blob: 45bf26053a94c28a8d47670f6ba040c5d0671d59 [file] [log] [blame]
// RUN: %clang_cc1 -fsyntax-only -verify -Wformat-nonliteral -isystem %S/Inputs %s
// RUN: %clang_cc1 -fsyntax-only -verify -Wformat-nonliteral -isystem %S/Inputs -fno-signed-char %s
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#define __need_wint_t
#include <stddef.h> // For wint_t and wchar_t
typedef struct _FILE FILE;
int fprintf(FILE *, const char *restrict, ...);
int printf(const char *restrict, ...); // expected-note{{passing argument to parameter here}}
int snprintf(char *restrict, size_t, const char *restrict, ...);
int sprintf(char *restrict, const char *restrict, ...);
int vasprintf(char **, const char *, va_list);
int asprintf(char **, const char *, ...);
int vfprintf(FILE *, const char *restrict, va_list);
int vprintf(const char *restrict, va_list);
int vsnprintf(char *, size_t, const char *, va_list);
int vsprintf(char *restrict, const char *restrict, va_list); // expected-note{{passing argument to parameter here}}
int vscanf(const char *restrict format, va_list arg);
char * global_fmt;
void check_string_literal( FILE* fp, const char* s, char *buf, ... ) {
char * b;
va_list ap;
va_start(ap,buf);
printf(s); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
vprintf(s,ap); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
fprintf(fp,s); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
vfprintf(fp,s,ap); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
asprintf(&b,s); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string lit}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
vasprintf(&b,s,ap); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
sprintf(buf,s); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
snprintf(buf,2,s); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string lit}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
__builtin___sprintf_chk(buf,0,-1,s); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
__builtin___snprintf_chk(buf,2,0,-1,s); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string lit}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
vsprintf(buf,s,ap); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string lit}}
vsnprintf(buf,2,s,ap); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string lit}}
vsnprintf(buf,2,global_fmt,ap); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
__builtin___vsnprintf_chk(buf,2,0,-1,s,ap); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string lit}}
__builtin___vsnprintf_chk(buf,2,0,-1,global_fmt,ap); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
vscanf(s, ap); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
const char *const fmt = "%d"; // FIXME -- defined here
printf(fmt, 1, 2); // expected-warning{{data argument not used}}
// rdar://6079877
printf("abc"
"%*d", 1, 1); // no-warning
printf("abc\
def"
"%*d", 1, 1); // no-warning
// <rdar://problem/6079850>, allow 'unsigned' (instead of 'int') to be used for both
// the field width and precision. This deviates from C99, but is reasonably safe
// and is also accepted by GCC.
printf("%*d", (unsigned) 1, 1); // no-warning
}
// When calling a non-variadic format function (vprintf, vscanf, NSLogv, ...),
// warn only if the format string argument is a parameter that is not itself
// declared as a format string with compatible format.
__attribute__((__format__ (__printf__, 2, 4)))
void check_string_literal2( FILE* fp, const char* s, char *buf, ... ) {
char * b;
va_list ap;
va_start(ap,buf);
printf(s); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
vprintf(s,ap); // no-warning
fprintf(fp,s); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
vfprintf(fp,s,ap); // no-warning
asprintf(&b,s); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string lit}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
vasprintf(&b,s,ap); // no-warning
sprintf(buf,s); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
snprintf(buf,2,s); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string lit}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
__builtin___vsnprintf_chk(buf,2,0,-1,s,ap); // no-warning
vscanf(s, ap); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal}}
}
void check_conditional_literal(const char* s, int i) {
printf(i == 1 ? "yes" : "no"); // no-warning
