blob: 533eff8715d5375e462ce20a20e1816203ef3b94 [file] [log] [blame]
/* linker.c -- BFD linker routines
Copyright (C) 1993-2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Written by Steve Chamberlain and Ian Lance Taylor, Cygnus Support
This file is part of BFD, the Binary File Descriptor library.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street - Fifth Floor, Boston,
MA 02110-1301, USA. */
#include "sysdep.h"
#include "bfd.h"
#include "libbfd.h"
#include "bfdlink.h"
#include "genlink.h"
/*
SECTION
Linker Functions
@cindex Linker
The linker uses three special entry points in the BFD target
vector. It is not necessary to write special routines for
these entry points when creating a new BFD back end, since
generic versions are provided. However, writing them can
speed up linking and make it use significantly less runtime
memory.
The first routine creates a hash table used by the other
routines. The second routine adds the symbols from an object
file to the hash table. The third routine takes all the
object files and links them together to create the output
file. These routines are designed so that the linker proper
does not need to know anything about the symbols in the object
files that it is linking. The linker merely arranges the
sections as directed by the linker script and lets BFD handle
the details of symbols and relocs.
The second routine and third routines are passed a pointer to
a <<struct bfd_link_info>> structure (defined in
<<bfdlink.h>>) which holds information relevant to the link,
including the linker hash table (which was created by the
first routine) and a set of callback functions to the linker
proper.
The generic linker routines are in <<linker.c>>, and use the
header file <<genlink.h>>. As of this writing, the only back
ends which have implemented versions of these routines are
a.out (in <<aoutx.h>>) and ECOFF (in <<ecoff.c>>). The a.out
routines are used as examples throughout this section.
@menu
@* Creating a Linker Hash Table::
@* Adding Symbols to the Hash Table::
@* Performing the Final Link::
@end menu
INODE
Creating a Linker Hash Table, Adding Symbols to the Hash Table, Linker Functions, Linker Functions
SUBSECTION
Creating a linker hash table
@cindex _bfd_link_hash_table_create in target vector
@cindex target vector (_bfd_link_hash_table_create)
The linker routines must create a hash table, which must be
derived from <<struct bfd_link_hash_table>> described in
<<bfdlink.c>>. @xref{Hash Tables}, for information on how to
create a derived hash table. This entry point is called using
the target vector of the linker output file.
The <<_bfd_link_hash_table_create>> entry point must allocate
and initialize an instance of the desired hash table. If the
back end does not require any additional information to be
stored with the entries in the hash table, the entry point may
simply create a <<struct bfd_link_hash_table>>. Most likely,
however, some additional information will be needed.
For example, with each entry in the hash table the a.out
linker keeps the index the symbol has in the final output file
(this index number is used so that when doing a relocatable
link the symbol index used in the output file can be quickly
filled in when copying over a reloc). The a.out linker code
defines the required structures and functions for a hash table
derived from <<struct bfd_link_hash_table>>. The a.out linker
hash table is created by the function
<<NAME(aout,link_hash_table_create)>>; it simply allocates
space for the hash table, initializes it, and returns a
pointer to it.
When writing the linker routines for a new back end, you will
generally not know exactly which fields will be required until
you have finished. You should simply create a new hash table
which defines no additional fields, and then simply add fields
as they become necessary.
INODE
Adding Symbols to the Hash Table, Performing the Final Link, Creating a Linker Hash Table, Linker Functions
SUBSECTION
Adding symbols to the hash table
@cindex _bfd_link_add_symbols in target vector
@cindex target vector (_bfd_link_add_symbols)
The linker proper will call the <<_bfd_link_add_symbols>>
entry point for each object file or archive which is to be
linked (typically these are the files named on the command
line, but some may also come from the linker script). The
entry point is responsible for examining the file. For an
object file, BFD must add any relevant symbol information to
the hash table. For an archive, BFD must determine which
elements of the archive should be used and adding them to the
link.
The a.out version of this entry point is
<<NAME(aout,link_add_symbols)>>.
@menu
@* Differing file formats::
@* Adding symbols from an object file::
@* Adding symbols from an archive::
@end menu
INODE
Differing file formats, Adding symbols from an object file, Adding Symbols to the Hash Table, Adding Symbols to the Hash Table
SUBSUBSECTION
Differing file formats
Normally all the files involved in a link will be of the same
format, but it is also possible to link together different
format object files, and the back end must support that. The
<<_bfd_link_add_symbols>> entry point is called via the target
vector of the file to be added. This has an important
consequence: the function may not assume that the hash table
is the type created by the corresponding
<<_bfd_link_hash_table_create>> vector. All the
<<_bfd_link_add_symbols>> function can assume about the hash
table is that it is derived from <<struct
bfd_link_hash_table>>.
Sometimes the <<_bfd_link_add_symbols>> function must store
some information in the hash table entry to be used by the
<<_bfd_final_link>> function. In such a case the output bfd
xvec must be checked to make sure that the hash table was
created by an object file of the same format.
The <<_bfd_final_link>> routine must be prepared to handle a
hash entry without any extra information added by the
<<_bfd_link_add_symbols>> function. A hash entry without
extra information will also occur when the linker script
directs the linker to create a symbol. Note that, regardless
of how a hash table entry is added, all the fields will be
initialized to some sort of null value by the hash table entry
initialization function.
See <<ecoff_link_add_externals>> for an example of how to
check the output bfd before saving information (in this
case, the ECOFF external symbol debugging information) in a
hash table entry.
INODE
Adding symbols from an object file, Adding symbols from an archive, Differing file formats, Adding Symbols to the Hash Table
SUBSUBSECTION
Adding symbols from an object file
When the <<_bfd_link_add_symbols>> routine is passed an object
file, it must add all externally visible symbols in that
object file to the hash table. The actual work of adding the
symbol to the hash table is normally handled by the function
<<_bfd_generic_link_add_one_symbol>>. The
<<_bfd_link_add_symbols>> routine is responsible for reading
all the symbols from the object file and passing the correct
information to <<_bfd_generic_link_add_one_symbol>>.
The <<_bfd_link_add_symbols>> routine should not use
<<bfd_canonicalize_symtab>> to read the symbols. The point of
providing this routine is to avoid the overhead of converting
the symbols into generic <<asymbol>> structures.
@findex _bfd_generic_link_add_one_symbol
<<_bfd_generic_link_add_one_symbol>> handles the details of
combining common symbols, warning about multiple definitions,
and so forth. It takes arguments which describe the symbol to
add, notably symbol flags, a section, and an offset. The
symbol flags include such things as <<BSF_WEAK>> or
<<BSF_INDIRECT>>. The section is a section in the object
file, or something like <<bfd_und_section_ptr>> for an undefined
symbol or <<bfd_com_section_ptr>> for a common symbol.
If the <<_bfd_final_link>> routine is also going to need to
read the symbol information, the <<_bfd_link_add_symbols>>
routine should save it somewhere attached to the object file
BFD. However, the information should only be saved if the
<<keep_memory>> field of the <<info>> argument is TRUE, so
that the <<-no-keep-memory>> linker switch is effective.
The a.out function which adds symbols from an object file is
<<aout_link_add_object_symbols>>, and most of the interesting
work is in <<aout_link_add_symbols>>. The latter saves
pointers to the hash tables entries created by
<<_bfd_generic_link_add_one_symbol>> indexed by symbol number,
so that the <<_bfd_final_link>> routine does not have to call
the hash table lookup routine to locate the entry.
INODE
Adding symbols from an archive, , Adding symbols from an object file, Adding Symbols to the Hash Table
SUBSUBSECTION
Adding symbols from an archive
When the <<_bfd_link_add_symbols>> routine is passed an
archive, it must look through the symbols defined by the
archive and decide which elements of the archive should be
included in the link. For each such element it must call the
<<add_archive_element>> linker callback, and it must add the
symbols from the object file to the linker hash table. (The
callback may in fact indicate that a replacement BFD should be
used, in which case the symbols from that BFD should be added
to the linker hash table instead.)
@findex _bfd_generic_link_add_archive_symbols
In most cases the work of looking through the symbols in the
archive should be done by the
<<_bfd_generic_link_add_archive_symbols>> function.
<<_bfd_generic_link_add_archive_symbols>> is passed a function
to call to make the final decision about adding an archive
element to the link and to do the actual work of adding the
symbols to the linker hash table. If the element is to
be included, the <<add_archive_element>> linker callback
routine must be called with the element as an argument, and
the element's symbols must be added to the linker hash table
just as though the element had itself been passed to the
<<_bfd_link_add_symbols>> function.
When the a.out <<_bfd_link_add_symbols>> function receives an
archive, it calls <<_bfd_generic_link_add_archive_symbols>>
passing <<aout_link_check_archive_element>> as the function
argument. <<aout_link_check_archive_element>> calls
<<aout_link_check_ar_symbols>>. If the latter decides to add
the element (an element is only added if it provides a real,
non-common, definition for a previously undefined or common
symbol) it calls the <<add_archive_element>> callback and then
<<aout_link_check_archive_element>> calls
<<aout_link_add_symbols>> to actually add the symbols to the
linker hash table - possibly those of a substitute BFD, if the
<<add_archive_element>> callback avails itself of that option.
The ECOFF back end is unusual in that it does not normally
call <<_bfd_generic_link_add_archive_symbols>>, because ECOFF
archives already contain a hash table of symbols. The ECOFF
back end searches the archive itself to avoid the overhead of
creating a new hash table.
INODE
Performing the Final Link, , Adding Symbols to the Hash Table, Linker Functions
SUBSECTION
Performing the final link
@cindex _bfd_link_final_link in target vector
@cindex target vector (_bfd_final_link)
When all the input files have been processed, the linker calls
the <<_bfd_final_link>> entry point of the output BFD. This
routine is responsible for producing the final output file,
which has several aspects. It must relocate the contents of
the input sections and copy the data into the output sections.
It must build an output symbol table including any local
symbols from the input files and the global symbols from the
hash table. When producing relocatable output, it must
modify the input relocs and write them into the output file.
There may also be object format dependent work to be done.
The linker will also call the <<write_object_contents>> entry
point when the BFD is closed. The two entry points must work
together in order to produce the correct output file.
The details of how this works are inevitably dependent upon
the specific object file format. The a.out
<<_bfd_final_link>> routine is <<NAME(aout,final_link)>>.
@menu
@* Information provided by the linker::
@* Relocating the section contents::
@* Writing the symbol table::
@end menu
INODE
Information provided by the linker, Relocating the section contents, Performing the Final Link, Performing the Final Link
SUBSUBSECTION
Information provided by the linker
Before the linker calls the <<_bfd_final_link>> entry point,
it sets up some data structures for the function to use.
