blob: cc7aaf68cfe5a837d536af765014dbb5ffc41e79 [file] [log] [blame]
* Copyright (C) 2015 The Android Open Source Project
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
// Google-style C++ logging.
// This header provides a C++ stream interface to logging.
// To log:
// LOG(INFO) << "Some text; " << some_value;
// Replace `INFO` with any severity from `enum LogSeverity`.
// To log the result of a failed function and include the string
// representation of `errno` at the end:
// PLOG(ERROR) << "Write failed";
// The output will be something like `Write failed: I/O error`.
// Remember this as 'P' as in perror(3).
// To output your own types, simply implement operator<< as normal.
// By default, output goes to logcat on Android and stderr on the host.
// A process can use `SetLogger` to decide where all logging goes.
// Implementations are provided for logcat, stderr, and dmesg.
// By default, the process' name is used as the log tag.
// Code can choose a specific log tag by defining LOG_TAG
// before including this header.
// This header also provides assertions:
// CHECK(must_be_true);
// CHECK_EQ(a, b) << z_is_interesting_too;
// NOTE: For Windows, you must include logging.h after windows.h to allow the
// following code to suppress the evil ERROR macro:
#ifdef _WIN32
// windows.h includes wingdi.h which defines an evil macro ERROR.
#ifdef ERROR
#undef ERROR
#include <functional>
#include <memory>
#include <ostream>
#include "android-base/macros.h"
// Note: DO NOT USE DIRECTLY. Use LOG_TAG instead.
#error "_LOG_TAG_INTERNAL must not be defined"
#ifdef LOG_TAG
#define _LOG_TAG_INTERNAL nullptr
namespace android {
namespace base {
enum LogSeverity {
enum LogId {
using LogFunction = std::function<void(LogId, LogSeverity, const char*, const char*,
unsigned int, const char*)>;
using AbortFunction = std::function<void(const char*)>;
void KernelLogger(LogId, LogSeverity, const char*, const char*, unsigned int, const char*);
void StderrLogger(LogId, LogSeverity, const char*, const char*, unsigned int, const char*);
void DefaultAborter(const char* abort_message);
std::string GetDefaultTag();
void SetDefaultTag(const std::string& tag);
#ifdef __ANDROID__
// We expose this even though it is the default because a user that wants to
// override the default log buffer will have to construct this themselves.
class LogdLogger {
explicit LogdLogger(LogId default_log_id = android::base::MAIN);
void operator()(LogId, LogSeverity, const char* tag, const char* file,
unsigned int line, const char* message);
LogId default_log_id_;
// Configure logging based on ANDROID_LOG_TAGS environment variable.
// We need to parse a string that looks like
// *:v jdwp:d dalvikvm:d dalvikvm-gc:i dalvikvmi:i
// The tag (or '*' for the global level) comes first, followed by a colon and a
// letter indicating the minimum priority level we're expected to log. This can
// be used to reveal or conceal logs with specific tags.
#ifdef __ANDROID__
void InitLogging(char* argv[],
AbortFunction&& aborter = DefaultAborter);
// Replace the current logger.
void SetLogger(LogFunction&& logger);
// Replace the current aborter.
void SetAborter(AbortFunction&& aborter);
class ErrnoRestorer {
: saved_errno_(errno) {
~ErrnoRestorer() {
errno = saved_errno_;
// Allow this object to be used as part of && operation.
operator bool() const {
return true;
const int saved_errno_;
// A helper macro that produces an expression that accepts both a qualified name and an
// unqualified name for a LogSeverity, and returns a LogSeverity value.
// Note: DO NOT USE DIRECTLY. This is an implementation detail.
#define SEVERITY_LAMBDA(severity) ([&]() { \
using ::android::base::VERBOSE; \
using ::android::base::DEBUG; \
using ::android::base::INFO; \
using ::android::base::WARNING; \
using ::android::base::ERROR; \
using ::android::base::FATAL_WITHOUT_ABORT; \
using ::android::base::FATAL; \
return (severity); }())
#ifdef __clang_analyzer__
// Clang's static analyzer does not see the conditional statement inside
// LogMessage's destructor that will abort on FATAL severity.
