blob: 6efa03585b1423860eb0cf60fc1a9962e67be831 [file] [log] [blame]
/* GNU/Linux/AArch64 specific low level interface, for the remote server for
GDB.
Copyright (C) 2009-2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Contributed by ARM Ltd.
This file is part of GDB.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */
#include "server.h"
#include "linux-low.h"
#include "nat/aarch64-linux.h"
#include "nat/aarch64-linux-hw-point.h"
#include "arch/aarch64-insn.h"
#include "linux-aarch32-low.h"
#include "elf/common.h"
#include "ax.h"
#include "tracepoint.h"
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/user.h>
#include "nat/gdb_ptrace.h"
#include <asm/ptrace.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <endian.h>
#include <sys/uio.h>
#include "gdb_proc_service.h"
/* Defined in auto-generated files. */
void init_registers_aarch64 (void);
extern const struct target_desc *tdesc_aarch64;
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_REG_H
#include <sys/reg.h>
#endif
#define AARCH64_X_REGS_NUM 31
#define AARCH64_V_REGS_NUM 32
#define AARCH64_X0_REGNO 0
#define AARCH64_SP_REGNO 31
#define AARCH64_PC_REGNO 32
#define AARCH64_CPSR_REGNO 33
#define AARCH64_V0_REGNO 34
#define AARCH64_FPSR_REGNO (AARCH64_V0_REGNO + AARCH64_V_REGS_NUM)
#define AARCH64_FPCR_REGNO (AARCH64_V0_REGNO + AARCH64_V_REGS_NUM + 1)
#define AARCH64_NUM_REGS (AARCH64_V0_REGNO + AARCH64_V_REGS_NUM + 2)
/* Per-process arch-specific data we want to keep. */
struct arch_process_info
{
/* Hardware breakpoint/watchpoint data.
The reason for them to be per-process rather than per-thread is
due to the lack of information in the gdbserver environment;
gdbserver is not told that whether a requested hardware
breakpoint/watchpoint is thread specific or not, so it has to set
each hw bp/wp for every thread in the current process. The
higher level bp/wp management in gdb will resume a thread if a hw
bp/wp trap is not expected for it. Since the hw bp/wp setting is
same for each thread, it is reasonable for the data to live here.
*/
struct aarch64_debug_reg_state debug_reg_state;
};
/* Return true if the size of register 0 is 8 byte. */
static int
is_64bit_tdesc (void)
{
struct regcache *regcache = get_thread_regcache (current_thread, 0);
return register_size (regcache->tdesc, 0) == 8;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "cannot_store_register". */
static int
aarch64_cannot_store_register (int regno)
{
return regno >= AARCH64_NUM_REGS;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "cannot_fetch_register". */
static int
aarch64_cannot_fetch_register (int regno)
{
return regno >= AARCH64_NUM_REGS;
}
static void
aarch64_fill_gregset (struct regcache *regcache, void *buf)
{
struct user_pt_regs *regset = (struct user_pt_regs *) buf;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < AARCH64_X_REGS_NUM; i++)
collect_register (regcache, AARCH64_X0_REGNO + i, &regset->regs[i]);
collect_register (regcache, AARCH64_SP_REGNO, &regset->sp);
collect_register (regcache, AARCH64_PC_REGNO, &regset->pc);
collect_register (regcache, AARCH64_CPSR_REGNO, &regset->pstate);
}
static void
aarch64_store_gregset (struct regcache *regcache, const void *buf)
{
const struct user_pt_regs *regset = (const struct user_pt_regs *) buf;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < AARCH64_X_REGS_NUM; i++)
supply_register (regcache, AARCH64_X0_REGNO + i, &regset->regs[i]);
supply_register (regcache, AARCH64_SP_REGNO, &regset->sp);
supply_register (regcache, AARCH64_PC_REGNO, &regset->pc);
supply_register (regcache, AARCH64_CPSR_REGNO, &regset->pstate);
}
static void
aarch64_fill_fpregset (struct regcache *regcache, void *buf)
{
struct user_fpsimd_state *regset = (struct user_fpsimd_state *) buf;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < AARCH64_V_REGS_NUM; i++)
collect_register (regcache, AARCH64_V0_REGNO + i, &regset->vregs[i]);
collect_register (regcache, AARCH64_FPSR_REGNO, &regset->fpsr);
collect_register (regcache, AARCH64_FPCR_REGNO, &regset->fpcr);
}
static void
aarch64_store_fpregset (struct regcache *regcache, const void *buf)
{
const struct user_fpsimd_state *regset
= (const struct user_fpsimd_state *) buf;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < AARCH64_V_REGS_NUM; i++)
supply_register (regcache, AARCH64_V0_REGNO + i, &regset->vregs[i]);
supply_register (regcache, AARCH64_FPSR_REGNO, &regset->fpsr);
supply_register (regcache, AARCH64_FPCR_REGNO, &regset->fpcr);
}
/* Enable miscellaneous debugging output. The name is historical - it
was originally used to debug LinuxThreads support. */
extern int debug_threads;
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "get_pc". */
static CORE_ADDR
aarch64_get_pc (struct regcache *regcache)
{
if (register_size (regcache->tdesc, 0) == 8)
return linux_get_pc_64bit (regcache);
else
return linux_get_pc_32bit (regcache);
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "set_pc". */
static void
aarch64_set_pc (struct regcache *regcache, CORE_ADDR pc)
{
if (register_size (regcache->tdesc, 0) == 8)
linux_set_pc_64bit (regcache, pc);
else
linux_set_pc_32bit (regcache, pc);
}
#define aarch64_breakpoint_len 4
/* AArch64 BRK software debug mode instruction.
This instruction needs to match gdb/aarch64-tdep.c
(aarch64_default_breakpoint). */
static const gdb_byte aarch64_breakpoint[] = {0x00, 0x00, 0x20, 0xd4};
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "breakpoint_at". */
static int
aarch64_breakpoint_at (CORE_ADDR where)
{
if (is_64bit_tdesc ())
{
gdb_byte insn[aarch64_breakpoint_len];
(*the_target->read_memory) (where, (unsigned char *) &insn,
aarch64_breakpoint_len);
if (memcmp (insn, aarch64_breakpoint, aarch64_breakpoint_len) == 0)
return 1;
return 0;
}
else
return arm_breakpoint_at (where);
}
static void
aarch64_init_debug_reg_state (struct aarch64_debug_reg_state *state)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < AARCH64_HBP_MAX_NUM; ++i)
{
state->dr_addr_bp[i] = 0;
state->dr_ctrl_bp[i] = 0;
state->dr_ref_count_bp[i] = 0;
}
for (i = 0; i < AARCH64_HWP_MAX_NUM; ++i)
{
state->dr_addr_wp[i] = 0;
state->dr_ctrl_wp[i] = 0;
state->dr_ref_count_wp[i] = 0;
}
}
/* Return the pointer to the debug register state structure in the
current process' arch-specific data area. */
struct aarch64_debug_reg_state *
aarch64_get_debug_reg_state (pid_t pid)
{
struct process_info *proc = find_process_pid (pid);
return &proc->priv->arch_private->debug_reg_state;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "supports_z_point_type". */
static int
aarch64_supports_z_point_type (char z_type)
{
switch (z_type)
{
case Z_PACKET_SW_BP:
case Z_PACKET_HW_BP:
case Z_PACKET_WRITE_WP:
case Z_PACKET_READ_WP:
case Z_PACKET_ACCESS_WP:
return 1;
default:
return 0;
}
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "insert_point".
It actually only records the info of the to-be-inserted bp/wp;
the actual insertion will happen when threads are resumed. */
static int
aarch64_insert_point (enum raw_bkpt_type type, CORE_ADDR addr,
int len, struct raw_breakpoint *bp)
{
int ret;
enum target_hw_bp_type targ_type;
struct aarch64_debug_reg_state *state
= aarch64_get_debug_reg_state (pid_of (current_thread));
if (show_debug_regs)
fprintf (stderr, "insert_point on entry (addr=0x%08lx, len=%d)\n",
(unsigned long) addr, len);
/* Determine the type from the raw breakpoint type. */
targ_type = raw_bkpt_type_to_target_hw_bp_type (type);
if (targ_type != hw_execute)
{
if (aarch64_linux_region_ok_for_watchpoint (addr, len))
ret = aarch64_handle_watchpoint (targ_type, addr, len,
1 /* is_insert */, state);
else
ret = -1;
}
else
{
if (len == 3)
{
/* LEN is 3 means the breakpoint is set on a 32-bit thumb
instruction. Set it to 2 to correctly encode length bit
mask in hardware/watchpoint control register. */
len = 2;
}
ret = aarch64_handle_breakpoint (targ_type, addr, len,
1 /* is_insert */, state);
}
if (show_debug_regs)
aarch64_show_debug_reg_state (state, "insert_point", addr, len,
targ_type);
return ret;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "remove_point".
