Inspect codelab

This document contains the codelab for Inspect in C++, Dart and Rust.

The code is available at:

This codelab is organized into several parts, each with their own subdirectory. The starting point for the codelab is part 1, and the code for each part contains the solution for the previous parts.

Note: For Rust we also have an ergonomic library with a higher level API: fuchsia-inspect-derive. However, it's recommended to understand the concepts explained in this codelab before using that other library.

When working on this codelab, you may continue adding your solutions to “part_1”, or you may skip around by building on the existing solutions.

Prerequisites

Set up your development environment.

This codelab assumes you have completed Getting Started and have:

  1. A checked out and built Fuchsia tree.
  2. A device or emulator (fx emu) that runs Fuchsia.
  3. A workstation to serve components (fx serve) to your Fuchsia device or emulator.

To build and run the examples in this codelab, add the following arguments to your fx set invocation:

Note: Replace core.x64 with your product and board configuration.

  • {C++}

    fx set core.x64 \
    --with //examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp \
    --with //examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp:tests
    
  • {Rust}

    fx set core.x64 \
    --with //examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust \
    --with //examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust:tests
    
  • {Dart}

    fx set workstation.x64
    --with //examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart \
    --with //examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart:tests
    

Part 1: A buggy component

There is a component that serves a protocol called Reverser:

{% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/fidl/reverser.test.fidl" region_tag="reverser_fidl" adjust_indentation="auto" %}

This protocol has a single method, called “Reverse,” that simply reverses any string passed to it. An implementation of the protocol is provided, but it has a critical bug. The bug makes clients who attempt to call the Reverse method see that their call hangs indefinitely. It is up to you to fix this bug.

Run the component

There is a client application that will launch the Reverser component and send the rest of its command line arguments as strings to Reverse:

  1. See usage

    • {C++}

      Depending on the part of the codelab you wish to run, you'd launch the client_i component, where i is a number in range [1, 5]. For example, to launch the client talking to the reverser from part 2 of the codelab:

      ffx component run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_cpp_codelab#meta/client_part_2.cm
      
    • {Rust}

      Depending on the part of the codelab you wish to run, you'd launch the client_i component, where i is a number in range [1, 5]. For example, to launch the client talking to the reverser from part 2 of the codelab:

      ffx component run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_rust_codelab#meta/client_part_2.cm
      
    • {Dart}

      fx run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect-dart-codelab-client#meta/inspect-dart-codelab-client.cmx
      
  2. Run part 1 code, and reverse the string “Hello”

    • {C++}

      To specify the single string “Hello” modify the program.args section of the common.shard.cml, build and run the following:

      ffx component run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_cpp_codelab#meta/client_part_1.cm
      

      To see the command output take a look at the logs:

      fx log --tag inspect_cpp_codelab
      

      This command prints some output containing errors.

    • {Rust}

      To specify the single string “Hello” modify the program.args section of the common.shard.cml, build and run the following:

      ffx component run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_rust_codelab#meta/client_part_1.cm
      

      To see the command output take a look at the logs:

      fx log --tag inspect_rust_codelab
      

      This command prints some output containing errors.

    • {Dart}

      fx run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect-dart-codelab-client#meta/inspect-dart-codelab-client.cmx 1 Hello
      

    These commands hang.

  3. Press Ctrl+C to stop the client and try running with more arguments:

    • {C++}

      Add the string “World” to the program.args section of the the common.shard.cml:

      {
          program: {
              args: [
                  "Hello",
                  "World",
              ],
          },
      }
      

      Build and run the following:

      ffx component run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_cpp_codelab#meta/client_part_1.cm
      
    • {Rust}

      Add the string “World” to the program.args section of the the common.shard.cml:

      {
          program: {
              args: [
                  "Hello",
                  "World",
              ],
          },
      }
      

      Build and run the following:

      ffx component run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_rust_codelab#meta/client_part_1.cm
      
    • {Dart}

      fx run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect-dart-codelab-client#meta/inspect-dart-codelab-client.cmx 1 Hello World
      

      This command also prints no outputs.

    These commands also hang.

You are now ready to look through the code to troubleshoot the issue.

Look through the code

Now that you can reproduce the problem, take a look at what the client is doing:

  • {C++}

    In the client main:

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/client/main.cc" region_tag="reverse_loop" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    
  • {Rust}

    In the client main:

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/client/src/main.rs" region_tag="reverse_loop" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    
  • {Dart}

    In the client main:

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/client/lib/main.dart" region_tag="reverse_loop" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    

In this code snippet, the client calls the Reverse method but never seems to get a response. There doesn't seem to be an error message or output.

