blob: 84e1e83591cc2f6719db6a98872571aa88ddc6c1 [file] [log] [blame]
.\" **************************************************************************
.\" * _ _ ____ _
.\" * Project ___| | | | _ \| |
.\" * / __| | | | |_) | |
.\" * | (__| |_| | _ <| |___
.\" * \___|\___/|_| \_\_____|
.\" *
.\" * Copyright (C) 1998 - 2019, Daniel Stenberg, <>, et al.
.\" *
.\" * This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
.\" * you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
.\" * are also available at
.\" *
.\" * You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
.\" * copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
.\" * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
.\" *
.\" * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
.\" * KIND, either express or implied.
.\" *
.\" **************************************************************************
.TH CURLOPT_OPENSOCKETFUNCTION 3 "16 Jun 2014" "libcurl 7.37.0" "curl_easy_setopt options"
CURLOPT_OPENSOCKETFUNCTION \- set callback for opening sockets
#include <curl/curl.h>
typedef enum {
CURLSOCKTYPE_IPCXN, /* socket created for a specific IP connection */
} curlsocktype;
struct curl_sockaddr {
int family;
int socktype;
int protocol;
unsigned int addrlen;
struct sockaddr addr;
curl_socket_t opensocket_callback(void *clientp,
curlsocktype purpose,
struct curl_sockaddr *address);
CURLcode curl_easy_setopt(CURL *handle, CURLOPT_OPENSOCKETFUNCTION, opensocket_callback);
Pass a pointer to your callback function, which should match the prototype
shown above.
This callback function gets called by libcurl instead of the \fIsocket(2)\fP
call. The callback's \fIpurpose\fP argument identifies the exact purpose for
this particular socket. \fICURLSOCKTYPE_IPCXN\fP is for IP based connections
and is the only purpose currently used in libcurl. Future versions of libcurl
may support more purposes.
The \fIclientp\fP pointer contains whatever user-defined value set using the
The callback gets the resolved peer address as the \fIaddress\fP argument and
is allowed to modify the address or refuse to connect completely. The callback
function should return the newly created socket or \fICURL_SOCKET_BAD\fP in
case no connection could be established or another error was detected. Any
additional \fIsetsockopt(2)\fP calls can of course be done on the socket at
the user's discretion. A \fICURL_SOCKET_BAD\fP return value from the callback
function will signal an unrecoverable error to libcurl and it will return
\fICURLE_COULDNT_CONNECT\fP from the function that triggered this callback.
This return code can be used for IP address blacklisting.
If you want to pass in a socket with an already established connection, pass
the socket back with this callback and then use
\fICURLOPT_SOCKOPTFUNCTION(3)\fP to signal that it already is connected.
The default behavior is the equivalent of this:
return socket(addr->family, addr->socktype, addr->protocol);
/* make libcurl use the already established socket 'sockfd' */
static curl_socket_t opensocket(void *clientp,
curlsocktype purpose,
struct curl_sockaddr *address)
curl_socket_t sockfd;
sockfd = *(curl_socket_t *)clientp;
/* the actual externally set socket is passed in via the OPENSOCKETDATA
option */
return sockfd;
static int sockopt_callback(void *clientp, curl_socket_t curlfd,
curlsocktype purpose)
/* This return code was added in libcurl 7.21.5 */
curl = curl_easy_init();
if(curl) {
/* libcurl will internally think that you connect to the host
* and port that you specify in the URL option. */
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, "");
/* call this function to get a socket */
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_OPENSOCKETFUNCTION, opensocket);
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_OPENSOCKETDATA, &sockfd);
/* call this function to set options for the socket */
curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_SOCKOPTFUNCTION, sockopt_callback);
res = curl_easy_perform(curl);
Added in 7.17.1.
Returns CURLE_OK if the option is supported, and CURLE_UNKNOWN_OPTION if not.