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/*
* Copyright © 2004 Red Hat, Inc.
* Copyright © 2005 Red Hat, Inc.
*
* This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it either under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License version 2.1 as published by the Free Software Foundation
* (the "LGPL") or, at your option, under the terms of the Mozilla
* Public License Version 1.1 (the "MPL"). If you do not alter this
* notice, a recipient may use your version of this file under either
* the MPL or the LGPL.
*
* You should have received a copy of the LGPL along with this library
* in the file COPYING-LGPL-2.1; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Suite 500, Boston, MA 02110-1335, USA
* You should have received a copy of the MPL along with this library
* in the file COPYING-MPL-1.1
*
* The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License
* Version 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in
* compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
* http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
*
* This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY
* OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the LGPL or the MPL for
* the specific language governing rights and limitations.
*
* The Original Code is the cairo graphics library.
*
* The Initial Developer of the Original Code is Red Hat, Inc.
*
* Contributor(s):
* Keith Packard <keithp@keithp.com>
* Graydon Hoare <graydon@redhat.com>
* Carl Worth <cworth@cworth.org>
* Karl Tomlinson <karlt+@karlt.net>, Mozilla Corporation
*/
#include "config.h"
#include "cairo-script-private.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
/*
* An entry can be in one of three states:
*
* FREE: Entry has never been used, terminates all searches.
* Appears in the table as a %NULL pointer.
*
* DEAD: Entry had been live in the past. A dead entry can be reused
* but does not terminate a search for an exact entry.
* Appears in the table as a pointer to DEAD_ENTRY.
*
* LIVE: Entry is currently being used.
* Appears in the table as any non-%NULL, non-DEAD_ENTRY pointer.
*/
#define DEAD_ENTRY ((csi_hash_entry_t *) 0x1)
#define ENTRY_IS_FREE(entry) ((entry) == NULL)
#define ENTRY_IS_DEAD(entry) ((entry) == DEAD_ENTRY)
#define ENTRY_IS_LIVE(entry) ((entry) > DEAD_ENTRY)
/* This table is open-addressed with double hashing. Each table size is a
* prime chosen to be a little more than double the high water mark for a
* given arrangement, so the tables should remain < 50% full. The table
* size makes for the "first" hash modulus; a second prime (2 less than the
* first prime) serves as the "second" hash modulus, which is co-prime and
* thus guarantees a complete permutation of table indices.
*
* This structure, and accompanying table, is borrowed/modified from the
* file xserver/render/glyph.c in the freedesktop.org x server, with
* permission (and suggested modification of doubling sizes) by Keith
* Packard.
*/
static const csi_hash_table_arrangement_t hash_table_arrangements [] = {
{ 16, 43, 41 },
{ 32, 73, 71 },
{ 64, 151, 149 },
{ 128, 283, 281 },
{ 256, 571, 569 },
{ 512, 1153, 1151 },
{ 1024, 2269, 2267 },
{ 2048, 4519, 4517 },
{ 4096, 9013, 9011 },
{ 8192, 18043, 18041 },
{ 16384, 36109, 36107 },
{ 32768, 72091, 72089 },
{ 65536, 144409, 144407 },
{ 131072, 288361, 288359 },
{ 262144, 576883, 576881 },
{ 524288, 1153459, 1153457 },
{ 1048576, 2307163, 2307161 },
{ 2097152, 4613893, 4613891 },
{ 4194304, 9227641, 9227639 },
{ 8388608, 18455029, 18455027 },
{ 16777216, 36911011, 36911009 },
{ 33554432, 73819861, 73819859 },
{ 67108864, 147639589, 147639587 },
{ 134217728, 295279081, 295279079 },
{ 268435456, 590559793, 590559791 }
};
#define NUM_HASH_TABLE_ARRANGEMENTS ARRAY_LENGTH (hash_table_arrangements)
/**
* _csi_hash_table_create:
* @keys_equal: a function to return %TRUE if two keys are equal
*
* Creates a new hash table which will use the keys_equal() function
* to compare hash keys. Data is provided to the hash table in the
* form of user-derived versions of #csi_hash_entry_t. A hash entry
* must be able to hold both a key (including a hash code) and a
* value. Sometimes only the key will be necessary, (as in
* _csi_hash_table_remove), and other times both a key and a value
* will be necessary, (as in _csi_hash_table_insert).
*
* See #csi_hash_entry_t for more details.
*
* Return value: the new hash table or %NULL if out of memory.
**/
csi_status_t
_csi_hash_table_init (csi_hash_table_t *hash_table,
csi_hash_keys_equal_func_t keys_equal)
{
hash_table->keys_equal = keys_equal;
hash_table->arrangement = &hash_table_arrangements[0];
hash_table->entries = calloc (hash_table->arrangement->size,
sizeof(csi_hash_entry_t *));
if (hash_table->entries == NULL)
return _csi_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
hash_table->live_entries = 0;
hash_table->used_entries = 0;
hash_table->iterating = 0;
return CSI_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}
/**
* _csi_hash_table_destroy:
* @hash_table: an empty hash table to destroy
*
* Immediately destroys the given hash table, freeing all resources
* associated with it.
