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* Copyright (C) 2015 The Android Open Source Project
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <memory>
#include <set>
#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include <android-base/chrono_utils.h>
#include <cutils/iosched_policy.h>
#include "action.h"
#include "capabilities.h"
#include "descriptors.h"
#include "keyword_map.h"
#include "parser.h"
#include "subcontext.h"
#define SVC_DISABLED 0x001 // do not autostart with class
#define SVC_ONESHOT 0x002 // do not restart on exit
#define SVC_RUNNING 0x004 // currently active
#define SVC_RESTARTING 0x008 // waiting to restart
#define SVC_CONSOLE 0x010 // requires console
#define SVC_CRITICAL 0x020 // will reboot into recovery if keeps crashing
#define SVC_RESET 0x040 // Use when stopping a process,
// but not disabling so it can be restarted with its class.
#define SVC_RC_DISABLED 0x080 // Remember if the disabled flag was set in the rc script.
#define SVC_RESTART 0x100 // Use to safely restart (stop, wait, start) a service.
#define SVC_DISABLED_START 0x200 // A start was requested but it was disabled at the time.
#define SVC_EXEC 0x400 // This service was started by either 'exec' or 'exec_start' and stops
// init from processing more commands until it completes
#define SVC_SHUTDOWN_CRITICAL 0x800 // This service is critical for shutdown and
// should not be killed during shutdown
#define SVC_TEMPORARY 0x1000 // This service was started by 'exec' and should be removed from the
// service list once it is reaped.
#define NR_SVC_SUPP_GIDS 12 // twelve supplementary groups
namespace android {
namespace init {
class Service {
Service(const std::string& name, Subcontext* subcontext_for_restart_commands,
const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Service(const std::string& name, unsigned flags, uid_t uid, gid_t gid,
const std::vector<gid_t>& supp_gids, const CapSet& capabilities,
unsigned namespace_flags, const std::string& seclabel,
Subcontext* subcontext_for_restart_commands, const std::vector<std::string>& args);
static std::unique_ptr<Service> MakeTemporaryOneshotService(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
bool IsRunning() { return (flags_ & SVC_RUNNING) != 0; }
Result<Success> ParseLine(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ExecStart();
Result<Success> Start();
Result<Success> StartIfNotDisabled();
Result<Success> Enable();
void Reset();
void Stop();
void Terminate();
void Restart();
void Reap();
void DumpState() const;
void SetShutdownCritical() { flags_ |= SVC_SHUTDOWN_CRITICAL; }
bool IsShutdownCritical() const { return (flags_ & SVC_SHUTDOWN_CRITICAL) != 0; }
void UnSetExec() {
is_exec_service_running_ = false;
flags_ &= ~SVC_EXEC;
static bool is_exec_service_running() { return is_exec_service_running_; }
const std::string& name() const { return name_; }
const std::set<std::string>& classnames() const { return classnames_; }
unsigned flags() const { return flags_; }
pid_t pid() const { return pid_; }
android::base::boot_clock::time_point time_started() const { return time_started_; }
int crash_count() const { return crash_count_; }
uid_t uid() const { return uid_; }
gid_t gid() const { return gid_; }
unsigned namespace_flags() const { return namespace_flags_; }
const std::vector<gid_t>& supp_gids() const { return supp_gids_; }
const std::string& seclabel() const { return seclabel_; }
const std::vector<int>& keycodes() const { return keycodes_; }
int keychord_id() const { return keychord_id_; }
void set_keychord_id(int keychord_id) { keychord_id_ = keychord_id; }
IoSchedClass ioprio_class() const { return ioprio_class_; }
int ioprio_pri() const { return ioprio_pri_; }
const std::set<std::string>& interfaces() const { return interfaces_; }
int priority() const { return priority_; }
int oom_score_adjust() const { return oom_score_adjust_; }
bool is_override() const { return override_; }
bool process_cgroup_empty() const { return process_cgroup_empty_; }
unsigned long start_order() const { return start_order_; }
const std::vector<std::string>& args() const { return args_; }
using OptionParser = Result<Success> (Service::*)(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
class OptionParserMap;
void NotifyStateChange(const std::string& new_state) const;
void StopOrReset(int how);
void ZapStdio() const;
void OpenConsole() const;
void KillProcessGroup(int signal);
void SetProcessAttributes();
Result<Success> ParseCapabilities(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseClass(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseConsole(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseCritical(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseDisabled(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseGroup(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParsePriority(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseInterface(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseIoprio(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseKeycodes(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseOneshot(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseOnrestart(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseOomScoreAdjust(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseOverride(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseMemcgLimitInBytes(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseMemcgSoftLimitInBytes(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseMemcgSwappiness(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseNamespace(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseProcessRlimit(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseSeclabel(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseSetenv(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseShutdown(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseSocket(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseFile(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseUser(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
Result<Success> ParseWritepid(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
template <typename T>
Result<Success> AddDescriptor(const std::vector<std::string>& args);
static unsigned long next_start_order_;
static bool is_exec_service_running_;
std::string name_;
std::set<std::string> classnames_;
std::string console_;
unsigned flags_;
pid_t pid_;
android::base::boot_clock::time_point time_started_; // time of last start
android::base::boot_clock::time_point time_crashed_; // first crash within inspection window
int crash_count_; // number of times crashed within window
uid_t uid_;
gid_t gid_;
std::vector<gid_t> supp_gids_;
CapSet capabilities_;
unsigned namespace_flags_;
std::string seclabel_;
std::vector<std::unique_ptr<DescriptorInfo>> descriptors_;
std::vector<std::pair<std::string, std::string>> environment_vars_;
Action onrestart_; // Commands to execute on restart.
std::vector<std::string> writepid_files_;
std::set<std::string> interfaces_; // e.g.
// keycodes for triggering this service via /dev/keychord
std::vector<int> keycodes_;
int keychord_id_;
IoSchedClass ioprio_class_;
int ioprio_pri_;
int priority_;
int oom_score_adjust_;
int swappiness_;
int soft_limit_in_bytes_;
int limit_in_bytes_;
bool process_cgroup_empty_ = false;
bool override_ = false;
unsigned long start_order_;
std::vector<std::pair<int, rlimit>> rlimits_;
std::vector<std::string> args_;
class ServiceList {
static ServiceList& GetInstance();
// Exposed for testing
void AddService(std::unique_ptr<Service> service);
void RemoveService(const Service& svc);
template <typename T, typename F = decltype(&Service::name)>
Service* FindService(T value, F function = &Service::name) const {
auto svc = std::find_if(services_.begin(), services_.end(),
[&function, &value](const std::unique_ptr<Service>& s) {
return std::invoke(function, s) == value;
if (svc != services_.end()) {
return svc->get();
return nullptr;
void DumpState() const;
auto begin() const { return services_.begin(); }
auto end() const { return services_.end(); }
const std::vector<std::unique_ptr<Service>>& services() const { return services_; }
const std::vector<Service*> services_in_shutdown_order() const;
std::vector<std::unique_ptr<Service>> services_;
class ServiceParser : public SectionParser {
ServiceParser(ServiceList* service_list, std::vector<Subcontext>* subcontexts)
: service_list_(service_list), subcontexts_(subcontexts), service_(nullptr) {}
Result<Success> ParseSection(std::vector<std::string>&& args, const std::string& filename,
int line) override;
Result<Success> ParseLineSection(std::vector<std::string>&& args, int line) override;
Result<Success> EndSection() override;
bool IsValidName(const std::string& name) const;
ServiceList* service_list_;
std::vector<Subcontext>* subcontexts_;
std::unique_ptr<Service> service_;
} // namespace init
} // namespace android