printf(i == 0 ? (i == 1 ? "yes" : "no") : "dont know"); // no-warning
printf(i == 0 ? (i == 1 ? s : "no") : "dont know"); // expected-warning{{format string is not a string literal}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
printf("yes" ?: "no %d", 1); // expected-warning{{data argument not used by format string}}
printf(0 ? "yes %s" : "no %d", 1); // no-warning
printf(0 ? "yes %d" : "no %s", 1); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'char *'}}
printf(0 ? "yes" : "no %d", 1); // no-warning
printf(0 ? "yes %d" : "no", 1); // expected-warning{{data argument not used by format string}}
printf(1 ? "yes" : "no %d", 1); // expected-warning{{data argument not used by format string}}
printf(1 ? "yes %d" : "no", 1); // no-warning
printf(i ? "yes" : "no %d", 1); // no-warning
printf(i ? "yes %s" : "no %d", 1); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'char *'}}
printf(i ? "yes" : "no %d", 1, 2); // expected-warning{{data argument not used by format string}}
printf(i ? "%*s" : "-", i, s); // no-warning
printf(i ? "yes" : 0 ? "no %*d" : "dont know %d", 1, 2); // expected-warning{{data argument not used by format string}}
printf(i ? "%i\n" : "%i %s %s\n", i, s); // expected-warning{{more '%' conversions than data arguments}}
}
void check_writeback_specifier()
{
int x;
char *b;
printf("%n", b); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'int *' but the argument has type 'char *'}}
printf("%n", &x); // no-warning
printf("%hhn", (signed char*)0); // no-warning
printf("%hhn", (char*)0); // no-warning
printf("%hhn", (unsigned char*)0); // no-warning
printf("%hhn", (int*)0); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'signed char *' but the argument has type 'int *'}}
printf("%hn", (short*)0); // no-warning
printf("%hn", (unsigned short*)0); // no-warning
printf("%hn", (int*)0); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'short *' but the argument has type 'int *'}}
printf("%n", (int*)0); // no-warning
printf("%n", (unsigned int*)0); // no-warning
printf("%n", (char*)0); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'int *' but the argument has type 'char *'}}
printf("%ln", (long*)0); // no-warning
printf("%ln", (unsigned long*)0); // no-warning
printf("%ln", (int*)0); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'long *' but the argument has type 'int *'}}
printf("%lln", (long long*)0); // no-warning
printf("%lln", (unsigned long long*)0); // no-warning
printf("%lln", (int*)0); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'long long *' but the argument has type 'int *'}}
printf("%qn", (long long*)0); // no-warning
printf("%qn", (unsigned long long*)0); // no-warning
printf("%qn", (int*)0); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'long long *' but the argument has type 'int *'}}
printf("%Ln", 0); // expected-warning{{length modifier 'L' results in undefined behavior or no effect with 'n' conversion specifier}}
// expected-note@-1{{did you mean to use 'll'?}}
}
void check_invalid_specifier(FILE* fp, char *buf)
{
printf("%s%lb%d","unix",10,20); // expected-warning {{invalid conversion specifier 'b'}} expected-warning {{data argument not used by format string}}
fprintf(fp,"%%%l"); // expected-warning {{incomplete format specifier}}
sprintf(buf,"%%%%%ld%d%d", 1, 2, 3); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'long' but the argument has type 'int'}}
snprintf(buf, 2, "%%%%%ld%;%d", 1, 2, 3); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'long' but the argument has type 'int'}} expected-warning {{invalid conversion specifier ';'}} expected-warning {{data argument not used by format string}}
}
void check_null_char_string(char* b)
{
printf("\0this is bogus%d",1); // expected-warning {{string contains '\0'}}
snprintf(b,10,"%%%%%d\0%d",1,2); // expected-warning {{string contains '\0'}}
printf("%\0d",1); // expected-warning {{string contains '\0'}}
}
void check_empty_format_string(char* buf, ...)
{
va_list ap;
va_start(ap,buf);
vprintf("",ap); // expected-warning {{format string is empty}}
sprintf(buf, "", 1); // expected-warning {{format string is empty}}
// Don't warn about empty format strings when there are no data arguments.
// This can arise from macro expansions and non-standard format string
// functions.
sprintf(buf, ""); // no-warning
}
void check_wide_string(char* b, ...)