It actually only records the info of the to-be-removed bp/wp,
the actual removal will be done when threads are resumed. */
static int
aarch64_remove_point (enum raw_bkpt_type type, CORE_ADDR addr,
int len, struct raw_breakpoint *bp)
{
int ret;
enum target_hw_bp_type targ_type;
struct aarch64_debug_reg_state *state
= aarch64_get_debug_reg_state (pid_of (current_thread));
if (show_debug_regs)
fprintf (stderr, "remove_point on entry (addr=0x%08lx, len=%d)\n",
(unsigned long) addr, len);
/* Determine the type from the raw breakpoint type. */
targ_type = raw_bkpt_type_to_target_hw_bp_type (type);
/* Set up state pointers. */
if (targ_type != hw_execute)
ret =
aarch64_handle_watchpoint (targ_type, addr, len, 0 /* is_insert */,
state);
else
{
if (len == 3)
{
/* LEN is 3 means the breakpoint is set on a 32-bit thumb
instruction. Set it to 2 to correctly encode length bit
mask in hardware/watchpoint control register. */
len = 2;
}
ret = aarch64_handle_breakpoint (targ_type, addr, len,
0 /* is_insert */, state);
}
if (show_debug_regs)
aarch64_show_debug_reg_state (state, "remove_point", addr, len,
targ_type);
return ret;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "stopped_data_address". */
static CORE_ADDR
aarch64_stopped_data_address (void)
{
siginfo_t siginfo;
int pid, i;
struct aarch64_debug_reg_state *state;
pid = lwpid_of (current_thread);
/* Get the siginfo. */
if (ptrace (PTRACE_GETSIGINFO, pid, NULL, &siginfo) != 0)
return (CORE_ADDR) 0;
/* Need to be a hardware breakpoint/watchpoint trap. */
if (siginfo.si_signo != SIGTRAP
|| (siginfo.si_code & 0xffff) != 0x0004 /* TRAP_HWBKPT */)
return (CORE_ADDR) 0;
/* Check if the address matches any watched address. */
state = aarch64_get_debug_reg_state (pid_of (current_thread));
for (i = aarch64_num_wp_regs - 1; i >= 0; --i)
{
const unsigned int len = aarch64_watchpoint_length (state->dr_ctrl_wp[i]);
const CORE_ADDR addr_trap = (CORE_ADDR) siginfo.si_addr;
const CORE_ADDR addr_watch = state->dr_addr_wp[i];
if (state->dr_ref_count_wp[i]
&& DR_CONTROL_ENABLED (state->dr_ctrl_wp[i])
&& addr_trap >= addr_watch
&& addr_trap < addr_watch + len)
return addr_trap;
}
return (CORE_ADDR) 0;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "stopped_by_watchpoint". */
static int
aarch64_stopped_by_watchpoint (void)
{
if (aarch64_stopped_data_address () != 0)
return 1;
else
return 0;
}
/* Fetch the thread-local storage pointer for libthread_db. */
ps_err_e
ps_get_thread_area (const struct ps_prochandle *ph,
lwpid_t lwpid, int idx, void **base)
{
return aarch64_ps_get_thread_area (ph, lwpid, idx, base,
is_64bit_tdesc ());
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "siginfo_fixup". */
static int
aarch64_linux_siginfo_fixup (siginfo_t *native, gdb_byte *inf, int direction)
{
/* Is the inferior 32-bit? If so, then fixup the siginfo object. */
if (!is_64bit_tdesc ())
{
if (direction == 0)
aarch64_compat_siginfo_from_siginfo ((struct compat_siginfo *) inf,
native);
else
aarch64_siginfo_from_compat_siginfo (native,
(struct compat_siginfo *) inf);
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "linux_new_process". */
static struct arch_process_info *
aarch64_linux_new_process (void)
{
struct arch_process_info *info = XCNEW (struct arch_process_info);
aarch64_init_debug_reg_state (&info->debug_reg_state);
return info;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "linux_new_fork". */
static void
aarch64_linux_new_fork (struct process_info *parent,
struct process_info *child)
{
/* These are allocated by linux_add_process. */
gdb_assert (parent->priv != NULL
&& parent->priv->arch_private != NULL);
gdb_assert (child->priv != NULL
&& child->priv->arch_private != NULL);
/* Linux kernel before 2.6.33 commit
72f674d203cd230426437cdcf7dd6f681dad8b0d
will inherit hardware debug registers from parent
on fork/vfork/clone. Newer Linux kernels create such tasks with
zeroed debug registers.
GDB core assumes the child inherits the watchpoints/hw
breakpoints of the parent, and will remove them all from the
forked off process. Copy the debug registers mirrors into the
new process so that all breakpoints and watchpoints can be
removed together. The debug registers mirror will become zeroed
in the end before detaching the forked off process, thus making
this compatible with older Linux kernels too. */
*child->priv->arch_private = *parent->priv->arch_private;
}
/* Return the right target description according to the ELF file of
current thread. */
static const struct target_desc *
aarch64_linux_read_description (void)
{
unsigned int machine;
int is_elf64;
int tid;
tid = lwpid_of (current_thread);
is_elf64 = linux_pid_exe_is_elf_64_file (tid, &machine);
if (is_elf64)
return tdesc_aarch64;
else
return tdesc_arm_with_neon;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "arch_setup". */
static void
aarch64_arch_setup (void)
{
current_process ()->tdesc = aarch64_linux_read_description ();
aarch64_linux_get_debug_reg_capacity (lwpid_of (current_thread));
}
static struct regset_info aarch64_regsets[] =
{
{ PTRACE_GETREGSET, PTRACE_SETREGSET, NT_PRSTATUS,
sizeof (struct user_pt_regs), GENERAL_REGS,
aarch64_fill_gregset, aarch64_store_gregset },
{ PTRACE_GETREGSET, PTRACE_SETREGSET, NT_FPREGSET,
sizeof (struct user_fpsimd_state), FP_REGS,
aarch64_fill_fpregset, aarch64_store_fpregset
},
NULL_REGSET
};
static struct regsets_info aarch64_regsets_info =
{
aarch64_regsets, /* regsets */
0, /* num_regsets */
NULL, /* disabled_regsets */
};
static struct regs_info regs_info_aarch64 =
{
NULL, /* regset_bitmap */
NULL, /* usrregs */
&aarch64_regsets_info,
};
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "regs_info". */
static const struct regs_info *
aarch64_regs_info (void)
{
if (is_64bit_tdesc ())
return &regs_info_aarch64;
else
return &regs_info_aarch32;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "supports_tracepoints". */
static int
aarch64_supports_tracepoints (void)
{
if (current_thread == NULL)
return 1;
else
{
/* We don't support tracepoints on aarch32 now. */
return is_64bit_tdesc ();
}
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "get_thread_area". */
static int
aarch64_get_thread_area (int lwpid, CORE_ADDR *addrp)
{
struct iovec iovec;
uint64_t reg;
iovec.iov_base = &reg;
iovec.iov_len = sizeof (reg);
if (ptrace (PTRACE_GETREGSET, lwpid, NT_ARM_TLS, &iovec) != 0)
return -1;
*addrp = reg;
return 0;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "get_syscall_trapinfo". */
static void
aarch64_get_syscall_trapinfo (struct regcache *regcache, int *sysno)
{
int use_64bit = register_size (regcache->tdesc, 0) == 8;
if (use_64bit)
{
long l_sysno;
collect_register_by_name (regcache, "x8", &l_sysno);
*sysno = (int) l_sysno;
}
else
collect_register_by_name (regcache, "r7", sysno);
}
/* List of condition codes that we need. */
enum aarch64_condition_codes
{
EQ = 0x0,
NE = 0x1,
LO = 0x3,
GE = 0xa,
LT = 0xb,
GT = 0xc,
LE = 0xd,
};
enum aarch64_operand_type
{
OPERAND_IMMEDIATE,
OPERAND_REGISTER,
};
/* Representation of an operand. At this time, it only supports register
and immediate types. */
struct aarch64_operand
{
/* Type of the operand. */
enum aarch64_operand_type type;
/* Value of the operand according to the type. */
union
{
uint32_t imm;
struct aarch64_register reg;
};
};
/* List of registers that we are currently using, we can add more here as
we need to use them. */
/* General purpose scratch registers (64 bit). */
static const struct aarch64_register x0 = { 0, 1 };
static const struct aarch64_register x1 = { 1, 1 };
static const struct aarch64_register x2 = { 2, 1 };
static const struct aarch64_register x3 = { 3, 1 };
static const struct aarch64_register x4 = { 4, 1 };
/* General purpose scratch registers (32 bit). */
static const struct aarch64_register w0 = { 0, 0 };
static const struct aarch64_register w2 = { 2, 0 };
/* Intra-procedure scratch registers. */
static const struct aarch64_register ip0 = { 16, 1 };
/* Special purpose registers. */
static const struct aarch64_register fp = { 29, 1 };
static const struct aarch64_register lr = { 30, 1 };
static const struct aarch64_register sp = { 31, 1 };
static const struct aarch64_register xzr = { 31, 1 };
/* Dynamically allocate a new register. If we know the register
statically, we should make it a global as above instead of using this
helper function. */
static struct aarch64_register
aarch64_register (unsigned num, int is64)
{
return (struct aarch64_register) { num, is64 };
}
/* Helper function to create a register operand, for instructions with
different types of operands.
For example:
p += emit_mov (p, x0, register_operand (x1)); */
static struct aarch64_operand
register_operand (struct aarch64_register reg)
{
struct aarch64_operand operand;
operand.type = OPERAND_REGISTER;
operand.reg = reg;
return operand;
}
/* Helper function to create an immediate operand, for instructions with
different types of operands.
