The metricsd daemon is used to gather metrics from the platform and application, aggregate them and upload them periodically to a server. The metrics will then be available in their aggregated form to the developer for analysis.
Three components are provided to interact with
libmetrics is a small library that implements the basic C++ API for metrics collection. All metrics collection is funneled through this library. The easiest and recommended way for a client-side module to collect user metrics is to link
libmetrics and use its APIs to send metrics to
metricsd for transport to UMA. In order to use the library in a module, you need to do the following:
Add a dependency on the shared library in your Android.mk file:
LOCAL_SHARED_LIBRARIES += libmetrics
To access the metrics library API in the module, include the <metrics/metrics_library.h> header file.
The API is documented in
metrics_library.h. Before using the API methods, a MetricsLibrary object needs to be constructed and initialized through its Init method.
Samples are uploaded only if the
/data/misc/metrics/enabled file exists.
You will be able to see all uploaded metrics on the metrics dashboard, accessible via the developer console.
metrics_client is a simple shell command-line utility for sending histogram samples and querying
metricsd. It's installed under
/system/bin on the target platform and uses
For usage information and command-line options, run
metrics_client on the target platform or look for “Usage:” in
metricsd is the daemon that listens for metrics logging calls (via Binder), aggregates the metrics and uploads them periodically. This daemon should start as early as possible so that depending daemons can log at any time.
metricsd is made of two threads that work as follows:
base::StatisticsRecorder) and increments the crash counters when a crash is reported. This thread is kept as simple as possible to ensure the maximum throughput possible.
metrics_collector is a daemon that runs in the background on the target platform, gathers health information about the system and maintains long running counters (ex: number of crashes per week).
The recommended way to generate metrics data from a module is to link and use libmetrics directly. However, we may not want to add a dependency on libmetrics to some modules (ex: kernel). In this case, we can add a collector to metrics_collector that will, for example, take measurements and report them periodically to metricsd (this is the case for the disk utilization histogram).
You should set the values to a range that covers the vast majority of samples that would appear in the field. Note that samples below the |min| will still be collected in the underflow bucket and samples above the |max| will end up in the overflow bucket. Also, the reported mean of the data will be correct regardless of the range.
You should allocate as many buckets as necessary to perform proper analysis on the collected data. Note, however, that the memory allocated in metricsd for each histogram is proportional to the number of buckets. Therefore, it is strongly recommended to keep this number low (e.g., 50 is normal, while 100 is probably high).
Enumeration histograms should really be used only for sampling enumerated events and, in some cases, percentages. Normally, you should use a regular histogram with exponential bucket layout that provides higher resolution at the low end of the range and lower resolution at the high end. Regular histograms are generally used for collecting performance data (e.g., timing, memory usage, power) as well as aggregated event counts.
metrics_client -dto dump the currently aggregated metrics. Your histogram should appear in the list.