encrypted and/or untrusted communication.
List of insecure registries can contain an element with CIDR notation to specify a whole subnet. Insecure registries accept HTTP and/or accept HTTPS with certificates from unknown CAs.
--insecure-registry is useful when running a local registry. However, because its use creates security vulnerabilities it should ONLY be enabled for testing purposes. For increased security, users should add their CA to their system's list of trusted CAs instead of using
--ip="" Default IP address to use when binding container ports. Default is
--ip-forward=true|false Enables IP forwarding on the Docker host. The default is
true. This flag interacts with the IP forwarding setting on your host system's kernel. If your system has IP forwarding disabled, this setting enables it. If your system has IP forwarding enabled, setting this flag to
--ip-forward=false has no effect.
This setting will also enable IPv6 forwarding if you have both
--fixed-cidr-v6 set. Note that this may reject Router Advertisements and interfere with the host's existing IPv6 configuration. For more information, please consult the documentation about “Advanced Networking - IPv6”.
--ip-masq=true|false Enable IP masquerading for bridge's IP range. Default is true.
--iptables=true|false Enable Docker's addition of iptables rules. Default is true.
--ipv6=true|false Enable IPv6 support. Default is false. Docker will create an IPv6-enabled bridge with address fe80::1 which will allow you to create IPv6-enabled containers. Use together with
--fixed-cidr-v6 to provide globally routable IPv6 addresses. IPv6 forwarding will be enabled if not used with
--ip-forward=false. This may collide with your host's current IPv6 settings. For more information please consult the documentation about “Advanced Networking - IPv6”.
--isolation=“default” Isolation specifies the type of isolation technology used by containers. Note that the default on Windows server is
process, and the default on Windows client is
hyperv. Linux only supports
-l, --log-level=“debug|info|warn|error|fatal” Set the logging level. Default is
--label=“” Set key=value labels to the daemon (displayed in
--live-restore=false Enable live restore of running containers when the daemon starts so that they are not restarted.
--log-driver=“json-file|syslog|journald|gelf|fluentd|awslogs|splunk|etwlogs|gcplogs|none” Default driver for container logs. Default is
docker logs command works only for
json-file logging driver.
--log-opt= Logging driver specific options.
--mtu=0 Set the containers network mtu. Default is
--max-concurrent-downloads=3 Set the max concurrent downloads for each pull. Default is
--max-concurrent-uploads=5 Set the max concurrent uploads for each push. Default is
-p, --pidfile="" Path to use for daemon PID file. Default is
--raw-logs Output daemon logs in full timestamp format without ANSI coloring. If this flag is not set, the daemon outputs condensed, colorized logs if a terminal is detected, or full (“raw”) output otherwise.
--registry-mirror=:// Prepend a registry mirror to be used for image pulls. May be specified multiple times.
-s, --storage-driver="" Force the Docker runtime to use a specific storage driver.
--selinux-enabled=true|false Enable selinux support. Default is false. SELinux does not presently support either of the overlay storage drivers.
--storage-opt= Set storage driver options. See STORAGE DRIVER OPTIONS.
--swarm-default-advertise-addr=IP|INTERFACE Set default address or interface for swarm to advertise as its externally-reachable address to other cluster members. This can be a hostname, an IP address, or an interface such as
eth0. A port cannot be specified with this option.
--tls=true|false Use TLS; implied by --tlsverify. Default is false.
--tlscacert=~/.docker/ca.pem Trust certs signed only by this CA.
--tlscert=~/.docker/cert.pem Path to TLS certificate file.
--tlskey=~/.docker/key.pem Path to TLS key file.
--tlsverify=true|false Use TLS and verify the remote (daemon: verify client, client: verify daemon). Default is false.
--userland-proxy=true|false Rely on a userland proxy implementation for inter-container and outside-to-container loopback communications. Default is true.
--userns-remap=default|uid:gid|user:group|user|uid Enable user namespaces for containers on the daemon. Specifying “default” will cause a new user and group to be created to handle UID and GID range remapping for the user namespace mappings used for contained processes. Specifying a user (or uid) and optionally a group (or gid) will cause the daemon to lookup the user and group's subordinate ID ranges for use as the user namespace mappings for contained processes.
Docker uses storage backends (known as “graphdrivers” in the Docker internals) to create writable containers from images. Many of these backends use operating system level technologies and can be configured.