{
va_list ap;
va_start(ap,b);
printf(L"foo %d",2); // expected-warning {{incompatible pointer types}}, expected-warning {{should not be a wide string}}
vsprintf(b,L"bar %d",ap); // expected-warning {{incompatible pointer types}}, expected-warning {{should not be a wide string}}
}
void check_asterisk_precision_width(int x) {
printf("%*d"); // expected-warning {{'*' specified field width is missing a matching 'int' argument}}
printf("%.*d"); // expected-warning {{'.*' specified field precision is missing a matching 'int' argument}}
printf("%*d",12,x); // no-warning
printf("%*d","foo",x); // expected-warning {{field width should have type 'int', but argument has type 'char *'}}
printf("%.*d","foo",x); // expected-warning {{field precision should have type 'int', but argument has type 'char *'}}
}
void __attribute__((format(printf,1,3))) myprintf(const char*, int blah, ...);
void test_myprintf() {
myprintf("%d", 17, 18); // okay
}
void test_constant_bindings(void) {
const char * const s1 = "hello";
const char s2[] = "hello";
const char *s3 = "hello";
char * const s4 = "hello";
extern const char s5[];
printf(s1); // no-warning
printf(s2); // no-warning
printf(s3); // expected-warning{{not a string literal}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
printf(s4); // expected-warning{{not a string literal}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
printf(s5); // expected-warning{{not a string literal}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
}
// Test what happens when -Wformat-security only.
#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wformat-nonliteral"
#pragma GCC diagnostic warning "-Wformat-security"
void test9(char *P) {
int x;
printf(P); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal (potentially insecure)}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
printf(P, 42);
}
void torture(va_list v8) {
vprintf ("%*.*d", v8); // no-warning
}
void test10(int x, float f, int i, long long lli) {
printf("%s"); // expected-warning{{more '%' conversions than data arguments}}
printf("%@", 12); // expected-warning{{invalid conversion specifier '@'}}
printf("\0"); // expected-warning{{format string contains '\0' within the string body}}
printf("xs\0"); // expected-warning{{format string contains '\0' within the string body}}
printf("%*d\n"); // expected-warning{{'*' specified field width is missing a matching 'int' argument}}
printf("%*.*d\n", x); // expected-warning{{'.*' specified field precision is missing a matching 'int' argument}}
printf("%*d\n", f, x); // expected-warning{{field width should have type 'int', but argument has type 'double'}}
printf("%*.*d\n", x, f, x); // expected-warning{{field precision should have type 'int', but argument has type 'double'}}
printf("%**\n"); // expected-warning{{invalid conversion specifier '*'}}
printf("%d%d\n", x); // expected-warning{{more '%' conversions than data arguments}}
printf("%d\n", x, x); // expected-warning{{data argument not used by format string}}
printf("%W%d\n", x, x); // expected-warning{{invalid conversion specifier 'W'}} expected-warning {{data argument not used by format string}}
printf("%"); // expected-warning{{incomplete format specifier}}
printf("%.d", x); // no-warning
printf("%.", x); // expected-warning{{incomplete format specifier}}
printf("%f", 4); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'double' but the argument has type 'int'}}
printf("%qd", lli); // no-warning
printf("%qd", x); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'long long' but the argument has type 'int'}}
printf("%qp", (void *)0); // expected-warning{{length modifier 'q' results in undefined behavior or no effect with 'p' conversion specifier}}
printf("hhX %hhX", (unsigned char)10); // no-warning
printf("llX %llX", (long long) 10); // no-warning
// This is fine, because there is an implicit conversion to an int.
printf("%d", (unsigned char) 10); // no-warning
printf("%d", (long long) 10); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'int' but the argument has type 'long long'}}
printf("%Lf\n", (long double) 1.0); // no-warning
printf("%f\n", (long double) 1.0); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'double' but the argument has type 'long double'}}
// The man page says that a zero precision is okay.
