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The curl Test Suite
1. Running
1.1 Requires to run
1.2 Port numbers used by test servers
1.3 Test servers
1.4 Run
1.5 Shell startup scripts
1.6 Memory test
1.7 Debug
1.8 Logs
1.9 Test input files
1.10 Code coverage
1.11 Remote testing
2. Numbering
2.1 Test case numbering
3. Write tests
3.1 test data
3.2 curl tests
3.3 libcurl tests
3.4 unit tests
4.1 More protocols
4.2 SOCKS auth
1. Running
1.1 Requires to run
perl (and a unix-style shell)
python (and a unix-style shell, for SMB and TELNET tests)
python-impacket (for SMB tests)
diff (when a test fails, a diff is shown)
stunnel (for HTTPS and FTPS tests)
OpenSSH or SunSSH (for SCP, SFTP and SOCKS4/5 tests)
nghttpx (for HTTP/2 tests)
nroff (for --manual tests)
1.1.1 Installation of python-impacket
The Python-based test servers support both recent Python 2 and 3.
You can figure out your default Python interpreter with python -V
Please install python-impacket in the correct Python environment.
You can use pip or your OS' package manager to install 'impacket'.
On Debian/Ubuntu the package names are:
Python 2: 'python-impacket'
Python 3: 'python3-impacket'
On FreeBSD the package names are:
Python 2: 'py27-impacket'
Python 3: 'py37-impacket'
On any system where pip is available:
Python 2: 'pip2 install impacket'
Python 3: 'pip3 install impacket'
You may also need to manually install the Python package 'six'
as that may be a missing requirement for impacket on Python 3.
1.2 Port numbers used by test servers
Tests are written to use as few fixed fixed port numbers as possible and all
tests should be written to use suitable variables instead of port numbers so
that test cases continue to work independent on what port numbers the test
servers actually use.
The remaining fixed-port test servers that are still used, use the port
range 8890 - 8904 by default, but can be moved with runtests' -b option.
See the FILEFORMAT for a listing of existing port number variables.
1.3 Test servers
The test suite runs simple FTP, POP3, IMAP, SMTP, HTTP and TFTP stand-alone
servers on the ports listed above to which it makes requests. For SSL tests,
it runs stunnel to handle encryption to the regular servers. For SSH, it
runs a standard OpenSSH server. For SOCKS4/5 tests SSH is used to perform
the SOCKS functionality and requires a SSH client and server.
The base port number (8990), which all the individual port numbers are
indexed from, can be set explicitly using' -b option to allow
running more than one instance of the test suite simultaneously on one
machine, or just move the servers in case you have local services on any of
those ports.
The HTTP server supports listening on a Unix domain socket, the default
location is 'http.sock'.
1.4 Run
'./configure && make && make test'. This builds the test suite support code
and invokes the '' perl script to run all the tests. Edit the top
variables of that script in case you have some specific needs, or run the
script manually (after the support code has been built).
The script breaks on the first test that doesn't do OK. Use -a to prevent
the script from aborting on the first error. Run the script with -v for more
verbose output. Use -d to run the test servers with debug output enabled as
well. Specifying -k keeps all the log files generated by the test intact.
Use -s for shorter output, or pass test numbers to run specific tests only
(like "./ 3 4" to test 3 and 4 only). It also supports test case
ranges with 'to', as in "./runtests 3 to 9" which runs the seven tests from
3 to 9. Any test numbers starting with ! are disabled, as are any test
numbers found in the files data/DISABLED or data/DISABLED.local (one per
line). The latter is meant for local temporary disables and will be ignored
by git.
When -s is not present, each successful test will display on one line the
test number and description and on the next line a set of flags, the test
result, current test sequence, total number of tests to be run and an
estimated amount of time to complete the test run. The flags consist of
these letters describing what is checked in this test:
s stdout
d data
u upload
p protocol
o output
e exit code
m memory
v valgrind
1.5 Shell startup scripts
Tests which use the ssh test server, SCP/SFTP/SOCKS tests, might be badly
influenced by the output of system wide or user specific shell startup
scripts, .bashrc, .profile, /etc/csh.cshrc, .login, /etc/bashrc, etc. which
output text messages or escape sequences on user login. When these shell
startup messages or escape sequences are output they might corrupt the
expected stream of data which flows to the sftp-server or from the ssh
client which can result in bad test behaviour or even prevent the test
server from running.