Take a look at the server code for this part of the codelab. There is a lot of standard component setup:

  • {C++}

    In the part 1 main:

    • Logging initialization

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_1/main.cc" region_tag="init_logger" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • Creating an asynchronous executor

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_1/main.cc" region_tag="async_executor" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • Serving a public service

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_1/main.cc" region_tag="serve_outgoing" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
  • {Rust}

    In the part 1 main:

    • Logging initialization

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_1/src/main.rs" region_tag="init_logger" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • ServiceFs initialization and collection

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_1/src/main.rs" region_tag="servicefs_init" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • ServiceFs collection

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_1/src/main.rs" region_tag="servicefs_collect" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • Serving a public service

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_1/src/main.rs" region_tag="serve_service" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
  • {Dart}

    In the part 1 main:

    • Logging initialization

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_1/lib/main.dart" region_tag="init_logger" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • Serving a public service

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_1/lib/main.dart" region_tag="serve_service" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

See what the reverser definition is:

  • {C++}

    In reverser.h:

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_1/reverser.h" region_tag="reverser_h" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    

    This class implements the Reverser protocol. A helper method called CreateDefaultHandler constructs an InterfaceRequestHandler that creates new Reversers for incoming requests.

  • {Rust}

    In reverser.rs:

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_1/src/reverser.rs" region_tag="reverser_def" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    

    This struct serves the Reverser protocol. The ReverserServerFactory (will make more sense later) constructs a ReverserServer when a new connection to Reverser is established.

  • {Dart}

    In reverser.dart:

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_1/lib/reverser.dart" region_tag="reverser_impl" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    

    This class implements the Reverser protocol. A helper method called getDefaultBinder returns a closure that creates new Reversers for incoming requests.

Add Inspect

Now that you know the code structure, you can start to instrument the code with Inspect to find the problem.

Note: Inspect is a powerful instrumentation feature for Fuchsia Components. You can expose structured information about the component's state to diagnose the problem.

You may have previously debugged programs by printing or logging. While this is often effective, asynchronous Components that run persistently often output numerous logs about their internal state over time. This codelab shows how Inspect provides snapshots of your component's current state without needing to dig through logs.

  1. Include Inspect dependencies:

    • {C++}

      In BUILD.gn:

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_2/BUILD.gn" region_tag="part_1_solution_build_dep" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Rust}

      In BUILD.gn in deps under rustc_binary("bin"):

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_2/BUILD.gn" region_tag="part_1_solution_build_dep" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Dart}

      In BUILD.gn in deps under dart_library("lib") and dart_app("bin"):

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_2/BUILD.gn" region_tag="part_1_solution_build_dep" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
  2. Initialize Inspect:

    • {C++}

      In main.cc:

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_2/main.cc" region_tag="part_1_include_inspect" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_2/main.cc" region_tag="part_1_init_inspect" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Rust}

      In main.rs:

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_2/src/main.rs" region_tag="part_1_use_inspect" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_2/src/main.rs" region_tag="part_1_serve_inspect" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Dart}

      In main.dart:

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_2/lib/main.dart" region_tag="part_1_import_inspect" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_2/lib/main.dart" region_tag="part_1_init_inspect" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

    You are now using Inspect.

  3. Add a simple “version” property to show which version is running:

    • {C++}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_2/main.cc" region_tag="part_1_write_version" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

      This snippet does the following:

      1. Obtain the “root” node of the Inspect hierarchy.

        The Inspect hierarchy for your component consists of a tree of Nodes, each of which contains any number of properties.

      2. Create a new property using CreateString.

        This adds a new StringProperty on the root. This StringProperty is called “version”, and its value is “part1”.

      3. Emplace the new property in the inspector.

        The lifetime of a property is tied to an object returned by Create, and destroying the object causes the property to disappear. The optional third parameter emplaces the new property in inspector rather than return it. As a result, the new property lives as long as the inspector itself (the entire execution of the component).

    • {Rust}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_2/src/main.rs" region_tag="part_1_write_version" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

      This snippet does the following:

      1. Obtain the “root” node of the Inspect hierarchy.

        The Inspect hierarchy for your component consists of a tree of Nodes, each of which contains any number of properties.

      2. Create a new property using record_string.

        This adds a new StringProperty on the root. This StringProperty is called “version”, and its value is “part1”.

      3. It records it in the root node.

        The usual way of creating properties is through create_* methods on nodes. The lifetime of a property created with these methods is tied to the object returned and destroying the object causes the property to disappear. The library provides convenience methods record_* that perform creation of a property and tie the property lifetime to the node on which the method was called. As a result, the new property lives as long as the node itself (in this case, as long as the root node, so the entire execution of the component).

    • {Dart}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_2/lib/main.dart" region_tag="part_1_write_version" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

      This snippet does the following:

      1. Obtain the “root” node of the Inspect hierarchy.

        The Inspect hierarchy for your component consists of a tree of Nodes, each of which contains any number of properties.