*
* WARNING: The hash_table must have no live entries in it before
* _csi_hash_table_destroy is called. It is a fatal error otherwise,
* and this function will halt. The rationale for this behavior is to
* avoid memory leaks and to avoid needless complication of the API
* with destroy notifiy callbacks.
*
* WARNING: The hash_table must have no running iterators in it when
* _csi_hash_table_destroy is called. It is a fatal error otherwise,
* and this function will halt.
**/
void
_csi_hash_table_fini (csi_hash_table_t *hash_table)
{
free (hash_table->entries);
}
static csi_hash_entry_t **
_csi_hash_table_lookup_unique_key (csi_hash_table_t *hash_table,
csi_hash_entry_t *key)
{
unsigned long table_size, i, idx, step;
csi_hash_entry_t **entry;
table_size = hash_table->arrangement->size;
idx = key->hash % table_size;
entry = &hash_table->entries[idx];
if (! ENTRY_IS_LIVE (*entry))
return entry;
i = 1;
step = key->hash % hash_table->arrangement->rehash;
if (step == 0)
step = 1;
do {
idx += step;
if (idx >= table_size)
idx -= table_size;
entry = &hash_table->entries[idx];
if (! ENTRY_IS_LIVE (*entry))
return entry;
} while (++i < table_size);
return NULL;
}
/**
* _csi_hash_table_manage:
* @hash_table: a hash table
*
* Resize the hash table if the number of entries has gotten much
* bigger or smaller than the ideal number of entries for the current
* size, or control the number of dead entries by moving the entries
* within the table.
*
* Return value: %CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS if successful or
* %CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY if out of memory.
**/
static csi_status_t
_csi_hash_table_manage (csi_hash_table_t *hash_table)
{
csi_hash_table_t tmp;
csi_boolean_t realloc = TRUE;
unsigned long i;
/* This keeps the size of the hash table between 2 and approximately 8
* times the number of live entries and keeps the proportion of free
* entries (search-terminations) > 25%.
*/
unsigned long high = hash_table->arrangement->high_water_mark;
unsigned long low = high >> 2;
unsigned long max_used = high + high / 2;
tmp = *hash_table;
if (hash_table->live_entries > high) {
tmp.arrangement = hash_table->arrangement + 1;
/* This code is being abused if we can't make a table big enough. */
} else if (hash_table->live_entries < low &&
/* Can't shrink if we're at the smallest size */
hash_table->arrangement != &hash_table_arrangements[0])
{
tmp.arrangement = hash_table->arrangement - 1;
}
else if (hash_table->used_entries > max_used)
{
/* Clean out dead entries to prevent lookups from becoming too slow. */
for (i = 0; i < hash_table->arrangement->size; ++i) {
if (ENTRY_IS_DEAD (hash_table->entries[i]))
hash_table->entries[i] = NULL;
}
hash_table->used_entries = hash_table->live_entries;
/* There is no need to reallocate but some entries may need to be
* moved. Typically the proportion of entries needing to be moved is
* small, but, if the moving should leave a large number of dead
* entries, they will be cleaned out next time this code is
* executed. */
realloc = FALSE;
}
else
{
return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}
if (realloc) {
tmp.entries = calloc (tmp.arrangement->size,
sizeof (csi_hash_entry_t*));
if (tmp.entries == NULL)
return _csi_error (CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY);
hash_table->used_entries = 0;
}
for (i = 0; i < hash_table->arrangement->size; ++i) {
csi_hash_entry_t *entry, **pos;
entry = hash_table->entries[i];
if (ENTRY_IS_LIVE (entry)) {
hash_table->entries[i] = DEAD_ENTRY;
pos = _csi_hash_table_lookup_unique_key (&tmp, entry);
if (ENTRY_IS_FREE (*pos))
hash_table->used_entries++;
*pos = entry;
}
}
if (realloc) {
free (hash_table->entries);
hash_table->entries = tmp.entries;
hash_table->arrangement = tmp.arrangement;
}
return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}
/**
* _csi_hash_table_lookup:
* @hash_table: a hash table
* @key: the key of interest
*
* Performs a lookup in @hash_table looking for an entry which has a
* key that matches @key, (as determined by the keys_equal() function
* passed to _csi_hash_table_create).
*
* Return value: the matching entry, of %NULL if no match was found.