#define ABORT_AFTER_LOG_FATAL for (;; abort())
struct LogAbortAfterFullExpr {
~LogAbortAfterFullExpr() __attribute__((noreturn)) { abort(); }
explicit operator bool() const { return false; }
// Provides an expression that evaluates to the truthiness of `x`, automatically
// aborting if `c` is true.
#define ABORT_AFTER_LOG_EXPR_IF(c, x) (((c) && ::android::base::LogAbortAfterFullExpr()) || (x))
// Note to the static analyzer that we always execute FATAL logs in practice.
#define MUST_LOG_MESSAGE(severity) (SEVERITY_LAMBDA(severity) == ::android::base::FATAL)
#define ABORT_AFTER_LOG_EXPR_IF(c, x) (x)
#define MUST_LOG_MESSAGE(severity) false
// Defines whether the given severity will be logged or silently swallowed.
#define WOULD_LOG(severity) \
(UNLIKELY((SEVERITY_LAMBDA(severity)) >= ::android::base::GetMinimumLogSeverity()) || \
// Get an ostream that can be used for logging at the given severity and to the default
// destination.
// Notes:
// 1) This will not check whether the severity is high enough. One should use WOULD_LOG to filter
// usage manually.
// 2) This does not save and restore errno.
#define LOG_STREAM(severity) LOG_STREAM_TO(DEFAULT, severity)
// Get an ostream that can be used for logging at the given severity and to the
// given destination. The same notes as for LOG_STREAM apply.
#define LOG_STREAM_TO(dest, severity) \
::android::base::LogMessage(__FILE__, __LINE__, ::android::base::dest, \
// Logs a message to logcat on Android otherwise to stderr. If the severity is
// FATAL it also causes an abort. For example:
// LOG(FATAL) << "We didn't expect to reach here";
#define LOG(severity) LOG_TO(DEFAULT, severity)
// Checks if we want to log something, and sets up appropriate RAII objects if
// so.
// Note: DO NOT USE DIRECTLY. This is an implementation detail.
#define LOGGING_PREAMBLE(severity) \
(WOULD_LOG(severity) && \
ABORT_AFTER_LOG_EXPR_IF((SEVERITY_LAMBDA(severity)) == ::android::base::FATAL, true) && \
// Logs a message to logcat with the specified log ID on Android otherwise to
// stderr. If the severity is FATAL it also causes an abort.
// Use an expression here so we can support the << operator following the macro,
// like "LOG(DEBUG) << xxx;".
#define LOG_TO(dest, severity) LOGGING_PREAMBLE(severity) && LOG_STREAM_TO(dest, severity)
// A variant of LOG that also logs the current errno value. To be used when
// library calls fail.
#define PLOG(severity) PLOG_TO(DEFAULT, severity)
// Behaves like PLOG, but logs to the specified log ID.
#define PLOG_TO(dest, severity) \
LOGGING_PREAMBLE(severity) && \
::android::base::LogMessage(__FILE__, __LINE__, ::android::base::dest, \
// Marker that code is yet to be implemented.
#define UNIMPLEMENTED(level) \
LOG(level) << __PRETTY_FUNCTION__ << " unimplemented "
// Check whether condition x holds and LOG(FATAL) if not. The value of the
// expression x is only evaluated once. Extra logging can be appended using <<
// after. For example:
// CHECK(false == true) results in a log message of
// "Check failed: false == true".
#define CHECK(x) \
::android::base::LogMessage(__FILE__, __LINE__, ::android::base::DEFAULT, \
::android::base::FATAL, _LOG_TAG_INTERNAL, -1) \
.stream() \
<< "Check failed: " #x << " "
// clang-format off
// Helper for CHECK_xx(x,y) macros.
#define CHECK_OP(LHS, RHS, OP) \
for (auto _values = ::android::base::MakeEagerEvaluator(LHS, RHS); \
UNLIKELY(!(_values.lhs OP _values.rhs)); \
/* empty */) \
::android::base::LogMessage(__FILE__, __LINE__, ::android::base::DEFAULT, \
::android::base::FATAL, _LOG_TAG_INTERNAL, -1) \
.stream() \
<< "Check failed: " << #LHS << " " << #OP << " " << #RHS << " (" #LHS "=" << _values.lhs \
<< ", " #RHS "=" << _values.rhs << ") "
// clang-format on
// Check whether a condition holds between x and y, LOG(FATAL) if not. The value
// of the expressions x and y is evaluated once. Extra logging can be appended
// using << after. For example:
// CHECK_NE(0 == 1, false) results in
// "Check failed: false != false (0==1=false, false=false) ".