Specify options to the storage backend with --storage-opt flags. The backends that currently take options are devicemapper, zfs and btrfs. Options for devicemapper are prefixed with dm, options for zfs start with zfs and options for btrfs start with btrfs.
Specifically for devicemapper, the default is a “loopback” model which requires no pre-configuration, but is extremely inefficient. Do not use it in production.
To make the best use of Docker with the devicemapper backend, you must have a recent version of LVM. Use
lvm to create a thin pool; for more information see
man lvmthin. Then, use
--storage-opt dm.thinpooldev to tell the Docker engine to use that pool for allocating images and container snapshots.
Specifies a custom block storage device to use for the thin pool.
If using a block device for device mapper storage, it is best to use
lvm to create and manage the thin-pool volume. This volume is then handed to Docker to exclusively create snapshot volumes needed for images and containers.
Managing the thin-pool outside of Engine makes for the most feature-rich method of having Docker utilize device mapper thin provisioning as the backing storage for Docker containers. The highlights of the lvm-based thin-pool management feature include: automatic or interactive thin-pool resize support, dynamically changing thin-pool features, automatic thinp metadata checking when lvm activates the thin-pool, etc.
As a fallback if no thin pool is provided, loopback files are created. Loopback is very slow, but can be used without any pre-configuration of storage. It is strongly recommended that you do not use loopback in production. Ensure your Engine daemon has a
--storage-opt dm.thinpooldev argument provided.
Specifies the size to use when creating the base device, which limits the size of images and containers. The default value is 10G. Note, thin devices are inherently “sparse”, so a 10G device which is mostly empty doesn't use 10 GB of space on the pool. However, the filesystem will use more space for base images the larger the device is.
The base device size can be increased at daemon restart which will allow all future images and containers (based on those new images) to be of the new base device size.
dockerd --storage-opt dm.basesize=50G
This will increase the base device size to 50G. The Docker daemon will throw an error if existing base device size is larger than 50G. A user can use this option to expand the base device size however shrinking is not permitted.
This value affects the system-wide “base” empty filesystem that may already be initialized and inherited by pulled images. Typically, a change to this value requires additional steps to take effect:
$ sudo service docker stop $ sudo rm -rf /var/lib/docker $ sudo service docker start
dockerd --storage-opt dm.basesize=20G
Specifies the filesystem type to use for the base device. The supported options are
xfs. The default is
dockerd --storage-opt dm.fs=xfs
Specifies extra mkfs arguments to be used when creating the base device.
dockerd --storage-opt "dm.mkfsarg=-O ^has_journal"
Specifies extra mount options used when mounting the thin devices.
dockerd --storage-opt dm.mountopt=nodiscard
Enables use of deferred device removal if
libdm and the kernel driver support the mechanism.
Deferred device removal means that if device is busy when devices are being removed/deactivated, then a deferred removal is scheduled on device. And devices automatically go away when last user of the device exits.
For example, when a container exits, its associated thin device is removed. If that device has leaked into some other mount namespace and can't be removed, the container exit still succeeds and this option causes the system to schedule the device for deferred removal. It does not wait in a loop trying to remove a busy device.
dockerd --storage-opt dm.use_deferred_removal=true
Enables use of deferred device deletion for thin pool devices. By default, thin pool device deletion is synchronous. Before a container is deleted, the Docker daemon removes any associated devices. If the storage driver can not remove a device, the container deletion fails and daemon returns.
Error deleting container: Error response from daemon: Cannot destroy container
To avoid this failure, enable both deferred device deletion and deferred device removal on the daemon.
dockerd --storage-opt dm.use_deferred_deletion=true --storage-opt dm.use_deferred_removal=true
With these two options enabled, if a device is busy when the driver is deleting a container, the driver marks the device as deleted. Later, when the device isn't in use, the driver deletes it.
In general it should be safe to enable this option by default. It will help when unintentional leaking of mount point happens across multiple mount namespaces.
Note: This option configures devicemapper loopback, which should not be used in production.
Specifies the size to use when creating the loopback file for the “data” device which is used for the thin pool. The default size is 100G. The file is sparse, so it will not initially take up this much space.
dockerd --storage-opt dm.loopdatasize=200G
Note: This option configures devicemapper loopback, which should not be used in production.
Specifies the size to use when creating the loopback file for the “metadata” device which is used for the thin pool. The default size is 2G. The file is sparse, so it will not initially take up this much space.
dockerd --storage-opt dm.loopmetadatasize=4G
Specifies a custom blockdevice to use for data for a Docker-managed thin pool. It is better to use
dm.thinpooldev - see the documentation for it above for discussion of the advantages.