      2. Create a new property using stringProperty(...).setValue(...).

        This adds a new StringProperty on the root. This StringProperty is called “version”, and its value is “part1”.

      3. It records it in the root node.

        The lifetime of a property is tied to the lifetime of the node where it was created (in this case root, so the lifetime of the component). To delete the property one would have to call delete() on it.

Reading Inspect data

Now that you have added Inspect to your component, you can read what it says:

  1. Rebuild and update the target system

    fx build && fx ota
    
  2. Run the client:

    • {C++}

      ffx component run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_cpp_codelab#meta/client_part_1.cm
      fx log --tag inspect_cpp_codelab
      
    • {Rust}

      ffx component run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_rust_codelab#meta/client_part_1.cm
      fx log --tag inspect_rust_codelab
      
    • {Dart}

      fx run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect-dart-codelab-client#meta/inspect-dart-codelab-client.cmx 1 Hello
      

    Note that these should still hang.

  3. Use ffx inspect to view your output:

    ffx inspect show
    

    This dumps all of the Inspect data for the entire system, which may be a lot of data.

  4. Since ffx inspect supports glob matching, run:

    • {C++}

      $ ffx inspect show 'core/ffx-laboratory\:client_part_1/reverser'
      # or `ffx inspect show --manifest inspect_cpp_codelab`
      metadata:
        filename = fuchsia.inspect.Tree
        component_url = fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_cpp_codelab#meta/part_1.cm
        timestamp = 4728864898476
      payload:
        root:
          version = part1
      
    • {Rust}

      $ ffx inspect show 'core/ffx-laboratory\:client_part_1/reverser'
      # or `ffx inspect show --manifest inspect_rust_codelab`
      metadata:
        filename = fuchsia.inspect.Tree
        component_url = fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_rust_codelab#meta/part_1.cm
        timestamp = 4728864898476
      payload:
        root:
          version = part1
      
    • {Dart}

      $ ffx inspect show 'codelab_*/inspect_dart_codelab_part_1.cmx'
      # or `ffx inspect show --manifest inspect_dart_codelab`
      metadata:
        filename = fuchsia.inspect.Tree
        component_url = fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_dart_codelab#meta/inspect_dart_codelab_part_1.cmx
        timestamp = 4728864898476
      payload:
        root:
          version = part1
      
  5. You can also view the output as JSON:

    • {C++}

      $ ffx inspect -f json show 'core/ffx-laboratory\:client_part_1/reverser'
      [
        {
          "data_source": "Inspect",
          "metadata": {
            "errors": null,
            "filename": "fuchsia.inspect.Tree",
            "component_url": "fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_pp_codelab#meta/part_1.cm",
            "timestamp": 5031116776282
          },
          "moniker": "core/ffx-laboratory\\:client_part_5/reverser",
          "payload": {
            "root": {
              "version": "part1",
          },
          "version": 1
        }
      ]
      
    • {Rust}

      $ ffx inspect -f json show 'core/ffx-laboratory\:client_part_1/reverser'
      [
        {
          "data_source": "Inspect",
          "metadata": {
            "errors": null,
            "filename": "fuchsia.inspect.Tree",
            "component_url": "fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_rust_codelab#meta/part_1.cm",
            "timestamp": 5031116776282
          },
          "moniker": "core/ffx-laboratory\\:client_part_5/reverser",
          "payload": {
            "root": {
              "version": "part1",
          },
          "version": 1
        }
      ]
      
    • {Dart}

      $ ffx inspect -f json show 'codelab_*/inspect_dart_codelab_part_1.cmx'
      [
        {
          "data_source": "Inspect",
          "metadata": {
            "errors": null,
            "filename": "fuchsia.inspect.Tree",
            "component_url": "fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_cpp_codelab#meta/inspect_dart_codelab_part_1.cmx",
            "timestamp": 5031116776282
          },
          "moniker": "codelab_1234/inspect_dart_codelab_part_1.cmx",
          "payload": {
            "root": {
              "version": "part1",
          },
          "version": 1
        }
      ]
      

Instrumenting the code to find the bug

Now that you have initialized Inspect and know how to read data, you are ready to instrument your code and uncover the bug.

The previous output shows you how the component is actually running and that the component is not hanging completely. Otherwise the Inspect read would hang.

Add new information per-connection to observe if the connection is even being handled by your component.