For example:
p += emit_mov (p, x0, immediate_operand (12)); */
static struct aarch64_operand
immediate_operand (uint32_t imm)
{
struct aarch64_operand operand;
operand.type = OPERAND_IMMEDIATE;
operand.imm = imm;
return operand;
}
/* Helper function to create an offset memory operand.
For example:
p += emit_ldr (p, x0, sp, offset_memory_operand (16)); */
static struct aarch64_memory_operand
offset_memory_operand (int32_t offset)
{
return (struct aarch64_memory_operand) { MEMORY_OPERAND_OFFSET, offset };
}
/* Helper function to create a pre-index memory operand.
For example:
p += emit_ldr (p, x0, sp, preindex_memory_operand (16)); */
static struct aarch64_memory_operand
preindex_memory_operand (int32_t index)
{
return (struct aarch64_memory_operand) { MEMORY_OPERAND_PREINDEX, index };
}
/* Helper function to create a post-index memory operand.
For example:
p += emit_ldr (p, x0, sp, postindex_memory_operand (16)); */
static struct aarch64_memory_operand
postindex_memory_operand (int32_t index)
{
return (struct aarch64_memory_operand) { MEMORY_OPERAND_POSTINDEX, index };
}
/* System control registers. These special registers can be written and
read with the MRS and MSR instructions.
- NZCV: Condition flags. GDB refers to this register under the CPSR
name.
- FPSR: Floating-point status register.
- FPCR: Floating-point control registers.
- TPIDR_EL0: Software thread ID register. */
enum aarch64_system_control_registers
{
/* op0 op1 crn crm op2 */
NZCV = (0x1 << 14) | (0x3 << 11) | (0x4 << 7) | (0x2 << 3) | 0x0,
FPSR = (0x1 << 14) | (0x3 << 11) | (0x4 << 7) | (0x4 << 3) | 0x1,
FPCR = (0x1 << 14) | (0x3 << 11) | (0x4 << 7) | (0x4 << 3) | 0x0,
TPIDR_EL0 = (0x1 << 14) | (0x3 << 11) | (0xd << 7) | (0x0 << 3) | 0x2
};
/* Write a BLR instruction into *BUF.
BLR rn
RN is the register to branch to. */
static int
emit_blr (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rn)
{
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, BLR | ENCODE (rn.num, 5, 5));
}
/* Write a RET instruction into *BUF.
RET xn
RN is the register to branch to. */
static int
emit_ret (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rn)
{
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, RET | ENCODE (rn.num, 5, 5));
}
static int
emit_load_store_pair (uint32_t *buf, enum aarch64_opcodes opcode,
struct aarch64_register rt,
struct aarch64_register rt2,
struct aarch64_register rn,
struct aarch64_memory_operand operand)
{
uint32_t opc;
uint32_t pre_index;
uint32_t write_back;
if (rt.is64)
opc = ENCODE (2, 2, 30);
else
opc = ENCODE (0, 2, 30);
switch (operand.type)
{
case MEMORY_OPERAND_OFFSET:
{
pre_index = ENCODE (1, 1, 24);
write_back = ENCODE (0, 1, 23);
break;
}
case MEMORY_OPERAND_POSTINDEX:
{
pre_index = ENCODE (0, 1, 24);
write_back = ENCODE (1, 1, 23);
break;
}
case MEMORY_OPERAND_PREINDEX:
{
pre_index = ENCODE (1, 1, 24);
write_back = ENCODE (1, 1, 23);
break;
}
default:
return 0;
}
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, opcode | opc | pre_index | write_back
| ENCODE (operand.index >> 3, 7, 15)
| ENCODE (rt2.num, 5, 10)
| ENCODE (rn.num, 5, 5) | ENCODE (rt.num, 5, 0));
}
/* Write a STP instruction into *BUF.
STP rt, rt2, [rn, #offset]
STP rt, rt2, [rn, #index]!
STP rt, rt2, [rn], #index
RT and RT2 are the registers to store.
RN is the base address register.
OFFSET is the immediate to add to the base address. It is limited to a
-512 .. 504 range (7 bits << 3). */
static int
emit_stp (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rt,
struct aarch64_register rt2, struct aarch64_register rn,
struct aarch64_memory_operand operand)
{
return emit_load_store_pair (buf, STP, rt, rt2, rn, operand);
}
/* Write a LDP instruction into *BUF.
LDP rt, rt2, [rn, #offset]
LDP rt, rt2, [rn, #index]!
LDP rt, rt2, [rn], #index
RT and RT2 are the registers to store.
RN is the base address register.
OFFSET is the immediate to add to the base address. It is limited to a
-512 .. 504 range (7 bits << 3). */
static int
emit_ldp (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rt,
struct aarch64_register rt2, struct aarch64_register rn,
struct aarch64_memory_operand operand)
{
return emit_load_store_pair (buf, LDP, rt, rt2, rn, operand);
}
/* Write a LDP (SIMD&VFP) instruction using Q registers into *BUF.
LDP qt, qt2, [rn, #offset]
RT and RT2 are the Q registers to store.
RN is the base address register.
OFFSET is the immediate to add to the base address. It is limited to
-1024 .. 1008 range (7 bits << 4). */
static int
emit_ldp_q_offset (uint32_t *buf, unsigned rt, unsigned rt2,
struct aarch64_register rn, int32_t offset)
{
uint32_t opc = ENCODE (2, 2, 30);
uint32_t pre_index = ENCODE (1, 1, 24);
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, LDP_SIMD_VFP | opc | pre_index
| ENCODE (offset >> 4, 7, 15)
| ENCODE (rt2, 5, 10)
| ENCODE (rn.num, 5, 5) | ENCODE (rt, 5, 0));
}
/* Write a STP (SIMD&VFP) instruction using Q registers into *BUF.
STP qt, qt2, [rn, #offset]
RT and RT2 are the Q registers to store.
RN is the base address register.
OFFSET is the immediate to add to the base address. It is limited to
-1024 .. 1008 range (7 bits << 4). */
static int
emit_stp_q_offset (uint32_t *buf, unsigned rt, unsigned rt2,
struct aarch64_register rn, int32_t offset)
{
uint32_t opc = ENCODE (2, 2, 30);
uint32_t pre_index = ENCODE (1, 1, 24);
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, STP_SIMD_VFP | opc | pre_index
| ENCODE (offset >> 4, 7, 15)
| ENCODE (rt2, 5, 10)
| ENCODE (rn.num, 5, 5) | ENCODE (rt, 5, 0));
}
/* Write a LDRH instruction into *BUF.
LDRH wt, [xn, #offset]
LDRH wt, [xn, #index]!
LDRH wt, [xn], #index
RT is the register to store.
RN is the base address register.
OFFSET is the immediate to add to the base address. It is limited to
0 .. 32760 range (12 bits << 3). */
static int
emit_ldrh (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rt,
struct aarch64_register rn,
struct aarch64_memory_operand operand)
{
return aarch64_emit_load_store (buf, 1, LDR, rt, rn, operand);
}
/* Write a LDRB instruction into *BUF.
LDRB wt, [xn, #offset]
LDRB wt, [xn, #index]!
LDRB wt, [xn], #index
RT is the register to store.
RN is the base address register.
OFFSET is the immediate to add to the base address. It is limited to
0 .. 32760 range (12 bits << 3). */
static int
emit_ldrb (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rt,
struct aarch64_register rn,
struct aarch64_memory_operand operand)
{
return aarch64_emit_load_store (buf, 0, LDR, rt, rn, operand);
}
/* Write a STR instruction into *BUF.
STR rt, [rn, #offset]
STR rt, [rn, #index]!
STR rt, [rn], #index
RT is the register to store.
RN is the base address register.
OFFSET is the immediate to add to the base address. It is limited to
0 .. 32760 range (12 bits << 3). */
static int
emit_str (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rt,
struct aarch64_register rn,
struct aarch64_memory_operand operand)
{
return aarch64_emit_load_store (buf, rt.is64 ? 3 : 2, STR, rt, rn, operand);
}
/* Helper function emitting an exclusive load or store instruction. */
static int
emit_load_store_exclusive (uint32_t *buf, uint32_t size,
enum aarch64_opcodes opcode,
struct aarch64_register rs,
struct aarch64_register rt,
struct aarch64_register rt2,
struct aarch64_register rn)
{
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, opcode | ENCODE (size, 2, 30)
| ENCODE (rs.num, 5, 16) | ENCODE (rt2.num, 5, 10)
| ENCODE (rn.num, 5, 5) | ENCODE (rt.num, 5, 0));
}
/* Write a LAXR instruction into *BUF.
LDAXR rt, [xn]
RT is the destination register.
RN is the base address register. */
static int
emit_ldaxr (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rt,
struct aarch64_register rn)
{
return emit_load_store_exclusive (buf, rt.is64 ? 3 : 2, LDAXR, xzr, rt,
xzr, rn);
}
/* Write a STXR instruction into *BUF.
STXR ws, rt, [xn]
RS is the result register, it indicates if the store succeeded or not.
RT is the destination register.