**/
void *
_csi_hash_table_lookup (csi_hash_table_t *hash_table,
csi_hash_entry_t *key)
{
csi_hash_entry_t **entry;
unsigned long table_size, i, idx, step;
table_size = hash_table->arrangement->size;
idx = key->hash % table_size;
entry = &hash_table->entries[idx];
if (ENTRY_IS_LIVE (*entry)) {
if ((*entry)->hash == key->hash && hash_table->keys_equal (key, *entry))
return *entry;
} else if (ENTRY_IS_FREE (*entry))
return NULL;
i = 1;
step = key->hash % hash_table->arrangement->rehash;
if (step == 0)
step = 1;
do {
idx += step;
if (idx >= table_size)
idx -= table_size;
entry = &hash_table->entries[idx];
if (ENTRY_IS_LIVE (*entry)) {
if ((*entry)->hash == key->hash &&
hash_table->keys_equal (key, *entry))
{
return *entry;
}
} else if (ENTRY_IS_FREE (*entry))
return NULL;
} while (++i < table_size);
return NULL;
}
/**
* _csi_hash_table_insert:
* @hash_table: a hash table
* @key_and_value: an entry to be inserted
*
* Insert the entry #key_and_value into the hash table.
*
* WARNING: There must not be an existing entry in the hash table
* with a matching key.
*
* WARNING: It is a fatal error to insert an element while
* an iterator is running
*
* Instead of using insert to replace an entry, consider just editing
* the entry obtained with _csi_hash_table_lookup. Or if absolutely
* necessary, use _csi_hash_table_remove first.
*
* Return value: %CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS if successful or
* %CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY if insufficient memory is available.
**/
csi_status_t
_csi_hash_table_insert (csi_hash_table_t *hash_table,
csi_hash_entry_t *key_and_value)
{
csi_status_t status;
csi_hash_entry_t **entry;
hash_table->live_entries++;
status = _csi_hash_table_manage (hash_table);
if (_csi_unlikely (status)) {
/* abort the insert... */
hash_table->live_entries--;
return status;
}
entry = _csi_hash_table_lookup_unique_key (hash_table,
key_and_value);
if (ENTRY_IS_FREE (*entry))
hash_table->used_entries++;
*entry = key_and_value;
return CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS;
}
static csi_hash_entry_t **
_csi_hash_table_lookup_exact_key (csi_hash_table_t *hash_table,
csi_hash_entry_t *key)
{
unsigned long table_size, i, idx, step;
csi_hash_entry_t **entry;
table_size = hash_table->arrangement->size;
idx = key->hash % table_size;
entry = &hash_table->entries[idx];
if (*entry == key)
return entry;
i = 1;
step = key->hash % hash_table->arrangement->rehash;
if (step == 0)
step = 1;
do {
idx += step;
if (idx >= table_size)
idx -= table_size;
entry = &hash_table->entries[idx];
if (*entry == key)
return entry;
} while (++i < table_size);
return NULL;
}
/**
* _csi_hash_table_remove:
* @hash_table: a hash table
* @key: key of entry to be removed
*
* Remove an entry from the hash table which points to @key.
*
* Return value: %CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS if successful or
* %CAIRO_STATUS_NO_MEMORY if out of memory.
**/
void
_csi_hash_table_remove (csi_hash_table_t *hash_table,
csi_hash_entry_t *key)
{
*_csi_hash_table_lookup_exact_key (hash_table, key) = DEAD_ENTRY;
hash_table->live_entries--;
/* Check for table resize. Don't do this when iterating as this will
* reorder elements of the table and cause the iteration to potentially
* skip some elements. */
if (hash_table->iterating == 0) {
/* This call _can_ fail, but only in failing to allocate new
* memory to shrink the hash table. It does leave the table in a
* consistent state, and we've already succeeded in removing the
* entry, so we don't examine the failure status of this call. */
_csi_hash_table_manage (hash_table);
}
}
/**
* _csi_hash_table_foreach:
* @hash_table: a hash table
* @hash_callback: function to be called for each live entry
* @closure: additional argument to be passed to @hash_callback
*
* Call @hash_callback for each live entry in the hash table, in a
* non-specified order.
*
* Entries in @hash_table may be removed by code executed from @hash_callback.
*
* Entries may not be inserted to @hash_table, nor may @hash_table
* be destroyed by code executed from @hash_callback. The relevant
* functions will halt in these cases.
**/
void
_csi_hash_table_foreach (csi_hash_table_t *hash_table,
csi_hash_callback_func_t hash_callback,
void *closure)
{
unsigned long i;
csi_hash_entry_t *entry;
/* Mark the table for iteration */
++hash_table->iterating;
for (i = 0; i < hash_table->arrangement->size; i++) {
entry = hash_table->entries[i];
if (ENTRY_IS_LIVE(entry))
hash_callback (entry, closure);
}
/* If some elements were deleted during the iteration,
* the table may need resizing. Just do this every time
* as the check is inexpensive.
*/
if (--hash_table->iterating == 0) {
/* Should we fail to shrink the hash table, it is left unaltered,
* and we don't need to propagate the error status. */
_csi_hash_table_manage (hash_table);
}
}