  1. Add a new child to your root node to contain statistics about the reverser service:

    • {C++}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_2/main.cc" region_tag="part_1_new_child" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Rust}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_2/src/main.rs" region_tag="part_1_new_child" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Dart}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_2/lib/main.dart" region_tag="part_1_new_child" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
  2. Update your server to accept this node:

    • {C++}

      Update the definition of CreateDefaultHandler in reverser.h and [reverser.cc][part1-reverser-cc]:

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_2/reverser.h" region_tag="part_1_include" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_2/reverser.cc" region_tag="part_1_update_server" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Rust}

      Update ReverserServerFactory::new to accept this node in reverser.rs:

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_2/src/reverser.rs" region_tag="part_1_use" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_2/src/reverser.rs" region_tag="part_1_update_reverser" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Dart}

      Update the definition of getDefaultBinder in reverser.dart and [reverser.cc][part1-reverser-cc]:

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_2/lib/reverser.dart" region_tag="part_1_import" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_2/lib/reverser.dart" region_tag="part_1_update_reverser" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
  3. Add a property to keep track of the number of connections:

    Note: Nesting related data under a child is a powerful feature of Inspect.

    • {C++}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_2/reverser.cc" region_tag="part_1_add_connection_count" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

      Note: node is moved into the handler so that it is not dropped and deleted from the output.

    • {Rust}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_3/src/reverser.rs" region_tag="part_1_add_connection_count" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

      Note: node is moved into the handler so that it is not dropped and deleted from the output.

      Note: node is kept in ReverserServerFactory so that it is not dropped and deleted from the output together with all the nodes and properties nested under it. If the compiler shows an error about dead code, try renaming node to _node, since the node needs to continue existing despite not being read. In the following steps, the example calls self.node, so the compiler will stop complaining!

    • {Dart}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_2/lib/reverser.dart" region_tag="part_1_add_connection_count" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

    This snippet demonstrates creating a new UintProperty (containing a 64 bit unsigned int) called connection_count and setting it to 0. In the handler (which runs for each connection), the property is incremented by 1.

  4. Rebuild, re-run your component and then run ffx inspect:

    • {C++}

      $ ffx inspect -f json show --manifest inspect_cpp_codelab
      
    • {Rust}

      $ ffx inspect -f json show --manifest inspect_rust_codelab
      
    • {Dart}

      $ ffx inspect -f json show --manifest inspect_dart_codelab_part_1
      

    You should now see:

    ...
    "payload": {
      "root": {
        "version": "part1",
        "reverser_service": {
          "connection_count": 1,
        }
      }
    }
    

The output above demonstrates that the client successfully connected to the service, so the hanging problem must be caused by the Reverser implementation itself. In particular, it will be helpful to know:

  1. If the connection is still open while the client is hanging.

  2. If the Reverse method was called.

Exercise: Create a child node for each connection, and record “request_count” inside the Reverser.

  • Hint: There is a utility function for generating unique names:

    • {C++}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_2/reverser.cc" region_tag="part_1_connection_child" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Rust}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_2/src/reverser.rs" region_tag="part_1_connection_child" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Dart}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_2/lib/reverser.dart" region_tag="part_1_connection_child" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

    This will create unique names starting with “connection”.

  • {C++}

    Hint: You will find it helpful to create a constructor for Reverser that takes inspect::Node. Part 3 of this codelab explains why this is a useful pattern.

  • {Rust}

    Hint: You will find it helpful to create a constructor for ReverserServer that takes inspect::Node for the same reason as we did for ReverserServerFactory.

  • {Dart}

    Hint: You will find it helpful to create a constructor for ReverserImpl that takes inspect.Node. Part 3 of this codelab explains why this is a useful pattern.

  • Hint: You will need to create a member on Reverser to hold the request_count property. Its type will be inspect::UintProperty.

  • Follow up: Does request count give you all of the information you need? Add response_count as well.

  • Advanced: Can you add a count of all requests on all connections? The Reverser objects must share some state. You may find it helpful to refactor arguments to Reverser into a separate struct (See solution in part 2 for this approach).

After completing this exercise and running ffx inspect, you should see something like this:

...
"payload": {
  "root": {
    "version": "part1",
    "reverser_service": {
      "connection_count": 1,
      "connection0": {
        "request_count": 1,
      }
    }
  }
}

The output above shows that the connection is still open and it received one request.

  • {C++}

    If you added “response_count” as well, you may have noticed the bug. The Reverse method receives a callback, but it is never called with the value of output.

  • {Rust}

    If you added “response_count” as well, you may have noticed the bug. The Reverse method receives a responder, but it is never called with the value of result.

  • {Dart}

    If you added “response_count” as well, you may have noticed the bug. The reverse method receives never returns the value of result.