RN is the base address register. */
static int
emit_stxr (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rs,
struct aarch64_register rt, struct aarch64_register rn)
{
return emit_load_store_exclusive (buf, rt.is64 ? 3 : 2, STXR, rs, rt,
xzr, rn);
}
/* Write a STLR instruction into *BUF.
STLR rt, [xn]
RT is the register to store.
RN is the base address register. */
static int
emit_stlr (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rt,
struct aarch64_register rn)
{
return emit_load_store_exclusive (buf, rt.is64 ? 3 : 2, STLR, xzr, rt,
xzr, rn);
}
/* Helper function for data processing instructions with register sources. */
static int
emit_data_processing_reg (uint32_t *buf, uint32_t opcode,
struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn,
struct aarch64_register rm)
{
uint32_t size = ENCODE (rd.is64, 1, 31);
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, opcode | size | ENCODE (rm.num, 5, 16)
| ENCODE (rn.num, 5, 5) | ENCODE (rd.num, 5, 0));
}
/* Helper function for data processing instructions taking either a register
or an immediate. */
static int
emit_data_processing (uint32_t *buf, enum aarch64_opcodes opcode,
struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn,
struct aarch64_operand operand)
{
uint32_t size = ENCODE (rd.is64, 1, 31);
/* The opcode is different for register and immediate source operands. */
uint32_t operand_opcode;
if (operand.type == OPERAND_IMMEDIATE)
{
/* xxx1 000x xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx */
operand_opcode = ENCODE (8, 4, 25);
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, opcode | operand_opcode | size
| ENCODE (operand.imm, 12, 10)
| ENCODE (rn.num, 5, 5)
| ENCODE (rd.num, 5, 0));
}
else
{
/* xxx0 101x xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx */
operand_opcode = ENCODE (5, 4, 25);
return emit_data_processing_reg (buf, opcode | operand_opcode, rd,
rn, operand.reg);
}
}
/* Write an ADD instruction into *BUF.
ADD rd, rn, #imm
ADD rd, rn, rm
This function handles both an immediate and register add.
RD is the destination register.
RN is the input register.
OPERAND is the source operand, either of type OPERAND_IMMEDIATE or
OPERAND_REGISTER. */
static int
emit_add (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, struct aarch64_operand operand)
{
return emit_data_processing (buf, ADD, rd, rn, operand);
}
/* Write a SUB instruction into *BUF.
SUB rd, rn, #imm
SUB rd, rn, rm
This function handles both an immediate and register sub.
RD is the destination register.
RN is the input register.
IMM is the immediate to substract to RN. */
static int
emit_sub (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, struct aarch64_operand operand)
{
return emit_data_processing (buf, SUB, rd, rn, operand);
}
/* Write a MOV instruction into *BUF.
MOV rd, #imm
MOV rd, rm
This function handles both a wide immediate move and a register move,
with the condition that the source register is not xzr. xzr and the
stack pointer share the same encoding and this function only supports
the stack pointer.
RD is the destination register.
OPERAND is the source operand, either of type OPERAND_IMMEDIATE or
OPERAND_REGISTER. */
static int
emit_mov (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_operand operand)
{
if (operand.type == OPERAND_IMMEDIATE)
{
uint32_t size = ENCODE (rd.is64, 1, 31);
/* Do not shift the immediate. */
uint32_t shift = ENCODE (0, 2, 21);
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, MOV | size | shift
| ENCODE (operand.imm, 16, 5)
| ENCODE (rd.num, 5, 0));
}
else
return emit_add (buf, rd, operand.reg, immediate_operand (0));
}
/* Write a MOVK instruction into *BUF.
MOVK rd, #imm, lsl #shift
RD is the destination register.
IMM is the immediate.
SHIFT is the logical shift left to apply to IMM. */
static int
emit_movk (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd, uint32_t imm,
unsigned shift)
{
uint32_t size = ENCODE (rd.is64, 1, 31);
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, MOVK | size | ENCODE (shift, 2, 21) |
ENCODE (imm, 16, 5) | ENCODE (rd.num, 5, 0));
}
/* Write instructions into *BUF in order to move ADDR into a register.
ADDR can be a 64-bit value.
This function will emit a series of MOV and MOVK instructions, such as:
MOV xd, #(addr)
MOVK xd, #(addr >> 16), lsl #16
MOVK xd, #(addr >> 32), lsl #32
MOVK xd, #(addr >> 48), lsl #48 */
static int
emit_mov_addr (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd, CORE_ADDR addr)
{
uint32_t *p = buf;
/* The MOV (wide immediate) instruction clears to top bits of the
register. */
p += emit_mov (p, rd, immediate_operand (addr & 0xffff));
if ((addr >> 16) != 0)
p += emit_movk (p, rd, (addr >> 16) & 0xffff, 1);
else
return p - buf;
if ((addr >> 32) != 0)
p += emit_movk (p, rd, (addr >> 32) & 0xffff, 2);
else
return p - buf;
if ((addr >> 48) != 0)
p += emit_movk (p, rd, (addr >> 48) & 0xffff, 3);
return p - buf;
}
/* Write a SUBS instruction into *BUF.
SUBS rd, rn, rm
This instruction update the condition flags.
RD is the destination register.
RN and RM are the source registers. */
static int
emit_subs (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, struct aarch64_operand operand)
{
return emit_data_processing (buf, SUBS, rd, rn, operand);
}
/* Write a CMP instruction into *BUF.
CMP rn, rm
This instruction is an alias of SUBS xzr, rn, rm.
RN and RM are the registers to compare. */
static int
emit_cmp (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rn,
struct aarch64_operand operand)
{
return emit_subs (buf, xzr, rn, operand);
}
/* Write a AND instruction into *BUF.
AND rd, rn, rm
RD is the destination register.
RN and RM are the source registers. */
static int
emit_and (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, struct aarch64_register rm)
{
return emit_data_processing_reg (buf, AND, rd, rn, rm);
}
/* Write a ORR instruction into *BUF.
ORR rd, rn, rm
RD is the destination register.
RN and RM are the source registers. */
static int
emit_orr (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, struct aarch64_register rm)
{
return emit_data_processing_reg (buf, ORR, rd, rn, rm);
}
/* Write a ORN instruction into *BUF.
ORN rd, rn, rm
RD is the destination register.
RN and RM are the source registers. */
static int
emit_orn (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, struct aarch64_register rm)
{
return emit_data_processing_reg (buf, ORN, rd, rn, rm);
}
/* Write a EOR instruction into *BUF.
EOR rd, rn, rm
RD is the destination register.
RN and RM are the source registers. */
static int
emit_eor (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, struct aarch64_register rm)
{
return emit_data_processing_reg (buf, EOR, rd, rn, rm);
}
/* Write a MVN instruction into *BUF.
MVN rd, rm
This is an alias for ORN rd, xzr, rm.
RD is the destination register.
RM is the source register. */
static int
emit_mvn (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rm)
{
return emit_orn (buf, rd, xzr, rm);
}
/* Write a LSLV instruction into *BUF.
LSLV rd, rn, rm
RD is the destination register.
RN and RM are the source registers. */
static int
emit_lslv (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, struct aarch64_register rm)
{
return emit_data_processing_reg (buf, LSLV, rd, rn, rm);
}
/* Write a LSRV instruction into *BUF.
LSRV rd, rn, rm
RD is the destination register.
RN and RM are the source registers. */
static int
emit_lsrv (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, struct aarch64_register rm)
{
return emit_data_processing_reg (buf, LSRV, rd, rn, rm);
}
/* Write a ASRV instruction into *BUF.
ASRV rd, rn, rm
RD is the destination register.
RN and RM are the source registers. */
static int
emit_asrv (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, struct aarch64_register rm)
{
return emit_data_processing_reg (buf, ASRV, rd, rn, rm);
}
/* Write a MUL instruction into *BUF.
MUL rd, rn, rm
RD is the destination register.
RN and RM are the source registers. */
static int
emit_mul (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, struct aarch64_register rm)
{
return emit_data_processing_reg (buf, MUL, rd, rn, rm);
}
/* Write a MRS instruction into *BUF. The register size is 64-bit.
MRS xt, system_reg
RT is the destination register.
SYSTEM_REG is special purpose register to read. */
static int
emit_mrs (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rt,
enum aarch64_system_control_registers system_reg)
{
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, MRS | ENCODE (system_reg, 15, 5)
| ENCODE (rt.num, 5, 0));
}
/* Write a MSR instruction into *BUF. The register size is 64-bit.
MSR system_reg, xt
SYSTEM_REG is special purpose register to write.
RT is the input register. */
static int
emit_msr (uint32_t *buf, enum aarch64_system_control_registers system_reg,
struct aarch64_register rt)
{
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, MSR | ENCODE (system_reg, 15, 5)
| ENCODE (rt.num, 5, 0));
}
/* Write a SEVL instruction into *BUF.
This is a hint instruction telling the hardware to trigger an event. */
static int
emit_sevl (uint32_t *buf)
{
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, SEVL);
}
/* Write a WFE instruction into *BUF.
This is a hint instruction telling the hardware to wait for an event. */
static int
emit_wfe (uint32_t *buf)
{
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, WFE);
}
/* Write a SBFM instruction into *BUF.