The <<input_bfds>> field of the <<bfd_link_info>> structure
will point to a list of all the input files included in the
link. These files are linked through the <<link.next>> field
of the <<bfd>> structure.
Each section in the output file will have a list of
<<link_order>> structures attached to the <<map_head.link_order>>
field (the <<link_order>> structure is defined in
<<bfdlink.h>>). These structures describe how to create the
contents of the output section in terms of the contents of
various input sections, fill constants, and, eventually, other
types of information. They also describe relocs that must be
created by the BFD backend, but do not correspond to any input
file; this is used to support -Ur, which builds constructors
while generating a relocatable object file.
INODE
Relocating the section contents, Writing the symbol table, Information provided by the linker, Performing the Final Link
SUBSUBSECTION
Relocating the section contents
The <<_bfd_final_link>> function should look through the
<<link_order>> structures attached to each section of the
output file. Each <<link_order>> structure should either be
handled specially, or it should be passed to the function
<<_bfd_default_link_order>> which will do the right thing
(<<_bfd_default_link_order>> is defined in <<linker.c>>).
For efficiency, a <<link_order>> of type
<<bfd_indirect_link_order>> whose associated section belongs
to a BFD of the same format as the output BFD must be handled
specially. This type of <<link_order>> describes part of an
output section in terms of a section belonging to one of the
input files. The <<_bfd_final_link>> function should read the
contents of the section and any associated relocs, apply the
relocs to the section contents, and write out the modified
section contents. If performing a relocatable link, the
relocs themselves must also be modified and written out.
@findex _bfd_relocate_contents
@findex _bfd_final_link_relocate
The functions <<_bfd_relocate_contents>> and
<<_bfd_final_link_relocate>> provide some general support for
performing the actual relocations, notably overflow checking.
Their arguments include information about the symbol the
relocation is against and a <<reloc_howto_type>> argument
which describes the relocation to perform. These functions
are defined in <<reloc.c>>.
The a.out function which handles reading, relocating, and
writing section contents is <<aout_link_input_section>>. The
actual relocation is done in <<aout_link_input_section_std>>
and <<aout_link_input_section_ext>>.
INODE
Writing the symbol table, , Relocating the section contents, Performing the Final Link
SUBSUBSECTION
Writing the symbol table
The <<_bfd_final_link>> function must gather all the symbols
in the input files and write them out. It must also write out
all the symbols in the global hash table. This must be
controlled by the <<strip>> and <<discard>> fields of the
<<bfd_link_info>> structure.
The local symbols of the input files will not have been
entered into the linker hash table. The <<_bfd_final_link>>
routine must consider each input file and include the symbols
in the output file. It may be convenient to do this when
looking through the <<link_order>> structures, or it may be
done by stepping through the <<input_bfds>> list.
The <<_bfd_final_link>> routine must also traverse the global
hash table to gather all the externally visible symbols. It
is possible that most of the externally visible symbols may be
written out when considering the symbols of each input file,
but it is still necessary to traverse the hash table since the
linker script may have defined some symbols that are not in
any of the input files.
The <<strip>> field of the <<bfd_link_info>> structure
controls which symbols are written out. The possible values
are listed in <<bfdlink.h>>. If the value is <<strip_some>>,
then the <<keep_hash>> field of the <<bfd_link_info>>
structure is a hash table of symbols to keep; each symbol
should be looked up in this hash table, and only symbols which
are present should be included in the output file.
If the <<strip>> field of the <<bfd_link_info>> structure
permits local symbols to be written out, the <<discard>> field
is used to further controls which local symbols are included
in the output file. If the value is <<discard_l>>, then all
local symbols which begin with a certain prefix are discarded;
this is controlled by the <<bfd_is_local_label_name>> entry point.
The a.out backend handles symbols by calling
<<aout_link_write_symbols>> on each input BFD and then
traversing the global hash table with the function
<<aout_link_write_other_symbol>>. It builds a string table
while writing out the symbols, which is written to the output
file at the end of <<NAME(aout,final_link)>>.
*/
static bfd_boolean generic_link_add_object_symbols
(bfd *, struct bfd_link_info *, bfd_boolean collect);
static bfd_boolean generic_link_add_symbols
(bfd *, struct bfd_link_info *, bfd_boolean);
static bfd_boolean generic_link_check_archive_element_no_collect
(bfd *, struct bfd_link_info *, struct bfd_link_hash_entry *, const char *,
bfd_boolean *);
static bfd_boolean generic_link_check_archive_element_collect
(bfd *, struct bfd_link_info *, struct bfd_link_hash_entry *, const char *,
bfd_boolean *);
static bfd_boolean generic_link_check_archive_element
(bfd *, struct bfd_link_info *, struct bfd_link_hash_entry *, const char *,
bfd_boolean *, bfd_boolean);
static bfd_boolean generic_link_add_symbol_list
(bfd *, struct bfd_link_info *, bfd_size_type count, asymbol **,
bfd_boolean);
static bfd_boolean generic_add_output_symbol
(bfd *, size_t *psymalloc, asymbol *);
static bfd_boolean default_data_link_order
(bfd *, struct bfd_link_info *, asection *, struct bfd_link_order *);
static bfd_boolean default_indirect_link_order
(bfd *, struct bfd_link_info *, asection *, struct bfd_link_order *,
bfd_boolean);
/* The link hash table structure is defined in bfdlink.h. It provides
a base hash table which the backend specific hash tables are built
upon. */
/* Routine to create an entry in the link hash table. */
struct bfd_hash_entry *
_bfd_link_hash_newfunc (struct bfd_hash_entry *entry,
struct bfd_hash_table *table,
const char *string)
{
/* Allocate the structure if it has not already been allocated by a
subclass. */
if (entry == NULL)
{
entry = (struct bfd_hash_entry *)
bfd_hash_allocate (table, sizeof (struct bfd_link_hash_entry));
if (entry == NULL)
return entry;
}
/* Call the allocation method of the superclass. */
entry = bfd_hash_newfunc (entry, table, string);
if (entry)
{
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h = (struct bfd_link_hash_entry *) entry;
/* Initialize the local fields. */
memset ((char *) &h->root + sizeof (h->root), 0,
sizeof (*h) - sizeof (h->root));
}
return entry;
}
/* Initialize a link hash table. The BFD argument is the one
responsible for creating this table. */
bfd_boolean
_bfd_link_hash_table_init
(struct bfd_link_hash_table *table,
bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
struct bfd_hash_entry *(*newfunc) (struct bfd_hash_entry *,
struct bfd_hash_table *,
const char *),
unsigned int entsize)
{
bfd_boolean ret;
BFD_ASSERT (!abfd->is_linker_output && !abfd->link.hash);
table->undefs = NULL;
table->undefs_tail = NULL;
table->type = bfd_link_generic_hash_table;
ret = bfd_hash_table_init (&table->table, newfunc, entsize);
if (ret)
{
/* Arrange for destruction of this hash table on closing ABFD. */
table->hash_table_free = _bfd_generic_link_hash_table_free;
abfd->link.hash = table;
abfd->is_linker_output = TRUE;
}
return ret;
}
/* Look up a symbol in a link hash table. If follow is TRUE, we
follow bfd_link_hash_indirect and bfd_link_hash_warning links to
the real symbol. */
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *
bfd_link_hash_lookup (struct bfd_link_hash_table *table,
const char *string,
bfd_boolean create,
bfd_boolean copy,
bfd_boolean follow)
{
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *ret;
ret = ((struct bfd_link_hash_entry *)
bfd_hash_lookup (&table->table, string, create, copy));
if (follow && ret != NULL)
{
while (ret->type == bfd_link_hash_indirect
|| ret->type == bfd_link_hash_warning)
ret = ret->u.i.link;
}
return ret;
}
/* Look up a symbol in the main linker hash table if the symbol might
be wrapped. This should only be used for references to an
undefined symbol, not for definitions of a symbol. */
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *
bfd_wrapped_link_hash_lookup (bfd *abfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info,
const char *string,
bfd_boolean create,
bfd_boolean copy,
bfd_boolean follow)
{
bfd_size_type amt;
if (info->wrap_hash != NULL)
{
const char *l;
char prefix = '\0';
l = string;
if (*l == bfd_get_symbol_leading_char (abfd) || *l == info->wrap_char)
{
prefix = *l;
++l;
}
#undef WRAP
#define WRAP "__wrap_"
if (bfd_hash_lookup (info->wrap_hash, l, FALSE, FALSE) != NULL)
{
char *n;
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h;
/* This symbol is being wrapped. We want to replace all
references to SYM with references to __wrap_SYM. */
amt = strlen (l) + sizeof WRAP + 1;
n = (char *) bfd_malloc (amt);
if (n == NULL)
return NULL;
n[0] = prefix;
n[1] = '\0';
strcat (n, WRAP);
strcat (n, l);
h = bfd_link_hash_lookup (info->hash, n, create, TRUE, follow);
free (n);
return h;
}
#undef REAL
#define REAL "__real_"
if (*l == '_'
&& CONST_STRNEQ (l, REAL)
&& bfd_hash_lookup (info->wrap_hash, l + sizeof REAL - 1,
FALSE, FALSE) != NULL)
{
char *n;
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h;
/* This is a reference to __real_SYM, where SYM is being
wrapped. We want to replace all references to __real_SYM
with references to SYM. */
amt = strlen (l + sizeof REAL - 1) + 2;
n = (char *) bfd_malloc (amt);
if (n == NULL)
return NULL;
n[0] = prefix;
n[1] = '\0';
strcat (n, l + sizeof REAL - 1);
h = bfd_link_hash_lookup (info->hash, n, create, TRUE, follow);
free (n);
return h;
}
#undef REAL
}
return bfd_link_hash_lookup (info->hash, string, create, copy, follow);
}
/* If H is a wrapped symbol, ie. the symbol name starts with "__wrap_"
and the remainder is found in wrap_hash, return the real symbol. */
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *
unwrap_hash_lookup (struct bfd_link_info *info,
bfd *input_bfd,
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h)
{
const char *l = h->root.string;
if (*l == bfd_get_symbol_leading_char (input_bfd)
|| *l == info->wrap_char)
++l;
if (CONST_STRNEQ (l, WRAP))
{
l += sizeof WRAP - 1;
if (bfd_hash_lookup (info->wrap_hash, l, FALSE, FALSE) != NULL)
{
char save = 0;
if (l - (sizeof WRAP - 1) != h->root.string)
{
--l;
save = *l;
*(char *) l = *h->root.string;
}
h = bfd_link_hash_lookup (info->hash, l, FALSE, FALSE, FALSE);
if (save)
*(char *) l = save;
}
}
return h;
}
#undef WRAP
/* Traverse a generic link hash table. Differs from bfd_hash_traverse
in the treatment of warning symbols. When warning symbols are
created they replace the real symbol, so you don't get to see the
real symbol in a bfd_hash_travere. This traversal calls func with
the real symbol. */
void
bfd_link_hash_traverse
(struct bfd_link_hash_table *htab,
bfd_boolean (*func) (struct bfd_link_hash_entry *, void *),
void *info)
{
unsigned int i;
htab->table.frozen = 1;
for (i = 0; i < htab->table.size; i++)
{
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *p;
p = (struct bfd_link_hash_entry *) htab->table.table[i];
for (; p != NULL; p = (struct bfd_link_hash_entry *) p->root.next)
if (!(*func) (p->type == bfd_link_hash_warning ? p->u.i.link : p, info))
goto out;
}
out:
htab->table.frozen = 0;
}
/* Add a symbol to the linker hash table undefs list. */
void
bfd_link_add_undef (struct bfd_link_hash_table *table,
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h)
{
BFD_ASSERT (h->u.undef.next == NULL);
if (table->undefs_tail != NULL)
table->undefs_tail->u.undef.next = h;
if (table->undefs == NULL)
table->undefs = h;
table->undefs_tail = h;
}
/* The undefs list was designed so that in normal use we don't need to