printf("%.0Lf", (long double) 1.0); // no-warning
printf("%c\n", "x"); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'int' but the argument has type 'char *'}}
printf("%c\n", 1.23); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'int' but the argument has type 'double'}}
printf("Format %d, is %! %f", 1, 4.4); // expected-warning{{invalid conversion specifier '!'}}
}
typedef unsigned char uint8_t;
void should_understand_small_integers() {
printf("%hhu", (short) 10); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'unsigned char' but the argument has type 'short'}}
printf("%hu\n", (unsigned char) 1); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'unsigned short' but the argument has type 'unsigned char'}}
printf("%hu\n", (uint8_t)1); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'unsigned short' but the argument has type 'uint8_t'}}
}
void test11(void *p, char *s) {
printf("%p", p); // no-warning
printf("%p", 123); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'void *' but the argument has type 'int'}}
printf("%.4p", p); // expected-warning{{precision used with 'p' conversion specifier, resulting in undefined behavior}}
printf("%+p", p); // expected-warning{{flag '+' results in undefined behavior with 'p' conversion specifier}}
printf("% p", p); // expected-warning{{flag ' ' results in undefined behavior with 'p' conversion specifier}}
printf("%0p", p); // expected-warning{{flag '0' results in undefined behavior with 'p' conversion specifier}}
printf("%s", s); // no-warning
printf("%+s", p); // expected-warning{{flag '+' results in undefined behavior with 's' conversion specifier}}
printf("% s", p); // expected-warning{{flag ' ' results in undefined behavior with 's' conversion specifier}}
printf("%0s", p); // expected-warning{{flag '0' results in undefined behavior with 's' conversion specifier}}
}
void test12(char *b) {
unsigned char buf[4];
printf ("%.4s\n", buf); // no-warning
printf ("%.4s\n", &buf); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'char *' but the argument has type 'unsigned char (*)[4]'}}
// Verify that we are checking asprintf
asprintf(&b, "%d", "asprintf"); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'int' but the argument has type 'char *'}}
}
void test13(short x) {
char bel = 007;
printf("bel: '0%hhd'\n", bel); // no-warning
printf("x: '0%hhd'\n", x); // expected-warning {{format specifies type 'char' but the argument has type 'short'}}
}
typedef struct __aslclient *aslclient;
typedef struct __aslmsg *aslmsg;
int asl_log(aslclient asl, aslmsg msg, int level, const char *format, ...) __attribute__((__format__ (__printf__, 4, 5)));
void test_asl(aslclient asl) {
// Test case from <rdar://problem/7341605>.
asl_log(asl, 0, 3, "Error: %m"); // no-warning
asl_log(asl, 0, 3, "Error: %W"); // expected-warning{{invalid conversion specifier 'W'}}
}
// <rdar://problem/7595366>
typedef enum { A } int_t;
void f0(int_t x) { printf("%d\n", x); }
// Unicode test cases. These are possibly specific to Mac OS X. If so, they should
// eventually be moved into a separate test.
void test_unicode_conversions(wchar_t *s) {
printf("%S", s); // no-warning
printf("%s", s); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'char *' but the argument has type 'wchar_t *'}}
printf("%C", s[0]); // no-warning
#if defined(__sun) && !defined(__LP64__)
printf("%c", s[0]); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'int' but the argument has type 'wchar_t' (aka 'long')}}
#else
printf("%c", s[0]);
#endif
// FIXME: This test reports inconsistent results. On Windows, '%C' expects
// 'unsigned short'.
// printf("%C", 10);
printf("%S", "hello"); // expected-warning{{but the argument has type 'char *'}}
}
// Mac OS X supports positional arguments in format strings.
// This is an IEEE extension (IEEE Std 1003.1).
// FIXME: This is probably not portable everywhere.
void test_positional_arguments() {
printf("%0$", (int)2); // expected-warning{{position arguments in format strings start counting at 1 (not 0)}}
printf("%1$*0$d", (int) 2); // expected-warning{{position arguments in format strings start counting at 1 (not 0)}}
printf("%1$d", (int) 2); // no-warning
printf("%1$d", (int) 2, 2); // expected-warning{{data argument not used by format string}}
printf("%1$d%1$f", (int) 2); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'double' but the argument has type 'int'}}
printf("%1$2.2d", (int) 2); // no-warning
printf("%2$*1$.2d", (int) 2, (int) 3); // no-warning
printf("%2$*8$d", (int) 2, (int) 3); // expected-warning{{specified field width is missing a matching 'int' argument}}
printf("%%%1$d", (int) 2); // no-warning
printf("%1$d%%", (int) 2); // no-warning
}
// PR 6697 - Handle format strings where the data argument is not adjacent to the format string
void myprintf_PR_6697(const char *format, int x, ...) __attribute__((__format__(printf,1, 3)));
void test_pr_6697() {
myprintf_PR_6697("%s\n", 1, "foo"); // no-warning
myprintf_PR_6697("%s\n", 1, (int)0); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'char *' but the argument has type 'int'}}
// FIXME: Not everything should clearly support positional arguments,
// but we need a way to identify those cases.