SBFM rd, rn, #immr, #imms
This instruction moves the bits from #immr to #imms into the
destination, sign extending the result.
RD is the destination register.
RN is the source register.
IMMR is the bit number to start at (least significant bit).
IMMS is the bit number to stop at (most significant bit). */
static int
emit_sbfm (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, uint32_t immr, uint32_t imms)
{
uint32_t size = ENCODE (rd.is64, 1, 31);
uint32_t n = ENCODE (rd.is64, 1, 22);
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, SBFM | size | n | ENCODE (immr, 6, 16)
| ENCODE (imms, 6, 10) | ENCODE (rn.num, 5, 5)
| ENCODE (rd.num, 5, 0));
}
/* Write a SBFX instruction into *BUF.
SBFX rd, rn, #lsb, #width
This instruction moves #width bits from #lsb into the destination, sign
extending the result. This is an alias for:
SBFM rd, rn, #lsb, #(lsb + width - 1)
RD is the destination register.
RN is the source register.
LSB is the bit number to start at (least significant bit).
WIDTH is the number of bits to move. */
static int
emit_sbfx (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, uint32_t lsb, uint32_t width)
{
return emit_sbfm (buf, rd, rn, lsb, lsb + width - 1);
}
/* Write a UBFM instruction into *BUF.
UBFM rd, rn, #immr, #imms
This instruction moves the bits from #immr to #imms into the
destination, extending the result with zeros.
RD is the destination register.
RN is the source register.
IMMR is the bit number to start at (least significant bit).
IMMS is the bit number to stop at (most significant bit). */
static int
emit_ubfm (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, uint32_t immr, uint32_t imms)
{
uint32_t size = ENCODE (rd.is64, 1, 31);
uint32_t n = ENCODE (rd.is64, 1, 22);
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, UBFM | size | n | ENCODE (immr, 6, 16)
| ENCODE (imms, 6, 10) | ENCODE (rn.num, 5, 5)
| ENCODE (rd.num, 5, 0));
}
/* Write a UBFX instruction into *BUF.
UBFX rd, rn, #lsb, #width
This instruction moves #width bits from #lsb into the destination,
extending the result with zeros. This is an alias for:
UBFM rd, rn, #lsb, #(lsb + width - 1)
RD is the destination register.
RN is the source register.
LSB is the bit number to start at (least significant bit).
WIDTH is the number of bits to move. */
static int
emit_ubfx (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, uint32_t lsb, uint32_t width)
{
return emit_ubfm (buf, rd, rn, lsb, lsb + width - 1);
}
/* Write a CSINC instruction into *BUF.
CSINC rd, rn, rm, cond
This instruction conditionally increments rn or rm and places the result
in rd. rn is chosen is the condition is true.
RD is the destination register.
RN and RM are the source registers.
COND is the encoded condition. */
static int
emit_csinc (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd,
struct aarch64_register rn, struct aarch64_register rm,
unsigned cond)
{
uint32_t size = ENCODE (rd.is64, 1, 31);
return aarch64_emit_insn (buf, CSINC | size | ENCODE (rm.num, 5, 16)
| ENCODE (cond, 4, 12) | ENCODE (rn.num, 5, 5)
| ENCODE (rd.num, 5, 0));
}
/* Write a CSET instruction into *BUF.
CSET rd, cond
This instruction conditionally write 1 or 0 in the destination register.
1 is written if the condition is true. This is an alias for:
CSINC rd, xzr, xzr, !cond
Note that the condition needs to be inverted.
RD is the destination register.
RN and RM are the source registers.
COND is the encoded condition. */
static int
emit_cset (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rd, unsigned cond)
{
/* The least significant bit of the condition needs toggling in order to
invert it. */
return emit_csinc (buf, rd, xzr, xzr, cond ^ 0x1);
}
/* Write LEN instructions from BUF into the inferior memory at *TO.
Note instructions are always little endian on AArch64, unlike data. */
static void
append_insns (CORE_ADDR *to, size_t len, const uint32_t *buf)
{
size_t byte_len = len * sizeof (uint32_t);
#if (__BYTE_ORDER == __BIG_ENDIAN)
uint32_t *le_buf = xmalloc (byte_len);
size_t i;
for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
le_buf[i] = htole32 (buf[i]);
write_inferior_memory (*to, (const unsigned char *) le_buf, byte_len);
xfree (le_buf);
#else
write_inferior_memory (*to, (const unsigned char *) buf, byte_len);
#endif
*to += byte_len;
}
/* Sub-class of struct aarch64_insn_data, store information of
instruction relocation for fast tracepoint. Visitor can
relocate an instruction from BASE.INSN_ADDR to NEW_ADDR and save
the relocated instructions in buffer pointed by INSN_PTR. */
struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data
{
struct aarch64_insn_data base;
/* The new address the instruction is relocated to. */
CORE_ADDR new_addr;
/* Pointer to the buffer of relocated instruction(s). */
uint32_t *insn_ptr;
};
/* Implementation of aarch64_insn_visitor method "b". */
static void
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_b (const int is_bl, const int32_t offset,
struct aarch64_insn_data *data)
{
struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *insn_reloc
= (struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *) data;
int64_t new_offset
= insn_reloc->base.insn_addr - insn_reloc->new_addr + offset;
if (can_encode_int32 (new_offset, 28))
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_b (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, is_bl, new_offset);
}
/* Implementation of aarch64_insn_visitor method "b_cond". */
static void
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_b_cond (const unsigned cond, const int32_t offset,
struct aarch64_insn_data *data)
{
struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *insn_reloc
= (struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *) data;
int64_t new_offset
= insn_reloc->base.insn_addr - insn_reloc->new_addr + offset;
if (can_encode_int32 (new_offset, 21))
{
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_bcond (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, cond,
new_offset);
}
else if (can_encode_int32 (new_offset, 28))
{
/* The offset is out of range for a conditional branch
instruction but not for a unconditional branch. We can use
the following instructions instead:
B.COND TAKEN ; If cond is true, then jump to TAKEN.
B NOT_TAKEN ; Else jump over TAKEN and continue.
TAKEN:
B #(offset - 8)
NOT_TAKEN:
*/
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_bcond (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, cond, 8);
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_b (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, 0, 8);
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_b (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, 0, new_offset - 8);
}
}
/* Implementation of aarch64_insn_visitor method "cb". */
static void
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_cb (const int32_t offset, const int is_cbnz,
const unsigned rn, int is64,
struct aarch64_insn_data *data)
{
struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *insn_reloc
= (struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *) data;
int64_t new_offset
= insn_reloc->base.insn_addr - insn_reloc->new_addr + offset;
if (can_encode_int32 (new_offset, 21))
{
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_cb (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, is_cbnz,
aarch64_register (rn, is64), new_offset);
}
else if (can_encode_int32 (new_offset, 28))
{
/* The offset is out of range for a compare and branch
instruction but not for a unconditional branch. We can use
the following instructions instead:
CBZ xn, TAKEN ; xn == 0, then jump to TAKEN.
B NOT_TAKEN ; Else jump over TAKEN and continue.
TAKEN:
B #(offset - 8)
NOT_TAKEN:
*/
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_cb (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, is_cbnz,
aarch64_register (rn, is64), 8);
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_b (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, 0, 8);
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_b (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, 0, new_offset - 8);
}
}
/* Implementation of aarch64_insn_visitor method "tb". */
static void
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_tb (const int32_t offset, int is_tbnz,
const unsigned rt, unsigned bit,
struct aarch64_insn_data *data)
{
struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *insn_reloc
= (struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *) data;
int64_t new_offset
= insn_reloc->base.insn_addr - insn_reloc->new_addr + offset;
if (can_encode_int32 (new_offset, 16))
{
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_tb (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, is_tbnz, bit,
aarch64_register (rt, 1), new_offset);
}
else if (can_encode_int32 (new_offset, 28))
{
/* The offset is out of range for a test bit and branch
instruction but not for a unconditional branch. We can use
the following instructions instead:
TBZ xn, #bit, TAKEN ; xn[bit] == 0, then jump to TAKEN.
B NOT_TAKEN ; Else jump over TAKEN and continue.
TAKEN:
B #(offset - 8)
NOT_TAKEN:
*/
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_tb (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, is_tbnz, bit,
aarch64_register (rt, 1), 8);
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_b (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, 0, 8);
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_b (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, 0,
new_offset - 8);
}
}
/* Implementation of aarch64_insn_visitor method "adr". */
static void
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_adr (const int32_t offset, const unsigned rd,
const int is_adrp,
struct aarch64_insn_data *data)
{
struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *insn_reloc
= (struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *) data;
/* We know exactly the address the ADR{P,} instruction will compute.
We can just write it to the destination register. */
CORE_ADDR address = data->insn_addr + offset;
if (is_adrp)
{
/* Clear the lower 12 bits of the offset to get the 4K page. */
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_mov_addr (insn_reloc->insn_ptr,
aarch64_register (rd, 1),
address & ~0xfff);
}
else
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_mov_addr (insn_reloc->insn_ptr,
aarch64_register (rd, 1), address);
}
/* Implementation of aarch64_insn_visitor method "ldr_literal". */
static void
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_ldr_literal (const int32_t offset, const int is_sw,
const unsigned rt, const int is64,
struct aarch64_insn_data *data)
{
struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *insn_reloc
= (struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *) data;
CORE_ADDR address = data->insn_addr + offset;
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_mov_addr (insn_reloc->insn_ptr,
aarch64_register (rt, 1), address);
/* We know exactly what address to load from, and what register we
can use:
MOV xd, #(oldloc + offset)
MOVK xd, #((oldloc + offset) >> 16), lsl #16
...