remove entries. However, if symbols on the list are changed from
bfd_link_hash_undefined to either bfd_link_hash_undefweak or
bfd_link_hash_new for some reason, then they must be removed from the
list. Failure to do so might result in the linker attempting to add
the symbol to the list again at a later stage. */
void
bfd_link_repair_undef_list (struct bfd_link_hash_table *table)
{
struct bfd_link_hash_entry **pun;
pun = &table->undefs;
while (*pun != NULL)
{
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h = *pun;
if (h->type == bfd_link_hash_new
|| h->type == bfd_link_hash_undefweak)
{
*pun = h->u.undef.next;
h->u.undef.next = NULL;
if (h == table->undefs_tail)
{
if (pun == &table->undefs)
table->undefs_tail = NULL;
else
/* pun points at an u.undef.next field. Go back to
the start of the link_hash_entry. */
table->undefs_tail = (struct bfd_link_hash_entry *)
((char *) pun - ((char *) &h->u.undef.next - (char *) h));
break;
}
}
else
pun = &h->u.undef.next;
}
}
/* Routine to create an entry in a generic link hash table. */
struct bfd_hash_entry *
_bfd_generic_link_hash_newfunc (struct bfd_hash_entry *entry,
struct bfd_hash_table *table,
const char *string)
{
/* Allocate the structure if it has not already been allocated by a
subclass. */
if (entry == NULL)
{
entry = (struct bfd_hash_entry *)
bfd_hash_allocate (table, sizeof (struct generic_link_hash_entry));
if (entry == NULL)
return entry;
}
/* Call the allocation method of the superclass. */
entry = _bfd_link_hash_newfunc (entry, table, string);
if (entry)
{
struct generic_link_hash_entry *ret;
/* Set local fields. */
ret = (struct generic_link_hash_entry *) entry;
ret->written = FALSE;
ret->sym = NULL;
}
return entry;
}
/* Create a generic link hash table. */
struct bfd_link_hash_table *
_bfd_generic_link_hash_table_create (bfd *abfd)
{
struct generic_link_hash_table *ret;
bfd_size_type amt = sizeof (struct generic_link_hash_table);
ret = (struct generic_link_hash_table *) bfd_malloc (amt);
if (ret == NULL)
return NULL;
if (! _bfd_link_hash_table_init (&ret->root, abfd,
_bfd_generic_link_hash_newfunc,
sizeof (struct generic_link_hash_entry)))
{
free (ret);
return NULL;
}
return &ret->root;
}
void
_bfd_generic_link_hash_table_free (bfd *obfd)
{
struct generic_link_hash_table *ret;
BFD_ASSERT (obfd->is_linker_output && obfd->link.hash);
ret = (struct generic_link_hash_table *) obfd->link.hash;
bfd_hash_table_free (&ret->root.table);
free (ret);
obfd->link.hash = NULL;
obfd->is_linker_output = FALSE;
}
/* Grab the symbols for an object file when doing a generic link. We
store the symbols in the outsymbols field. We need to keep them
around for the entire link to ensure that we only read them once.
If we read them multiple times, we might wind up with relocs and
the hash table pointing to different instances of the symbol
structure. */
bfd_boolean
bfd_generic_link_read_symbols (bfd *abfd)
{
if (bfd_get_outsymbols (abfd) == NULL)
{
long symsize;
long symcount;
symsize = bfd_get_symtab_upper_bound (abfd);
if (symsize < 0)
return FALSE;
bfd_get_outsymbols (abfd) = (struct bfd_symbol **) bfd_alloc (abfd,
symsize);
if (bfd_get_outsymbols (abfd) == NULL && symsize != 0)
return FALSE;
symcount = bfd_canonicalize_symtab (abfd, bfd_get_outsymbols (abfd));
if (symcount < 0)
return FALSE;
bfd_get_symcount (abfd) = symcount;
}
return TRUE;
}
/* Generic function to add symbols to from an object file to the
global hash table. This version does not automatically collect
constructors by name. */
bfd_boolean
_bfd_generic_link_add_symbols (bfd *abfd, struct bfd_link_info *info)
{
return generic_link_add_symbols (abfd, info, FALSE);
}
/* Generic function to add symbols from an object file to the global
hash table. This version automatically collects constructors by
name, as the collect2 program does. It should be used for any
target which does not provide some other mechanism for setting up
constructors and destructors; these are approximately those targets
for which gcc uses collect2 and do not support stabs. */
bfd_boolean
_bfd_generic_link_add_symbols_collect (bfd *abfd, struct bfd_link_info *info)
{
return generic_link_add_symbols (abfd, info, TRUE);
}
/* Indicate that we are only retrieving symbol values from this
section. We want the symbols to act as though the values in the
file are absolute. */
void
_bfd_generic_link_just_syms (asection *sec,
struct bfd_link_info *info ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
sec->sec_info_type = SEC_INFO_TYPE_JUST_SYMS;
sec->output_section = bfd_abs_section_ptr;
sec->output_offset = sec->vma;
}
/* Copy the symbol type and other attributes for a linker script
assignment from HSRC to HDEST.
The default implementation does nothing. */
void
_bfd_generic_copy_link_hash_symbol_type (bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *hdest ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *hsrc ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
}
/* Add symbols from an object file to the global hash table. */
static bfd_boolean
generic_link_add_symbols (bfd *abfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info,
bfd_boolean collect)
{
bfd_boolean ret;
switch (bfd_get_format (abfd))
{
case bfd_object:
ret = generic_link_add_object_symbols (abfd, info, collect);
break;
case bfd_archive:
ret = (_bfd_generic_link_add_archive_symbols
(abfd, info,
(collect
? generic_link_check_archive_element_collect
: generic_link_check_archive_element_no_collect)));
break;
default:
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_wrong_format);
ret = FALSE;
}
return ret;
}
/* Add symbols from an object file to the global hash table. */
static bfd_boolean
generic_link_add_object_symbols (bfd *abfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info,
bfd_boolean collect)
{
bfd_size_type symcount;
struct bfd_symbol **outsyms;
if (!bfd_generic_link_read_symbols (abfd))
return FALSE;
symcount = _bfd_generic_link_get_symcount (abfd);
outsyms = _bfd_generic_link_get_symbols (abfd);
return generic_link_add_symbol_list (abfd, info, symcount, outsyms, collect);
}
/* Generic function to add symbols from an archive file to the global
hash file. This function presumes that the archive symbol table
has already been read in (this is normally done by the
bfd_check_format entry point). It looks through the archive symbol
table for symbols that are undefined or common in the linker global
symbol hash table. When one is found, the CHECKFN argument is used
to see if an object file should be included. This allows targets
to customize common symbol behaviour. CHECKFN should set *PNEEDED
to TRUE if the object file should be included, and must also call
the bfd_link_info add_archive_element callback function and handle
adding the symbols to the global hash table. CHECKFN must notice
if the callback indicates a substitute BFD, and arrange to add
those symbols instead if it does so. CHECKFN should only return
FALSE if some sort of error occurs. */
bfd_boolean
_bfd_generic_link_add_archive_symbols
(bfd *abfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info,
bfd_boolean (*checkfn) (bfd *, struct bfd_link_info *,
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *, const char *,
bfd_boolean *))
{
bfd_boolean loop;
bfd_size_type amt;
unsigned char *included;
if (! bfd_has_map (abfd))
{
/* An empty archive is a special case. */
if (bfd_openr_next_archived_file (abfd, NULL) == NULL)
return TRUE;
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_no_armap);
return FALSE;
}
amt = bfd_ardata (abfd)->symdef_count;
if (amt == 0)
return TRUE;
amt *= sizeof (*included);
included = (unsigned char *) bfd_zmalloc (amt);
if (included == NULL)
return FALSE;
do
{
carsym *arsyms;
carsym *arsym_end;
carsym *arsym;
unsigned int indx;
file_ptr last_ar_offset = -1;
bfd_boolean needed = FALSE;
bfd *element = NULL;
loop = FALSE;
arsyms = bfd_ardata (abfd)->symdefs;
arsym_end = arsyms + bfd_ardata (abfd)->symdef_count;
for (arsym = arsyms, indx = 0; arsym < arsym_end; arsym++, indx++)
{
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h;
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *undefs_tail;
if (included[indx])
continue;
if (needed && arsym->file_offset == last_ar_offset)
{
included[indx] = 1;
continue;
}
h = bfd_link_hash_lookup (info->hash, arsym->name,
FALSE, FALSE, TRUE);
if (h == NULL
&& info->pei386_auto_import
&& CONST_STRNEQ (arsym->name, "__imp_"))
h = bfd_link_hash_lookup (info->hash, arsym->name + 6,
FALSE, FALSE, TRUE);
if (h == NULL)
continue;
if (h->type != bfd_link_hash_undefined
&& h->type != bfd_link_hash_common)
{
if (h->type != bfd_link_hash_undefweak)
/* Symbol must be defined. Don't check it again. */
included[indx] = 1;
continue;
}
if (last_ar_offset != arsym->file_offset)
{
last_ar_offset = arsym->file_offset;
element = _bfd_get_elt_at_filepos (abfd, last_ar_offset);
if (element == NULL
|| !bfd_check_format (element, bfd_object))
goto error_return;
}
undefs_tail = info->hash->undefs_tail;
/* CHECKFN will see if this element should be included, and
go ahead and include it if appropriate. */
if (! (*checkfn) (element, info, h, arsym->name, &needed))
goto error_return;
if (needed)
{
unsigned int mark;
/* Look backward to mark all symbols from this object file
which we have already seen in this pass. */
mark = indx;
do
{
included[mark] = 1;
if (mark == 0)
break;
--mark;
}
while (arsyms[mark].file_offset == last_ar_offset);
if (undefs_tail != info->hash->undefs_tail)
loop = TRUE;
}
}
} while (loop);
free (included);
return TRUE;
error_return:
free (included);
return FALSE;
}
/* See if we should include an archive element. This version is used
when we do not want to automatically collect constructors based on
the symbol name, presumably because we have some other mechanism
for finding them. */
static bfd_boolean
generic_link_check_archive_element_no_collect (bfd *abfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info,
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h,
const char *name,
bfd_boolean *pneeded)
{
return generic_link_check_archive_element (abfd, info, h, name, pneeded,
FALSE);
}
/* See if we should include an archive element. This version is used
when we want to automatically collect constructors based on the
symbol name, as collect2 does. */
static bfd_boolean
generic_link_check_archive_element_collect (bfd *abfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info,
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h,
const char *name,
bfd_boolean *pneeded)
{
return generic_link_check_archive_element (abfd, info, h, name, pneeded,
TRUE);
}
/* See if we should include an archive element. Optionally collect
constructors. */
static bfd_boolean
generic_link_check_archive_element (bfd *abfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info,
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h,
const char *name ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
bfd_boolean *pneeded,
bfd_boolean collect)
{
asymbol **pp, **ppend;
*pneeded = FALSE;
if (!bfd_generic_link_read_symbols (abfd))
return FALSE;
pp = _bfd_generic_link_get_symbols (abfd);
ppend = pp + _bfd_generic_link_get_symcount (abfd);
for (; pp < ppend; pp++)
{
asymbol *p;
p = *pp;
/* We are only interested in globally visible symbols. */
if (! bfd_is_com_section (p->section)
&& (p->flags & (BSF_GLOBAL | BSF_INDIRECT | BSF_WEAK)) == 0)
continue;
/* We are only interested if we know something about this
symbol, and it is undefined or common. An undefined weak
symbol (type bfd_link_hash_undefweak) is not considered to be
a reference when pulling files out of an archive. See the
SVR4 ABI, p. 4-27. */
h = bfd_link_hash_lookup (info->hash, bfd_asymbol_name (p), FALSE,
FALSE, TRUE);
if (h == NULL
|| (h->type != bfd_link_hash_undefined
&& h->type != bfd_link_hash_common))
continue;
/* P is a symbol we are looking for. */
if (! bfd_is_com_section (p->section)
|| (h->type == bfd_link_hash_undefined
&& h->u.undef.abfd == NULL))
{
/* P is not a common symbol, or an undefined reference was
created from outside BFD such as from a linker -u option.