myprintf_PR_6697("%1$s\n", 1, "foo"); // no-warning
myprintf_PR_6697("%2$s\n", 1, "foo"); // expected-warning{{data argument position '2' exceeds the number of data arguments (1)}}
myprintf_PR_6697("%18$s\n", 1, "foo"); // expected-warning{{data argument position '18' exceeds the number of data arguments (1)}}
myprintf_PR_6697("%1$s\n", 1, (int) 0); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'char *' but the argument has type 'int'}}
}
void rdar8026030(FILE *fp) {
fprintf(fp, "\%"); // expected-warning{{incomplete format specifier}}
}
void bug7377_bad_length_mod_usage() {
// Bad length modifiers
printf("%hhs", "foo"); // expected-warning{{length modifier 'hh' results in undefined behavior or no effect with 's' conversion specifier}}
printf("%1$zp", (void *)0); // expected-warning{{length modifier 'z' results in undefined behavior or no effect with 'p' conversion specifier}}
printf("%ls", L"foo"); // no-warning
printf("%#.2Lf", (long double)1.234); // no-warning
// Bad flag usage
printf("%#p", (void *) 0); // expected-warning{{flag '#' results in undefined behavior with 'p' conversion specifier}}
printf("%0d", -1); // no-warning
printf("%#n", (int *) 0); // expected-warning{{flag '#' results in undefined behavior with 'n' conversion specifier}}
printf("%-n", (int *) 0); // expected-warning{{flag '-' results in undefined behavior with 'n' conversion specifier}}
printf("%-p", (void *) 0); // no-warning
// Bad optional amount use
printf("%.2c", 'a'); // expected-warning{{precision used with 'c' conversion specifier, resulting in undefined behavior}}
printf("%1n", (int *) 0); // expected-warning{{field width used with 'n' conversion specifier, resulting in undefined behavior}}
printf("%.9n", (int *) 0); // expected-warning{{precision used with 'n' conversion specifier, resulting in undefined behavior}}
// Ignored flags
printf("% +f", 1.23); // expected-warning{{flag ' ' is ignored when flag '+' is present}}
printf("%+ f", 1.23); // expected-warning{{flag ' ' is ignored when flag '+' is present}}
printf("%0-f", 1.23); // expected-warning{{flag '0' is ignored when flag '-' is present}}
printf("%-0f", 1.23); // expected-warning{{flag '0' is ignored when flag '-' is present}}
printf("%-+f", 1.23); // no-warning
}
// PR 7981 - handle '%lc' (wint_t)
void pr7981(wint_t c, wchar_t c2) {
printf("%lc", c); // no-warning
printf("%lc", 1.0); // expected-warning{{the argument has type 'double'}}
#if __WINT_WIDTH__ == 32 && !(defined(__sun) && !defined(__LP64__))
printf("%lc", (char) 1); // no-warning
#else
printf("%lc", (char) 1); // expected-warning{{the argument has type 'char'}}
#endif
printf("%lc", &c); // expected-warning{{the argument has type 'wint_t *'}}
// If wint_t and wchar_t are the same width and wint_t is signed where
// wchar_t is unsigned, an implicit conversion isn't possible.
#if defined(__WINT_UNSIGNED__) || !defined(__WCHAR_UNSIGNED__) || \
__WINT_WIDTH__ > __WCHAR_WIDTH__
printf("%lc", c2); // no-warning
#endif
}
// <rdar://problem/8269537> -Wformat-security says NULL is not a string literal
void rdar8269537() {
// This is likely to crash in most cases, but -Wformat-nonliteral technically
// doesn't warn in this case.
printf(0); // no-warning
}
// Handle functions with multiple format attributes.
extern void rdar8332221_vprintf_scanf(const char *, va_list, const char *, ...)