LDR xd, [xd] ; or LDRSW xd, [xd]
*/
if (is_sw)
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_ldrsw (insn_reloc->insn_ptr,
aarch64_register (rt, 1),
aarch64_register (rt, 1),
offset_memory_operand (0));
else
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += emit_ldr (insn_reloc->insn_ptr,
aarch64_register (rt, is64),
aarch64_register (rt, 1),
offset_memory_operand (0));
}
/* Implementation of aarch64_insn_visitor method "others". */
static void
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_others (const uint32_t insn,
struct aarch64_insn_data *data)
{
struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *insn_reloc
= (struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data *) data;
/* The instruction is not PC relative. Just re-emit it at the new
location. */
insn_reloc->insn_ptr += aarch64_emit_insn (insn_reloc->insn_ptr, insn);
}
static const struct aarch64_insn_visitor visitor =
{
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_b,
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_b_cond,
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_cb,
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_tb,
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_adr,
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_ldr_literal,
aarch64_ftrace_insn_reloc_others,
};
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method
"install_fast_tracepoint_jump_pad". */
static int
aarch64_install_fast_tracepoint_jump_pad (CORE_ADDR tpoint,
CORE_ADDR tpaddr,
CORE_ADDR collector,
CORE_ADDR lockaddr,
ULONGEST orig_size,
CORE_ADDR *jump_entry,
CORE_ADDR *trampoline,
ULONGEST *trampoline_size,
unsigned char *jjump_pad_insn,
ULONGEST *jjump_pad_insn_size,
CORE_ADDR *adjusted_insn_addr,
CORE_ADDR *adjusted_insn_addr_end,
char *err)
{
uint32_t buf[256];
uint32_t *p = buf;
int64_t offset;
int i;
uint32_t insn;
CORE_ADDR buildaddr = *jump_entry;
struct aarch64_insn_relocation_data insn_data;
/* We need to save the current state on the stack both to restore it
later and to collect register values when the tracepoint is hit.
The saved registers are pushed in a layout that needs to be in sync
with aarch64_ft_collect_regmap (see linux-aarch64-ipa.c). Later on
the supply_fast_tracepoint_registers function will fill in the
register cache from a pointer to saved registers on the stack we build
here.
For simplicity, we set the size of each cell on the stack to 16 bytes.
This way one cell can hold any register type, from system registers
to the 128 bit SIMD&FP registers. Furthermore, the stack pointer
has to be 16 bytes aligned anyway.
Note that the CPSR register does not exist on AArch64. Instead we
can access system bits describing the process state with the
MRS/MSR instructions, namely the condition flags. We save them as
if they are part of a CPSR register because that's how GDB
interprets these system bits. At the moment, only the condition
flags are saved in CPSR (NZCV).
Stack layout, each cell is 16 bytes (descending):
High *-------- SIMD&FP registers from 31 down to 0. --------*
| q31 |
. .
. . 32 cells
. .
| q0 |
*---- General purpose registers from 30 down to 0. ----*
| x30 |
. .
. . 31 cells
. .
| x0 |
*------------- Special purpose registers. -------------*
| SP |
| PC |
| CPSR (NZCV) | 5 cells
| FPSR |
| FPCR | <- SP + 16
*------------- collecting_t object --------------------*
| TPIDR_EL0 | struct tracepoint * |
Low *------------------------------------------------------*
After this stack is set up, we issue a call to the collector, passing
it the saved registers at (SP + 16). */
/* Push SIMD&FP registers on the stack:
SUB sp, sp, #(32 * 16)
STP q30, q31, [sp, #(30 * 16)]
...
STP q0, q1, [sp]
*/
p += emit_sub (p, sp, sp, immediate_operand (32 * 16));
for (i = 30; i >= 0; i -= 2)
p += emit_stp_q_offset (p, i, i + 1, sp, i * 16);
/* Push general puspose registers on the stack. Note that we do not need
to push x31 as it represents the xzr register and not the stack
pointer in a STR instruction.
SUB sp, sp, #(31 * 16)
STR x30, [sp, #(30 * 16)]
...
STR x0, [sp]
*/
p += emit_sub (p, sp, sp, immediate_operand (31 * 16));
for (i = 30; i >= 0; i -= 1)
p += emit_str (p, aarch64_register (i, 1), sp,
offset_memory_operand (i * 16));
/* Make space for 5 more cells.
SUB sp, sp, #(5 * 16)
*/
p += emit_sub (p, sp, sp, immediate_operand (5 * 16));
/* Save SP:
ADD x4, sp, #((32 + 31 + 5) * 16)
STR x4, [sp, #(4 * 16)]
*/
p += emit_add (p, x4, sp, immediate_operand ((32 + 31 + 5) * 16));
p += emit_str (p, x4, sp, offset_memory_operand (4 * 16));
/* Save PC (tracepoint address):
MOV x3, #(tpaddr)
...
STR x3, [sp, #(3 * 16)]
*/
p += emit_mov_addr (p, x3, tpaddr);
p += emit_str (p, x3, sp, offset_memory_operand (3 * 16));
/* Save CPSR (NZCV), FPSR and FPCR:
MRS x2, nzcv
MRS x1, fpsr
MRS x0, fpcr
STR x2, [sp, #(2 * 16)]
STR x1, [sp, #(1 * 16)]
STR x0, [sp, #(0 * 16)]
*/
p += emit_mrs (p, x2, NZCV);
p += emit_mrs (p, x1, FPSR);
p += emit_mrs (p, x0, FPCR);
p += emit_str (p, x2, sp, offset_memory_operand (2 * 16));
p += emit_str (p, x1, sp, offset_memory_operand (1 * 16));
p += emit_str (p, x0, sp, offset_memory_operand (0 * 16));
/* Push the collecting_t object. It consist of the address of the
tracepoint and an ID for the current thread. We get the latter by
reading the tpidr_el0 system register. It corresponds to the
NT_ARM_TLS register accessible with ptrace.
MOV x0, #(tpoint)
...
MRS x1, tpidr_el0
STP x0, x1, [sp, #-16]!
*/
p += emit_mov_addr (p, x0, tpoint);
p += emit_mrs (p, x1, TPIDR_EL0);
p += emit_stp (p, x0, x1, sp, preindex_memory_operand (-16));
/* Spin-lock:
The shared memory for the lock is at lockaddr. It will hold zero
if no-one is holding the lock, otherwise it contains the address of
the collecting_t object on the stack of the thread which acquired it.
At this stage, the stack pointer points to this thread's collecting_t
object.
We use the following registers:
- x0: Address of the lock.
- x1: Pointer to collecting_t object.
- x2: Scratch register.
MOV x0, #(lockaddr)
...
MOV x1, sp
; Trigger an event local to this core. So the following WFE
; instruction is ignored.
SEVL
again:
; Wait for an event. The event is triggered by either the SEVL
; or STLR instructions (store release).
WFE
; Atomically read at lockaddr. This marks the memory location as
; exclusive. This instruction also has memory constraints which
; make sure all previous data reads and writes are done before
; executing it.
LDAXR x2, [x0]
; Try again if another thread holds the lock.
CBNZ x2, again
; We can lock it! Write the address of the collecting_t object.
; This instruction will fail if the memory location is not marked
; as exclusive anymore. If it succeeds, it will remove the
; exclusive mark on the memory location. This way, if another
; thread executes this instruction before us, we will fail and try
; all over again.
STXR w2, x1, [x0]
CBNZ w2, again
*/
p += emit_mov_addr (p, x0, lockaddr);
p += emit_mov (p, x1, register_operand (sp));
p += emit_sevl (p);
p += emit_wfe (p);
p += emit_ldaxr (p, x2, x0);
p += emit_cb (p, 1, w2, -2 * 4);
p += emit_stxr (p, w2, x1, x0);
p += emit_cb (p, 1, x2, -4 * 4);
/* Call collector (struct tracepoint *, unsigned char *):
MOV x0, #(tpoint)
...
; Saved registers start after the collecting_t object.
ADD x1, sp, #16
; We use an intra-procedure-call scratch register.
MOV ip0, #(collector)
...
; And call back to C!
BLR ip0
*/
p += emit_mov_addr (p, x0, tpoint);
p += emit_add (p, x1, sp, immediate_operand (16));
p += emit_mov_addr (p, ip0, collector);
p += emit_blr (p, ip0);
/* Release the lock.
MOV x0, #(lockaddr)
...
; This instruction is a normal store with memory ordering
; constraints. Thanks to this we do not have to put a data
; barrier instruction to make sure all data read and writes are done
; before this instruction is executed. Furthermore, this instrucion
; will trigger an event, letting other threads know they can grab
; the lock.