This object file defines the symbol, so pull it in. */
*pneeded = TRUE;
if (!(*info->callbacks
->add_archive_element) (info, abfd, bfd_asymbol_name (p),
&abfd))
return FALSE;
/* Potentially, the add_archive_element hook may have set a
substitute BFD for us. */
return generic_link_add_object_symbols (abfd, info, collect);
}
/* P is a common symbol. */
if (h->type == bfd_link_hash_undefined)
{
bfd *symbfd;
bfd_vma size;
unsigned int power;
/* Turn the symbol into a common symbol but do not link in
the object file. This is how a.out works. Object
formats that require different semantics must implement
this function differently. This symbol is already on the
undefs list. We add the section to a common section
attached to symbfd to ensure that it is in a BFD which
will be linked in. */
symbfd = h->u.undef.abfd;
h->type = bfd_link_hash_common;
h->u.c.p = (struct bfd_link_hash_common_entry *)
bfd_hash_allocate (&info->hash->table,
sizeof (struct bfd_link_hash_common_entry));
if (h->u.c.p == NULL)
return FALSE;
size = bfd_asymbol_value (p);
h->u.c.size = size;
power = bfd_log2 (size);
if (power > 4)
power = 4;
h->u.c.p->alignment_power = power;
if (p->section == bfd_com_section_ptr)
h->u.c.p->section = bfd_make_section_old_way (symbfd, "COMMON");
else
h->u.c.p->section = bfd_make_section_old_way (symbfd,
p->section->name);
h->u.c.p->section->flags |= SEC_ALLOC;
}
else
{
/* Adjust the size of the common symbol if necessary. This
is how a.out works. Object formats that require
different semantics must implement this function
differently. */
if (bfd_asymbol_value (p) > h->u.c.size)
h->u.c.size = bfd_asymbol_value (p);
}
}
/* This archive element is not needed. */
return TRUE;
}
/* Add the symbols from an object file to the global hash table. ABFD
is the object file. INFO is the linker information. SYMBOL_COUNT
is the number of symbols. SYMBOLS is the list of symbols. COLLECT
is TRUE if constructors should be automatically collected by name
as is done by collect2. */
static bfd_boolean
generic_link_add_symbol_list (bfd *abfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info,
bfd_size_type symbol_count,
asymbol **symbols,
bfd_boolean collect)
{
asymbol **pp, **ppend;
pp = symbols;
ppend = symbols + symbol_count;
for (; pp < ppend; pp++)
{
asymbol *p;
p = *pp;
if ((p->flags & (BSF_INDIRECT
| BSF_WARNING
| BSF_GLOBAL
| BSF_CONSTRUCTOR
| BSF_WEAK)) != 0
|| bfd_is_und_section (bfd_get_section (p))
|| bfd_is_com_section (bfd_get_section (p))
|| bfd_is_ind_section (bfd_get_section (p)))
{
const char *name;
const char *string;
struct generic_link_hash_entry *h;
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *bh;
string = name = bfd_asymbol_name (p);
if (((p->flags & BSF_INDIRECT) != 0
|| bfd_is_ind_section (p->section))
&& pp + 1 < ppend)
{
pp++;
string = bfd_asymbol_name (*pp);
}
else if ((p->flags & BSF_WARNING) != 0
&& pp + 1 < ppend)
{
/* The name of P is actually the warning string, and the
next symbol is the one to warn about. */
pp++;
name = bfd_asymbol_name (*pp);
}
bh = NULL;
if (! (_bfd_generic_link_add_one_symbol
(info, abfd, name, p->flags, bfd_get_section (p),
p->value, string, FALSE, collect, &bh)))
return FALSE;
h = (struct generic_link_hash_entry *) bh;
/* If this is a constructor symbol, and the linker didn't do
anything with it, then we want to just pass the symbol
through to the output file. This will happen when
linking with -r. */
if ((p->flags & BSF_CONSTRUCTOR) != 0
&& (h == NULL || h->root.type == bfd_link_hash_new))
{
p->udata.p = NULL;
continue;
}
/* Save the BFD symbol so that we don't lose any backend
specific information that may be attached to it. We only
want this one if it gives more information than the
existing one; we don't want to replace a defined symbol
with an undefined one. This routine may be called with a
hash table other than the generic hash table, so we only
do this if we are certain that the hash table is a
generic one. */
if (info->output_bfd->xvec == abfd->xvec)
{
if (h->sym == NULL
|| (! bfd_is_und_section (bfd_get_section (p))
&& (! bfd_is_com_section (bfd_get_section (p))
|| bfd_is_und_section (bfd_get_section (h->sym)))))
{
h->sym = p;
/* BSF_OLD_COMMON is a hack to support COFF reloc
reading, and it should go away when the COFF
linker is switched to the new version. */
if (bfd_is_com_section (bfd_get_section (p)))
p->flags |= BSF_OLD_COMMON;
}
}
/* Store a back pointer from the symbol to the hash
table entry for the benefit of relaxation code until
it gets rewritten to not use asymbol structures.
Setting this is also used to check whether these
symbols were set up by the generic linker. */
p->udata.p = h;
}
}
return TRUE;
}
/* We use a state table to deal with adding symbols from an object
file. The first index into the state table describes the symbol
from the object file. The second index into the state table is the
type of the symbol in the hash table. */
/* The symbol from the object file is turned into one of these row
values. */
enum link_row
{
UNDEF_ROW, /* Undefined. */
UNDEFW_ROW, /* Weak undefined. */
DEF_ROW, /* Defined. */
DEFW_ROW, /* Weak defined. */
COMMON_ROW, /* Common. */
INDR_ROW, /* Indirect. */
WARN_ROW, /* Warning. */
SET_ROW /* Member of set. */
};
/* apparently needed for Hitachi 3050R(HI-UX/WE2)? */
#undef FAIL
/* The actions to take in the state table. */
enum link_action
{
FAIL, /* Abort. */
UND, /* Mark symbol undefined. */
WEAK, /* Mark symbol weak undefined. */
DEF, /* Mark symbol defined. */
DEFW, /* Mark symbol weak defined. */
COM, /* Mark symbol common. */
REF, /* Mark defined symbol referenced. */
CREF, /* Possibly warn about common reference to defined symbol. */
CDEF, /* Define existing common symbol. */
NOACT, /* No action. */
BIG, /* Mark symbol common using largest size. */
MDEF, /* Multiple definition error. */
MIND, /* Multiple indirect symbols. */
IND, /* Make indirect symbol. */
CIND, /* Make indirect symbol from existing common symbol. */
SET, /* Add value to set. */
MWARN, /* Make warning symbol. */
WARN, /* Warn if referenced, else MWARN. */
CYCLE, /* Repeat with symbol pointed to. */
REFC, /* Mark indirect symbol referenced and then CYCLE. */
WARNC /* Issue warning and then CYCLE. */
};
/* The state table itself. The first index is a link_row and the
second index is a bfd_link_hash_type. */
static const enum link_action link_action[8][8] =
{
/* current\prev new undef undefw def defw com indr warn */
/* UNDEF_ROW */ {UND, NOACT, UND, REF, REF, NOACT, REFC, WARNC },
/* UNDEFW_ROW */ {WEAK, NOACT, NOACT, REF, REF, NOACT, REFC, WARNC },
/* DEF_ROW */ {DEF, DEF, DEF, MDEF, DEF, CDEF, MDEF, CYCLE },
/* DEFW_ROW */ {DEFW, DEFW, DEFW, NOACT, NOACT, NOACT, NOACT, CYCLE },
/* COMMON_ROW */ {COM, COM, COM, CREF, COM, BIG, REFC, WARNC },
/* INDR_ROW */ {IND, IND, IND, MDEF, IND, CIND, MIND, CYCLE },
/* WARN_ROW */ {MWARN, WARN, WARN, WARN, WARN, WARN, WARN, NOACT },
/* SET_ROW */ {SET, SET, SET, SET, SET, SET, CYCLE, CYCLE }
};
/* Most of the entries in the LINK_ACTION table are straightforward,
but a few are somewhat subtle.
A reference to an indirect symbol (UNDEF_ROW/indr or
UNDEFW_ROW/indr) is counted as a reference both to the indirect
symbol and to the symbol the indirect symbol points to.
A reference to a warning symbol (UNDEF_ROW/warn or UNDEFW_ROW/warn)
causes the warning to be issued.