#define CHECK_EQ(x, y) CHECK_OP(x, y, == )
#define CHECK_NE(x, y) CHECK_OP(x, y, != )
#define CHECK_LE(x, y) CHECK_OP(x, y, <= )
#define CHECK_LT(x, y) CHECK_OP(x, y, < )
#define CHECK_GE(x, y) CHECK_OP(x, y, >= )
#define CHECK_GT(x, y) CHECK_OP(x, y, > )
// clang-format off
// Helper for CHECK_STRxx(s1,s2) macros.
#define CHECK_STROP(s1, s2, sense) \
while (UNLIKELY((strcmp(s1, s2) == 0) != (sense))) \
::android::base::LogMessage(__FILE__, __LINE__, ::android::base::DEFAULT, \
::android::base::FATAL, _LOG_TAG_INTERNAL, -1) \
.stream() \
<< "Check failed: " << "\"" << (s1) << "\"" \
<< ((sense) ? " == " : " != ") << "\"" << (s2) << "\""
// clang-format on
// Check for string (const char*) equality between s1 and s2, LOG(FATAL) if not.
#define CHECK_STREQ(s1, s2) CHECK_STROP(s1, s2, true)
#define CHECK_STRNE(s1, s2) CHECK_STROP(s1, s2, false)
// Perform the pthread function call(args), LOG(FATAL) on error.
#define CHECK_PTHREAD_CALL(call, args, what) \
do { \
int rc = call args; \
if (rc != 0) { \
errno = rc; \
PLOG(FATAL) << #call << " failed for " << (what); \
} \
} while (false)
// CHECK that can be used in a constexpr function. For example:
// constexpr int half(int n) {
// return
// DCHECK_CONSTEXPR(n >= 0, , 0)
// CHECK_CONSTEXPR((n & 1) == 0),
// << "Extra debugging output: n = " << n, 0)
// n / 2;
// }
#define CHECK_CONSTEXPR(x, out, dummy) \
(UNLIKELY(!(x))) \
? (LOG(FATAL) << "Check failed: " << #x out, dummy) \
// DCHECKs are debug variants of CHECKs only enabled in debug builds. Generally
// CHECK should be used unless profiling identifies a CHECK as being in
// performance critical code.
#if defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(__clang_analyzer__)
static constexpr bool kEnableDChecks = false;
static constexpr bool kEnableDChecks = true;
#define DCHECK(x) \
if (::android::base::kEnableDChecks) CHECK(x)
#define DCHECK_EQ(x, y) \
if (::android::base::kEnableDChecks) CHECK_EQ(x, y)
#define DCHECK_NE(x, y) \
if (::android::base::kEnableDChecks) CHECK_NE(x, y)
#define DCHECK_LE(x, y) \
if (::android::base::kEnableDChecks) CHECK_LE(x, y)
#define DCHECK_LT(x, y) \
if (::android::base::kEnableDChecks) CHECK_LT(x, y)
#define DCHECK_GE(x, y) \
if (::android::base::kEnableDChecks) CHECK_GE(x, y)
#define DCHECK_GT(x, y) \
if (::android::base::kEnableDChecks) CHECK_GT(x, y)
#define DCHECK_STREQ(s1, s2) \
if (::android::base::kEnableDChecks) CHECK_STREQ(s1, s2)
#define DCHECK_STRNE(s1, s2) \
if (::android::base::kEnableDChecks) CHECK_STRNE(s1, s2)
#if defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(__clang_analyzer__)
#define DCHECK_CONSTEXPR(x, out, dummy)
#define DCHECK_CONSTEXPR(x, out, dummy) CHECK_CONSTEXPR(x, out, dummy)
// Temporary class created to evaluate the LHS and RHS, used with
// MakeEagerEvaluator to infer the types of LHS and RHS.