STLR xzr, [x0]
*/
p += emit_mov_addr (p, x0, lockaddr);
p += emit_stlr (p, xzr, x0);
/* Free collecting_t object:
ADD sp, sp, #16
*/
p += emit_add (p, sp, sp, immediate_operand (16));
/* Restore CPSR (NZCV), FPSR and FPCR. And free all special purpose
registers from the stack.
LDR x2, [sp, #(2 * 16)]
LDR x1, [sp, #(1 * 16)]
LDR x0, [sp, #(0 * 16)]
MSR NZCV, x2
MSR FPSR, x1
MSR FPCR, x0
ADD sp, sp #(5 * 16)
*/
p += emit_ldr (p, x2, sp, offset_memory_operand (2 * 16));
p += emit_ldr (p, x1, sp, offset_memory_operand (1 * 16));
p += emit_ldr (p, x0, sp, offset_memory_operand (0 * 16));
p += emit_msr (p, NZCV, x2);
p += emit_msr (p, FPSR, x1);
p += emit_msr (p, FPCR, x0);
p += emit_add (p, sp, sp, immediate_operand (5 * 16));
/* Pop general purpose registers:
LDR x0, [sp]
...
LDR x30, [sp, #(30 * 16)]
ADD sp, sp, #(31 * 16)
*/
for (i = 0; i <= 30; i += 1)
p += emit_ldr (p, aarch64_register (i, 1), sp,
offset_memory_operand (i * 16));
p += emit_add (p, sp, sp, immediate_operand (31 * 16));
/* Pop SIMD&FP registers:
LDP q0, q1, [sp]
...
LDP q30, q31, [sp, #(30 * 16)]
ADD sp, sp, #(32 * 16)
*/
for (i = 0; i <= 30; i += 2)
p += emit_ldp_q_offset (p, i, i + 1, sp, i * 16);
p += emit_add (p, sp, sp, immediate_operand (32 * 16));
/* Write the code into the inferior memory. */
append_insns (&buildaddr, p - buf, buf);
/* Now emit the relocated instruction. */
*adjusted_insn_addr = buildaddr;
target_read_uint32 (tpaddr, &insn);
insn_data.base.insn_addr = tpaddr;
insn_data.new_addr = buildaddr;
insn_data.insn_ptr = buf;
aarch64_relocate_instruction (insn, &visitor,
(struct aarch64_insn_data *) &insn_data);
/* We may not have been able to relocate the instruction. */
if (insn_data.insn_ptr == buf)
{
sprintf (err,
"E.Could not relocate instruction from %s to %s.",
core_addr_to_string_nz (tpaddr),
core_addr_to_string_nz (buildaddr));
return 1;
}
else
append_insns (&buildaddr, insn_data.insn_ptr - buf, buf);
*adjusted_insn_addr_end = buildaddr;
/* Go back to the start of the buffer. */
p = buf;
/* Emit a branch back from the jump pad. */
offset = (tpaddr + orig_size - buildaddr);
if (!can_encode_int32 (offset, 28))
{
sprintf (err,
"E.Jump back from jump pad too far from tracepoint "
"(offset 0x%" PRIx64 " cannot be encoded in 28 bits).",
offset);
return 1;
}
p += emit_b (p, 0, offset);
append_insns (&buildaddr, p - buf, buf);
/* Give the caller a branch instruction into the jump pad. */
offset = (*jump_entry - tpaddr);
if (!can_encode_int32 (offset, 28))
{
sprintf (err,
"E.Jump pad too far from tracepoint "
"(offset 0x%" PRIx64 " cannot be encoded in 28 bits).",
offset);
return 1;
}
emit_b ((uint32_t *) jjump_pad_insn, 0, offset);
*jjump_pad_insn_size = 4;
/* Return the end address of our pad. */
*jump_entry = buildaddr;
return 0;
}
/* Helper function writing LEN instructions from START into
current_insn_ptr. */
static void
emit_ops_insns (const uint32_t *start, int len)
{
CORE_ADDR buildaddr = current_insn_ptr;
if (debug_threads)
debug_printf ("Adding %d instrucions at %s\n",
len, paddress (buildaddr));
append_insns (&buildaddr, len, start);
current_insn_ptr = buildaddr;
}
/* Pop a register from the stack. */
static int
emit_pop (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rt)
{
return emit_ldr (buf, rt, sp, postindex_memory_operand (1 * 16));
}
/* Push a register on the stack. */
static int
emit_push (uint32_t *buf, struct aarch64_register rt)
{
return emit_str (buf, rt, sp, preindex_memory_operand (-1 * 16));
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_prologue". */
static void
aarch64_emit_prologue (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
/* This function emit a prologue for the following function prototype:
enum eval_result_type f (unsigned char *regs,
ULONGEST *value);
The first argument is a buffer of raw registers. The second
argument is the result of
evaluating the expression, which will be set to whatever is on top of
the stack at the end.
The stack set up by the prologue is as such:
High *------------------------------------------------------*
| LR |
| FP | <- FP
| x1 (ULONGEST *value) |
| x0 (unsigned char *regs) |
Low *------------------------------------------------------*
As we are implementing a stack machine, each opcode can expand the
stack so we never know how far we are from the data saved by this
prologue. In order to be able refer to value and regs later, we save
the current stack pointer in the frame pointer. This way, it is not
clobbered when calling C functions.
Finally, throughtout every operation, we are using register x0 as the
top of the stack, and x1 as a scratch register. */
p += emit_stp (p, x0, x1, sp, preindex_memory_operand (-2 * 16));
p += emit_str (p, lr, sp, offset_memory_operand (3 * 8));
p += emit_str (p, fp, sp, offset_memory_operand (2 * 8));
p += emit_add (p, fp, sp, immediate_operand (2 * 8));
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_epilogue". */
static void
aarch64_emit_epilogue (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
/* Store the result of the expression (x0) in *value. */
p += emit_sub (p, x1, fp, immediate_operand (1 * 8));
p += emit_ldr (p, x1, x1, offset_memory_operand (0));
p += emit_str (p, x0, x1, offset_memory_operand (0));
/* Restore the previous state. */
p += emit_add (p, sp, fp, immediate_operand (2 * 8));
p += emit_ldp (p, fp, lr, fp, offset_memory_operand (0));
/* Return expr_eval_no_error. */
p += emit_mov (p, x0, immediate_operand (expr_eval_no_error));
p += emit_ret (p, lr);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_add". */
static void
aarch64_emit_add (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_add (p, x0, x1, register_operand (x0));
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_sub". */
static void
aarch64_emit_sub (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_sub (p, x0, x1, register_operand (x0));
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_mul". */
static void
aarch64_emit_mul (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_mul (p, x0, x1, x0);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_lsh". */
static void
aarch64_emit_lsh (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_lslv (p, x0, x1, x0);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_rsh_signed". */
static void
aarch64_emit_rsh_signed (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_asrv (p, x0, x1, x0);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_rsh_unsigned". */
static void
aarch64_emit_rsh_unsigned (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_lsrv (p, x0, x1, x0);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_ext". */
static void
aarch64_emit_ext (int arg)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_sbfx (p, x0, x0, 0, arg);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_log_not". */
static void
aarch64_emit_log_not (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
/* If the top of the stack is 0, replace it with 1. Else replace it with
0. */
p += emit_cmp (p, x0, immediate_operand (0));
p += emit_cset (p, x0, EQ);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_bit_and". */
static void
aarch64_emit_bit_and (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_and (p, x0, x0, x1);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_bit_or". */
static void
aarch64_emit_bit_or (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_orr (p, x0, x0, x1);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_bit_xor". */
static void
aarch64_emit_bit_xor (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_eor (p, x0, x0, x1);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_bit_not". */
static void
aarch64_emit_bit_not (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_mvn (p, x0, x0);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_equal". */
static void
aarch64_emit_equal (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_cmp (p, x0, register_operand (x1));
p += emit_cset (p, x0, EQ);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_less_signed". */
static void
aarch64_emit_less_signed (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_cmp (p, x1, register_operand (x0));
p += emit_cset (p, x0, LT);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_less_unsigned". */
static void
aarch64_emit_less_unsigned (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_cmp (p, x1, register_operand (x0));
p += emit_cset (p, x0, LO);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_ref". */
static void
aarch64_emit_ref (int size)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
switch (size)
{
case 1:
p += emit_ldrb (p, w0, x0, offset_memory_operand (0));
break;
case 2:
p += emit_ldrh (p, w0, x0, offset_memory_operand (0));
break;
case 4:
p += emit_ldr (p, w0, x0, offset_memory_operand (0));
break;
case 8:
p += emit_ldr (p, x0, x0, offset_memory_operand (0));
break;
default:
/* Unknown size, bail on compilation. */
emit_error = 1;
break;
}
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_if_goto". */
static void
aarch64_emit_if_goto (int *offset_p, int *size_p)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
/* The Z flag is set or cleared here. */
p += emit_cmp (p, x0, immediate_operand (0));
/* This instruction must not change the Z flag. */
p += emit_pop (p, x0);
/* Branch over the next instruction if x0 == 0. */
p += emit_bcond (p, EQ, 8);
/* The NOP instruction will be patched with an unconditional branch. */