A common definition of an indirect symbol (COMMON_ROW/indr) is
treated as a multiple definition error. Likewise for an indirect
definition of a common symbol (INDR_ROW/com).
An indirect definition of a warning (INDR_ROW/warn) does not cause
the warning to be issued.
If a warning is created for an indirect symbol (WARN_ROW/indr) no
warning is created for the symbol the indirect symbol points to.
Adding an entry to a set does not count as a reference to a set,
and no warning is issued (SET_ROW/warn). */
/* Return the BFD in which a hash entry has been defined, if known. */
static bfd *
hash_entry_bfd (struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h)
{
while (h->type == bfd_link_hash_warning)
h = h->u.i.link;
switch (h->type)
{
default:
return NULL;
case bfd_link_hash_undefined:
case bfd_link_hash_undefweak:
return h->u.undef.abfd;
case bfd_link_hash_defined:
case bfd_link_hash_defweak:
return h->u.def.section->owner;
case bfd_link_hash_common:
return h->u.c.p->section->owner;
}
/*NOTREACHED*/
}
/* Add a symbol to the global hash table.
ABFD is the BFD the symbol comes from.
NAME is the name of the symbol.
FLAGS is the BSF_* bits associated with the symbol.
SECTION is the section in which the symbol is defined; this may be
bfd_und_section_ptr or bfd_com_section_ptr.
VALUE is the value of the symbol, relative to the section.
STRING is used for either an indirect symbol, in which case it is
the name of the symbol to indirect to, or a warning symbol, in
which case it is the warning string.
COPY is TRUE if NAME or STRING must be copied into locally
allocated memory if they need to be saved.
COLLECT is TRUE if we should automatically collect gcc constructor
or destructor names as collect2 does.
HASHP, if not NULL, is a place to store the created hash table
entry; if *HASHP is not NULL, the caller has already looked up
the hash table entry, and stored it in *HASHP. */
bfd_boolean
_bfd_generic_link_add_one_symbol (struct bfd_link_info *info,
bfd *abfd,
const char *name,
flagword flags,
asection *section,
bfd_vma value,
const char *string,
bfd_boolean copy,
bfd_boolean collect,
struct bfd_link_hash_entry **hashp)
{
enum link_row row;
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h;
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *inh = NULL;
bfd_boolean cycle;
BFD_ASSERT (section != NULL);
if (bfd_is_ind_section (section)
|| (flags & BSF_INDIRECT) != 0)
{
row = INDR_ROW;
/* Create the indirect symbol here. This is for the benefit of
the plugin "notice" function.
STRING is the name of the symbol we want to indirect to. */
inh = bfd_wrapped_link_hash_lookup (abfd, info, string, TRUE,
copy, FALSE);
if (inh == NULL)
return FALSE;
}
else if ((flags & BSF_WARNING) != 0)
row = WARN_ROW;
else if ((flags & BSF_CONSTRUCTOR) != 0)
row = SET_ROW;
else if (bfd_is_und_section (section))
{
if ((flags & BSF_WEAK) != 0)
row = UNDEFW_ROW;
else
row = UNDEF_ROW;
}
else if ((flags & BSF_WEAK) != 0)
row = DEFW_ROW;
else if (bfd_is_com_section (section))
{
row = COMMON_ROW;
if (!bfd_link_relocatable (info)
&& strcmp (name, "__gnu_lto_slim") == 0)
(*_bfd_error_handler)
(_("%s: plugin needed to handle lto object"),
bfd_get_filename (abfd));
}
else
row = DEF_ROW;
if (hashp != NULL && *hashp != NULL)
h = *hashp;
else
{
if (row == UNDEF_ROW || row == UNDEFW_ROW)
h = bfd_wrapped_link_hash_lookup (abfd, info, name, TRUE, copy, FALSE);
else
h = bfd_link_hash_lookup (info->hash, name, TRUE, copy, FALSE);
if (h == NULL)
{
if (hashp != NULL)
*hashp = NULL;
return FALSE;
}
}
if (info->notice_all
|| (info->notice_hash != NULL
&& bfd_hash_lookup (info->notice_hash, name, FALSE, FALSE) != NULL))
{
if (! (*info->callbacks->notice) (info, h, inh,
abfd, section, value, flags))
return FALSE;
}
if (hashp != NULL)
*hashp = h;
do
{
enum link_action action;
cycle = FALSE;
action = link_action[(int) row][(int) h->type];
switch (action)
{
case FAIL:
abort ();
case NOACT:
/* Do nothing. */
break;
case UND:
/* Make a new undefined symbol. */
h->type = bfd_link_hash_undefined;
h->u.undef.abfd = abfd;
bfd_link_add_undef (info->hash, h);
break;
case WEAK:
/* Make a new weak undefined symbol. */
h->type = bfd_link_hash_undefweak;
h->u.undef.abfd = abfd;
break;
case CDEF:
/* We have found a definition for a symbol which was
previously common. */
BFD_ASSERT (h->type == bfd_link_hash_common);
(*info->callbacks->multiple_common) (info, h, abfd,
bfd_link_hash_defined, 0);
/* Fall through. */
case DEF:
case DEFW:
{
enum bfd_link_hash_type oldtype;
/* Define a symbol. */
oldtype = h->type;
if (action == DEFW)
h->type = bfd_link_hash_defweak;
else
h->type = bfd_link_hash_defined;
h->u.def.section = section;
h->u.def.value = value;
h->linker_def = 0;
/* If we have been asked to, we act like collect2 and
identify all functions that might be global
constructors and destructors and pass them up in a
callback. We only do this for certain object file
types, since many object file types can handle this
automatically. */
if (collect && name[0] == '_')
{
const char *s;
/* A constructor or destructor name starts like this:
_+GLOBAL_[_.$][ID][_.$] where the first [_.$] and
the second are the same character (we accept any
character there, in case a new object file format
comes along with even worse naming restrictions). */
#define CONS_PREFIX "GLOBAL_"
#define CONS_PREFIX_LEN (sizeof CONS_PREFIX - 1)
s = name + 1;
while (*s == '_')
++s;
if (s[0] == 'G' && CONST_STRNEQ (s, CONS_PREFIX))
{
char c;
c = s[CONS_PREFIX_LEN + 1];
if ((c == 'I' || c == 'D')
&& s[CONS_PREFIX_LEN] == s[CONS_PREFIX_LEN + 2])
{
/* If this is a definition of a symbol which
was previously weakly defined, we are in
trouble. We have already added a
constructor entry for the weak defined
symbol, and now we are trying to add one
for the new symbol. Fortunately, this case
should never arise in practice. */
if (oldtype == bfd_link_hash_defweak)
abort ();
(*info->callbacks->constructor) (info, c == 'I',
h->root.string, abfd,
section, value);
}
}
}
}
break;
case COM:
/* We have found a common definition for a symbol. */
if (h->type == bfd_link_hash_new)
bfd_link_add_undef (info->hash, h);
h->type = bfd_link_hash_common;
h->u.c.p = (struct bfd_link_hash_common_entry *)
bfd_hash_allocate (&info->hash->table,
sizeof (struct bfd_link_hash_common_entry));
if (h->u.c.p == NULL)
return FALSE;
h->u.c.size = value;
/* Select a default alignment based on the size. This may
be overridden by the caller. */
{
unsigned int power;
power = bfd_log2 (value);
if (power > 4)
power = 4;
h->u.c.p->alignment_power = power;
}
/* The section of a common symbol is only used if the common
symbol is actually allocated. It basically provides a
hook for the linker script to decide which output section
the common symbols should be put in. In most cases, the
section of a common symbol will be bfd_com_section_ptr,
the code here will choose a common symbol section named
"COMMON", and the linker script will contain *(COMMON) in
the appropriate place. A few targets use separate common
sections for small symbols, and they require special
handling. */
if (section == bfd_com_section_ptr)
{
h->u.c.p->section = bfd_make_section_old_way (abfd, "COMMON");
h->u.c.p->section->flags |= SEC_ALLOC;
}
else if (section->owner != abfd)
{
h->u.c.p->section = bfd_make_section_old_way (abfd,
section->name);
h->u.c.p->section->flags |= SEC_ALLOC;
}
else
h->u.c.p->section = section;
h->linker_def = 0;
break;
case REF:
/* A reference to a defined symbol. */
if (h->u.undef.next == NULL && info->hash->undefs_tail != h)
h->u.undef.next = h;
break;
case BIG:
/* We have found a common definition for a symbol which
already had a common definition. Use the maximum of the
two sizes, and use the section required by the larger symbol. */
BFD_ASSERT (h->type == bfd_link_hash_common);
(*info->callbacks->multiple_common) (info, h, abfd,
bfd_link_hash_common, value);
if (value > h->u.c.size)
{
unsigned int power;
h->u.c.size = value;
/* Select a default alignment based on the size. This may
be overridden by the caller. */
power = bfd_log2 (value);
if (power > 4)
power = 4;
h->u.c.p->alignment_power = power;
/* Some systems have special treatment for small commons,
hence we want to select the section used by the larger
symbol. This makes sure the symbol does not go in a
small common section if it is now too large. */
if (section == bfd_com_section_ptr)
{
h->u.c.p->section
= bfd_make_section_old_way (abfd, "COMMON");
h->u.c.p->section->flags |= SEC_ALLOC;
}
else if (section->owner != abfd)
{
h->u.c.p->section
= bfd_make_section_old_way (abfd, section->name);
h->u.c.p->section->flags |= SEC_ALLOC;
}
else
h->u.c.p->section = section;
}
break;
case CREF:
/* We have found a common definition for a symbol which
was already defined. */
(*info->callbacks->multiple_common) (info, h, abfd,
bfd_link_hash_common, value);
break;
case MIND:
/* Multiple indirect symbols. This is OK if they both point
to the same symbol. */
if (strcmp (h->u.i.link->root.string, string) == 0)
break;
/* Fall through. */
case MDEF:
/* Handle a multiple definition. */
(*info->callbacks->multiple_definition) (info, h,
abfd, section, value);
break;
case CIND:
/* Create an indirect symbol from an existing common symbol. */
BFD_ASSERT (h->type == bfd_link_hash_common);
(*info->callbacks->multiple_common) (info, h, abfd,
bfd_link_hash_indirect, 0);
/* Fall through. */
case IND:
if (inh->type == bfd_link_hash_indirect
&& inh->u.i.link == h)
{
(*_bfd_error_handler)
(_("%B: indirect symbol `%s' to `%s' is a loop"),
abfd, name, string);
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_invalid_operation);
return FALSE;
}
if (inh->type == bfd_link_hash_new)
{
inh->type = bfd_link_hash_undefined;
inh->u.undef.abfd = abfd;
bfd_link_add_undef (info->hash, inh);
}
/* If the indirect symbol has been referenced, we need to
push the reference down to the symbol we are referencing. */
if (h->type != bfd_link_hash_new)
{