__attribute__((__format__(__printf__, 1, 0)))
__attribute__((__format__(__scanf__, 3, 4)));
void rdar8332221(va_list ap, int *x, long *y) {
rdar8332221_vprintf_scanf("%", ap, "%d", x); // expected-warning{{incomplete format specifier}}
}
// PR8641
void pr8641() {
printf("%#x\n", 10);
printf("%#X\n", 10);
}
void posix_extensions() {
// Test %'d, "thousands grouping".
// <rdar://problem/8816343>
printf("%'d\n", 123456789); // no-warning
printf("%'i\n", 123456789); // no-warning
printf("%'f\n", (float) 1.0); // no-warning
printf("%'p\n", (void*) 0); // expected-warning{{results in undefined behavior with 'p' conversion specifier}}
}
// PR8486
//
// Test what happens when -Wformat is on, but -Wformat-security is off.
#pragma GCC diagnostic warning "-Wformat"
#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wformat-security"
void pr8486() {
printf("%s", 1); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'char *' but the argument has type 'int'}}
}
// PR9314
// Don't warn about string literals that are PreDefinedExprs, e.g. __func__.
void pr9314() {
printf(__PRETTY_FUNCTION__); // no-warning
printf(__func__); // no-warning
}
int printf(const char * restrict, ...) __attribute__((__format__ (__printf__, 1, 2)));
void rdar9612060(void) {
printf("%s", 2); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'char *' but the argument has type 'int'}}
}
void check_char(unsigned char x, signed char y) {
printf("%c", y); // no-warning
printf("%hhu", x); // no-warning
printf("%hhi", y); // no-warning
printf("%hhi", x); // no-warning
printf("%c", x); // no-warning
printf("%hhu", y); // no-warning
}
// Test suppression of individual warnings.
void test_suppress_invalid_specifier() {
#pragma clang diagnostic push
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wformat-invalid-specifier"
printf("%@", 12); // no-warning
#pragma clang diagnostic pop
}
// Make sure warnings are on for next test.
#pragma GCC diagnostic warning "-Wformat"
#pragma GCC diagnostic warning "-Wformat-security"
// Test that the printf call site is where the warning is attached. If the
// format string is somewhere else, point to it in a note.
void pr9751() {
const char kFormat1[] = "%d %d \n"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}}
printf(kFormat1, 0); // expected-warning{{more '%' conversions than data arguments}}
printf("%d %s\n", 0); // expected-warning{{more '%' conversions than data arguments}}
const char kFormat2[] = "%18$s\n"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat2, 1, "foo"); // expected-warning{{data argument position '18' exceeds the number of data arguments (2)}}
printf("%18$s\n", 1, "foo"); // expected-warning{{data argument position '18' exceeds the number of data arguments (2)}}
const char kFormat4[] = "%y"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat4, 5); // expected-warning{{invalid conversion specifier 'y'}}
printf("%y", 5); // expected-warning{{invalid conversion specifier 'y'}}
const char kFormat5[] = "%."; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat5, 5); // expected-warning{{incomplete format specifier}}
printf("%.", 5); // expected-warning{{incomplete format specifier}}
const char kFormat6[] = "%s"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat6, 5); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'char *' but the argument has type 'int'}}
printf("%s", 5); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'char *' but the argument has type 'int'}}
const char kFormat7[] = "%0$"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat7, 5); // expected-warning{{position arguments in format strings start counting at 1 (not 0)}}
printf("%0$", 5); // expected-warning{{position arguments in format strings start counting at 1 (not 0)}}
const char kFormat8[] = "%1$d %d"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat8, 4, 4); // expected-warning{{cannot mix positional and non-positional arguments in format string}}
printf("%1$d %d", 4, 4); // expected-warning{{cannot mix positional and non-positional arguments in format string}}
const char kFormat9[] = ""; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat9, 4, 4); // expected-warning{{format string is empty}}
printf("", 4, 4); // expected-warning{{format string is empty}}