  1. Send the response:

    • {C++}

      // At the end of Reverser::Reverse
      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_2/reverser.cc" region_tag="part_1_callback" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Rust}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_2/src/reverser.rs" region_tag="part_1_respond" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Dart}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_2/lib/reverser.dart" region_tag="part_1_result" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
  2. Run the client again:

    • {C++}

      ffx component run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_cpp_codelab#meta/client_part_1.cm
      Creating component instance: client_part_1
      
      fx log --tag inspect_cpp_codelab
      [00039.129068][39163][39165][inspect_cpp_codelab, client] INFO: Input: Hello
      [00039.194151][39163][39165][inspect_cpp_codelab, client] INFO: Output: olleH
      [00039.194170][39163][39165][inspect_cpp_codelab, client] INFO: Input: World
      [00039.194402][39163][39165][inspect_cpp_codelab, client] INFO: Output: dlroW
      [00039.194407][39163][39165][inspect_cpp_codelab, client] INFO: Done reversing! Please use `ffx component stop`
      
    • {Rust}

      ffx component run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_rust_codelab#meta/client_part_1.cm
      Creating component instance: client_part_1
      
      fx log --tag inspect_rust_codelab
      [00039.129068][39163][39165][inspect_rust_codelab, client] INFO: Input: Hello
      [00039.194151][39163][39165][inspect_rust_codelab, client] INFO: Output: olleH
      [00039.194170][39163][39165][inspect_rust_codelab, client] INFO: Input: World
      [00039.194402][39163][39165][inspect_rust_codelab, client] INFO: Output: dlroW
      [00039.194407][39163][39165][inspect_rust_codelab, client] INFO: Done reversing! Please use `ffx component stop`
      
    • {Dart}

      fx run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect-dart-codelab-client#meta/inspect-dart-codelab-client.cmx 1 hello
      Input: hello
      Output: olleh
      Done. Press Ctrl+C to exit
      

    The component continues running until Ctrl+C is pressed to give you a chance to run ffx inspect and observe your output.

This concludes part 1. You may commit your changes so far:

git commit -am "solution to part 1"

Part 2: Diagnosing inter-component problems

Note: All links and examples in this section refer to “part_2” code. If you are following along, you may continue using “part_1.”

You received a bug report. The “FizzBuzz” team is saying they are not receiving data from your component.

In addition to serving the Reverser protocol, the component also reaches out to the “FizzBuzz” service and prints the response:

  • {C++}

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_1/main.cc" region_tag="fizzbuzz_connect" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    
  • {Rust}

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_1/src/main.rs" region_tag="fizzbuzz_connect" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    
  • {Dart}

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_1/lib/main.dart" region_tag="connect_fizzbuzz" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    

If you see the logs, you will see that this log is never printed.

  • {C++}

    fx log --tag inspect_cpp_codelab
    
  • {Rust}

    fx log --tag inspect_rust_codelab
    
  • {Dart}

    fx log --tag inspect_dart_codelab_part_2
    

You will need to diagnose and solve this problem.

Diagnose the issue with Inspect

  1. Run the component to see what is happening:

    Note: Replace 2 with 1 if you are continuing from part 1.

    • {C++}

      ffx component run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_cpp_codelab#meta/client_part_2.cm
      
    • {Rust}

      ffx component run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_rust_codelab#meta/client_part_2.cm
      
    • {Dart}

      $ fx run fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect-dart-codelab-client#meta/inspect-dart-codelab-client.cmx 2 hello
      

    Fortunately the FizzBuzz team instrumented their component using Inspect.

  2. Read the FizzBuzz Inspect data using ffx inspect as before, you get:

    "payload": {
        "root": {
            "fizzbuzz_service": {
                "closed_connection_count": 0,
                "incoming_connection_count": 0,
                "request_count": 0,
                ...
    

    This output confirms that FizzBuzz is not receiving any connections.

  3. Add Inspect to identify the problem:

    • {C++}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_2/main.cc" region_tag="instrument_fizzbuzz" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Rust}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_2/src/main.rs" region_tag="instrument_fizzbuzz" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Dart}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_2/lib/main.dart" region_tag="instrument_fizzbuzz" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

Exercise: Add Inspect to the FizzBuzz connection to identify the problem

  • Hint: Use the snippet above as a starting point, it provides an error handler for the connection attempt.
  • {C++}

    Follow up: Can you store the status somewhere? You can convert it to a string using zx_status_get_string(status).