/* ??? If inh->type == bfd_link_hash_undefweak this
converts inh to bfd_link_hash_undefined. */
row = UNDEF_ROW;
cycle = TRUE;
}
h->type = bfd_link_hash_indirect;
h->u.i.link = inh;
/* Not setting h = h->u.i.link here means that when cycle is
set above we'll always go to REFC, and then cycle again
to the indirected symbol. This means that any successful
change of an existing symbol to indirect counts as a
reference. ??? That may not be correct when the existing
symbol was defweak. */
break;
case SET:
/* Add an entry to a set. */
(*info->callbacks->add_to_set) (info, h, BFD_RELOC_CTOR,
abfd, section, value);
break;
case WARNC:
/* Issue a warning and cycle, except when the reference is
in LTO IR. */
if (h->u.i.warning != NULL
&& (abfd->flags & BFD_PLUGIN) == 0)
{
(*info->callbacks->warning) (info, h->u.i.warning,
h->root.string, abfd, NULL, 0);
/* Only issue a warning once. */
h->u.i.warning = NULL;
}
/* Fall through. */
case CYCLE:
/* Try again with the referenced symbol. */
h = h->u.i.link;
cycle = TRUE;
break;
case REFC:
/* A reference to an indirect symbol. */
if (h->u.undef.next == NULL && info->hash->undefs_tail != h)
h->u.undef.next = h;
h = h->u.i.link;
cycle = TRUE;
break;
case WARN:
/* Warn if this symbol has been referenced already from non-IR,
otherwise add a warning. */
if ((!info->lto_plugin_active
&& (h->u.undef.next != NULL || info->hash->undefs_tail == h))
|| h->non_ir_ref)
{
(*info->callbacks->warning) (info, string, h->root.string,
hash_entry_bfd (h), NULL, 0);
break;
}
/* Fall through. */
case MWARN:
/* Make a warning symbol. */
{
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *sub;
/* STRING is the warning to give. */
sub = ((struct bfd_link_hash_entry *)
((*info->hash->table.newfunc)
(NULL, &info->hash->table, h->root.string)));
if (sub == NULL)
return FALSE;
*sub = *h;
sub->type = bfd_link_hash_warning;
sub->u.i.link = h;
if (! copy)
sub->u.i.warning = string;
else
{
char *w;
size_t len = strlen (string) + 1;
w = (char *) bfd_hash_allocate (&info->hash->table, len);
if (w == NULL)
return FALSE;
memcpy (w, string, len);
sub->u.i.warning = w;
}
bfd_hash_replace (&info->hash->table,
(struct bfd_hash_entry *) h,
(struct bfd_hash_entry *) sub);
if (hashp != NULL)
*hashp = sub;
}
break;
}
}
while (cycle);
return TRUE;
}
/* Generic final link routine. */
bfd_boolean
_bfd_generic_final_link (bfd *abfd, struct bfd_link_info *info)
{
bfd *sub;
asection *o;
struct bfd_link_order *p;
size_t outsymalloc;
struct generic_write_global_symbol_info wginfo;
bfd_get_outsymbols (abfd) = NULL;
bfd_get_symcount (abfd) = 0;
outsymalloc = 0;
/* Mark all sections which will be included in the output file. */
for (o = abfd->sections; o != NULL; o = o->next)
for (p = o->map_head.link_order; p != NULL; p = p->next)
if (p->type == bfd_indirect_link_order)
p->u.indirect.section->linker_mark = TRUE;
/* Build the output symbol table. */
for (sub = info->input_bfds; sub != NULL; sub = sub->link.next)
if (! _bfd_generic_link_output_symbols (abfd, sub, info, &outsymalloc))
return FALSE;
/* Accumulate the global symbols. */
wginfo.info = info;
wginfo.output_bfd = abfd;
wginfo.psymalloc = &outsymalloc;
_bfd_generic_link_hash_traverse (_bfd_generic_hash_table (info),
_bfd_generic_link_write_global_symbol,
&wginfo);
/* Make sure we have a trailing NULL pointer on OUTSYMBOLS. We
shouldn't really need one, since we have SYMCOUNT, but some old
code still expects one. */
if (! generic_add_output_symbol (abfd, &outsymalloc, NULL))
return FALSE;
if (bfd_link_relocatable (info))
{
/* Allocate space for the output relocs for each section. */
for (o = abfd->sections; o != NULL; o = o->next)
{
o->reloc_count = 0;
for (p = o->map_head.link_order; p != NULL; p = p->next)
{
if (p->type == bfd_section_reloc_link_order
|| p->type == bfd_symbol_reloc_link_order)
++o->reloc_count;
else if (p->type == bfd_indirect_link_order)
{
asection *input_section;
bfd *input_bfd;
long relsize;
arelent **relocs;
asymbol **symbols;
long reloc_count;
input_section = p->u.indirect.section;
input_bfd = input_section->owner;
relsize = bfd_get_reloc_upper_bound (input_bfd,
input_section);
if (relsize < 0)
return FALSE;
relocs = (arelent **) bfd_malloc (relsize);
if (!relocs && relsize != 0)
return FALSE;
symbols = _bfd_generic_link_get_symbols (input_bfd);
reloc_count = bfd_canonicalize_reloc (input_bfd,
input_section,
relocs,
symbols);
free (relocs);
if (reloc_count < 0)
return FALSE;
BFD_ASSERT ((unsigned long) reloc_count
== input_section->reloc_count);
o->reloc_count += reloc_count;
}
}
if (o->reloc_count > 0)
{
bfd_size_type amt;
amt = o->reloc_count;
amt *= sizeof (arelent *);
o->orelocation = (struct reloc_cache_entry **) bfd_alloc (abfd, amt);
if (!o->orelocation)
return FALSE;
o->flags |= SEC_RELOC;
/* Reset the count so that it can be used as an index
when putting in the output relocs. */
o->reloc_count = 0;
}
}
}
/* Handle all the link order information for the sections. */
for (o = abfd->sections; o != NULL; o = o->next)
{
for (p = o->map_head.link_order; p != NULL; p = p->next)
{
switch (p->type)
{
case bfd_section_reloc_link_order:
case bfd_symbol_reloc_link_order:
if (! _bfd_generic_reloc_link_order (abfd, info, o, p))
return FALSE;
break;
case bfd_indirect_link_order:
if (! default_indirect_link_order (abfd, info, o, p, TRUE))
return FALSE;
break;
default:
if (! _bfd_default_link_order (abfd, info, o, p))
return FALSE;
break;
}
}
}
return TRUE;
}
/* Add an output symbol to the output BFD. */
static bfd_boolean
generic_add_output_symbol (bfd *output_bfd, size_t *psymalloc, asymbol *sym)
{
if (bfd_get_symcount (output_bfd) >= *psymalloc)
{
asymbol **newsyms;
bfd_size_type amt;
if (*psymalloc == 0)
*psymalloc = 124;
else
*psymalloc *= 2;
amt = *psymalloc;
amt *= sizeof (asymbol *);
newsyms = (asymbol **) bfd_realloc (bfd_get_outsymbols (output_bfd), amt);
if (newsyms == NULL)
return FALSE;
bfd_get_outsymbols (output_bfd) = newsyms;
}
bfd_get_outsymbols (output_bfd) [bfd_get_symcount (output_bfd)] = sym;
if (sym != NULL)
++ bfd_get_symcount (output_bfd);
return TRUE;
}
/* Handle the symbols for an input BFD. */
bfd_boolean
_bfd_generic_link_output_symbols (bfd *output_bfd,
bfd *input_bfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info,
size_t *psymalloc)
{
asymbol **sym_ptr;
asymbol **sym_end;
if (!bfd_generic_link_read_symbols (input_bfd))
return FALSE;
/* Create a filename symbol if we are supposed to. */
if (info->create_object_symbols_section != NULL)
{
asection *sec;
for (sec = input_bfd->sections; sec != NULL; sec = sec->next)
{
if (sec->output_section == info->create_object_symbols_section)
{
asymbol *newsym;
newsym = bfd_make_empty_symbol (input_bfd);
if (!newsym)
return FALSE;
newsym->name = input_bfd->filename;
newsym->value = 0;
newsym->flags = BSF_LOCAL | BSF_FILE;
newsym->section = sec;
if (! generic_add_output_symbol (output_bfd, psymalloc,
newsym))
return FALSE;
break;
}
}
}
/* Adjust the values of the globally visible symbols, and write out
local symbols. */
sym_ptr = _bfd_generic_link_get_symbols (input_bfd);
sym_end = sym_ptr + _bfd_generic_link_get_symcount (input_bfd);
for (; sym_ptr < sym_end; sym_ptr++)
{
asymbol *sym;
struct generic_link_hash_entry *h;
bfd_boolean output;
h = NULL;
sym = *sym_ptr;
if ((sym->flags & (BSF_INDIRECT
| BSF_WARNING
| BSF_GLOBAL
| BSF_CONSTRUCTOR
| BSF_WEAK)) != 0
|| bfd_is_und_section (bfd_get_section (sym))
|| bfd_is_com_section (bfd_get_section (sym))
|| bfd_is_ind_section (bfd_get_section (sym)))
{
if (sym->udata.p != NULL)
h = (struct generic_link_hash_entry *) sym->udata.p;
else if ((sym->flags & BSF_CONSTRUCTOR) != 0)
{
/* This case normally means that the main linker code
deliberately ignored this constructor symbol. We
should just pass it through. This will screw up if
the constructor symbol is from a different,
non-generic, object file format, but the case will
only arise when linking with -r, which will probably
fail anyhow, since there will be no way to represent
the relocs in the output format being used. */
h = NULL;
}
else if (bfd_is_und_section (bfd_get_section (sym)))
h = ((struct generic_link_hash_entry *)
bfd_wrapped_link_hash_lookup (output_bfd, info,
bfd_asymbol_name (sym),
FALSE, FALSE, TRUE));
else
h = _bfd_generic_link_hash_lookup (_bfd_generic_hash_table (info),
bfd_asymbol_name (sym),
FALSE, FALSE, TRUE);
if (h != NULL)
{
/* Force all references to this symbol to point to
the same area in memory. It is possible that
this routine will be called with a hash table
other than a generic hash table, so we double
check that. */
if (info->output_bfd->xvec == input_bfd->xvec)
{
if (h->sym != NULL)
*sym_ptr = sym = h->sym;
}
switch (h->root.type)
{
default:
case bfd_link_hash_new:
abort ();
case bfd_link_hash_undefined:
break;
case bfd_link_hash_undefweak:
sym->flags |= BSF_WEAK;
break;
case bfd_link_hash_indirect:
h = (struct generic_link_hash_entry *) h->root.u.i.link;
/* fall through */
case bfd_link_hash_defined:
sym->flags |= BSF_GLOBAL;
sym->flags &=~ (BSF_WEAK | BSF_CONSTRUCTOR);
sym->value = h->root.u.def.value;
sym->section = h->root.u.def.section;
break;
case bfd_link_hash_defweak:
sym->flags |= BSF_WEAK;
sym->flags &=~ BSF_CONSTRUCTOR;
sym->value = h->root.u.def.value;
sym->section = h->root.u.def.section;
break;
case bfd_link_hash_common:
sym->value = h->root.u.c.size;
sym->flags |= BSF_GLOBAL;
if (! bfd_is_com_section (sym->section))
{
BFD_ASSERT (bfd_is_und_section (sym->section));
sym->section = bfd_com_section_ptr;
}
/* We do not set the section of the symbol to
h->root.u.c.p->section. That value was saved so
that we would know where to allocate the symbol
if it was defined. In this case the type is
still bfd_link_hash_common, so we did not define
it, so we do not want to use that section. */
break;
}
}
}
/* This switch is straight from the old code in
write_file_locals in ldsym.c. */
if (info->strip == strip_all
|| (info->strip == strip_some