const char kFormat10[] = "\0%d"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat10, 4); // expected-warning{{format string contains '\0' within the string body}}
printf("\0%d", 4); // expected-warning{{format string contains '\0' within the string body}}
const char kFormat11[] = "%*d"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat11); // expected-warning{{'*' specified field width is missing a matching 'int' argument}}
printf("%*d"); // expected-warning{{'*' specified field width is missing a matching 'int' argument}}
const char kFormat12[] = "%*d"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat12, 4.4); // expected-warning{{field width should have type 'int', but argument has type 'double'}}
printf("%*d", 4.4); // expected-warning{{field width should have type 'int', but argument has type 'double'}}
const char kFormat13[] = "%.3p"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
void *p;
printf(kFormat13, p); // expected-warning{{precision used with 'p' conversion specifier, resulting in undefined behavior}}
printf("%.3p", p); // expected-warning{{precision used with 'p' conversion specifier, resulting in undefined behavior}}
const char kFormat14[] = "%0s"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat14, "a"); // expected-warning{{flag '0' results in undefined behavior with 's' conversion specifier}}
printf("%0s", "a"); // expected-warning{{flag '0' results in undefined behavior with 's' conversion specifier}}
const char kFormat15[] = "%hhs"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat15, "a"); // expected-warning{{length modifier 'hh' results in undefined behavior or no effect with 's' conversion specifier}}
printf("%hhs", "a"); // expected-warning{{length modifier 'hh' results in undefined behavior or no effect with 's' conversion specifier}}
const char kFormat16[] = "%-0d"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat16, 5); // expected-warning{{flag '0' is ignored when flag '-' is present}}
printf("%-0d", 5); // expected-warning{{flag '0' is ignored when flag '-' is present}}
// Make sure that the "format string is defined here" note is not emitted
// when the original string is within the argument expression.
printf(1 ? "yes %d" : "no %d"); // expected-warning{{more '%' conversions than data arguments}}
const char kFormat17[] = "%hu"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}}
printf(kFormat17, (int[]){0}); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'unsigned short' but the argument}}
printf("%a", (long double)0); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'double' but the argument has type 'long double'}}
// Test braced char[] initializers.
const char kFormat18[] = { "%lld" }; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat18, 0); // expected-warning{{format specifies type}}
// Make sure we point at the offending argument rather than the format string.
const char kFormat19[] = "%d"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
printf(kFormat19,
0.0); // expected-warning{{format specifies}}
}
void pr18905() {
const char s1[] = "s\0%s"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
const char s2[1] = "s"; // expected-note{{format string is defined here}}
const char s3[2] = "s\0%s"; // expected-warning{{initializer-string for char array is too long}}
const char s4[10] = "s";
const char s5[0] = "%s"; // expected-warning{{initializer-string for char array is too long}}
// expected-note@-1{{format string is defined here}}
printf(s1); // expected-warning{{format string contains '\0' within the string body}}
printf(s2); // expected-warning{{format string is not null-terminated}}
printf(s3); // no-warning
printf(s4); // no-warning
printf(s5); // expected-warning{{format string is not null-terminated}}
}
void __attribute__((format(strfmon,1,2))) monformat(const char *fmt, ...);
void __attribute__((format(strftime,1,0))) dateformat(const char *fmt);
// Other formats
void test_other_formats() {
char *str = "";
monformat("", 1); // expected-warning{{format string is empty}}
monformat(str); // expected-warning{{format string is not a string literal (potentially insecure)}}
dateformat(""); // expected-warning{{format string is empty}}
dateformat(str); // no-warning (using strftime non-literal is not unsafe)
}
// Do not warn about unused arguments coming from system headers.