    Advanced: inspector has a method called Health() that announces overall health status in a special location. Since our service is not healthy unless it can connect to FizzBuzz, can you incorporate this:

    /*
    "fuchsia.inspect.Health": {
        "status": "STARTING_UP"
    }
    */
    inspector.Health().StartingUp();
    
    /*
    "fuchsia.inspect.Health": {
        "status": "OK"
    }
    */
    inspector.Health().Ok();
    
    /*
    "fuchsia.inspect.Health": {
        "status": "UNHEALTHY",
        "message": "Something went wrong!"
    }
    */
    inspector.Health().Unhealthy("Something went wrong!");
    
  • {Rust}

    Advanced: fuchsia_inspect::component has a function called health() that returns an object that announces overall health status in a special location (a node child of the root of the inspect tree). Since our service is not healthy unless it can connect to FizzBuzz, can you incorporate this:

    /*
    "fuchsia.inspect.Health": {
        "status": "STARTING_UP"
    }
    */
    fuchsia_inspect::component::health().set_starting_up();
    
    /*
    "fuchsia.inspect.Health": {
        "status": "OK"
    }
    */
    fuchsia_inspect::component::health().set_ok();
    
    /*
    "fuchsia.inspect.Health": {
        "status": "UNHEALTHY",
        "message": "Something went wrong!"
    }
    */
    fuchsia_inspect::component::health().set_unhealthy("something went wrong!");
    
  • {Dart}

    Advanced: fuchsia_inspect::Inspect has a getter called health that returns an object that announces overall health status in a special location (a node child of the root of the inspect tree). Since our service is not healthy unless it can connect to FizzBuzz, can you incorporate this:

    /*
    "fuchsia.inspect.Health": {
        "status": "STARTING_UP"
    }
    */
    inspect.Inspect().health.setStartingUp();
    
    /*
    "fuchsia.inspect.Health": {
        "status": "OK"
    }
    */
    inspect.Inspect().health.setOk();
    
    /*
    "fuchsia.inspect.Health": {
        "status": "UNHEALTHY",
        "message": "Something went wrong!"
    }
    */
    inspect.Inspect().health.setUnhealthy('Something went wrong!');
    

Once you complete this exercise, you should see that the connection error handler is being called with a “not found” error. Inspect output showed that FizzBuzz is running, so maybe something is misconfigured. Unfortunately not everything uses Inspect (yet!) so look at the logs:

  • {C++}

    $ fx log --only FizzBuzz
    ...
    ... Component fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_cpp_codelab#meta/part_2.cm
    is not allowed to connect to fuchsia.examples.inspect.FizzBuzz...
    
  • {Rust}

    $ fx log --only FizzBuzz
    ...
    ... Component fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_rust_codelab#meta/part_2.cm
    is not allowed to connect to fuchsia.examples.inspect.FizzBuzz...
    
  • {Dart}

    $ fx log --only FizzBuzz
    ...
    ... Component fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/inspect_dart_codelab_part_2.cmx
    is not allowed to connect to fuchsia.examples.inspect.FizzBuzz...
    

Sandboxing errors are a common pitfall that are sometimes difficult to uncover.

Note: While you could have looked at the logs from the beginning to find the problem, the log output for the system can be extremely verbose. The particular log that you are looking for was a kernel log from the framework, which is additionally difficult to test for.

Looking at the sandbox in part2 meta, you can see it is missing the service:

"sandbox": {
    "services": [
        "fuchsia.logger.LogSink"
    ]
}

Add “fuchsia.examples.inspect.FizzBuzz” to the services array, rebuild, and run again. You should now see FizzBuzz in the logs and an OK status:

  • {C++}

    $ fx log --tag inspect_cpp_codelab
    [inspect_cpp_codelab, part2] INFO: main.cc(57): Got FizzBuzz: 1 2 Fizz
    4 Buzz Fizz 7 8 Fizz Buzz 11 Fizz 13 14 FizzBuzz 16 17 Fizz 19 Buzz Fizz
    22 23 Fizz Buzz 26 Fizz 28 29 FizzBuzz
    
  • {Rust}

    $ fx log --tag inspect_rust_codelab
    [inspect_rust_codelab, part2] INFO: main.rs(52): Got FizzBuzz: 1 2 Fizz
    4 Buzz Fizz 7 8 Fizz Buzz 11 Fizz 13 14 FizzBuzz 16 17 Fizz 19 Buzz Fizz
    22 23 Fizz Buzz 26 Fizz 28 29 FizzBuzz
    
  • {Dart}

    $ fx log --tag inspect_dart_codelab
    [inspect_dart_codelab, part2] INFO: main.dart(35): Got FizzBuzz: 1 2 Fizz
    4 Buzz Fizz 7 8 Fizz Buzz 11 Fizz 13 14 FizzBuzz 16 17 Fizz 19 Buzz Fizz
    22 23 Fizz Buzz 26 Fizz 28 29 FizzBuzz
    

This concludes Part 2.

You can now commit your solution:

git commit -am "solution for part 2"

Part 3: Unit Testing for Inspect

Note: All links and examples in this section refer to “part_3” code. If you are following along, you may continue using the part you started with.

All code on Fuchsia should be tested, and this applies to Inspect data as well.