&& bfd_hash_lookup (info->keep_hash, bfd_asymbol_name (sym),
FALSE, FALSE) == NULL))
output = FALSE;
else if ((sym->flags & (BSF_GLOBAL | BSF_WEAK)) != 0)
{
/* If this symbol is marked as occurring now, rather
than at the end, output it now. This is used for
COFF C_EXT FCN symbols. FIXME: There must be a
better way. */
if (bfd_asymbol_bfd (sym) == input_bfd
&& (sym->flags & BSF_NOT_AT_END) != 0)
output = TRUE;
else
output = FALSE;
}
else if (bfd_is_ind_section (sym->section))
output = FALSE;
else if ((sym->flags & BSF_DEBUGGING) != 0)
{
if (info->strip == strip_none)
output = TRUE;
else
output = FALSE;
}
else if (bfd_is_und_section (sym->section)
|| bfd_is_com_section (sym->section))
output = FALSE;
else if ((sym->flags & BSF_LOCAL) != 0)
{
if ((sym->flags & BSF_WARNING) != 0)
output = FALSE;
else
{
switch (info->discard)
{
default:
case discard_all:
output = FALSE;
break;
case discard_sec_merge:
output = TRUE;
if (bfd_link_relocatable (info)
|| ! (sym->section->flags & SEC_MERGE))
break;
/* FALLTHROUGH */
case discard_l:
if (bfd_is_local_label (input_bfd, sym))
output = FALSE;
else
output = TRUE;
break;
case discard_none:
output = TRUE;
break;
}
}
}
else if ((sym->flags & BSF_CONSTRUCTOR))
{
if (info->strip != strip_all)
output = TRUE;
else
output = FALSE;
}
else if (sym->flags == 0
&& (sym->section->owner->flags & BFD_PLUGIN) != 0)
/* LTO doesn't set symbol information. We get here with the
generic linker for a symbol that was "common" but no longer
needs to be global. */
output = FALSE;
else
abort ();
/* If this symbol is in a section which is not being included
in the output file, then we don't want to output the
symbol. */
if (!bfd_is_abs_section (sym->section)
&& bfd_section_removed_from_list (output_bfd,
sym->section->output_section))
output = FALSE;
if (output)
{
if (! generic_add_output_symbol (output_bfd, psymalloc, sym))
return FALSE;
if (h != NULL)
h->written = TRUE;
}
}
return TRUE;
}
/* Set the section and value of a generic BFD symbol based on a linker
hash table entry. */
static void
set_symbol_from_hash (asymbol *sym, struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h)
{
switch (h->type)
{
default:
abort ();
break;
case bfd_link_hash_new:
/* This can happen when a constructor symbol is seen but we are
not building constructors. */
if (sym->section != NULL)
{
BFD_ASSERT ((sym->flags & BSF_CONSTRUCTOR) != 0);
}
else
{
sym->flags |= BSF_CONSTRUCTOR;
sym->section = bfd_abs_section_ptr;
sym->value = 0;
}
break;
case bfd_link_hash_undefined:
sym->section = bfd_und_section_ptr;
sym->value = 0;
break;
case bfd_link_hash_undefweak:
sym->section = bfd_und_section_ptr;
sym->value = 0;
sym->flags |= BSF_WEAK;
break;
case bfd_link_hash_defined:
sym->section = h->u.def.section;
sym->value = h->u.def.value;
break;
case bfd_link_hash_defweak:
sym->flags |= BSF_WEAK;
sym->section = h->u.def.section;
sym->value = h->u.def.value;
break;
case bfd_link_hash_common:
sym->value = h->u.c.size;
if (sym->section == NULL)
sym->section = bfd_com_section_ptr;
else if (! bfd_is_com_section (sym->section))
{
BFD_ASSERT (bfd_is_und_section (sym->section));
sym->section = bfd_com_section_ptr;
}
/* Do not set the section; see _bfd_generic_link_output_symbols. */
break;
case bfd_link_hash_indirect:
case bfd_link_hash_warning:
/* FIXME: What should we do here? */
break;
}
}
/* Write out a global symbol, if it hasn't already been written out.
This is called for each symbol in the hash table. */
bfd_boolean
_bfd_generic_link_write_global_symbol (struct generic_link_hash_entry *h,
void *data)
{
struct generic_write_global_symbol_info *wginfo =
(struct generic_write_global_symbol_info *) data;
asymbol *sym;
if (h->written)
return TRUE;
h->written = TRUE;
if (wginfo->info->strip == strip_all
|| (wginfo->info->strip == strip_some
&& bfd_hash_lookup (wginfo->info->keep_hash, h->root.root.string,
FALSE, FALSE) == NULL))
return TRUE;
if (h->sym != NULL)
sym = h->sym;
else
{
sym = bfd_make_empty_symbol (wginfo->output_bfd);
if (!sym)
return FALSE;
sym->name = h->root.root.string;
sym->flags = 0;
}
set_symbol_from_hash (sym, &h->root);
sym->flags |= BSF_GLOBAL;
if (! generic_add_output_symbol (wginfo->output_bfd, wginfo->psymalloc,
sym))
{
/* FIXME: No way to return failure. */
abort ();
}
return TRUE;
}
/* Create a relocation. */
bfd_boolean
_bfd_generic_reloc_link_order (bfd *abfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info,
asection *sec,
struct bfd_link_order *link_order)
{
arelent *r;
if (! bfd_link_relocatable (info))
abort ();
if (sec->orelocation == NULL)
abort ();
r = (arelent *) bfd_alloc (abfd, sizeof (arelent));
if (r == NULL)
return FALSE;
r->address = link_order->offset;
r->howto = bfd_reloc_type_lookup (abfd, link_order->u.reloc.p->reloc);
if (r->howto == 0)
{
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_bad_value);
return FALSE;
}
/* Get the symbol to use for the relocation. */
if (link_order->type == bfd_section_reloc_link_order)
r->sym_ptr_ptr = link_order->u.reloc.p->u.section->symbol_ptr_ptr;
else
{
struct generic_link_hash_entry *h;
h = ((struct generic_link_hash_entry *)
bfd_wrapped_link_hash_lookup (abfd, info,
link_order->u.reloc.p->u.name,
FALSE, FALSE, TRUE));
if (h == NULL
|| ! h->written)
{
(*info->callbacks->unattached_reloc)
(info, link_order->u.reloc.p->u.name, NULL, NULL, 0);
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_bad_value);
return FALSE;
}
r->sym_ptr_ptr = &h->sym;
}
/* If this is an inplace reloc, write the addend to the object file.
Otherwise, store it in the reloc addend. */
if (! r->howto->partial_inplace)
r->addend = link_order->u.reloc.p->addend;
else
{
bfd_size_type size;
bfd_reloc_status_type rstat;
bfd_byte *buf;
bfd_boolean ok;
file_ptr loc;
size = bfd_get_reloc_size (r->howto);
buf = (bfd_byte *) bfd_zmalloc (size);
if (buf == NULL && size != 0)
return FALSE;
rstat = _bfd_relocate_contents (r->howto, abfd,
(bfd_vma) link_order->u.reloc.p->addend,
buf);
switch (rstat)
{
case bfd_reloc_ok:
break;
default:
case bfd_reloc_outofrange:
abort ();
case bfd_reloc_overflow:
(*info->callbacks->reloc_overflow)
(info, NULL,
(link_order->type == bfd_section_reloc_link_order
? bfd_section_name (abfd, link_order->u.reloc.p->u.section)
: link_order->u.reloc.p->u.name),
r->howto->name, link_order->u.reloc.p->addend,
NULL, NULL, 0);
break;
}
loc = link_order->offset * bfd_octets_per_byte (abfd);
ok = bfd_set_section_contents (abfd, sec, buf, loc, size);
free (buf);
if (! ok)
return FALSE;
r->addend = 0;
}
sec->orelocation[sec->reloc_count] = r;
++sec->reloc_count;
return TRUE;
}
/* Allocate a new link_order for a section. */
struct bfd_link_order *
bfd_new_link_order (bfd *abfd, asection *section)
{
bfd_size_type amt = sizeof (struct bfd_link_order);
struct bfd_link_order *new_lo;
new_lo = (struct bfd_link_order *) bfd_zalloc (abfd, amt);
if (!new_lo)
return NULL;
new_lo->type = bfd_undefined_link_order;
if (section->map_tail.link_order != NULL)
section->map_tail.link_order->next = new_lo;
else
section->map_head.link_order = new_lo;
section->map_tail.link_order = new_lo;
return new_lo;
}
/* Default link order processing routine. Note that we can not handle
the reloc_link_order types here, since they depend upon the details
of how the particular backends generates relocs. */
bfd_boolean
_bfd_default_link_order (bfd *abfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info,
asection *sec,
struct bfd_link_order *link_order)
{
switch (link_order->type)
{
case bfd_undefined_link_order:
case bfd_section_reloc_link_order:
case bfd_symbol_reloc_link_order:
default:
abort ();
case bfd_indirect_link_order:
return default_indirect_link_order (abfd, info, sec, link_order,
FALSE);
case bfd_data_link_order:
return default_data_link_order (abfd, info, sec, link_order);
}
}
/* Default routine to handle a bfd_data_link_order. */
static bfd_boolean
default_data_link_order (bfd *abfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
asection *sec,
struct bfd_link_order *link_order)
{
bfd_size_type size;
size_t fill_size;
bfd_byte *fill;
file_ptr loc;
bfd_boolean result;
BFD_ASSERT ((sec->flags & SEC_HAS_CONTENTS) != 0);
size = link_order->size;
if (size == 0)
return TRUE;
fill = link_order->u.data.contents;
fill_size = link_order->u.data.size;
if (fill_size == 0)
{
fill = abfd->arch_info->fill (size, bfd_big_endian (abfd),
(sec->flags & SEC_CODE) != 0);
if (fill == NULL)
return FALSE;
}
else if (fill_size < size)
{
bfd_byte *p;
fill = (bfd_byte *) bfd_malloc (size);
if (fill == NULL)
return FALSE;
p = fill;
if (fill_size == 1)
memset (p, (int) link_order->u.data.contents[0], (size_t) size);
else
{
do
{
memcpy (p, link_order->u.data.contents, fill_size);
p += fill_size;
size -= fill_size;
}
while (size >= fill_size);
if (size != 0)
memcpy (p, link_order->u.data.contents, (size_t) size);
size = link_order->size;
}
}
loc = link_order->offset * bfd_octets_per_byte (abfd);
result = bfd_set_section_contents (abfd, sec, fill, loc, size);
if (fill != link_order->u.data.contents)
free (fill);
return result;
}
/* Default routine to handle a bfd_indirect_link_order. */
static bfd_boolean
default_indirect_link_order (bfd *output_bfd,
struct bfd_link_info *info,
asection *output_section,
struct bfd_link_order *link_order,
bfd_boolean generic_linker)
{
asection *input_section;
bfd *input_bfd;
bfd_byte *contents = NULL;
bfd_byte *new_contents;
bfd_size_type sec_size;
file_ptr loc;
BFD_ASSERT ((output_section->flags & SEC_HAS_CONTENTS) != 0);
input_section = link_order->u.indirect.section;
input_bfd = input_section->owner;
if (input_section->size == 0)
return TRUE;
BFD_ASSERT (input_section->output_section == output_section);
BFD_ASSERT (input_section->output_offset == link_order->offset);
BFD_ASSERT (input_section->size == link_order->size);
if (bfd_link_relocatable (info)
&& input_section->reloc_count > 0
&& output_section->orelocation == NULL)
{
/* Space has not been allocated for the output relocations.