// <rdar://problem/11317765>
#include <format-unused-system-args.h>
void test_unused_system_args(int x) {
PRINT1("%d\n", x); // no-warning{{extra argument is system header is OK}}
}
void pr12761(char c) {
// This should not warn even with -fno-signed-char.
printf("%hhx", c);
}
void test_opencl_vector_format(int x) {
printf("%v4d", x); // expected-warning{{invalid conversion specifier 'v'}}
printf("%vd", x); // expected-warning{{invalid conversion specifier 'v'}}
printf("%0vd", x); // expected-warning{{invalid conversion specifier 'v'}}
printf("%hlf", x); // expected-warning{{invalid conversion specifier 'l'}}
printf("%hld", x); // expected-warning{{invalid conversion specifier 'l'}}
}
// Test that we correctly merge the format in both orders.
extern void test14_foo(const char *, const char *, ...)
__attribute__((__format__(__printf__, 1, 3)));
extern void test14_foo(const char *, const char *, ...)
__attribute__((__format__(__scanf__, 2, 3)));
extern void test14_bar(const char *, const char *, ...)
__attribute__((__format__(__scanf__, 2, 3)));
extern void test14_bar(const char *, const char *, ...)
__attribute__((__format__(__printf__, 1, 3)));
void test14_zed(int *p) {
test14_foo("%", "%d", p); // expected-warning{{incomplete format specifier}}
test14_bar("%", "%d", p); // expected-warning{{incomplete format specifier}}
}
void test_qualifiers(volatile int *vip, const int *cip,
const volatile int *cvip) {
printf("%n", cip); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'int *' but the argument has type 'const int *'}}
printf("%n", cvip); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'int *' but the argument has type 'const volatile int *'}}
printf("%n", vip); // No warning.
printf("%p", cip); // No warning.
printf("%p", cvip); // No warning.
typedef int* ip_t;
typedef const int* cip_t;
printf("%n", (ip_t)0); // No warning.
printf("%n", (cip_t)0); // expected-warning{{format specifies type 'int *' but the argument has type 'cip_t' (aka 'const int *')}}
}
#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wformat-nonliteral"
#pragma GCC diagnostic warning "-Wformat-security"
// <rdar://problem/14178260>
extern void test_format_security_extra_args(const char*, int, ...)
__attribute__((__format__(__printf__, 1, 3)));
void test_format_security_pos(char* string) {
test_format_security_extra_args(string, 5); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal (potentially insecure)}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
}
#pragma GCC diagnostic warning "-Wformat-nonliteral"
void test_char_pointer_arithmetic(int b) {
const char s1[] = "string";
const char s2[] = "%s string";
printf(s1 - 1); // expected-warning {{format string is not a string literal (potentially insecure)}}
// expected-note@-1{{treat the string as an argument to avoid this}}
printf(s1 + 2); // no-warning
printf(s2 + 2); // no-warning
const char s3[] = "%s string";
printf((s3 + 2) - 2); // expected-warning{{more '%' conversions than data arguments}}
// expected-note@-2{{format string is defined here}}
printf(2 + s2); // no-warning
printf(6 + s2 - 2); // no-warning
printf(2 + (b ? s1 : s2)); // no-warning
const char s5[] = "string %s";
printf(2 + (b ? s2 : s5)); // expected-warning{{more '%' conversions than data arguments}}
// expected-note@-2{{format string is defined here}}
printf(2 + (b ? s2 : s5), ""); // no-warning
printf(2 + (b ? s1 : s2 - 2), ""); // no-warning
const char s6[] = "%s string";
printf(2 + (b ? s1 : s6 - 2)); // expected-warning{{more '%' conversions than data arguments}}
// expected-note@-2{{format string is defined here}}
printf(1 ? s2 + 2 : s2); // no-warning
printf(0 ? s2 : s2 + 2); // no-warning
printf(2 + s2 + 5 * 3 - 16, ""); // expected-warning{{data argument not used}}
const char s7[] = "%s string %s %s";
printf(s7 + 3, ""); // expected-warning{{more '%' conversions than data arguments}}
// expected-note@-2{{format string is defined here}}
}
void PR30481() {
// This caused crashes due to invalid casts.
printf(1 > 0); // expected-warning{{format string is not a string literal}} expected-warning{{incompatible integer to pointer conversion}} expected-note@format-strings.c:*{{passing argument to parameter here}} expected-note{{to avoid this}}
}