While Inspect data is not required to be tested in general, you need to test Inspect data that is depended upon by other tools such as Triage or Feedback.

Reverser has a basic unit test. Run it:

Note: This runs unit tests for all parts of this codelab.

The unit test ensures that Reverser works properly (and doesn't hang!), but it does not check that the Inspect output is as expected.

Note: If you are following along from part_1, you will need to uncomment some lines in the part_1 unit test and pass default values for the Inspect properties to your Reverser.

Passing Nodes into constructors is a form of Dependency Injection, which allows you to pass in test versions of dependencies to check their state.

The code to open a Reverser looks like the following:

  • {C++}

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_3/reverser_unittests.cc" region_tag="open_reverser" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    // Alternatively
    binding_set_.AddBinding(std::make_unique<Reverser>(inspect::Node()),
                            ptr.NewRequest());
    
  • {Rust}

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_2/src/reverser.rs" region_tag="open_reverser" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    
  • {Dart}

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_3/test/reverser_test.dart" region_tag="open_reverser" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    

A default version of the Inspect Node is passed into the Reverser. This allows the reverser code to run properly in tests, but it does not support asserting on Inspect output.

  • {C++}

    Exercise: Change OpenReverser to take the dependency for Reverser as an argument and use it when constructing Reverser.

    • Hint: Create an inspect::Inspector in the test function. You can get the root using inspector.GetRoot().

    • Hint: You will need to create a child on the root to pass in to OpenReverser.

  • {Rust}

    Exercise: Change open_reverser to take the dependency for a ReverserServerFactory as an argument and use it when constructing Reverser.

    • Hint: Create a fuchsia_inspect::Inspector in the test function. You can get the root using inspector.root().

    • Note: Do not use component::inspector() directly in your tests, this creates a static inspector that will be alive in all your tests and can lead to flakes or unexpected behaviors. For unit tests, alwas prefer to use a new fuchsia_inspect::Inspector

    • Hint: You will need to create a child on the root to pass in to ReverserServerFactory::new.

  • {Dart}

    Exercise: Change openReverser to take the dependency for an inspect.Node as an argument and use it when constructing Reverser.

    • Hint: Use inspect.Inspect.forTesting and FakeVmoHolder to create an Inspect object without fuchsia dependencies to run your test on host.

    • Hint: You will need to create a child on the root to pass in to openReverser.

Follow up: Create multiple reverser connections and test them independently.

Following this exercise, your unit test will set real values in an Inspect hierarchy.

Add code to test the output in Inspect:

  • {C++}

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_4/reverser_unittests.cc" region_tag="include_testing" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_4/reverser_unittests.cc" region_tag="get_hierarchy" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    

    Note: If you use the LazyNode or LazyValues features, you will need to use inspect::ReadFromInspector and run the returned fit::promise to completion. See the solution to this part for an example.

    The snippet above reads the underlying virtual memory object (VMO) containing Inspect data and parses it into a readable hierarchy.

    You can now read individual properties and children as follows:

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_4/reverser_unittests.cc" region_tag="assertions" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    
  • {Rust}

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_4/src/reverser.rs" region_tag="include_testing" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_4/src/reverser.rs" region_tag="test_inspector" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_4/src/reverser.rs" region_tag="assert_tree" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    
  • {Dart}

    {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_4/test/reverser_test.dart" region_tag="reverser_test" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
    

    The VmoMatcher is a convenient utility for testing inspect integrations. It allows to assert existing properties and children and missing ones, among other features.

The snippets above read a snapshot from the underlying virtual memory object (VMO) containing Inspect data and parses it into a readable hierarchy.

Exercise: Add assertions for the rest of your Inspect data.

This concludes Part 3.

You may commit your changes:

git commit -am "solution to part 3"

Part 4: Integration Testing for Inspect

Note: All links and examples in this section refer to “part_4” code. If you are following along, you may continue using the part you started with.

Integration testing is an important part of the software development workflow for Fuchsia. Integration tests allow you to observe the behavior of your actual component when it runs on the system.

Running integration tests

You can run the integration tests for the codelab as follows:

  • {C++}

    $ fx test inspect_cpp_codelab_integration_tests
    
  • {Rust}

    $ fx test inspect_rust_codelab_integration_tests
    
  • {Dart}

    $ fx test inspect_dart_codelab_part_4_integration_tests
    

Note: This runs integration tests for all parts of this codelab.

View the code

Look at how the integration test is setup:

  1. View the component manifest for the integration test:

    • {C++}

      Find the component manifest (cml) in part_4/meta

      {
         ...
         use: [
             { protocol: "fuchsia.diagnostics.ArchiveAccessor" },
         ]
      }
      

      This file uses the protocol fuchsia.diagnostics.ArchiveAccessor from parent. This protocol is available to all tests to enable to read diagnostics about all components under the test realm.