Specifies a custom blockdevice to use for metadata for a Docker-managed thin pool. See
dm.datadev for why this is deprecated.
Specifies a custom blocksize to use for the thin pool. The default blocksize is 64K.
dockerd --storage-opt dm.blocksize=512K
Enables or disables the use of
blkdiscard when removing devicemapper devices. This is disabled by default due to the additional latency, but as a special case with loopback devices it will be enabled, in order to re-sparsify the loopback file on image/container removal.
Disabling this on loopback can lead to much faster container removal times, but it also prevents the space used in
/var/lib/docker directory from being returned to the system for other use when containers are removed.
dockerd --storage-opt dm.blkdiscard=false
By default, the devicemapper backend attempts to synchronize with the
udev device manager for the Linux kernel. This option allows disabling that synchronization, to continue even though the configuration may be buggy.
To view the
udev sync support of a Docker daemon that is using the
devicemapper driver, run:
$ docker info [...] Udev Sync Supported: true [...]
udev sync support is
udev can coordinate the activation and deactivation of devices for containers.
udev sync support is
false, a race condition occurs between the
udev during create and cleanup. The race condition results in errors and failures. (For information on these failures, see docker#4036)
To allow the
docker daemon to start, regardless of whether
udev sync is
dm.override_udev_sync_check to true:
$ dockerd --storage-opt dm.override_udev_sync_check=true
When this value is
true, the driver continues and simply warns you the errors are happening.
Note: The ideal is to pursue a
docker daemon and environment that does support synchronizing with
udev. For further discussion on this topic, see docker#4036. Otherwise, set this flag for migrating existing Docker daemons to a daemon with a supported environment.
Specifies the min free space percent in a thin pool require for new device creation to succeed. This check applies to both free data space as well as free metadata space. Valid values are from 0% - 99%. Value 0% disables free space checking logic. If user does not specify a value for this option, the Engine uses a default value of 10%.
Whenever a new a thin pool device is created (during
docker pull or during container creation), the Engine checks if the minimum free space is available. If the space is unavailable, then device creation fails and any relevant
docker operation fails.
To recover from this error, you must create more free space in the thin pool to recover from the error. You can create free space by deleting some images and containers from tge thin pool. You can also add more storage to the thin pool.
To add more space to an LVM (logical volume management) thin pool, just add more storage to the group container thin pool; this should automatically resolve any errors. If your configuration uses loop devices, then stop the Engine daemon, grow the size of loop files and restart the daemon to resolve the issue.
dockerd --storage-opt dm.min_free_space=10%
Set zfs filesystem under which docker will create its own datasets. By default docker will pick up the zfs filesystem where docker graph (
/var/lib/docker) is located.
dockerd -s zfs --storage-opt zfs.fsname=zroot/docker
Specifies the mininum size to use when creating the subvolume which is used for containers. If user uses disk quota for btrfs when creating or running a container with --storage-opt size option, docker should ensure the size cannot be smaller than btrfs.min_space.
docker daemon -s btrfs --storage-opt btrfs.min_space=10G
The daemon uses libkv to advertise the node within the cluster. Some Key/Value backends support mutual TLS, and the client TLS settings used by the daemon can be configured using the --cluster-store-opt flag, specifying the paths to PEM encoded files.
Specifies the path to a local file with PEM encoded CA certificates to trust
Specifies the path to a local file with a PEM encoded certificate. This certificate is used as the client cert for communication with the Key/Value store.
Specifies the path to a local file with a PEM encoded private key. This private key is used as the client key for communication with the Key/Value store.
Docker's access authorization can be extended by authorization plugins that your organization can purchase or build themselves. You can install one or more authorization plugins when you start the Docker
daemon using the
dockerd --authorization-plugin=plugin1 --authorization-plugin=plugin2,...
PLUGIN_ID value is either the plugin‘s name or a path to its specification file. The plugin’s implementation determines whether you can specify a name or path. Consult with your Docker administrator to get information about the plugins available to you.
Once a plugin is installed, requests made to the
daemon through the command line or Docker's remote API are allowed or denied by the plugin. If you have multiple plugins installed, at least one must allow the request for it to complete.
For information about how to create an authorization plugin, see authorization plugin section in the Docker extend section of this documentation.
Sept 2015, Originally compiled by Shishir Mahajan email@example.com based on docker.com source material and internal work.