This can happen when we are called by a specific backend
because somebody is attempting to link together different
types of object files. Handling this case correctly is
difficult, and sometimes impossible. */
(*_bfd_error_handler)
(_("Attempt to do relocatable link with %s input and %s output"),
bfd_get_target (input_bfd), bfd_get_target (output_bfd));
bfd_set_error (bfd_error_wrong_format);
return FALSE;
}
if (! generic_linker)
{
asymbol **sympp;
asymbol **symppend;
/* Get the canonical symbols. The generic linker will always
have retrieved them by this point, but we are being called by
a specific linker, presumably because we are linking
different types of object files together. */
if (!bfd_generic_link_read_symbols (input_bfd))
return FALSE;
/* Since we have been called by a specific linker, rather than
the generic linker, the values of the symbols will not be
right. They will be the values as seen in the input file,
not the values of the final link. We need to fix them up
before we can relocate the section. */
sympp = _bfd_generic_link_get_symbols (input_bfd);
symppend = sympp + _bfd_generic_link_get_symcount (input_bfd);
for (; sympp < symppend; sympp++)
{
asymbol *sym;
struct bfd_link_hash_entry *h;
sym = *sympp;
if ((sym->flags & (BSF_INDIRECT
| BSF_WARNING
| BSF_GLOBAL
| BSF_CONSTRUCTOR
| BSF_WEAK)) != 0
|| bfd_is_und_section (bfd_get_section (sym))
|| bfd_is_com_section (bfd_get_section (sym))
|| bfd_is_ind_section (bfd_get_section (sym)))
{
/* sym->udata may have been set by
generic_link_add_symbol_list. */
if (sym->udata.p != NULL)
h = (struct bfd_link_hash_entry *) sym->udata.p;
else if (bfd_is_und_section (bfd_get_section (sym)))
h = bfd_wrapped_link_hash_lookup (output_bfd, info,
bfd_asymbol_name (sym),
FALSE, FALSE, TRUE);
else
h = bfd_link_hash_lookup (info->hash,
bfd_asymbol_name (sym),
FALSE, FALSE, TRUE);
if (h != NULL)
set_symbol_from_hash (sym, h);
}
}
}
if ((output_section->flags & (SEC_GROUP | SEC_LINKER_CREATED)) == SEC_GROUP
&& input_section->size != 0)
{
/* Group section contents are set by bfd_elf_set_group_contents. */
if (!output_bfd->output_has_begun)
{
/* FIXME: This hack ensures bfd_elf_set_group_contents is called. */
if (!bfd_set_section_contents (output_bfd, output_section, "", 0, 1))
goto error_return;
}
new_contents = output_section->contents;
BFD_ASSERT (new_contents != NULL);
BFD_ASSERT (input_section->output_offset == 0);
}
else
{
/* Get and relocate the section contents. */
sec_size = (input_section->rawsize > input_section->size
? input_section->rawsize
: input_section->size);
contents = (bfd_byte *) bfd_malloc (sec_size);
if (contents == NULL && sec_size != 0)
goto error_return;
new_contents = (bfd_get_relocated_section_contents
(output_bfd, info, link_order, contents,
bfd_link_relocatable (info),
_bfd_generic_link_get_symbols (input_bfd)));
if (!new_contents)
goto error_return;
}
/* Output the section contents. */
loc = input_section->output_offset * bfd_octets_per_byte (output_bfd);
if (! bfd_set_section_contents (output_bfd, output_section,
new_contents, loc, input_section->size))
goto error_return;
if (contents != NULL)
free (contents);
return TRUE;
error_return:
if (contents != NULL)
free (contents);
return FALSE;
}
/* A little routine to count the number of relocs in a link_order
list. */
unsigned int
_bfd_count_link_order_relocs (struct bfd_link_order *link_order)
{
register unsigned int c;
register struct bfd_link_order *l;
c = 0;
for (l = link_order; l != NULL; l = l->next)
{
if (l->type == bfd_section_reloc_link_order
|| l->type == bfd_symbol_reloc_link_order)
++c;
}
return c;
}
/*
FUNCTION
bfd_link_split_section
SYNOPSIS
bfd_boolean bfd_link_split_section (bfd *abfd, asection *sec);
DESCRIPTION
Return nonzero if @var{sec} should be split during a
reloceatable or final link.
.#define bfd_link_split_section(abfd, sec) \
. BFD_SEND (abfd, _bfd_link_split_section, (abfd, sec))
.
*/
bfd_boolean
_bfd_generic_link_split_section (bfd *abfd ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
asection *sec ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
return FALSE;
}
/*
FUNCTION
bfd_section_already_linked
SYNOPSIS
bfd_boolean bfd_section_already_linked (bfd *abfd,
asection *sec,
struct bfd_link_info *info);
DESCRIPTION
Check if @var{data} has been already linked during a reloceatable
or final link. Return TRUE if it has.
.#define bfd_section_already_linked(abfd, sec, info) \
. BFD_SEND (abfd, _section_already_linked, (abfd, sec, info))
.
*/
/* Sections marked with the SEC_LINK_ONCE flag should only be linked
once into the output. This routine checks each section, and
arrange to discard it if a section of the same name has already
been linked. This code assumes that all relevant sections have the
SEC_LINK_ONCE flag set; that is, it does not depend solely upon the
section name. bfd_section_already_linked is called via
bfd_map_over_sections. */
/* The hash table. */
static struct bfd_hash_table _bfd_section_already_linked_table;
/* Support routines for the hash table used by section_already_linked,
initialize the table, traverse, lookup, fill in an entry and remove
the table. */
void
bfd_section_already_linked_table_traverse
(bfd_boolean (*func) (struct bfd_section_already_linked_hash_entry *,
void *), void *info)
{
bfd_hash_traverse (&_bfd_section_already_linked_table,
(bfd_boolean (*) (struct bfd_hash_entry *,
void *)) func,
info);
}
struct bfd_section_already_linked_hash_entry *
bfd_section_already_linked_table_lookup (const char *name)
{
return ((struct bfd_section_already_linked_hash_entry *)
bfd_hash_lookup (&_bfd_section_already_linked_table, name,
TRUE, FALSE));
}
bfd_boolean
bfd_section_already_linked_table_insert
(struct bfd_section_already_linked_hash_entry *already_linked_list,
asection *sec)
{
struct bfd_section_already_linked *l;
/* Allocate the memory from the same obstack as the hash table is
kept in. */
l = (struct bfd_section_already_linked *)
bfd_hash_allocate (&_bfd_section_already_linked_table, sizeof *l);
if (l == NULL)
return FALSE;
l->sec = sec;
l->next = already_linked_list->entry;
already_linked_list->entry = l;
return TRUE;
}
static struct bfd_hash_entry *
already_linked_newfunc (struct bfd_hash_entry *entry ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED,
struct bfd_hash_table *table,
const char *string ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
struct bfd_section_already_linked_hash_entry *ret =
(struct bfd_section_already_linked_hash_entry *)
bfd_hash_allocate (table, sizeof *ret);
if (ret == NULL)
return NULL;
ret->entry = NULL;
return &ret->root;
}
bfd_boolean
bfd_section_already_linked_table_init (void)
{
return bfd_hash_table_init_n (&_bfd_section_already_linked_table,
already_linked_newfunc,
sizeof (struct bfd_section_already_linked_hash_entry),
42);
}
void
bfd_section_already_linked_table_free (void)
{
bfd_hash_table_free (&_bfd_section_already_linked_table);
}
/* Report warnings as appropriate for duplicate section SEC.
Return FALSE if we decide to keep SEC after all. */
bfd_boolean
_bfd_handle_already_linked (asection *sec,
struct bfd_section_already_linked *l,
struct bfd_link_info *info)
{
switch (sec->flags & SEC_LINK_DUPLICATES)
{
default:
abort ();
case SEC_LINK_DUPLICATES_DISCARD:
/* If we found an LTO IR match for this comdat group on
the first pass, replace it with the LTO output on the
second pass. We can't simply choose real object
files over IR because the first pass may contain a
mix of LTO and normal objects and we must keep the
first match, be it IR or real. */
if (sec->owner->lto_output
&& (l->sec->owner->flags & BFD_PLUGIN) != 0)
{
l->sec = sec;
return FALSE;
}
break;
case SEC_LINK_DUPLICATES_ONE_ONLY:
info->callbacks->einfo
(_("%B: ignoring duplicate section `%A'\n"),
sec->owner, sec);
break;
case SEC_LINK_DUPLICATES_SAME_SIZE:
if ((l->sec->owner->flags & BFD_PLUGIN) != 0)
;
else if (sec->size != l->sec->size)
info->callbacks->einfo
(_("%B: duplicate section `%A' has different size\n"),
sec->owner, sec);