    • {Rust}

      Find the component manifest (cml) in part_4/meta

      {
         ...
         use: [
             { protocol: "fuchsia.diagnostics.ArchiveAccessor" },
         ]
      }
      

      This file uses the protocol fuchsia.diagnostics.ArchiveAccessor from parent. This protocol is available to all tests to enable to read diagnostics about all components under the test realm.

    • {Dart}

      Find the component manifest (cmx) in dart/part_4/meta

      {
          "facets": {
              "fuchsia.test": {
                  "injected-services": {
                      "fuchsia.diagnostics.ArchiveAccessor":
                          "fuchsia-pkg://fuchsia.com/archivist-for-embedding#meta/archivist-for-embedding.cmx"
                  }
              }
          },
          "program": {
              "binary": "test/integration_part_4"
          },
          "sandbox": {
              "services": [
                  "fuchsia.logger.LogSink",
                  "fuchsia.sys.Loader",
                  "fuchsia.sys.Environment"
                  ...
              ]
          }
      }
      

      The important parts of this file are:

      • Injected services: The fuchsia.test facet includes configuration for tests. In this file, the fuchsia.diagnostics.ArchiveAccessor service is injected and points to a component called archivist-for-embedding.cmx. The Archivist collects information from all components in your test environment and provides a reading interface. You can use this information to look at your Inspect output.

      • Sandbox services: Integration tests need to start other components in the test environment and wire them up. For this you need fuchsia.sys.Loader and fuchsia.sys.Environment.

  2. Look at the integration test itself. The individual test cases are fairly straightforward:

    • {C++}

      Locate the integration test in part4/tests/integration_test.cc.

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_4/tests/integration_test.cc" region_tag="integration_test" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

      StartComponentAndConnect is responsible for creating a new test environment and starting the codelab component inside of it. The include_fizzbuzz_service option instructs the method to optionally include FizzBuzz. This feature tests that your Inspect output is as expected in case it fails to connect to FizzBuzz as in Part 2.

    • {Rust}

      Locate the integration test in part4/tests/integration_test.rs.

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_4/tests/integration_test.rs" region_tag="integration_test" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

      IntegrationTest::start is responsible for creating a new test environment and starting the codelab component inside of it. The include_fizzbuzz option instructs the method to optionally launch the FizzBuzz component. This feature tests that your Inspect output is as expected in case it fails to connect to FizzBuzz as in Part 2.

    • {Dart}

      Locate the integration test in part_4/test/integration_test.dart.

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_4/test/integration_test.dart" region_tag="integration_test" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

      env.create() is responsible for creating a new test environment. startComponentAndConnect launches the reverser component and optionally launches the FizzBuzz component. This feature tests that the Inspect output is as expected in case it fails to connect to FizzBuzz as in Part 2.

  3. Add the following method to your test fixture to read from the ArchiveAccessor service:

    • {C++}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_5/tests/integration_test.cc" region_tag="include_json" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_5/tests/integration_test.cc" region_tag="get_inspect" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Rust}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_5/tests/integration_test.rs" region_tag="include_test_stuff" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_5/tests/integration_test.rs" region_tag="get_inspect" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Dart}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_5/test/integration_test.dart" region_tag="include_test_stuff" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_5/test/integration_test.dart" region_tag="get_inspect" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
  4. Exercise. Use the returned data in your tests and add assertions to the returned data:

    • {C++}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_5/tests/integration_test.cc" region_tag="parse_result" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

      Add assertions on the returned JSON data.

      • Hint: It may help to print the JSON output to view the schema.

      • Hint: You can read values by path as follows:

      • Hint: You can EXPECT_EQ by passing in the expected value as a rapidjson::Value: rapidjson::Value("OK").

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/cpp/part_5/tests/integration_test.cc" region_tag="hint_get_value" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      
    • {Rust}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/rust/part_5/tests/integration_test.rs" region_tag="result_hierarchy" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

      Add assertions on the returned DiagnosticsHierarchy.

      • Hint: It may help to print the JSON output to view the schema.
    • {Dart}

      {% includecode gerrit_repo="fuchsia/fuchsia" gerrit_path="examples/diagnostics/inspect/codelab/dart/part_5/test/integration_test.dart" region_tag="result_hierarchy" adjust_indentation="auto" %}
      

      Add assertions on the returned Map data.

      • Hint: It may help to print the JSON output to view the schema.

Your integration test will now ensure your inspect output is correct.

This concludes Part 4.

You may commit your solution:

git commit -am "solution to part 4"

Part 5: Feedback Selectors

This section is under construction.

  • TODO: Writing a feedback selector and adding tests to your integration test.

  • TODO: Selectors for Feedback and other pipelines