If the test suite ssh or sftp server fails to start up and logs the message
'Received message too long' then you are certainly suffering the unwanted
output of a shell startup script. Locate, cleanup or adjust the shell
1.6 Memory test
The test script will check that all allocated memory is freed properly IF
curl has been built with the CURLDEBUG define set. The script will
automatically detect if that is the case, and it will use the
'' script to analyze the memory debugging output.
Also, if you run tests on a machine where valgrind is found, the script will
use valgrind to run the test with (unless you use -n) to further verify
correctness.'s -t option will enable torture testing mode, which runs each
test many times and makes each different memory allocation fail on each
successive run. This tests the out of memory error handling code to ensure
that memory leaks do not occur even in those situations. It can help to
compile curl with CPPFLAGS=-DMEMDEBUG_LOG_SYNC when using this option, to
ensure that the memory log file is properly written even if curl crashes.
1.7 Debug
If a test case fails, you can conveniently get the script to invoke the
debugger (gdb) for you with the server running and the exact same command
line parameters that failed. Just invoke ' <test number> -g' and
then just type 'run' in the debugger to perform the command through the
1.8 Logs
All logs are generated in the log/ subdirectory (it is emptied first in the script). Use -k to force it to keep the temporary
files after the test run since successful runs will clean it up otherwise.
1.9 Test input files
All test cases are put in the data/ subdirectory. Each test is stored in the
file named according to the test number.
See FILEFORMAT for the description of the test case files.
1.10 Code coverage
gcc provides a tool that can determine the code coverage figures for
the test suite. To use it, configure curl with
CFLAGS='-fprofile-arcs -ftest-coverage -g -O0'. Make sure you run the normal
and torture tests to get more full coverage, i.e. do:
make test
make test-torture
The graphical tool ggcov can be used to browse the source and create
coverage reports on *NIX hosts:
ggcov -r lib src
The text mode tool gcov may also be used, but it doesn't handle object files
in more than one directory very well.
1.11 Remote testing
The script provides some hooks to allow curl to be tested on a
machine where perl can not be run. The test framework in this case runs on
a workstation where perl is available, while curl itself is run on a remote
system using ssh or some other remote execution method. See the comments at
the beginning of for details.
2. Numbering
2.1 Test case numbering
Test cases used to be numbered by category, but the ranges filled
up. Subsets of tests can now be selected by passing keywords to the script via the make TFLAGS variable.
New tests should now be added by finding a free number in
3. Write tests
Here's a quick description on writing test cases. We basically have three
kinds of tests: the ones that test the curl tool, the ones that build small
applications and test libcurl directly and the unit tests that test
individual (possibly internal) functions.
3.1 test data
Each test has a master file that controls all the test data. What to read,
what the protocol exchange should look like, what exit code to expect and
what command line arguments to use etc.
These files are tests/data/test[num] where [num] is described in section 2
of this document, and the XML-like file format of them is described in the
separate tests/FILEFORMAT document.
3.2 curl tests
A test case that runs the curl tool and verifies that it gets the correct
data, it sends the correct data, it uses the correct protocol primitives
3.3 libcurl tests
The libcurl tests are identical to the curl ones, except that they use a
specific and dedicated custom-built program to run instead of "curl". This
tool is built from source code placed in tests/libtest and if you want to
make a new libcurl test that is where you add your code.
3.4 unit tests
Unit tests are tests in the 13xx sequence and they are placed in tests/unit.
There's a tests/unit/README describing the specific set of checks and macros
that may be used when writing tests that verify behaviors of specific
individual functions.
The unit tests depend on curl being built with debug enabled.
4.1 More protocols
Add tests for TELNET, LDAP, DICT...
4.2 SOCKS auth
SOCKS4/5 test deficiencies - no proxy authentication tests as SSH (the
test mechanism) doesn't support them