if (offset_p)
*offset_p = (p - buf) * 4;
if (size_p)
*size_p = 4;
p += emit_nop (p);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_goto". */
static void
aarch64_emit_goto (int *offset_p, int *size_p)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
/* The NOP instruction will be patched with an unconditional branch. */
if (offset_p)
*offset_p = 0;
if (size_p)
*size_p = 4;
p += emit_nop (p);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "write_goto_address". */
void
aarch64_write_goto_address (CORE_ADDR from, CORE_ADDR to, int size)
{
uint32_t insn;
emit_b (&insn, 0, to - from);
append_insns (&from, 1, &insn);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_const". */
static void
aarch64_emit_const (LONGEST num)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_mov_addr (p, x0, num);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_call". */
static void
aarch64_emit_call (CORE_ADDR fn)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_mov_addr (p, ip0, fn);
p += emit_blr (p, ip0);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_reg". */
static void
aarch64_emit_reg (int reg)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
/* Set x0 to unsigned char *regs. */
p += emit_sub (p, x0, fp, immediate_operand (2 * 8));
p += emit_ldr (p, x0, x0, offset_memory_operand (0));
p += emit_mov (p, x1, immediate_operand (reg));
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
aarch64_emit_call (get_raw_reg_func_addr ());
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_pop". */
static void
aarch64_emit_pop (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x0);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_stack_flush". */
static void
aarch64_emit_stack_flush (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_push (p, x0);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_zero_ext". */
static void
aarch64_emit_zero_ext (int arg)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_ubfx (p, x0, x0, 0, arg);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_swap". */
static void
aarch64_emit_swap (void)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_ldr (p, x1, sp, offset_memory_operand (0 * 16));
p += emit_str (p, x0, sp, offset_memory_operand (0 * 16));
p += emit_mov (p, x0, register_operand (x1));
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_stack_adjust". */
static void
aarch64_emit_stack_adjust (int n)
{
/* This is not needed with our design. */
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_add (p, sp, sp, immediate_operand (n * 16));
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_int_call_1". */
static void
aarch64_emit_int_call_1 (CORE_ADDR fn, int arg1)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_mov (p, x0, immediate_operand (arg1));
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
aarch64_emit_call (fn);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_void_call_2". */
static void
aarch64_emit_void_call_2 (CORE_ADDR fn, int arg1)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
/* Push x0 on the stack. */
aarch64_emit_stack_flush ();
/* Setup arguments for the function call:
x0: arg1
x1: top of the stack
MOV x1, x0
MOV x0, #arg1 */
p += emit_mov (p, x1, register_operand (x0));
p += emit_mov (p, x0, immediate_operand (arg1));
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
aarch64_emit_call (fn);
/* Restore x0. */
aarch64_emit_pop ();
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_eq_goto". */
static void
aarch64_emit_eq_goto (int *offset_p, int *size_p)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_cmp (p, x1, register_operand (x0));
/* Branch over the next instruction if x0 != x1. */
p += emit_bcond (p, NE, 8);
/* The NOP instruction will be patched with an unconditional branch. */
if (offset_p)
*offset_p = (p - buf) * 4;
if (size_p)
*size_p = 4;
p += emit_nop (p);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_ne_goto". */
static void
aarch64_emit_ne_goto (int *offset_p, int *size_p)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_cmp (p, x1, register_operand (x0));
/* Branch over the next instruction if x0 == x1. */
p += emit_bcond (p, EQ, 8);
/* The NOP instruction will be patched with an unconditional branch. */
if (offset_p)
*offset_p = (p - buf) * 4;
if (size_p)
*size_p = 4;
p += emit_nop (p);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_lt_goto". */
static void
aarch64_emit_lt_goto (int *offset_p, int *size_p)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_cmp (p, x1, register_operand (x0));
/* Branch over the next instruction if x0 >= x1. */
p += emit_bcond (p, GE, 8);
/* The NOP instruction will be patched with an unconditional branch. */
if (offset_p)
*offset_p = (p - buf) * 4;
if (size_p)
*size_p = 4;
p += emit_nop (p);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_le_goto". */
static void
aarch64_emit_le_goto (int *offset_p, int *size_p)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_cmp (p, x1, register_operand (x0));
/* Branch over the next instruction if x0 > x1. */
p += emit_bcond (p, GT, 8);
/* The NOP instruction will be patched with an unconditional branch. */
if (offset_p)
*offset_p = (p - buf) * 4;
if (size_p)
*size_p = 4;
p += emit_nop (p);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_gt_goto". */
static void
aarch64_emit_gt_goto (int *offset_p, int *size_p)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_cmp (p, x1, register_operand (x0));
/* Branch over the next instruction if x0 <= x1. */
p += emit_bcond (p, LE, 8);
/* The NOP instruction will be patched with an unconditional branch. */
if (offset_p)
*offset_p = (p - buf) * 4;
if (size_p)
*size_p = 4;
p += emit_nop (p);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
/* Implementation of emit_ops method "emit_ge_got". */
static void
aarch64_emit_ge_got (int *offset_p, int *size_p)
{
uint32_t buf[16];
uint32_t *p = buf;
p += emit_pop (p, x1);
p += emit_cmp (p, x1, register_operand (x0));
/* Branch over the next instruction if x0 <= x1. */
p += emit_bcond (p, LT, 8);
/* The NOP instruction will be patched with an unconditional branch. */
if (offset_p)
*offset_p = (p - buf) * 4;
if (size_p)
*size_p = 4;
p += emit_nop (p);
emit_ops_insns (buf, p - buf);
}
static struct emit_ops aarch64_emit_ops_impl =
{
aarch64_emit_prologue,
aarch64_emit_epilogue,
aarch64_emit_add,
aarch64_emit_sub,
aarch64_emit_mul,
aarch64_emit_lsh,
aarch64_emit_rsh_signed,
aarch64_emit_rsh_unsigned,
aarch64_emit_ext,
aarch64_emit_log_not,
aarch64_emit_bit_and,
aarch64_emit_bit_or,
aarch64_emit_bit_xor,
aarch64_emit_bit_not,
aarch64_emit_equal,
aarch64_emit_less_signed,
aarch64_emit_less_unsigned,
aarch64_emit_ref,
aarch64_emit_if_goto,
aarch64_emit_goto,
aarch64_write_goto_address,
aarch64_emit_const,
aarch64_emit_call,
aarch64_emit_reg,
aarch64_emit_pop,
aarch64_emit_stack_flush,
aarch64_emit_zero_ext,
aarch64_emit_swap,
aarch64_emit_stack_adjust,
aarch64_emit_int_call_1,
aarch64_emit_void_call_2,
aarch64_emit_eq_goto,
aarch64_emit_ne_goto,
aarch64_emit_lt_goto,
aarch64_emit_le_goto,
aarch64_emit_gt_goto,
aarch64_emit_ge_got,
};
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "emit_ops". */
static struct emit_ops *
aarch64_emit_ops (void)
{
return &aarch64_emit_ops_impl;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method
"get_min_fast_tracepoint_insn_len". */
static int
aarch64_get_min_fast_tracepoint_insn_len (void)
{
return 4;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "supports_range_stepping". */
static int
aarch64_supports_range_stepping (void)
{
return 1;
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "sw_breakpoint_from_kind". */
static const gdb_byte *
aarch64_sw_breakpoint_from_kind (int kind, int *size)
{
if (is_64bit_tdesc ())
{
*size = aarch64_breakpoint_len;
return aarch64_breakpoint;
}
else
return arm_sw_breakpoint_from_kind (kind, size);
}
/* Implementation of linux_target_ops method "breakpoint_kind_from_pc". */
static int
aarch64_breakpoint_kind_from_pc (CORE_ADDR *pcptr)
{
if (is_64bit_tdesc ())
return aarch64_breakpoint_len;
else
return arm_breakpoint_kind_from_pc (pcptr);
}
/* Implementation of the linux_target_ops method
"breakpoint_kind_from_current_state". */
static int
aarch64_breakpoint_kind_from_current_state (CORE_ADDR *pcptr)
{
if (is_64bit_tdesc ())
return aarch64_breakpoint_len;
else
return arm_breakpoint_kind_from_current_state (pcptr);
}
/* Support for hardware single step. */
static int
aarch64_supports_hardware_single_step (void)
{
return 1;
}
struct linux_target_ops the_low_target =
{
aarch64_arch_setup,
aarch64_regs_info,
aarch64_cannot_fetch_register,
aarch64_cannot_store_register,
NULL, /* fetch_register */
aarch64_get_pc,
aarch64_set_pc,
aarch64_breakpoint_kind_from_pc,
aarch64_sw_breakpoint_from_kind,
NULL, /* get_next_pcs */
0, /* decr_pc_after_break */
aarch64_breakpoint_at,
aarch64_supports_z_point_type,
aarch64_insert_point,
aarch64_remove_point,
aarch64_stopped_by_watchpoint,
aarch64_stopped_data_address,
NULL, /* collect_ptrace_register */
NULL, /* supply_ptrace_register */
aarch64_linux_siginfo_fixup,
aarch64_linux_new_process,
aarch64_linux_new_thread,
aarch64_linux_new_fork,
aarch64_linux_prepare_to_resume,
NULL, /* process_qsupported */
aarch64_supports_tracepoints,
aarch64_get_thread_area,
aarch64_install_fast_tracepoint_jump_pad,
aarch64_emit_ops,
aarch64_get_min_fast_tracepoint_insn_len,