template <typename LHS, typename RHS>
struct EagerEvaluator {
constexpr EagerEvaluator(LHS l, RHS r) : lhs(l), rhs(r) {
LHS lhs;
RHS rhs;
// Helper function for CHECK_xx.
template <typename LHS, typename RHS>
constexpr EagerEvaluator<LHS, RHS> MakeEagerEvaluator(LHS lhs, RHS rhs) {
return EagerEvaluator<LHS, RHS>(lhs, rhs);
// Explicitly instantiate EagerEvalue for pointers so that char*s aren't treated
// as strings. To compare strings use CHECK_STREQ and CHECK_STRNE. We rely on
// signed/unsigned warnings to protect you against combinations not explicitly
// listed below.
template <> \
struct EagerEvaluator<T1, T2> { \
EagerEvaluator(T1 l, T2 r) \
: lhs(reinterpret_cast<const void*>(l)), \
rhs(reinterpret_cast<const void*>(r)) { \
} \
const void* lhs; \
const void* rhs; \
EAGER_PTR_EVALUATOR(const char*, const char*);
EAGER_PTR_EVALUATOR(const char*, char*);
EAGER_PTR_EVALUATOR(char*, const char*);
EAGER_PTR_EVALUATOR(char*, char*);
EAGER_PTR_EVALUATOR(const unsigned char*, const unsigned char*);
EAGER_PTR_EVALUATOR(const unsigned char*, unsigned char*);
EAGER_PTR_EVALUATOR(unsigned char*, const unsigned char*);
EAGER_PTR_EVALUATOR(unsigned char*, unsigned char*);
EAGER_PTR_EVALUATOR(const signed char*, const signed char*);
EAGER_PTR_EVALUATOR(const signed char*, signed char*);
EAGER_PTR_EVALUATOR(signed char*, const signed char*);
EAGER_PTR_EVALUATOR(signed char*, signed char*);
// Data for the log message, not stored in LogMessage to avoid increasing the
// stack size.
class LogMessageData;
// A LogMessage is a temporarily scoped object used by LOG and the unlikely part
// of a CHECK. The destructor will abort if the severity is FATAL.
class LogMessage {
LogMessage(const char* file, unsigned int line, LogId id, LogSeverity severity, const char* tag,
int error);
// Returns the stream associated with the message, the LogMessage performs
// output when it goes out of scope.
std::ostream& stream();
// The routine that performs the actual logging.
static void LogLine(const char* file, unsigned int line, LogId id, LogSeverity severity,
const char* tag, const char* msg);
const std::unique_ptr<LogMessageData> data_;
// TODO(b/35361699): remove these symbols once all prebuilds stop using it.
LogMessage(const char* file, unsigned int line, LogId id, LogSeverity severity, int error);
static void LogLine(const char* file, unsigned int line, LogId id, LogSeverity severity,
const char* msg);
// Get the minimum severity level for logging.
LogSeverity GetMinimumLogSeverity();
// Set the minimum severity level for logging, returning the old severity.
LogSeverity SetMinimumLogSeverity(LogSeverity new_severity);
// Allows to temporarily change the minimum severity level for logging.
class ScopedLogSeverity {
explicit ScopedLogSeverity(LogSeverity level);
LogSeverity old_;
} // namespace base
} // namespace android
namespace std {
// Emit a warning of ostream<< with std::string*. The intention was most likely to print *string.
// Note: for this to work, we need to have this in a namespace.
// Note: lots of ifdef magic to make this work with Clang (platform) vs GCC (windows tools)
// Note: using diagnose_if(true) under Clang and nothing under GCC/mingw as there is no common
// attribute support.
// Note: using a pragma because "-Wgcc-compat" (included in "-Weverything") complains about
// diagnose_if.
// Note: to print the pointer, use "<< static_cast<const void*>(string_pointer)" instead.
// Note: a not-recommended alternative is to let Clang ignore the warning by adding
// -Wno-user-defined-warnings to CPPFLAGS.
#ifdef __clang__
#pragma clang diagnostic push
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wgcc-compat"
__attribute__((diagnose_if(true, "Unexpected logging of string pointer", "warning")))
inline std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& stream, const std::string* string_pointer)
return stream << static_cast<const void*>(string_pointer);
#ifdef __clang__
#pragma clang diagnostic pop
} // namespace std